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Blueberries: the easiest fruit to grow is also one of the healthiest.

July 22, 2011

Packed with nutrients and cancer-fighting compounds, blueberries are tasty and so easy to grow.

Credit: Doreen G. Howard
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I’m off to pick another quart of blueberries to freeze.

We’ve stuffed ourselves with berry tarts, muffins, pies and jams in the last six week to the point of gluttony!

It’s time to freeze the bounty.

I have Blue Crop, Chandler, Patriot and Pink Lemonade bushes, which are all high-bush blueberries that thrive in cold-winter climates.

Rabbit-eye varieties do best in the southern states. 

Look through any catalog or website, and you’ll find information on specific USDA Climate Zones in which different cultivars grow best. 

The Blueberry page on Almanac.com also provides recommended varieties of blueberries.

Blue Crop blueberries take my frigid winters in their stride and produce huge crops in July.

Growing your own fruit seems overwhelming to even seasoned gardeners. There’s the pruning, endless spraying for disease and insects and pollination issues. Most like apples, peaches and pears can be a pain to raise. But, the healthiest and one of the tastiest fruits (in my opinion), the blueberry, is simple to grow.

Chandler is the biggest berry you can grow.  Most are as big as a nickle.

You amend the soil, plant the bush, mulch and water. That’s it!  No spraying, no endless pruning or other maintenance.   Most are self-pollinating, although two different varieties will insure heavy fruit set.  In return you get gorgeous bell-like flowers in the spring, tasty fruit and vivid fall foliage in tones of red, rust and orange that accent your landscape.

Don’t listen to the garden experts with their admonitions about blueberries needing acid soil. Not true! While blueberry bushes do require soil with low pH (about 4.5 to 5.5) that is porous, you don’t have to replace your alkaline or clay soil. Just amend the planting area. What I did was to stake out a 3 by 9-foot bed for the four bushes I planted. I added a bale of peat and a cup of soil sulfur to the existing alkaline soil. 

Pink Lemonade is new to the market, but it's pink berries as just as tasty as blue ones.  Bushes are heavy bearers.  Photo courtesy of Garden Media Group.

Blueberries have shallow root systems and they love moisture. That’s why I added the peat; it, plus the soil sulfur, brought down the pH of the bed from 7.3 to 5.2. Adding soil sulfur every spring keeps the pH in the desirable range. Test the pH before adding sulfur to see if it’s needed.

Thick mulch is a must, also. It insures that the roots stay healthy. I use pine needles from a 80-foot white pine in my yard, and I top them off with another six inches of straw. That foot of mulch insulates roots in winter so they stay frozen; freezing and thawing will kill any root system. And, the mulch keeps soil moist during growing season.

Very little pruning is needed, but it should be done in early spring while plants are still dormant. The first two years, the bush’s structure is formed, so specific cuts must be made to spur growth and form fruit buds. After that, spring pruning is a matter of removing dead canes and cleaning up any problems. Each bush only takes me five minutes to prune.

Disease problems are non-existent. Nothing seems to bother plants, except birds pecking the berries as they ripen. Bird netting, a pet cat or dog in the yard or situating bushes near a house entrance takes care of birds.

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Doreen Howard has written for The Old Farmer's Almanac All-Seasons Garden Guide for 15 years and is the former garden editor at Woman’s Day as well as a photographer. She has grown more than 300 varieties of heirloom edibles and flowers in the last two decades.

In stores now!

Look for Doreen's newest book, Heirloom Flavor: Yesterday's Best-Tasting Vegetables, Fruits and Herbs for Today's Cook. Find in stores everywhere including Walmart and on the Web including Amazon.com.

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We bought a house with with

By Lori Stockstill on August 21

We bought a house with with some blueberry bushes in the side yard, we were told they were a few years old. They are really spindly and don't produce very well, can I cut them back and let them regrow so that that they bush out and produce more then the few cups?

You can cut out 1/4-1/3 of

By Almanac Staff on August 23

You can cut out 1/4-1/3 of the old wood to encourage new growth. Fertilize in the spring before the bushes leaf out. It might be wise to test the soil pH. Blueberries like acid soil soil so the pH should be between 4.5-5.

I HAVE TWO BLUBERRY BUSHES

By RICHARD MACCRACKEN on August 20

I HAVE TWO BLUBERRY BUSHES PLANTED 3-4 YEARS AGO.THEY ARE IN ACID SOIL UNDER PINE TREES. THEY HAVE PRODUCED NOTHING IN THE WAY OF FRUIT I MULCHED THEM FOR WINTER WEATHER & THEY HAVE SURVIVED, BUT WITH LITTLE GROWTH & STILL NO FRUIT THIS SPRING I PRUNED THE DEAD WOOD OFF & THIS HAS PRODUCED SOME GROWTH. I HAVE BEEN LOOKING FOR FLOWERS BUT STILL NONE APPEAR
WHAT CAN I EXPECT ? WHAT CAN I DO AT THIS POINT ?

Depending on variety it can

By Almanac Staff on August 23

Depending on variety it can take a few years for your plants to be fruitful but I suspect, if they planted under pine trees, they are not getting enough sun.

If you dig up the suckers can

By Glenda Matney

If you dig up the suckers can they be transplanted and will they produce berries?

Hi Glenda, Yes, you can

By Almanac Staff

Hi Glenda,

Yes, you can transplant mature suckers (at least 2 years old). Dig down into the soil and find where the sucker is attached to the mother plant. Cut as close to the mother plant as possible and make sure to get roots with your sucker. Cut off the top of the sucker leaving about 10 to 12 inches and then plant as you would a blueberry bush. See planting tips at www.almanac.com/plant/blueberries.

When is it best to transplant

By Maureen rangitsch

When is it best to transplant the bushes to another area?

Transplant blueberry bushes

By Almanac Staff

Transplant blueberry bushes in late fall when they are dormant (November, December). Make sure your soil is prepared so it's the right pH and has high organic matter content. See more on our blueberries plant page here: www.almanac.com/plant/blueberries

I have 250, three year old

By cortes gardener

I have 250, three year old Blue Crop blueberry plants. They produced good berries last year although small. I did a prune in January and now we have no berries blossoms this year at all, although the Rekas and Chandlers are full of blossoms. What could the reason for this be.

Any suggestions on how to

By Carol H

Any suggestions on how to keep chipmunks from getting to the berries?

do blueberry bushes that are

By Darlene Moody

do blueberry bushes that are in containers need to be taken indoors for the winter or can I mulch the pots really good. I live in the East Tennessee area and we get harsh winters sometimes.

My potted blueberries go into

By Doreen G. Howard

My potted blueberries go into the garage for the winter.  Their leaves fall off and plants do dormant.  Water pots monthly to keep root systems alive.  In the early spring, plants will produce a few, new green leaves.  That's your signal to put containers outdoors again.

We started a U-Pick orchard 9

By DcJc 364

We started a U-Pick orchard 9 yrs ago and have 88 bushes to date.I'd like to have an even 100. We mixed our hole mixture of leaves,pine needles,peat and a little loam. I have added the organic sulphur and need to do it again to the newer bushes,but other than some pine needles for mulch they are fairly easy to care for. I gave my older 3 rows a hard trimming last year so production was way down this year but I expected that,I'll still get around 50 qts-I'm up to 33 now.Last year I had 45 in the freezer and sold the rest. Next year should be awesome. The only problem I have is the jap beetles,which I hand pick in the morning/drown in soapy water, and put the bags upwind as soon as possible,then all is well.There is nothing better than blueberries in anything.All winter long we have fantastic treats.

Planted three blueberry

By sewluv2

Planted three blueberry bushes two years ago. Now entering third season...... Do I need to wait out this third season before letting the blueberries grow?

Asked greenhouse for mature

By Holli

Asked greenhouse for mature 3-5 yr old,it's 3 and baring fruit. I would say enjoy the fruit.

Let them bear this season. 

By Doreen G. Howard

Let them bear this season.  They've had plenty of time to develop strong root systems.  Prune bushes after berries are all picked.

Love this information! We

By Pam Dudley

Love this information! We live in SW Missouri and plan to start a small blueberry farm. Soaking up all the information we can - anything else you have on blueberries would be great!

Acid soil!  Add peat moss to

By Doreen G. Howard

Acid soil!  Add peat moss to planting beds and top with a 1-2-inch layer every spring.  Also, prune shrubs in late summer after berries have been harvested to keep them in shape and to spur branching.

Thanks Doreen! Can't wait to

By Pam Dudley

Thanks Doreen! Can't wait to get started. Someone at work loaned me a soil tester so that will help determine what we need to do!

Good article!

By artemis133

Thanks for the informative article, Doreen! I have a raspberry bush that I just planted last year (no fruit yet), and I'd like to plant some blueberries, too. There used to be a ton of them growing wild in my area, but now with development and all, there's not too many.


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