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Calendar for March 11th, 2012

Daylight Saving Time Begins at 2:00 A.M.

Today is the beginning of Daylight Saving Time, time for moving the clocks one hour ahead. The exceptions are Arizona, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and American Samoa. Credit for Daylight Saving Time belongs to Benjamin Franklin, who first suggested the idea in 1784. The idea was revived in 1907, when William Willett, an Englishman, proposed a similar system in the pamphlet The Waste of Daylight. The Germans were the first to officially adopt the light-extending system in 1915 as a fuel-saving measure during World War I. The British switched one year later, and the United States followed in 1918, when Congress passed the Standard Time Act, which established our time zones. This experiment lasted only until 1920, when the law was repealed due to opposition from dairy farmers (cows don't pay attention to clocks). During World War II, Daylight Saving Time was imposed once again (this time year-round) to save fuel.

Every Year

  • Johnny Appleseed Day

  • 1660s

  • 1669: A deadly Mt. Etna eruption began in Italy

  • 1730s

  • Born 1731: Robert Treat Paine (public official)

  • 1810s

  • Born 1811: Urbain Le Verrier (astronomer)

  • 1820s

  • 1824: The Bureau of Indian Affairs was created in the U.S. War Department

  • 1860s

  • Born 1860: Thomas Hastings (co-architect of N.Y. Public Library)

  • 1890s

  • Born 1890: Vannevar Bush (electrical engineer)

  • 1892: First public game of basketball played, Springfield, Massachusetts

  • Born 1897: Henry Dixon Cowell (composer)

  • Born 1898: Dorothy Gish (actress)

  • 1900s

  • Born 1903: Lawrence Welk (bandleader)

  • 1910s

  • Born 1919: Mercer Ellington (musician)

  • 1920s

  • Born 1926: Ralph Abernathy (civil rights leader)

  • 1930s

  • Born 1934: Sam Donaldson (broadcast journalist)

  • 1935: The Bank of Canada opened as a privately owned and government-controlled corporation

  • Born 1936: Antonin Scalia (Supreme Court justice)

  • 1940s

  • 1941: Congress maintained U.S. neutrality in the war in Europe but passed the Lend-Lease Act, which enabled England to borrow aircraft, weapons, and merchant ships

  • 1945: Naval Unit Commendation awarded to light cruiser U.S.S. Helena

  • 1950s

  • Born 1952: Douglas Noel Adams (author)

  • Died 1955: Oscar Mayer (manufacturer)

  • 1959: Lorraine Hansberry's play, A Raisin in the Sun, opened in New York. It was the first play by an African American woman to appear on Broadway

  • 1960s

  • 1960: Pioneer V, U.S. planetoid, was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, into orbit around the sun

  • 1967: Florida panther was added to the endangered species list

  • Born 1968: Lisa Loeb (musician)

  • Born 1969: Terrence Howard (actor)

  • 1970s

  • Died 1971: Philo T. Farnsworth (inventor)

  • Born 1979: Joel & Benji Madden (musicians)

  • 1980s

  • 1982: U.S. Senator Harrison Williams resigned his Senate seat as a result of being charged with misconduct

  • Born 1982: Thora Birch (actress)

  • 1985: Mikhail Gorbachev was chosen to succeed Chernenko as general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party

  • 1988: Former National Security Adviser Robert McFarlane pleaded guilty to withholding information from Congress during Iran-Contra affair

  • 2000s

  • Died 2002: James Tobin (Yale economist and Nobel Prize winner)

  • 2010s

  • Died 2011: Frank Neuhauser (in 1925 won the first U.S. national spelling bee with the word "gladiolus")

  • 2011: A magnitude-9.0 earthquake devastated Japan and spawned a 23-foot tsunami. The quake moved Japan 8 feet to the east.

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