Planting by the Moon's Phase: Region 1

A full moon hangs in the sky.

Credit: Traverse Robinette
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Our 2014 "Planting by the Moon's Phase" gardening calendar is a longtime Old Farmer's Almanac tradition. According to this practice, cycles of the Moon affect plant growth.  

See dates for Region 1 (southern states). Don't know your region? Click here for map.

Note that these gardening regions are quite broad and based on an age-old formula; we also offer a different methodology that's more personalized with our "Best Planting Dates" calendar here.

How to Read the "Planting by the Moon" Gardening Calendar

  • The "Moon Favorable" column gives the best planting dates based on the year's Moon's phases (Eastern Time). See our Moon Phase Calendar for the exact days of the new and full Moons.)
  • Plant vegetables that bear crops above ground during the light, or waxing, of the Moon: from the day the Moon is new to the day it is full. Plant vegetables that bear crops below ground during the dark, or waning, of the Moon: from the day after it is full to the day before it is new again.
  • The "Planting Dates" column gives the safe periods for planting in areas that receive frost. See our Frost Dates Calculator for first/last frost dates and the average length of the growing season in your area (U.S. only).
  • Aboveground crops marked *
  • (E) means early planting; (L) means late
  Transplant Dates Moon Favorable
* Barley 2/15–3/7 3/1–7
* Beans (E) 3/15–4/7 3/15–16, 3/30–4/7
(L) 8/7–31 8/7–10, 8/25–31
Beets (E) 2/7–28 2/15–28
(L) 9/1–30 9/9–23
* Broccoli (E) 2/15–3/15 3/1–15
(L) 9/7–30 9/7–8, 9/24–30
* Brussels sprouts 2/11–3/20 2/11–14, 3/1–16
* Cabbage 2/11–3/20 2/11–14, 3/1–16
Carrots (E) 2/15–3/7 2/15–28
(L) 8/1–9/7 8/11–24
* Cauliflower (E) 2/15–3/7 3/1–7
(L) 8/7–31 8/7–10, 8/25–31
* Celery (E) 2/15–28 --
(L) 9/15–30 9/24–30
* Collards (E) 2/11–3/20 2/11–14, 3/1–16
(L) 9/7–30 9/7–8, 9/24–30
* Corn, sweet (E) 3/15–31 3/15–16, 3/30–31
(L) 8/7–31 8/7–10, 8/25–31
* Cucumbers 3/7–4/15 3/7–16, 3/30–4/15
* Eggplants 3/7–4/15 3/7–16, 3/30–4/15
* Endive (E) 2/15–3/20 3/1–16
(L) 8/15–9/7 8/25–9/7
* Kale (E) 2/11–3/20 2/11–14, 3/1–16
(L) 9/7–30 9/7–8, 9/24–30
Leeks 2/15–4/15 2/15–28, 3/17–29
* Lettuce 2/15–3/7 3/1–7
* Muskmelons 3/15–4/7 3/15–16, 3/30–4/7
* Okra 4/15–6/1 4/15, 4/29–5/14, 5/28–6/1
Onion sets 2/1–28 2/15–28
* Parsley 2/20–3/15 3/1–15
Parsnips 1/15–2/4 1/16–29
* Peas (E) 1/15–2/7 1/15, 1/30–2/7
(L) 9/15–30 9/24–30
* Peppers 3/1–20 3/1–16
Potatoes 2/10-28 2/15-28
* Pumpkins 3/7–20 3/7–16
Radishes (E) 1/21–3/1 1/21–29, 2/15–28
(L) 10/1–21 10/9–21
* Spinach (E) 2/7–3/5 2/7–14, 3/1–15
(L) 10/1–21 10/1–8
* Squashes 3/15–4/15 3/15–16, 3/30–4/15
Sweet potatoes 3/23–4/6 3/23–3/29
* Swiss chard 2/7–3/15 2/7–14, 3/1–15
* Tomatos 3/7–20 3/7–16
Turnips (E) 1/20–2/15 1/20–29, 2/15
(L) 9/1–10/15 9/9–23, 10/9–15
*Watermelons 3/15–4/7 3/15–16, 3/30–4/7
* Wheat, spring 2/15–28 --
* Wheat, winter 10/15–12/7 10/23–11/6, 11/22–12/6

 

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Comments

I live in Alabama. I just

By TooStinkinFine

I live in Alabama. I just got my tomatoes today (May 29, 2014). I heard, from an old timer, that I don't need to plant them on a "bloom day". What the heck does that mean? When is the best day to plant tomatoes and squash? Thank you.

We recommend planting above

By Almanac Staff

We recommend planting above ground crops (tomatoes and squash produce above ground) during the light of the Moon (from the day the Moon is new to the day the Moon is full). This month the best days are June 1-13.

I planted my very healthy

By Doc B

I planted my very healthy transplants on 19 March. They were doing very well. UNTIL!!! They all got eaten by deer. The only thing left were the main stems. Now that it is well into the first quarter of May can I replant (with store bought plants)? If so would it be worth it? Would I be shortening my growing season? If so would early producing varieties be the best way to go?
Any and all advice is greatly appreciated!!!

Regards
Matt

Probably should have proof

By Doc B

Probably should have proof read that a bit. Again I apologize for trolling my own post. I live in Zone 7B.

Sorry I planted tomatoes. No

By Doc B

Sorry I planted tomatoes. No specific kind mostly better boys, but really do not care what I will replant.

When is the best time to

By vkwall

When is the best time to plant elephant ears? I live in southeast Oklahoma. Thank you.

Plant Elephant Ear tubers in

By Almanac Staff

Plant Elephant Ear tubers in moist soil between 2 and 3 inches deep after the danger of frost has passed. If you're not sure of your frost dates, see our U.S. Frost Calculate for average frost dates: http://www.almanac.com/content/frost-chart-united-states

Hello, I try to always plant

By Sonya Haggart

Hello, I try to always plant by the moon phase as that is what my grandmother taught me. I am attempting to start a Dahlia garden and I am wondering if they are considered below ground crops. My thought is that they are but I would like an expert opinion. Thanks for any help and information you can provide.

Thanks for your faith in the

By Almanac Staff

Thanks for your faith in the Almanac. Dahlias are "flowering bulbs" or flowering tubers so yes, they are considered a below ground crop.

I just bought some young

By secllc

I just bought some young peach trees with the roots wrapped in a plastic wrapper. I need to get them in the ground asap. What is the best dates for planting these? Thanks.

The best time to plant bare

By Almanac Staff

The best time to plant bare root fruit trees is during the dormant period. In general, trees should be planted as early as possible or about 30 days prior to expected bud break or average bud break in the geographical area. We do not know where you live. For example, in zones 3 and 4, this would be about March 1 to 31. 

Are the charts also good for

By Oldboss

Are the charts also good for aquaponic gardening? I do traditional and aquaponic to maximize my chances of getting a good crop.

Is there a reference for Fall

By MOTZ1031

Is there a reference for Fall planting seeds or transplant? It is my intent to do a Winter Garden for the hardy vegetables and get a jump start on semi hardy. I am in Region 1, Charlotte NC and I have not started as of yet.

AWESOME! I have had a chance

By MOTZ1031

AWESOME! I have had a chance to view the document but leaves me one question for Charlotte NC first expected frost date is 11/5/2013 with a deviation of 11 days. Would you suggest a region I should follow for planting dates?

Off Subject: Just for info

By dedeec44

Off Subject: Just for info sake if you want to make an address "clickable" just make sure you hit the space bar at least once after adding the web address, and then you can just click on it without having to copy and paste.

All the best dates for

By chrissyelaine1965

All the best dates for transplanting in the region 1 zone are in March and April, but what if I was getting a late start in doing this such as now which is the last part of may. Will I still be able to do my transplanting? What would be the worst that could happen if I started my garden in May? Later veggie ripening? They won't grow or produce? We are getting ready to have a full moon here, it's now at about 3/4 of the way there. My region is in Modesto, Ca.

You can use the dates from

By Almanac Staff

You can use the dates from regions 3 and 4 for later plantings in May and June. Just remember to plant above ground veggies in the light of the Moon (between the new and full Moon dates) and below ground crops in the dark of the Moon (after the full Moon and before it's new again).

So for the best results do

By Detroitkak

So for the best results do you actually plant at night? Or is it ok to plant throughout the day as well?

Plant during the daytime!

By Almanac Staff

Plant during the daytime! :-)  Planting at night is optional.

When do I transplant my

By Pickles

When do I transplant my BLACKBERRY VINES? Soonest dates please.

Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces

By Almanac Staff

Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces are fertile signs good for transplanting and grafting. The next dates are May 31, June 1, June 9-11.

i am needing to transplant a

By Maria Stephens

i am needing to transplant a bay leaf bush from a container to the ground, i am in South East TExas what would be a good date to do so please?
thanks for the help

Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces

By Almanac Staff

Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces are fertile signs good for transplanting. The next dates are Nov. 21-22, 30 and Dec. 1, 8-9.

i have a rose "tree", not a

By rb56

i have a rose "tree", not a bush that is 23 years old. i am moving and would like to give it to a friend. what dates are best and any tips. i plan to use plenty of red clay and gravel and root stimulator. any idea how deep and wide i should try as to not damage roots? thx

Transplanting trees is best

By Almanac Staff

Transplanting trees is best in the spring or in the fall. Transplant when the Moon is in a fertile sign (Cancer, Scorpio or Pisces). April 25-26, May 4-5, 13-15 are good dates. Get as much of the root ball as possible when you dig the rose tree and plant it in a hole that is one and half times wider than the roots. The planting depth should be such that the plant is exactly the same depth after transplanting as it was before. Add some compost to the hole before planting. Make sure to water every day during the first couple of weeks after transplanting.

I am looking for best

By K in SC

I am looking for best planting date for tomatoes transplants in SC, by the moon. Your "Best planting dates for transplants region 1" only has March. Where can I find April/May?

For later transplanting dates

By Almanac Staff

For later transplanting dates click on region 2 or 3 on the map at
www.almanac.com/content/best-planting-dates-transplants-region
Good luck!

I am trying to find the best

By K in SC

I am trying to find the best planting dates by the moon for April transplants. The chart keeps coming up for March. Can you post the link for April/May 2013?

Look at the northern regions

By Almanac Staff

Look at the northern regions on the map for later transplanting dates. Region 2 has April dates.
http://www.almanac.com/content/best-planting-dates-transplants-region-2

Hi. I want to try planting a

By Nonnie

Hi. I want to try planting a vegetable garden...for the first time....I am in Florida (North Central), and was wondering if I could still plant seeds, or if I should transplant "sproutlings", or if I just need to wait until the fall....ANY advice to a newbie is GREATLY appreciated! :-)

Nonnie, See our seed-starting

By Almanac Staff

Nonnie, See our seed-starting chart here for your zip code: http://www.almanac.com/gardening/planting-dates

This transplant chart is very

By Garden-nz.co.nz

This transplant chart is very much helpful..also its good that this post itself has the guide which helps in reading this transplants chart..This post has came up with very good information.

So I have all kinds of

By Brandye

So I have all kinds of flowers ive grown n milk jugs and coke bottles,not at all attractive but very effective, Im n west Tn. Zone 7and region 1. Its full moon time but they said our last frost date was April 1715 . If I set out ny transplants now will they be ok. Also have tomatoes and bell pepper and onion plants.

could not get to the page i

By Pam Stiles

could not get to the page i needed after signing in: dates for transplanting trees in region 1

Hi, Pam, This chart is about

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Pam, This chart is about vegetables. We do not have a "best days" for transplanting trees--fall and spring are generally good seasons.

One question I have is the

By KDA Talkie

One question I have is the above chart lists moon favorable dates for peppers/tomatoes as 3/11 - 3/20. At this time the moon will be in New phase, but I was always taught that these should be planted in the 2nd Qtr. so wouldn't that put the dates 3/19 - 3/28 or so?

just to be clear I'm am

By KDA Talkie

just to be clear I'm am talking about transplant dates

The Almanac recommends to

By Almanac Staff

The Almanac recommends to plant vegetables that bear crops above ground in the light or waxing of the Moon, that is from the day the Moon is new to the day it's full. The next period would be 4/10 to 4/25.

Why can't I grow corn where I

By lynordb

Why can't I grow corn where I live in 38008? I can grow everything but corn, and grapes.

What are best planting dates

By farmer ruf

What are best planting dates for greens (collards, mustards,turnips,etc.)transplants in 75473 zip.

Thanks

These are all cool weather

By Almanac Staff

These are all cool weather crops. You can plant greens as soon as the soil has warmed up a bit and is not too wet. See our best planting dates according to the Moon at almanac.com/content/best-planting-dates-transplants-region-1

I would like to know the best

By JKM Farms

I would like to know the best dates for transplanting peach trees in south east Texas based on the moon phase. I am assuming I am in region 1.

yes you are in region 1

By makyala

yes you are in region 1

Transplant under a fertile

By Almanac Staff

Transplant under a fertile Moon sign (Scorpio, Cancer, or Pisces) and in the light of the Moon (between new and full Moon).

Avacado tree I want to move

By Roberto

Avacado tree

I want to move my avacado tree to a diffrent location. what is the best time. I live in location 1

I am not familiar with

By Almanac Staff

I am not familiar with "location 1," but if that's Southern California or Hawaii, the avocado should be very happy. Prepare the soil to have a pH of 6.2 to 6.5 by adding lime if necessary. Plant the tree between March and June, before the heat of summer sets in, so that the roots can get comfortable in their new "home" and absorb water without difficulty. (They could have difficulty if the tree is planted in the heat of summer.) We hope this helps!

Moles are tearing my corn up.

By sammy riley

Moles are tearing my corn up. How do I get rid of them?

Moles are looking for grubs

By Almanac Staff

Moles are looking for grubs and worms. They don't eat plants. (Are sure it's moles? Could it be voles?) For moles, castor oil or castor beans down the hole work well. Or, a predator like a cat or dog. For voles, set some traps right next to the holes baited with peanut butter.

Ok I am confused, I just

By Beealex

Ok I am confused, I just started my seeds indoor based on your seeding chart to do so and your transplant date is the same dates as starting the seeds indoor. If I started my seeds indoor last week, when are they suppose to be moved outside?

The Best Dates to Seed chart

By Almanac Staff

The Best Dates to Seed chart on our web site is customized down to zip code level and based on frost data by climate center. These transplant charts are regional--and based on 4 huge regions across North America (3 in the U.S.). Thus, sometimes there is some overlap. We'd advise that you go by the seed chart for zip code-level accuracy. And look at the "seeds in the ground" column for when it's safe to put seeds (or transplants) outside. You'll just be ahead of the game if you have plants. You can also reference this page: http://www.almanac.com/content/vegetable-garden-planner

if you miss best dates to

By pat d

if you miss best dates to plant in garden due to weather, what is best practice?

Hi, Pat, Not sure where you

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Pat, Not sure where you live, but it's (almost) never to late to plant something! For example in the Southeast, most regions can transplant tender vegetables such as tomatoes and peppers. You can also plant warm-season crops such as beans, squash, and corn. Don't forget about container gardening, too! See: http://www.almanac.com/topics/gardening/container-gardening

When is the best time to

By Elizabethg

When is the best time to plant green beans and corn in region 1

Hi, Elizabeth G, If you wish

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Elizabeth G, If you wish to seed, see this page which will be customized to your city: http://www.almanac.com/gardening/planting-dates

When to plant potatos? And

By Denny Mass

When to plant potatos? And fertilize type? for zip 30525 Thanks,Denny

Denny, See our Best Planting

By Almanac Staff

Denny, See our Best Planting Dates for Seeds (in the ground) here: http://www.almanac.com/gardening/planting-dates

I don't think there are any

By Bea

I don't think there are any silly questions when it relates to gardening...it is a forever learning experience...some of us learn differently and certainly at different times. The best way to educate self is through your local AG agent...but also remember too...seed should be started to line-up with your last frost dates...put them out too early and they will not survive...neither will they do good if left in the seedling pots too long. Know your area, then follow the timeline for that.

Good luck...read this site often-lots of good material to learn from.

I know how the first

By petty31960

I know how the first commentor feels about silly questions. But have struggled for years through trial and error growing plants to plant later to my garden, I still don't know how far in advance to plant before putting in the ground! Can you give me clear guidance?

There is a Best Planting

By Catherine Boeckmann

There is a Best Planting Dates for Seeds that would be better for you. It's based on the frost dates! See http://www.almanac.com/gardening/planting-dates

list is in error.your "seeds

By flowe944

list is in error.your "seeds in ground"ie direct planting date for zip75169,is 3/6-28 for lettuce.this chart shows seedling transplant date of 2/15-3/7. correct please.

You are right. The Best Dates

By Almanac Staff

You are right. The Best Dates to Seed chart on our web site is customized down to zip code level and based on frost data by climate center. These transplant charts are regional--and based on 4 huge regions across North America (3 in the U.S.). Thus, sometimes there is some overlap. We'd advise that you go by the seed chart for zip code-level accuracy. We've thought about removing these transplant charts (which are from the printed book) to avoid confusion since the 2 charts are based on 2 different sources, but many of our readers still like to see this chart, especially for the Moon-favorable dates.

Please keep these charts up.

By bettejo indelicato

Please keep these charts up. I, and I am sure many others, find them a valuable tool. I look at several sources and look for the common date when I can be so felxible. Thansk!

Please do not delete the

By Lene

Please do not delete the transplant charts. My dad was an "ole school gardener" and taught me to use these years ago. He is gone now, but I still use these years, with good results.

Lene, Thanks for posting to

By Almanac Staff

Lene, Thanks for posting to tell us that you value these regional charts. This is helpful for us to know! Sincerely, TOFA editors

OK my question is probably

By jdoss

OK my question is probably silly but is this list of dates when you should start your seeds or get your seedlings in the ground i just want tho clairify.

No silly questions here!

By Almanac Staff

No silly questions here! This page is all about "transplants" (seeds that were already started by you or a nursery). If you are seeding, please see our Best Planting Dates for Seeds chart--which is customized to your zip code. Go to our Gardening area or here is the direct link: http://www.almanac.com/gardening/planting-dates

The heading on this list is

By smilen1122

The heading on this list is "Best Planting Dates for Transplants" which indicates to me that you should have already started your seedlings and be ready to "transplant" their sproutlings by these dates . . I, personally, don't do many plants by seed. I buy the sproutlings which is why I looked up information on the best dates to "transplant." No silly questions here : ) Have a great day and Best of luck with your Garden!!

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