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Calendar for July 1st, 2012

Canada Day

Canada Day commemorates the creation of the Dominion of Canada. On July 1, 1867, the British North America Act established "one Dominion under the name of Canada" out of the colonies of Upper Canada, Lower Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, dividing it into four provinces named Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick. Canada Day was so named by Parliament in 1982; previous names were First of July, July the First, Confederation Day, and Dominion Day.


  • 1863: Battle of Gettysburg began

  • 1867: John A. Macdonald became the first prime minister of Canada

  • 1867: Dominion of Canada was created by the British North America Act; the Dominion consisted of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Lower and Upper Canada

  • 1870s

  • Born 1872: Louis Blériot (first man to fly across the English Channel)

  • 1873: Prince Edward Island joined the Canadian Confederation

  • 1874: First U.S. zoo opened, with bear pit and lion house, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

  • Born 1877: Benjamin Oliver Davis (first African American general in U.S. Army)

  • 1890s

  • Born 1893: Walter Francis White (author)

  • 1900s

  • Born 1902: William Wyler (film director)

  • Born 1908: Estée Lauder (cosmetics executive)

  • 1910s

  • 1913: Lincoln Highway Association formed to create first coast-to-coast U.S. highway

  • Born 1916: Olivia de Havilland (actress)

  • 1920s

  • 1921: First sales tax in U.S. began in West Virginia

  • 1927: First Piano Concerto by Bela Bartok premiered in Frankfurt, Germany

  • 1930s

  • Born 1934: Jamie Farr (actor)

  • Born 1934: Sydney Pollack (director)

  • 1940s

  • 1941: Bulova Watch company sponsored the first television commercial

  • 1950s

  • Born 1952: Dan Aykroyd (actor)

  • 1960s

  • Born 1961: Princess Diana of Wales

  • Born 1961: Carl Lewis (athlete)

  • 1963: Zip codes introduced for U.S. mail

  • 1966: Medicare went into effect

  • 1970s

  • Born 1971: Missy Elliott (hip hop artist)

  • Born 1977: Liv Tyler (actress)

  • Born 1977: Jarome Iginla (hockey player)

  • 1980s

  • 1980: "O Canada" officially became the national anthem of Canada

  • 1990s

  • Died 1991: Michael Landon (actor)

  • Died 1997: Robert Mitchum (actor)

  • 2000s

  • Died 2000: Walter Matthau (actor)

  • 2004: After a seven-year journey, NASA's Cassini probe beaome the first spacecraft ever to orbit the giant ringed planet Saturn

  • Died 2004: Marlon Brando (actor)

  • Died 2005: Luther Vandross (singer)

  • 2005: Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, the first woman appointed to the Supreme Court, announced that she was retiring from the bench after 24 years

  • Died 2009: Karl Malden (actor)

  • Died 2009: Mollie Sugden (actress)

  • 2010s

  • 2011: Partial eclipse of the Sun

  • 2013: Andy Pettitte broke Whitey Ford's record for career strikeouts as a New York Yankees pitcher after striking out his 1,958th batter

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