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Calendar for September 2nd, 2013

Labor Day

Always the first Monday in September, Labor Day was the idea of Peter J. Maguire (although recent research has shown that it might have been his brother Matthew's idea), a labor union leader who in 1882 proposed a celebration honoring the American worker. The date chosen was simply "convenient," according to Maguire, because it was midway between the Fourth of July and Thanksgiving. Although the day's focus on organized labor has diminished over the years, the legal holiday still marks the end of summer and the traditional time for children to return to school.

Every Year

  • National Day (Vietnam)

  • 1660s

  • 1666: Great Fire of London began

  • 1780s

  • 1789: Congress established the United States Department of the Treasury

  • 1850s

  • Born 1850: Albert Spalding (baseball player)

  • 1890s

  • 1897: The first issue of McCall's magazine was published. The magazine had previously been called Queens Magazine and Queen of Fashion

  • 1900s

  • 1901: Vice President Theodore Roosevelt uttered the famous phrase, "Speak softly and carry a big stick" at the Minnesota State Fair

  • 1910s

  • Born 1917: Cleveland Amory (author of The Cat Who Came for Christmas)

  • 1930s

  • Born 1937: Peter Ueberroth (businessman)

  • 1940s

  • 1945: Japan surrendered formally at ceremonies held aboard the battleship Missouri, to end World War II

  • Born 1948: Terry Bradshaw (football player)

  • Born 1948: Christa McAuliffe (selected to be the first teacher in space)

  • 1950s

  • Born 1951: Mark Harmon (actor)

  • 1960s

  • Born 1964: Keanu Reeves (actor)

  • Born 1966: Salma Hayek (actress)

  • 1969: First ATM in U.S. debuted, Rockville Centre, N.Y.

  • 1970s

  • Died 1973: J. R. R. Tolkien (author)

  • Born 1976: Erin Hershey Presley (actress)

  • 1979: Charles Burton started 3-year pole-to-pole expedition

  • 1990s

  • 1992: The long awaited chess rematch between Bobby Fischer and Boris Spassky began in Yugoslavia

  • 2000s

  • Died 2001: Troy Donahue (actor)

  • Died 2005: Bob Denver (actor)

  • 2010s

  • 2013: Diana Nyad completed a two-day, two-night swim from Cuba to Florida and became the first person to accomplish the feat unaided by a shark cage

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