Calendar for July 7th, 2014

Died 1307: King Edward I of England

1789: Hammerfest, Norway (known as northernmost town in world), granted town status

1846: Acting on instructions from Washington, D.C., Commodore John Drake Sloat ordered his troops to occupy Monterey and Yerba Buena thus beginning the United States annexation of California

Born 1860: Gustav Mahler (composer)

Born 1906: Leroy "Satchel" Paige (baseball player)

1912: Jim Thorpe won his first Olympic gold medal in the pentathlon

Born 1922: Pierre Cardin (fashion designer)

Died 1930: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (Sherlock Holmes author)

Born 1940: Ringo Starr (Beatles' drummer)

1946: Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini became the first American saint to be canonized

1948: First 6 enlisted women transferred from Naval Reserve to regular U.S. Navy

Died 1967: Vivien Leigh (actress)

Born 1968: Jorja Fox (actress)

Born 1969: Joe Sakic (hockey player)

Died 1973: Veronica Lake (actress)

Born 1980: Michelle Kwan (figure skater)

1981: President Reagan nominated Sandra Day O'Connor to become a Supreme Court justice; she became the first female member of the Supreme Court

1981: Solar-powered aircraft Solar Challenger flew 163 miles in 5 hours, 23 minutes.

Born 1988: Kaci Brown (singer)

Died 2004: Jeff Smith (the white-bearded minister who became public television's popular Frugal Gourmet)

2005: A series of bombs exploded in London's underground railway, as well as on top of a double-decker bus in a terrorist attack against the country