Dates for Starting Seeds
A full moon hangs in the sky.Traverse Robinette
The Gardening by the Moon 2017 calendar is a longtime Old Farmer’s Almanac tradition. According to this practice, cycles of the Moon affect plant growth.
These are dates for Region 1 (southern zone). Which region are you in? Click here for the map.
Note: There are four broad regions across North America. If you prefer, we also offer a regular gardening calendar (not Moon-based) that customizes to zip code level. See the all-seasons gardening calendar.
How to Garden by the Moon
Gardening by the Moon is a great way to help plan your above and below ground crops. Here’s how it works:
- Plant flowers and vegetables that bear crops above ground during the light, or waxing, of the Moon: from the day the Moon is new to the day it is full.
- Plant flowering bulbs and vegetables that bear crops below ground during the dark, or waning, of the Moon: from the day after it is full to the day before it is new again.
- The “Planting Dates” column gives the safe periods for planting in areas that receive frost. See our Frost Dates Calculator for first/last frost dates and the average length of the growing season in your area (U.S. only).
- The “Moon Favorable” column gives the best planting dates based on the year’s Moon’s phases (Eastern Time). See our for the exact days of the new and full Moons.
- Aboveground crops marked *
- (E) means early planting; (L) means late
|Planting Dates||Moon Favorable|
|* Beans (E)||3/15–4/7||3/27–4/7|
|* Broccoli plants||2/15–3/15||2/26–3/12|
|* Brussels sprouts||2/11–3/20||2/26–3/12|
|* Cabbage plants||2/11–3/20||2/26–3/12|
|* Cauliflower plants (E)||2/15–3/7||2/26–3/7|
|* Celery plants||2/15–28||2/26–28|
|* Collards (E)||2/11–3/20||2/26–3/12|
|* Corn, sweet (E)||3/15–31||3/27–31|
|* Cucumbers||3/7–4/15||3/7–12, 3/27–4/11|
|* Eggplant plants||3/7–4/15||3/7–12, 3/27–4/11|
|* Endive (E)||2/15–3/20||2/26–3/12|
|* Kale (E)||2/11–3/20||2/26–3/12|
|Leek plants||2/15–4/15||2/15–25, 3/13–26, 4/12|
|* Okra||4/15–6/1||4/26–5/10, 5/25–6/1|
|* Peas (E)||1/15–2/7||1/27–2/7|
|* Pepper plants||3/1–20||3/1–12|
|Radishes (E)||1/21–3/1||1/21–26, 2/11–25|
|* Spinach (E)||2/7–3/15||2/7–10, 2/26–3/12|
|* Swiss chard||2/7–3/15||2/7–10, 2/26–3/12|
|* Tomato plants||3/7–20||3/7–12|
|Turnips (E)||1/20–2/15||1/20–26, 2/11–15|
|* Wheat, spring||2/15–28||2/26–28|
|* Wheat, winter||10/15–12/7||10/19–11/4, 11/18–12/3|