Election Day (United States)
By an act of Congress in 1845, the first Tuesday following the first Monday in November was designated Election Day for future presidential elections. The first such election took place on November 7, 1848. Whig Party candidate Zachary Taylor won out over Democrat Lewis Cass and Free-Soil candidate (and former president) Martin Van Buren. Taylor's running mate was Millard Fillmore, who became the nation's 13th president on July 10, 1850, upon Taylor's untimely death.
Will Rogers Day
Born 1575: Guido Reni (artist)
Born 1841: Benjamin F. Goodrich (manufacturer)
1842: Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd were married
Died 1847: Felix Mendelssohn (composer)
1873: The Royal Montreal Golf Club (oldest golf club in North America) was founded
1877: An earthquake rang bells in the Notre Dame basilica in Montreal
1877: An earthquake shook New York state, New England, and eastern Canada
Born 1879: Will Rogers (humorist)
1879: The first cash register was patented by James and John Ritty of Dayton, Ohio
1884: Grover Cleveland elected president of the U.S.
1909: Sergei Rachmaninoff's first piano recital in the U.S., Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts
Born 1916: Walter Cronkite (newscaster)
Born 1918: Art Carney (actor)
Born 1929: Doris Roberts (actress)
Born 1937: Loretta Swit (actress)
Born 1946: Laura Bush (U.S. First Lady)
1948: T. S. Eliot won the Nobel Prize for literature
Died 1950: Grover Cleveland Alexander (baseball player)
1952: Dwight D. Eisenhower elected president of the U.S.
Died 1955: Cy Young (baseball player)
Born 1961: Ralph Macchio (actor)
Born 1962: Jeff Probst (host of Survivor)
Born 1969: Matthew McConaughey (actor)
Born 1969: Sean "Diddy" Combs (singer, record producer)
1980: Ronald Reagan elected president of U.S.
Died 1982: Dominique Dunne (actress)
2003: The biggest ever solar flare, sunspot 486, saturated X-ray detectors onboard GOES satellites for 11 minutes. It was estimated to be an X40-class solar flare
2008: Senator Barack Obama was elected U.S. president. This marked the first time in U.S. history that an African American was elected to the position
Died 2008: Michael Crichton (author)
Died 2011: Andy Rooney (news commentator)