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Calendar for July 21st, 2013

1298: Battle of Falkirk: England's Edward Longshank defeated William Wallace's Scottish rebels

Died 1796: Robert Burns (poet)

1836: Canada's first public railway opened

1861: The first major military engagement in the Civil War took place at Bull Run Creek, Virginia

1873: Jesse James held up the Rock Island Express and escaped with $3,000. It was his first train robbery

Born 1899: Ernest Hemingway (author)

Born 1899: Hart Crane (poet)

Born 1920: Isaac Stern (violinist)

Born 1924: Don Knotts (actor)

1925: John T. Scopes found guilty of teaching evolution in class and fined $100

Born 1952: Robin Williams (actor)

1959: The world's first nuclear-powered merchant vessel, the Savannah, launched

1961: Captain Gus Grissom, piloting the Mercury 4 capsule Liberty Bell 7, became the second American to go into space (sub-orbital flight)

Born 1968: Brandi Chastain (soccer player)

Born 1978: Josh Hartnett (actor)

Born 1979: David Carr (football player)

1984: In Jackson, Michigan, a factory robot crushed a worker against a safety bar in the first known robot-related death in the U.S.

Died 1998: Alan Shepard, Jr. (astronaut)

Died 1998: Robert Young (actor, television's iconic dad of Father Knows Best)

2000: Discovery of the subatomic particle tau-neutrino announced

Died 2004: Jerry Goldsmith (composer who created the memorable music for scores of classic movies and television shows ranging from Star Trek and Planet of the Apes to The Man from U.N.C.L.E. and Dr. Kildare)

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