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Calendar for April 27th, 2013

National Arbor Day

"Arbor Day is not like other holidays. Each of those reposes on the past, while Arbor Day proposes for the future." These are the words of J. Sterling Morton, the originator of the Arbor Day idea. He was among the many pioneers moving into the Nebraska Territory in 1854. With the decided lack of trees on the Nebraskan plains, Morton made it his cause to plant trees, not just for beautification but also to preserve the soil. He encouraged civic organizations to join in the effort, proclaiming the first Arbor Day in 1872. By 1885, Arbor Day was officially observed by the entire state and then by other states and schools nationwide. Today the most common date for the state observances is the last Friday in April, although many states celebrate it whenever conditions there are best for planting trees. Several U.S. presidents have proclaimed a national Arbor Day. Check out The National Arbor Day Foundation Web site, which includes forests of information.

Every Year

  • Freedom Day (South Africa)

  • 1520s

  • Died 1521: Ferdinand Magellan (explorer)

  • 1790s

  • Born 1791: Samuel Morse (inventor)

  • 1820s

  • Born 1822: Ulysses S. Grant (18th U.S. president)

  • 1880s

  • 1880: A hearing aid was patented by F. D. Clarke and M. G. Foster

  • Died 1882: Ralph Waldo Emerson (poet)

  • 1890s

  • Born 1896: Rogers Hornsby (baseball player)

  • 1900s

  • Died 1902: Julius Sterling Morton (Arbor Day founder)

  • 1908: Fourth modern Olympic games opened in London, England

  • 1920s

  • Born 1927: Coretta Scott King (civil rights leader)

  • 1930s

  • 1935: U.S. Soil Conservation Service established by Congress

  • 1940s

  • 1947: Babe Ruth Day

  • 1950s

  • Born 1959: Sheena Easton (singer)

  • 1960s

  • Died 1965: Edward R. Murrow (broadcast journalist)

  • 1967: Expo '67 was officially opened in Montreal, Quebec, by Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson

  • 1970s

  • 1973: L. Patrick Gray resigns as acting director of the FBI due to the Watergate fiasco

  • Born 1975: Chris Carpenter (baseball player)

  • 1980s

  • Born 1987: William Moseley (actor)

  • 2000s

  • Died 2002: Ruth Handler (co-founded Mattel and created Barbie)

  • 2005: Airbus A380, the world's largest passenger plane, successfully took off on its maiden flight

  • 2010s

  • 2010: Oh Eun-sun from South Korea became the first woman to scale the world’s 14 highest mountains

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