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Calendar for March 4th, 2014

Mardi Gras/Shrove Tuesday

Mardi Gras is French for "fat Tuesday"--the final feasting before the fasting of Lent, which begins tomorrow, Ash Wednesday. Fat Tuesday is also called Shrove Tuesday, a name that comes from the practice of shriving--purifying oneself through confession--prior to Lent. Many of the names applied to this day relate to food and eating. In many Latin countries, Mardi Gras is the culmination of the carnival season of revelry and feasting. Among the Pennsylvania Dutch, this Tuesday is Fastnacht (fast night), and everyone enjoys the traditional fastnachtkuchen, a rectangular doughnut with a slit in the middle. If you’re not up to traveling to the big Mardi Gras celebration in New Orleans, you might want to build a miniature float for the parade or sample some of the food served at this event. Visit the Mardis Gras and Cajun Food Recipe Guide to find out how to make Crawfish Bisque or Cajun Shrimp Creole. Or check out the Old Farmer's Almanac’s very own Shrove Tuesday Pancakes for a tamer change of pace.

Every Year

  • Vermont Admission Day

  • 1670s

  • Born 1678: Antonio Vivaldi (composer)

  • 1680s

  • 1681: William Penn was given a charter for lands in the New World by King Charles II

  • 1750s

  • Born 1754: Benjamin Waterhouse (physician)

  • 1780s

  • 1789: The first Congress met in NY

  • 1790s

  • 1791: Vermont became the 14th state of the Union

  • 1793: George Washington was inaugurated for a second term as President of the United States in Philadelphia; John Adams became Vice President. George Washington's second inaugural address was the shortest on record--135 words. It took him only two minutes to read it.

  • 1797: John Adams was inaugurated as the second U.S. President; Thomas Jefferson became Vice President

  • 1800s

  • 1801: Thomas Jefferson became the first president to be inaugurated in the new U.S. capital of Washington, D.C.; Aaron Burr became Vice President

  • 1809: James Madison inaugurated as 4th U.S. President

  • 1810s

  • 1817: James Monroe inaugurated as 5th U.S. President

  • 1820s

  • 1825: John Quincy Adams inaugurated as 6th U.S. President

  • 1829: Andrew Jackson inaugurated as the 7th U.S. President

  • 1830s

  • 1831: John Quincy Adams returned to the House of Representatives. He was the first former president to do so and served for nine consecutive terms

  • 1837: Martin Van Buren inaugurated as the 8th U.S. President

  • 1840s

  • 1841: William H. Harrison inaugurated as 9th U.S. President; upon his death a month later, the vice president, John Tyler, became the 10th U.S. President

  • 1845: James Polk inaugurated as 11th U.S. President

  • 1850s

  • 1853: Franklin Pierce became the 14th U.S. President

  • 1857: James Buchanan became the 15th U.S. President

  • 1860s

  • 1861: Abraham Lincoln became the 16th U.S. President

  • 1865: Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated for a second term as U.S. President; Vice President, Andrew Johnson

  • 1869: Ulysses S. Grant became the 18th U.S. President

  • 1880s

  • Born 1888: Knute Rockne (football coach)

  • 1889: Benjamin Harrison was sworn in as the 23rd U.S. President

  • 1910s

  • Born 1913: John Garfield (actor)

  • 1917: Rep. Jeanette Rankin became first woman in Congress

  • 1920s

  • Born 1928: Alan Sillitoe (novelist)

  • 1930s

  • Born 1931: Alice Mitchell Rivlin (government official)

  • Born 1932: Miriam Makeba (singer)

  • 1933: In his first inaugural speech, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt told his fellow Americans that, ". . . the only thing we have to fear is fear itself."

  • Born 1934: Barbara McNair (singer)

  • 1950s

  • Born 1953: Kay Lenz (actress)

  • Born 1954: Catherine O'Hara (actress)

  • Born 1958: Patricia Heaton (actress)

  • 1960s

  • 1962: Nuclear-power plant began operation in Antarctica

  • 1970s

  • Born 1971: Jason Sellers (country singer)

  • 1977: Earthquake destroyed parts of Bucharest Romania, and nearby area, leaving 1,500 dead

  • 1979: Voyager I spacecraft revealed rings of Jupiter

  • 1980s

  • Born 1982: Landon Donovan (soccer player)

  • 1982: Bertha Wilson becomes the first woman appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada

  • 1989: Machinists strike Eastern Airlines. Pilots and flight attendants honor picket lines

  • 1990s

  • Born 1990: Andrea Bowen (actress)

  • Died 1994: John Candy (comedian)

  • Died 1996: Minnie Pearl (comedienne & singer)

  • 2000s

  • Died 2004: George Pake (computer pioneer)

  • Died 2009: Horton Foote (playwright & screenwriter)


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