The Gardening by the Moon 2016 calendar is a longtime Old Farmer's Almanac tradition. According to this practice, cycles of the Moon affect plant growth.
These are dates for Region 1 (southern zone). Which region are you in? Click here for the map.
Note: There are four broad regions across North America. If you prefer, we also offer a regular gardening calendar (not Moon-based) that customizes to zip code level. See the all-seasons gardening calendar.
How to Garden by the Moon
Gardening by the Moon is a great way to help plan your above and below ground crops. Here's how it works:
- Plant flowers and vegetables that bear crops above ground during the light, or waxing, of the Moon: from the day the Moon is new to the day it is full.
- Plant flowering bulbs and vegetables that bear crops below ground during the dark, or waning, of the Moon: from the day after it is full to the day before it is new again.
- The "Planting Dates" column gives the safe periods for planting in areas that receive frost. See our Frost Dates Calculator for first/last frost dates and the average length of the growing season in your area (U.S. only).
- The "Moon Favorable" column gives the best planting dates based on the year's Moon's phases (Eastern Time). See our for the exact days of the new and full Moons.
- Aboveground crops marked *
- (E) means early planting; (L) means late
|Planting Dates||Moon Favorable|
|* Beans (E)||3/15-4/7||3/15-23, 4/7|
|Beets (E)||2/7-29||2/7, 2/23-29|
|* Broccoli (E)||2/15-3/15||2/15-22, 3/8-15|
|* Brussels sprouts||2/11-3/20||2/11-22, 3/8-20|
|* Cabbage||2/11-3/20||2/11-22, 3/8-20|
|* Cauliflower (E)||2/15-3/7||2/15-22|
|* Celery (E)||2/15-29||2/15-22|
|* Collards (E)||2/11-3/20||2/11-22, 3/8-20|
|* Corn, sweet (E)||3/15-31||3/15-23|
|* Cucumbers||3/7-4/15||3/8-23, 4/7-15|
|* Eggplants||3/7-4/15||3/8-23, 4/7-15|
|* Endive (E)||2/15-3/20||2/15-22, 3/8-20|
|* Kale (E)||2/11-3/20||2/11-22, 3/8-20|
|* Muskmelons||3/15-4/7||3/15-23, 4/7|
|* Okra||4/15-6/1||4/15-22, 5/6-21|
|Onion sets||2/1-29||2/1-7, 2/23-29|
|* Parsley||2/20-3/15||2/20-22, 3/8-15|
|* Peas (E)||1/15-2/7||1/15-23|
|Radishes (E)||1/21-3/1||1/24-2/7, 2/23-3/1|
|* Spinach (E)||2/7-3/15||2/8-22, 3/8-15|
|* Squashes||3/15-4/15||3/15-23, 4/7-15|
|* Swiss chard||2/7-3/15||2/8-22, 3/8-15|
|* Wheat, spring||2/15-29||2/15-22|
|* Wheat, winter||10/15-12/7||10/15-16, 10/30-11/4, 11/29-12/7|