Calendar for April 12th, 2013

National Licorice Day

1833: Charles A. Gayler received a patent for a fireproof safe

1859: First U.S. championship billiards game

1861: The US Civil War began

Died 1912: Clara Barton (founder of the American Red Cross)

Born 1916: Beverly Cleary (author)

1917: Women granted the right to vote in Ontario

Born 1924: Dr. Peter Safar (originator of CPR)

Born 1933: Montserrat Caballe (opera singer)

1936: Nova Scotia's Moose River gold mine collapsed, trapping 3 people

Born 1940: Herbie Hancock (musician)

Died 1945: Franklin D. Roosevelt (32nd U.S. president)

Born 1947: Tom Clancy (author)

Born 1947: David Letterman (talk show host)

Born 1950: David Cassidy (actor & singer)

1954: Bill Haley and His Comets recorded Rock Around the Clock

1955: The polio vaccine developed by Dr. Salk was found to be successful after subjection to a year of clinical trials

Born 1956: Andy García (actor)

Born 1957: Vince Gill (musician)

1969: "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In" by the 5th Dimension topped the charts for 6 weeks

Born 1979: Jennifer Morrison (actress)

Born 1979: Claire Danes (actress)

1980: Terry Fox began his "Marathon of Hope" across Canada in St. John's, Newfoundland, by dipping his artificial leg into the Atlantic Ocean

1981: Space shuttle Columbia first launched

1983: Harold Washington was elected the first African-American mayor of Chicago

1987: Texaco Inc. became the largest U.S. company in history to file bankruptcy after it is ordered to pay Pennzoil $8.53 billion in damages for unfair business practices

Died 1989: Abbie Hoffman (social and political activist)

Died 1989: Sugar Ray Robinson (boxer)

1992: Golfer Fred Couples won the Masters tournament