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Calendar for October 8th, 2012

Columbus Day

On October 12, 1492, Christopher Columbus landed on a small island in the Bahamas, convinced that he had reached the East Indies. The anniversary of his landing in the New World was first formally celebrated in 1792, by the Columbian Order (Society of St. Tammany) in New York City. Now, it is celebrated nationally on the second Monday in October.


  • Died 1754: Henry Fielding (writer)

  • 1755: Acadians, refusing to swear loyalty to British crown, were expelled from Nova Scotia

  • 1790s

  • Died 1793: John Hancock (businessman)

  • 1810s

  • Born 1810: James Wilson Marshall (pioneer)

  • 1830s

  • Born 1838: John Hay (politician)

  • 1860s

  • Died 1869: Franklin Pierce (14th U.S. president)

  • 1870s

  • 1871: Deadly forest fire began in Peshtigo, Wisconsin

  • 1871: Great Chicago Fire began in a stable on the west side of the Chicago River when, historians agree, Mr. and Mrs. O'Leary's cow kicked over an oil lamp

  • 1880s

  • Born 1883: Otto Heinrich Warburg (biochemist)

  • 1890s

  • Born 1890: Edward V. Rickenbacker (WWI flying ace)

  • Born 1895: Juan Peron (former president of Argentina)

  • 1910s

  • Born 1917: Billy Conn (boxer)

  • 1920s

  • Born 1920: Frank Patrick Herbert (author)

  • 1930s

  • Born 1930: Faith Ringgold (artist & writer)

  • 1936: Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII) began tour of United States

  • Born 1939: Paul Hogan (actor)

  • 1940s

  • Born 1941: Jesse Jackson (politician)

  • Born 1943: Chevy Chase (actor)

  • Born 1943: R. L. Stine (author)

  • 1944: The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet debuted

  • Born 1949: Sigourney Weaver (actress)

  • 1950s

  • 1956: NY Yankees pitcher, Don Larsen, pitched the first perfect baseball game in World Series history

  • 1957: Walter O'Malley, president and chief stockholder of the Brooklyn Dodgers, announced that his baseball team would move to Los Angeles.

  • 1960s

  • Born 1968: Emily Procter (actress)

  • 1970s

  • Born 1970: Matt Damon (actor)

  • 1980s

  • 1981: Possible UFO photographed, Vancouver Island, British Columbia

  • Born 1985: Bruno Mars (singer)

  • 1990s

  • 1990: Judge David Souter was sworn in as the 105th U.S. Supreme Court justice

  • 1994: Congress approves the California Desert Bill. The bill will allow for the expansion and upgrade of Death Valley and Joshua Tree National Monuments, as well as the creation of the Mojave National Preserve and several large wilderness areas. Republicans filibustered against the bill but failed to prevent its passing. Affecting 6 million acres, the legislation was the largest land conservation bill ever enacted for the US outside Alaska

  • 2000s

  • 2001: Tom Ridge was sworn in as the first director of the newly created Office of Homeland Security

  • 2004: Kenyan Wangari Maathai was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. She was the first African woman to receive the award.

  • 2005: A magnitude 7.6 earthquake struck Pakistan and parts of India and Afghanistan. More than 73,000 lives were lost

  • 2010s

  • 2014: Total Eclipse of the Moon.

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