This Day of Judgment (also called Day of Memorial) marks the beginning of the Jewish New Year and the beginning of the Ten Days of Penitence (or Repentance), which end on Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement. Rosh Hashanah is a celebration of the creation of the world in the Jewish tradition.
The shofar, traditionally made of ram's horn, is blown 100 times on Rosh Hashanah. Jews who observe Rosh Hashanah make time for personal introspection and prayer, as well as visiting graves.
1513: Vasco Núñez de Balboa crossed Isthmus of Panama and sighted the Pacific Ocean
Born 1599: Francesco Borromini (architect)
Born 1644: Ole Roemer (astronomer)
1690: Publick Occurrences became the first newspaper in the "United States"
1846: Zachary Taylor's troops captured the Mexican city of Monterrey
Born 1866: Thomas Hunt Morgan (geneticist)
1890: Congress established Yosemite National Park in California
Born 1897: William Faulkner (author)
Born 1898: Robert Brackman (artist)
Born 1903: Marl Rothko (artist)
Born 1930: Shel Silverstein (author, humorist)
Born 1931: Barbara Walters (newscaster)
Born 1936: Juliet Prowse (actress)
Born 1944: Michael Douglas (actor)
Born 1947: Cheryl Tiegs (model)
Born 1952: Mark Hamill (actor)
Born 1952: Christopher Reeve (actor)
1956: First transatlantic telephone cable began operation
Born 1961: Heather Locklear (actress)
Born 1969: Catherine Zeta Jones (actress)
Born 1975: Matthew Hasselbeck (football player)
1981: Sandra Day O'Connor was sworn in as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, the first woman to hold the office
Died 1987: Mary Astor (actress)
Died 2003: George Plimpton (writer)
2005: An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.5 hit northern Peru
Died 2005: Don Adams (actor)
2010: A 3.2-magnitude earthquake shook New Hampshire about 10 miles north of the capital city of Concord
2010: A 20-foot wide, 3,699-pound pumpkin pie was baked and presented at the New Bremen, Ohio, annual Pumpkinfest. It was certified as the world's largest pumpkin pie.
Died 2012: Andy Williams (singer)