Calendar for October 23rd, 2012

Born 1838: Francis Hopkinson Smith (author)

Born 1869: John William Heisman (football player)

Born 1873: William David Coolidge (physicist)

1885: Bryn Mawr College, the first U.S. graduate school for women, opened in Pennsylvania

Born 1905: Gertrude Ederle (first woman to swim the English Channel)

1915: 25,000 women marched in NYC demanding the right to vote

1918: Charlie Chaplin married Mildred Harris

Born 1925: Johnny Carson (comedian & television host)

Died 1939: Zane Grey (author)

Born 1940: Pele (soccer player)

Born 1942: Michael Crichton (author)

1950: Researchers at the University of Toronto announced the development of an electronic cardiac pacemaker

Born 1955: Weird Al Yankovic (musician)

1958: Cumberland mine disaster

Born 1962: Doug Flutie (football player)

Born 1976: Ryan Reynolds (actor)

1978: Garfield the Cat's lovable teddy bear, Pooky, made his comic strip debut

Born 1985: Masiela Lusha (actress, author)

Died 2002: Adolph Green (author & lyricist)

Died 2003: Madame Chiang Kai-shek (became one of the world's most famous women as she helped her husband fight the Japanese during World War II and later the Chinese Communists)

Died 2004: Robert Merrill (baritone)

2014: Partial Eclipse of the Sun.