Calendar for October 15th, 2013

Born : Virgil (Roman poet, born 70 B.C.)

1582: First day of conversion to Gregorian calendar from Julian for several countries (Poland, Spain, Italy, Portugal), due to Pope Gregory XIII's decree. Great Britain and colonies did not convert until 1752

Born 1844: Friedrich Nietzsche (philosopher)

Born 1881: P. G. Wodehouse (author, humorist)

1881: American Angler, the first fishing magazine in the U.S., was published in Philadelphia, PA

1900: Symphony Hall in Boston was inaugurated as the home of the Boston Symphony Orchestra

Born 1905: C.P. Snow (novelist)

1917: Mata Hari, one of history's most famous spies, was executed

Born 1924: Lee Iacocca (businessman)

1924: Statue of Liberty designated as a National Monument

Born 1937: Linda Lavin (actress)

Born 1942: Penny Marshall (actress & director)

Born 1945: Jim Palmer (baseball player)

Born 1946: Richard Carpenter (musician)

Born 1959: Sarah Ferguson (Duchess of York)

Born 1959: Emeril Lagasse (chef)

Died 1960: Clara Kimball Young (actress)

Died 1964: Cole Porter (composer)

1966: President Lyndon B. Johnson signed a bill creating the Department of Transportation

1979: An earthquake measuring 6.4 on the Richter scale shook southern California

1991: Veterans Memorial Bridge opened, Port Arthur-Bridge City, Texas

1997: Andy Green became the first person to break the sound barrier in a land-based vehicle, at 763.035 mph

2003: In New York, the Staten Island ferry plowed into a pier killing 10 people and injuring 42 more

2003: China launched its first manned space mission becoming the third country in history to send a person into orbit — four decades after the Soviet Union and the United States

2006: A magnitude 6.6 earthquake occurred near Kailua-Kona on the west coast of the Big Island of Hawaii

Died 2008: Edie Adams (actress & singer)