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Calendar for January 23rd, 2014

National Handwriting Day (United States)

1556: Deadliest earthquake on record killed 830,000 in China

Born 1813: Camilla Collett (writer)

1849: Envelope machine patented

1849: Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman to receive an M.D. degree

1862: California vintner Agoston Haraszthy received 100,000 European grape vine cuttings.

Born 1899: Joseph Nathan Kane (fact-finding guru)

Born 1919: Ernie Kovacs (actor)

1922: Leonard Thompson received the world's first successful insulin injection

Died 1931: Anna Pavlova (ballerina)

Born 1933: Chita Rivera (singer, actress, & dancer)

1943: Duke Ellington played at New York City's Carnegie Hall for the first time

1943: The movie Casablanca was copyrighted

Born 1943: Gil Gerard (actor)

Born 1944: Rutger Hauer (actor)

1949: Fire devastated streetcar barns in Regina, Saskatchewan

Born 1950: Richard Dean Anderson (actor)

Born 1957: Princess Caroline of Monaco

1960: Bathyscaphe Trieste dove a record-breaking 35,800 feet

Born 1964: Mariska Hargitay (actress)

1979: Willie Mays elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame

Died 1981: Samuel Barber (composer)

1984: China's giant pandas were added to the endangered species list

1986: The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducted its first members: Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Sam Cooke, Fats Domino, Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis, Elvis Presley, and Little Richard

Died 1989: Salvador Dali (artist)

Died 2002: Daniel Pearl (Wall Street Journal reporter who disappeared and was later killed)

Died 2003: Nell Carter (singer & actress)

Died 2004: Bob Keeshan (Captain Kangaroo)

Died 2004: Helmut Newton (fashion photographer)

Died 2005: Johnny Carson (comedian who dominated late-night television for 30 years as the host of The Tonight Show)