The Gardening by the Moon 2017 calendar is longtime Old Farmer’s Almanac tradition. According to this practice, cycles of the Moon affect plant growth.
These are dates for Region 4 (northern gardeners). Which region are you in? Click here for the map.
Note: There are four broad regions across North America. If you prefer, we also offer a regular gardening calendar (not Moon-based) that customizes to zip code level. See the all-seasons gardening calendar.
How to Garden by the Moon
Gardening by the Moon is a great way to help plan your above and below ground crops. Here’s how it works:
- Plant annual flowers and vegetables that bear crops above ground during the light, or waxing, of the Moon: from the day the Moon is new to the day it is full.
- Plant flowering bulbs, biennial and perennial flowers, and vegetables that bear crops below ground during the dark, or waning, of the Moon: from the day after it is full to the day before it is new again.
- The “Planting Dates” column gives the safe periods for planting in areas that receive frost. See our Frost Dates Calculator for first/last frost dates and the average length of the growing season in your area (U.S. only).
- The “Moon Favorable” column gives the best planting dates based on the year’s Moon’s phases (Eastern Time). See our for the exact days of the new and full Moons.
- Aboveground crops marked *
- (E) means early planting; (L) means late
|Planting Dates||Moon Favorable|
|* Barley||6/1–30||6/1–9, 6/23–30|
|* Beans (E)||5/30–6/15||5/30–6/9|
|* Broccoli plants||6/1–25||6/1–9, 6/23–25|
|* Brussels sprouts||6/1–25||6/1–9, 6/23–25|
|* Cabbage plants||6/1–25||6/1–9, 6/23–25|
|* Cauliflower plants (E)||6/1–25||6/1–9, 6/23–25|
|* Celery plants||6/1–30||6/1–9, 6/23–30|
|* Collards (E)||6/1–25||6/1–9, 6/23–25|
|* Corn, sweet (E)||5/30–6/20||5/30–6/9|
|* Eggplant plants||6/15–30||6/23–30|
|* Endive (E)||6/1–25||6/1–9, 6/23–25|
|* Kale (E)||6/1–15||6/1–9|
|* Lettuce||6/1–30||6/1–9, 6/23–30|
|* Muskmelons||6/1–30||6/1–9, 6/23–30|
|* Peas (E)||5/15–31||5/25–31|
|* Pepper plants||6/1–30||6/1–9, 6/23–30|
|* Pumpkins||6/1–30||6/1–9, 6/23–30|
|* Spinach (E)||6/1–25||6/1–9, 6/23–25|
|* Squashes||6/1–30||6/1–9, 6/23–30|
|* Swiss chard||5/15–31||5/25–31|
|* Tomato plants||6/1–15||6/1–9|
|* Watermelons||6/1–30||6/1–9, 6/23–30|
|* Wheat, spring||5/15–6/10||5/25–6/9|
|* Wheat, winter||8/5–30||8/5–7, 8/21–30|