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Calendar for September 15th, 2014

Holy Cross Day

Holy Cross Day is also known as the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, Triumph of the Cross, or Holyrood Day ("rood" meaning "cross". It commemorates the recovery of the Holy Cross on which Jesus was crucified. (It had been taken from Jerusalem by the Persians in a war in A.D. 614. In A.D. 629, Byzantine Emperor Heraclius recovered and returned the Cross to Jerusalem.)

Holy Cross Day is one of four annual markers for the "Ember Days," which occur on the first Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday following Holy Cross Day, Whit Sunday (Pentecost), the first Sunday in Lent, and St. Lucy Day. The Ember Days are special times for prayer, fasting, and the ordination of clergy in the Catholic and Anglican churches. The weather on each of the three Ember Days is supposed to foretell the weather for each of the three succeeding months. A Spanish proverb notes, "On Holy Cross Day / Vineyards are gay."

Every Year

  • Independence Day (Costa Rica)

  • 1700s

  • Died 1700: Andre Le Notre (landscape architect)

  • 1770s

  • 1776: British troops occupied New York

  • 1780s

  • Born 1789: James Fenimore Cooper (author)

  • 1789: The U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs was renamed the Department of State

  • 1850s

  • Born 1857: William Howard Taft (27th U.S. president)

  • 1870s

  • Born 1876: Bruno Walter (symphony conductor)

  • 1890s

  • Born 1890: Agatha Christie (author)

  • 1900s

  • 1904: Orville Wright made first turn with airplane in air

  • 1910s

  • 1913: A milch goat show started at the Rochester Industrial Exposition in New York state

  • Born 1914: Robert McCloskey (author and illustrator of the children's classics Make Way for Ducklings and Blueberries for Sal)

  • 1920s

  • Born 1924: Bobby Short (jazz musician)

  • Born 1929: Murray Gell-Mann (physicist)

  • 1930s

  • Born 1934: Tomie dePaola (children's author, illustrator)

  • 1940s

  • Born 1940: Merlin Olsen (football player)

  • Born 1946: Tommy Lee Jones (actor)

  • Born 1946: Oliver Stone (director)

  • 1949: The Lone Ranger TV series debuted with American Clayton Moore and Canadian Jay Silverheels

  • 1960s

  • Born 1961: Dan Marino (football player)

  • 1963: Bomb killed four girls in a Birmingham, Alabama, church that was popular for civil rights meetings

  • 1970s

  • Born 1975: Tom Dolan (Olympic gold medalist)

  • 1980s

  • Born 1984: Prince Harry (youngest son of Prince Charles and Princess Diana)

  • Died 1989: Robert Penn Warren (poet)

  • 2000s

  • Died 2004: Johnny Ramone (guitarist and co-founder of The Ramones)

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