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Calendar for September 1st, 2014

Labor Day

Always the first Monday in September, Labor Day was the idea of Peter J. Maguire (although recent research has shown that it might have been his brother Matthew's idea), a labor union leader who in 1882 proposed a celebration honoring the American worker. The date chosen was simply "convenient," according to Maguire, because it was midway between the Fourth of July and Thanksgiving. Although the day's focus on organized labor has diminished over the years, the legal holiday still marks the end of summer and the traditional time for children to return to school.

Every Year

  • Month of September

  • 1550s

  • Died 1557: Jacques Cartier (explorer)

  • 1710s

  • Died 1715: Louis XIV, King of France

  • 1730s

  • 1730: Deborah Read Rogers became the common-law wife of Ben Franklin

  • 1790s

  • Born 1792: Chester Harding (painter)

  • Born 1795: James Gordon Bennet (founder of New York Herald)

  • 1830s

  • 1836: Narcissa Whitman, one of the first white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrived at Walla Walla, Washington

  • 1850s

  • Born 1854: Engelbert Humperdinck (composer)

  • 1860s

  • Born 1866: James J. Corbett (boxer)

  • 1869: At a convention of nondrinkers in Chicago the Prohibition Party is born

  • 1870s

  • Born 1875: Edgar Rice Burroughs (writer; Tarzan author)

  • Born 1877: Francis William Aston (chemist, discovered isotopes)

  • 1878: The first woman, Miss Emma Nutt, was hired by the Telephone Dispatch Company in Boston, Massachusetts. Before Miss Nutt's employment, young men served as operators, but their rudeness to telephone subscribers caused the company owners to replace them with women

  • 1900s

  • Born 1900: Don Wilson (entertainer)

  • 1905: Alberta became a province of Canada

  • 1905: Saskatchewan became a province of Canada

  • 1910s

  • 1914: The last passenger pigeon, Martha, died at the Cincinnati Zoological Garden in Ohio

  • 1920s

  • Born 1923: Rocky Marciano (boxer)

  • 1930s

  • Born 1933: Conway Twitty (country music singer)

  • Born 1935: Seiji Ozawa (orchestra conductor)

  • Born 1936: Lily Tomlin (actress)

  • 1940s

  • Born 1944: Leonard Slatkin (conductor)

  • Born 1946: Barry Gibb (singer, member of the Bee Gees)

  • 1950s

  • Born 1957: Gloria Estefan (musician)

  • 1970s

  • 1972: Bobby Fischer became the first American to hold the world chess title by defeating Soviet player, Boris Spassky

  • Born 1973: J. D. Fortune (singer)

  • Born 1975: Scott Speedman (actor)

  • Died 1977: Ethel Waters (singer)

  • 1980s

  • 1985: Remains of the R.M.S. Titanic luxury liner discovered 12,400' deep, 230 miles south of Nova Scotia

  • 2000s

  • Died 2002: Martin Kamen (co-discovered the radioactive isotope carbo-14)

  • 2010s

  • 2016: Annular Eclipse of the Sun

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