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Calendar for March 29th, 2013

Good Friday

Good Friday, also known as Great Friday, Holy Friday, or Sorrowful Friday, is a major Christian observance that commemorates the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ. It is a time for Christians to reflect upon his suffering and willing sacrifice to atone for the sins of mankind. Churches may offer special services, as well as cover crosses with black cloth as a sign of mourning. For some worshippers, it is a day of fasting.

Good Friday occurs two days before Easter (which celebrates Christ's resurrection). It is part of Holy Week, which starts with Palm Sunday and ends on Holy Saturday, the day before Easter. In certain countries, such as Canada, it is an official public holiday. In the United States, a number of states declare this a state holiday.

Traditional foods served on Good Friday include hot cross buns. These spiced sweet buns usually contain currants or raisins and are topped with icing in the shape of a cross.

Every Year

  • US: Vietnam Veterans Day

  • Borrowing Days

  • 1790s

  • Born 1790: John Tyler (10th U.S. president)

  • 1800s

  • 1806: First federal highway, the Great National Pike, authorized

  • 1807: Vesta, brightest asteroid, discovered

  • 1810s

  • 1812: The first White House wedding took place. Lucy Payne Washington, sister-in-law of President James Madison, married Supreme Court Justice Thomas Todd

  • 1840s

  • 1847: Gen. Winfield Scott formally occupied Vera Cruz, Mexico

  • 1848: Due to ice jam, Niagara Falls stopped flowing for the first time in recorded history

  • 1860s

  • Born 1867: Cy Young (baseball player)

  • 1870s

  • Born 1874: Lou Henry Hoover (U.S. First Lady)

  • 1880s

  • 1886: The first batch of Coca Cola was brewed over a fire in a backyard in Atlanta. John Pemberton created the concoction as a "hangover" cure, and it was advertised as brain tonic. Cocaine was an ingredient of Coke until 1904 when Congress banned it

  • 1910s

  • Born 1918: Pearl Bailey (singer)

  • Born 1918: Sam Walton (businessman)

  • 1919: First performance of Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus

  • 1920s

  • 1927: Sunbeam 1000 HP first car to exceed 200 mph

  • 1930s

  • 1932: Jack Benny's radio debut

  • Born 1936: Judith Guest (author)

  • 1940s

  • Born 1943: Eric Idle (actor)

  • 1943: World War II food rationing began

  • Born 1944: Dennis McLain (baseball player)

  • 1950s

  • 1951: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg convicted of conspiring to convey atom bomb secrets to Soviet agents

  • Born 1954: Karen Ann Quinlan (patient on life-support whose parents fought for her right to die)

  • Born 1956: Kurt Thomas (gymnast)

  • 1960s

  • 1961: Ratification of the 23rd amendment to the Constitution gave residents of Washington, D.C., right to vote in presidential elections

  • Born 1964: Elle Macpherson (model)

  • Born 1968: Lucy Lawless (actress)

  • 1970s

  • 1971: Lt. William Calley Jr. convicted for massacre of civilians at Mylai, S. Vietnam

  • 1973: After protesting—in song—that they were never featured on the cover of Rolling Stone magazine, Dr. Hook and the Medicine Show got their wish. A week later, the band's single Cover of the Rolling Stone went gold

  • 1973: Last U.S. personnel left S. Vietnam

  • 1976: The film One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest won five Academy Awards

  • Born 1976: Jennifer Capriati (tennis player)

  • 1980s

  • 1988: Madonna made her stage debut in David Mamet's Speed the Plow in NYC

  • 1989: First Soviet hockey player signed with the NHL

  • 1990s

  • 1993: Catherine Callbeck became the first woman to be elected premier in Canada

  • 2000s

  • Died 2004: Alistair Cooke (a journalist for almost 70 years, Cooke was widely known to television audiences as the master of ceremonies on the cultural program Omnibus in the 1950s and later as the host of Masterpiece Theater)

  • Died 2005: Johnnie L. Cochran Jr. (lawyer)

  • 2006: Tom Jones was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace

  • 2007: Bono of U2 was crowned a Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire in an informal ceremony in the Dublin home of British Ambassador David Reddaway

  • 2007: Shiveluch volcano erupted, Kamchatka, Russia

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