Calendar for January 27th, 2013

International Holocaust Remembrance Day

Born 1756: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (composer)

Born 1832: Lewis Carroll (author)

Born 1850: Samuel Gompers (labor union official)

Born 1885: Jerome Kern (composer)

1888: National Geographic Society incorporated

Born 1900: Hyman George Rickover (U.S. naval officer)

Died 1901: Giuseppe Verdi (composer)

Died 1910: Thomas Crapper (inventor)

Born 1921: Donna Reed (actress)

Born 1924: Sabu Dastagir (actor)

1926: The first public demonstration of a true TV was given in London by John Baird

Born 1929: Ingrid Thulin (actress)

Born 1936: Troy Donahue (actor)

1938: Honeymoon Bridge over Niagara Falls collapsed due to ice jam

1943: First U.S. air attack on Germany staged by the Eighth Air Force on the docks of Wilhelmshaven (WW II)

1945: German guards closed the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp as the Soviet army approached, moving as many prisoners as possible to Western camps

1951: Last performance of Peter Pan at New York City's Imperial Theater

Born 1955: John Roberts (Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court)

1961: Georgia legislature repealed the state's public school segregation laws

Born 1964: Bridget Fonda (actress)

1967: Representatives from over 60 nations, including the U.S. and USSR, signed the Outer Space Treaty

1967: Three astronauts died in a flash fire at Cape Kennedy, Florida, while training for the first launch of the Apollo 1 spacecraft

Born 1969: Patton Oswalt (actor)

1973: Vietnam War Cease-Fire signed in Paris, ending U.S. combat role in Vietnam

1976: Laverne and Shirley made its television debut

1984: Michael Jackson's hair caught fire during filming of a commercial

1984: Carl Lewis made a long jump of 28 feet 10.06 inches, in New York City

Died 1986: Lilli Palmer (actress)

1993: American sumo wrestler Chad Rowan was awarded the Japanese sport's highest rank, becoming the first foreign Yokozuna

Died 1994: Claude Atkins (actor)

Died 2004: Jack Paar (humorist who turned late-night television into a national institution when he was host of The Tonight Show from 1957 to 1962)

Died 2004: Milt Bernhart (big band trombonist)

Died 2005: George "Doc" Abraham (wisecracking gardening guru who teamed up with his wife, Katy, to host one of the longest-running shows on American radio)

Died 2005: Nick McDonald (policeman who arrested Lee Harvey Oswald at a Dallas movie theater after President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963)

2006: Western Union sent its last telegram

Died 2007: Tige Andrews (actor)

Died 2009: John Updike (Pulitzer Prize-winning author)

Died 2010: J.D. Salinger (author)