The Earth's Orbit: Perihelion and Aphelion

Sun Over City


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The Sun Is Really Far Away

The Sun is about 93 million miles away from Earth. The actual distance varies during Earth's orbit, which is elliptical, or oval, not round.

One day each January, Earth reaches a spot in its orbit that is closest to the Sun. This point in Earth's orbit is called the perihelion. One day each July, Earth reaches a spot in its orbit that is farthest from the Sun. This point is called the aphelion.

Sun Tip

The Sun may be far away, but never look at the Sun without special protective eyewear! You can cause serious, permanent damage to your eyes.

Find out more facts about your Sun!


The Old Farmer's Almanac for Kids, Volume 2

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