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Calendar for March 25th, 2014

Annunciation or Lady Day

The precession of the equinoxes has moved the astronomical beginning of spring back four days to March 21, but its previous date of March 25 became identified with the Virgin Mary, who was told by the angel Gabriel on that day that she would become the mother of Christ. Lady Day, as this day was commonly called, was one of the great quarterly dividing points of the year (the others being Midsummer Day, Michaelmas, and Christmas). It was traditionally the day for paying rents, signing or vacating leases, and hiring farm laborers for the year. The flower cardamine, or lady's-smock, with its milky white flowers, is dedicated to the Virgin Mary and appears about this time. For a discussion about this plant's significance, go to this site.

Every Year

  • Annunciation or Lady Day

  • 1520s

  • 1524: Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazano arrived off Outer Banks of North Carolina

  • 1770s

  • 1775: George Washington planted pecans at Mount Vernon

  • 1776: Congress authorized first U.S. medal for Gen. George Washington, for forcing British army to evacuate Boston

  • 1860s

  • Born 1867: Arturo Toscanini (conductor)

  • 1880s

  • Born 1881: Bela Bartok (composer)

  • 1882: First U.S. public demonstration of pancake making, NYC

  • 1890s

  • 1894: Jacob S. Coxey's army of jobless men began march from Ohio to Washington, D.C., to demand relief measures from Congress

  • 1900s

  • 1900: Socialist Party of the United States organized at Indianapolis, Indiana

  • Born 1901: Ed Begley, Sr. (actor)

  • 1910s

  • 1911: Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in NYC killed 148 women trapped by locked fire escape doors

  • 1920s

  • Born 1920: Howard Cosell (sportscaster)

  • Born 1922: Eileen Ford (business executive)

  • Born 1925: Flannery O'Connor (novelist)

  • Born 1928: James Arthur Lovell, Jr. (astronaut)

  • 1930s

  • Born 1934: Gloria Steinem (women's rights activist)

  • 1937: First perfumed ad in a U.S. newspaper

  • 1940s

  • Born 1942: Aretha Franklin (singer)

  • 1943: The Jimmy Durante and Garry Moore Show premiered on the radio. The duo replaced the popular Abbott and Costello

  • Born 1947: Elton John (musician)

  • Born 1948: Bonnie Bedelia Culkin (actress)

  • 1950s

  • 1958: Sugar Ray Robinson won world's middleweight boxing championship by defeating Carmen Basilio, in Chicago

  • 1960s

  • Born 1962: Marcia Cross (actress)

  • Born 1965: Sarah Jessica Parker (actress)

  • 1965: About 25,000 civil rights demonstrators ended a five-day march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, with a rally demanding equal rights for blacks

  • 1966: U.S. Supreme Court declared the poll tax to be unconstitutional for all elections

  • 1970s

  • Born 1971: Sheryl Swoopes (basketball player; Olympic gold medalist)

  • 1972: Multinational agreement to coordinate efforts to control trade in narcotic drugs signed in Geneva

  • Died 1973: Edward Steichen (photographer)

  • Born 1979: Lee Pace (actor)

  • 1980s

  • Born 1982: Danica Patrick (race car driver)

  • 1987: The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that an employer may voluntarily act to redress imbalances in the workforce through affirmative action programs for women. It was the first time that the court specifically addressed such programs for women

  • Born 1989: Aly Michalka (actress)

  • 2000s

  • Died 2004: Viscountess Dilhorne (trained pigeons to carry secret communications in Europe during WWII)

  • Died 2006: Buck Owens (singer)

  • Died 2008: Herb Peterson (invented McDonald's Egg McMuffin)


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