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Calendar for October 4th, 2014

Yom Kippur

This "Day of Atonement" actually starts at sundown on the previous day. (The Jewish day runs from sundown to sundown.) It is a very solemn day in the Jewish year that is devoted to fasting, prayer, and repentance. On Yom Kippur, people repeat a chant called the "Al Chet" (Chet is usually translated as "sin"). In the chant, the people list the ways in which they have fallen short over the past year and repent of these shortcomings.

Every Year

  • Feast Day of St. Francis of Assisi

  • 1770s

  • 1775: Dr. Benjamin Church investigated for espionage

  • 1777: Battle of Germantown resulted in a British victory, due to Washington's disorganized troops and thick fog

  • 1810s

  • Born 1810: Eliza Johnson (U.S. First Lady)

  • Born 1814: Jean Francois Millet (artist)

  • 1820s

  • Born 1822: Rutherford B. Hayes (19th U.S. president)

  • 1860s

  • Born 1861: Frederic Remington (artist)

  • Born 1862: Edward L. Stratemeyer (author, publisher)

  • 1890s

  • 1895: The first U.S. Open golf championship was held in Newport, Rhode Island

  • Born 1895: Buster Keaton (actor)

  • 1920s

  • Born 1924: Charlton Heston (actor)

  • 1930s

  • 1931: The comic strip Dick Tracy, created by Chester Gould, made its debut

  • Born 1937: Jackie Collins (author)

  • 1940s

  • Born 1941: Anne Rice (author)

  • 1942: Ruth Allen won Long Island horseshoe championship

  • Born 1943: H. Rap Brown (civil rights activist)

  • Born 1946: Susan Sarandon (actress)

  • Born 1949: Armand Assante (actor)

  • 1950s

  • 1957: Leave it to Beaver made its television debut

  • 1957: Sputnik I, the first artificial satellite, launched from the Soviet Union

  • 1959: Russia's Luna 3 was launched toward the Moon, where it later became the first vehicle to send back images of the Moon's far side

  • 1960s

  • Born 1967: Liev Schreiber (actor)

  • 1970s

  • Died 1970: Janis Joplin (singer)

  • Died 1975: Joan Whitney Payson (athlete)

  • Born 1976: Alicia Silverstone (actress)

  • 1976: Barbara Walters joined Harry Reasoner at the anchor desk of ABC's Evening News and became the first woman to anchor a network evening newscast

  • Born 1979: Rachael Leigh Cook (actress)

  • 1980s

  • Died 1982: Glenn Gould (pianist)

  • 1987: In Boston, Massachusetts, the bronze Mallard Family Sculpture, in honor of Robert McCloskey's story "Make Way for Ducklings," was dedicated

  • Died 1989: Graham Chapman (actor)

  • 1990s

  • 1991: Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty signed, 1991

  • 2000s

  • 2004: SpaceShipOne climbed into space for the second time in one week to claim a $10 million Ansari X Prize

  • Died 2004: Gordon Cooper (astronaut who circled the globe 22 times in 34 hours and 20 minutes and became the first astronaut in a space flight of more than 24 hours. He was also the first astronaut to sleep in space, and he successfully carried out a beacon experiment that made him the first man to launch a satellite in space.)

  • 2010s

  • 2011: Astronomers Adam Riess, Saul Perlmutter and Brian Schmidt were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for their studies on the expansion of the Universe. By studying exploding stars, they found that the rate of expansion is accelerating due to a force known as "dark energy."

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