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Calendar for March 15th, 2013

Ides of March

The Ides of March has long been considered an ill-fated day. Julius Caesar was assassinated on March 15, 44 B.C. Historians note that it is likely that a soothsayer named Spurinna had warned Caesar that danger would occur by the ides of March. William Shakespeare included the phrase "Beware the ides of March" in his play Julius Caesar.

The ides were the 15th days of four months (Martius, or March; Maius, or May; Quintilis, or July; and October) in the ancient Roman lunar calendar; they were the 13th in all other months (originally, Aprilis, or April; Iunius, or June; Sextilis, or August; September; November; and December. Ianuarius, or January, and Februarius, or February, were added later).

The word ides comes from the Latin word idus, which is possibly derived from an Etruscan word meaning "to divide." The ides were originally meant to mark the full Moon (the "halfway point" of a lunar month), but because the Roman calendar months and actual lunar months were of different lengths, they quickly got out of step. The ancient Romans considered the day after the calends (first of the month), nones (ninth day before the ides, inclusive), or ides of any month as unfavorable. These were called dies atri.

Every Year

  • Died : 44BC Emperor Julius Caesar assassinated

  • Maine: Admission Day

  • Andrew Jackson Day (Tenn.)

  • 1720s

  • 1729: Sister St. Stanislas Hachard became the first Catholic nun ordained in America

  • 1760s

  • Born 1767: Andrew Jackson (7th U.S. president)

  • 1810s

  • Born 1813: John Snow (physician)

  • 1820s

  • 1820: Maine was admitted to the Union as the 23rd state

  • 1850s

  • Born 1858: Liberty Hyde Bailey (botanist)

  • 1870s

  • 1875: Roman Catholic Archbishop of New York, John McCloskey, was named the first American Cardinal by Pope Pius IX

  • 1880s

  • Born 1887: Marjorie Merriweather Post (businesswoman)

  • 1890s

  • 1892: The first escalator was patented by inventor Jesse W. Reno of New York City

  • 1910s

  • 1913: Woodrow Wilson held the first presidential press conference after being in office for only 11 days

  • Born 1916: Harry James (trumpet player)

  • 1916: U.S. troops entered Mexico in futile search for revolutionary bandit Pancho Villa

  • 1919: The American Legion founded by war veterans in Paris

  • 1920s

  • Born 1926: Norm Van Brocklin (football player)

  • 1930s

  • Born 1935: Judd Hirsch (actor)

  • 1940s

  • 1940: The first motion picture, My Little Chickadee, featuring both Mae West and W.C. Fields, was released

  • Born 1941: Mike Love (singer)

  • Born 1941: Phil Lesh (rock bass guitarist)

  • Born 1944: Sly Stone (musician)

  • 1945: The King Cole Trio led by Nat King Cole had the first #1 LP on the first Billboard magazine top-selling record album chart

  • Born 1947: Ry Cooder (guitarist & composer)

  • 1950s

  • 1956: Lerner and Loewe's play My Fair Lady started what became a 2,717-performance run in New York

  • 1960s

  • 1960: Police in Orangeburg, SC, arrested more than 350 African Americans as sit-in demonstrations and sporadic racial violence spread throughout the South

  • 1962: Basketball star Wilt Chamberlain scored his 4,000th point of the season, averaging 50.4 points per game

  • 1964: Actress Elizabeth Taylor married Richard Burton (for the first time) on the 8th floor of the Ritz-Carlton in Montreal

  • 1970s

  • 1971: U.S. government eased restrictions on travel to China by U.S. citizens

  • 1972: The film The Godfather premiered in New York City

  • Born 1975: Eva Longoria (actress)

  • Died 1975: Aristotle Onassis (shipping magnate)

  • Born 1979: Kevin Youkilis (baseball player)

  • 1980s

  • Born 1983: Sean Biggerstaff (actor)

  • Born 1989: Caitlin Wachs (actress)

  • 1990s

  • 1994: Martin Buser captured his second Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race in the record time of 10 days, 13 hours, 2 minutes and 39 seconds

  • 1994: Highway line painting apparatus patented

  • Died 1998: Dr. Benjamin Spock (pediatrician)

  • 2000s

  • Died 2002: Sylvester "Pat" Weaver (creator of NBC's Today and Tonight shows)

  • Died 2009: Ron Silver (actor)

  • 2010s

  • 2011: Due to President Barack Obama's presidential proclamation (issued on February 28, 2011), flags were flown at half mast on this day of the internment of Army Corporal Frank W. Buckles, the last surviving American veteran of World War I, and in remembrance of the generation of American veterans of World War I

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