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Calendar for March 14th, 2013

1794: Eli Whitney patented the cotton gin

Born 1804: Johann Strauss, the Elder (composer)

Born 1833: Lucy Hobbs Taylor (first U.S. woman dentist)

Born 1864: John Luther "Casey" Jones (railroad engineer)

Born 1879: Albert Einstein (physicist)

Died 1899: Emile Erckmann (novelist)

1900: U.S. Congress adopted the gold standard

1903: Pelican Island (Fla.) became first National Wildlife Refuge

Born 1912: Lester Brown (bandleader)

1916: Women granted the right to vote in Saskatchewan

1917: Germany began retreat to Hindenburg Line (WWI)

1918: First U.S. concrete seagoing ship, S.S. Faith, launched, Redwood City, California

Born 1919: Max Shulman (novelist)

Born 1920: Hank Ketcham (cartoonist, creator of Dennis the Menace)

1923: U.S. President Warren G. Harding became the first chief executive to file an income tax report

Born 1928: Frank Borman (astronaut)

Born 1933: Michael Caine (actor)

Born 1933: Quincy Jones (musician)

1935: Shirley Temple left her footprints and handprints in the wet cement at Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood

1945: The U.S. Army Air Corp began bombing Osaka, Japan (WWII)

Born 1948: Billy Crystal (actor)

1958: Possible UFO sighted in Healdsburg, California

Born 1961: Kirby Puckett (baseball player)

1964: Jack Ruby was found guilty in Dallas of the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald, accused assassin of U.S. President John F. Kennedy

1968: Batman, starring Adam West and Burt Ward, aired its last episode

1983: OPEC agreed to lower the benchmark price for crude oil by 15%. It marked the first price cut since the group's formation in 1960

1984: Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge founded in Manteo, North Carolina

1989: Lebanese hijacker, Fawaz Younis, brought to U.S. to stand trial, found guilty of air piracy in 1985 hijacking

1990: The Soviet Congress elected Mikhail Gorbachev to the country's presidency, one day after clearing the post

Died 2002: Henry Woods (federal judge)

Died 2002: Thomas Winship (editor of the Boston Globe from 1965-1984, Pulitzer Prize winner)

Died 2010: Peter Graves (actor)

2011: Alice Cooper, Neil Diamond, Dr. John, Darlene Love, Tom Waits, Jac Holzman, Art Rupe, and Leon Russell were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame


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