Learn more and buy the 2015 Old Farmer's Almanac!

Calendar for October 19th, 2014

Died 1745: Jonathan Swift (author)

Born 1748: Martha Jefferson (wife of Thomas Jefferson; died before presidency)

1781: Major General Lord Charles Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, Virginia, ending the American Revolutionary War

Born 1810: Cassius Marcellus Clay (abolitionist)

Born 1858: Alice McLellan Birney (child welfare worker; the work by her and others led to the formation of the PTA)

1860: President Abraham Lincoln wrote to an 11-year-old girl who requested that he grow a beard

Born 1899: Eddie Bauer (merchant)

1914: Government autos were first used to deliver U.S. mail

Died 1916: Leo Clarke (Victoria Cross recipient)

Born 1922: Jack Anderson (journalist)

Born 1931: John Le Carre (author)

Born 1932: Robert Reed (actor)

1936: Watertown Senior High School, in South Dakota, was the first school to fingerprint students

Born 1937: Peter Max (artist)

1943: Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, was first isolated by researchers at Rutgers University

Born 1945: John Lithgow (actor)

Born 1947: Giorgio Cavazzano (comic strip artist & illustrator)

Died 1950: Edna St. Vincent Millay (poet)

1957: Queen Elizabeth II went to a U.S. football game

1959: The Miracle Worker, a dramatization of Helen Keller's early life, opens on Broadway

Born 1960: Jennifer Holliday (singer)

Born 1965: Ty Pennington (carpenter; host of Extreme Makeover: Home Edition)

Born 1965: Brad Daugherty (basketball player)

Born 1966: Jon Favreau (actor, writer, & director)

Born 1970: Chris Kattan (actor)

Born 1972: Keith Foulke (baseball player)

1982: U.S. auto executive, John DeLorean, was charged with the crime of selling cocaine to undercover police

1985: The first Blockbuster Video store opened in Dallas, Texas

1987: Dow Jones Industrial Average fell by 22% on what has become known as "Black Monday"

2003: Mother Teresa was beatified by Pope John Paul II

2007: An earthquake measuring 2.5 hit Massachusetts

2007: In Indiana, a family's pet Amazon parrot saved their lives by mimicking the sound of a fire alarm to alert them their house was on fire

Died 2008: Richard Blackwell (fashion designer & critic known simply as "Mr. Blackwell")

2008: The Tampa Bay Rays won the American League Championship Series for the first time in franchise history

Died 2010: Tom Bosley (actor)