Here are some valuable home remedies that can keep your pet healthy, and save you a trip to the vet.
He that lieth down with dogs shall rise up with fleas.
- Shampoo your pet with flea shampoo and spray the animal between shampoos with flea spray.
- Place a flea collar in the bag of your vacuum cleaner. Any fleas you sweep up will stay put in there.
- If you don't want to use a flea collar with insecticides, active ingredients such as eucalyptus, cedar, lemongrass, rosemary and marigold won't exterminate, but will deter fleas.
- Placing an open jar or two of eucalyptus stems and leaves around the house can deter fleas. Place them in rooms where your pet spends the most time (especially those with carpets- fleas love to hide in them.)
- Give your dog a flea bath with limonene shampoo, and flea-comb him down thoroughly while he's in the water so the fleas drown.
- Try adding a teaspoon of vinegar to each quart of the animal's drinking water. It helps keep pets free of fleas and ticks.
- Sprinkle borate powder into crevices of couches and chairs.
- Stock your yard with off-leaf larvae-eating nematodes (available at pet and garden stores).
- Getting proper nutrition for your pest is the best flea prevention. Add brewer's yeast to your pet's food, as well as essential fatty acids such as omega-3 and omega-6.
- Spray screens with distilled water containing several drops of bitter orange essential oil. (Fleas hate citrus scent and will avoid crawling in through the screens."
- Oatmeal Bath- Put uncooked oatmeal or rolled oats into a sock or nylon stocking and run a tubful of warm water over it. Soak your dog (cats will rarely let you do this) in the water for 5 to 10 minutes. Oatmeal based shampoos are also available at pet stores.
- Aloe Vera- Break off a piece of the plant and apply the thick juice directly to the raw area.
- Aggravated skin sores, also known as hot spots, can make your pet miserable. If you see a hot spot developing, clip about one-half to one inch around the sore to prevent hair and other dirt from further aggravating it. Clean the sore with hydrogen peroxide on gauze or a cotton ball, and after it dries spray the area with cortisone cream. Do this twice a day until the sore starts to dry out or a scab begins to form.
Cuts, Scrapes, Abrasions
- Mix together 1-pint water, 1/2-teaspoon salt, and 1/2-teaspoon calendula tincture.
- Soak an injured paw in the solution. If the wound is on the body put the solution in a quirt bottle or large syringe and gently apply it to the injured area.
- Repeat the soaking or application every 4 to 6 hours for the first 24 hours.
Bites and Scratches
- Rinse out the fresh wounds and punctures with large amounts of this solution: 1-pint water, 1/2 teaspoon salt, and 1/2 teaspoon Echinacea/goldenseal tincture.
- Hydrogen peroxide may also be used to clean wounds, but it can damage delicate tissues.
- Cat wounds are notorious for forming abscesses. If the abscess is draining, clean it with with Echinacea/goldenseal solution. Always wear latex gloves while handling an abscess.
- If your pet falls, gets stepped on, is in a fight, or is otherwise bruised, the homeopathic remedy arnica can speed recovery. Give two pellets of arnica 30c once per hour for three hours following the injury.
You can perform the Heimlich maneuver on animals.
- Lift a small pet, or reach over the back of a large one and raise the back legs, so that the rear end is elevated over the head.
- Place your hands around the lowest part of the chest and give a quick, gentle thrust inward and upward.
- Remember to scale the force of your thrust to the size of your pet. For small pets, imagine you are performing this on an infant or toddler.
- When your dog scavenges something from the compost pile, it irritates the bowel, creating nerve impulses that signal the gut to speed up. When food moves too quickly through the gut, the result is loose stools. In dogs and cats with chronic inflammatory bowel disease, the gut responds as if irritated at the slightest stress or change of diet.
- The herb slippery elm, available as powder or capsules, coats the lining of the gastrointestinal tract, counteracting the irritation and allowing stools to firm up. Put 1 tablespoon of the powder (break open capsules) into 1 pint of water and bring to a boil to thicken. Let it cool, and administer by mouth, a teaspoon or less for small pets, several tablespoons for large dogs, every 2 to 4 hours, until the gut settles down (usually 8 to 24 hours).
Burrs in Fur
- For dogs, comb the burrs in their fur with a metal comb immediately. If burrs are badly tangled rub vegetable oil on your fingers and work the lubrication slowly through the fur until you can pull the burrs out.
- Cats typically will want to take care of their own grooming, but you can help by gently working through the mess with a wire brush. Most cats won't let you cut the fur or lubricate it the way a dog will.
- Aloe Vera or the contents of a vitamin E capsule can soothe red or inflamed areas of the ear.
- A gentle cleaning with a cotton swab or gauze dipped into vegetable oil can help to remove a buildup of wax and dirt.
- Remember that dog and cat ear canals take a right-angle turn at the base of the ear, and be careful not to jam anything deep into the ear canal.
Sore or Runny Eyes
- A simple rinse of saline solution can help a mild eye irritation. Continue as drops every four hours, until clear.
- If symptoms increase, consult with your vet.
- Massage helps to relieve muscle tensions that contribute to pain. Be gentle. Start from the center of the body and work your way outward. If feet are too sensitive, leave them alone.
- Nutritional research suggests that supplements containing chondroitin sulfate and glucosaminoglycans can help inflamed or damaged joints. Check with your vet or health-food store.
- Egg-crate foam and other creature comforts can bring relief to older and arthritic pets. Buy enough foam for two or three beds, cover the foam with washable covers (easy to make from old towels), and put them into the places your pet likes to sleep.
If a skunk sprays...
- Bathe your dog in a mixture of 1-quart hydrogen peroxide, 1/4-cup baking soda, and 1 teaspoon liquid soap. Work the solution into the fur (avoiding eyes) then rinse.
- To rid the stench from your pet douse him with tomato juice, leaving it on for several minutes before rinsing it off. For a large dog, a single washing can require several cans of tomato juice. You may have to repeat the procedure, but the odor will eventually work itself out of your pet's coat.
Note: The Old Farmer's Almanac does not have professional vets on staff so please do not post questions about serious issues on this page. Contact a vet immediately if your pet develops more serious symptoms, such as trouble breathing, urinating, or moving, or if s/he shows signs of shaking or weakness, seizures, confusion, fever, vomiting (unless it's a hairball), swelling, deep wounds, bleeding in urine or poop, or other ailments that may indicate that the pet requires prompt attention. If your vet office is not open during an emergency, there are 24-hour veterinary hospitals that you can call for advice; check with your vet beforehand to get the number of one, or search online. If your financial resources are limited, your vet may be able to work with you to develop a payment plan. There are also other options for financial assistance, including pet insurance (for future ailments); for advice, consult a local animal shelter or local branch of an animal welfare association, such as The Humane Society.
What are some of your favorite home remedies for your pets?