Gardening by the Moon 2016: Region 3

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Best Planting Dates for Transplants

The Gardening by the Moon 2016 calendar is longtime Old Farmer's Almanac tradition. According to this practice, cycles of the Moon affect plant growth.

These are dates for Region 3. Which region are you in? Click here for the map.

Note: There are four broad regions across North America. If you prefer, we also offer a regular gardening calendar (not Moon-based) that customizes to zip code level. See the all-seasons gardening calendar.

How to Garden by the Moon

Gardening by the Moon is a great way to help plan your above and below ground crops. Here's how it works:

  • Plant flowers and vegetables that bear crops above ground during the light, or waxing, of the Moon: from the day the Moon is new to the day it is full.
  • Plant flowering bulbs and vegetables that bear crops below ground during the dark, or waning, of the Moon: from the day after it is full to the day before it is new again.
  • The "Planting Dates" column gives the safe periods for planting in areas that receive frost. See our Frost Dates Calculator for first/last frost dates and the average length of the growing season in your area (U.S. only).
  • The "Moon Favorable" column gives the best planting dates based on the year's Moon's phases (Eastern Time). See our for the exact days of the new and full Moons.
  • Aboveground crops marked *
  • (E) means early planting; (L) means late
  Planting Dates Moon Favorable
* Barley 5/15-6/21 5/15-21, 6/4-20
* Beans (E) 5/7-6/21 5/7-21, 6/4-20
(L) 6/15-7/15 6/15-20, 7/4-15
Beets (E) 5/1-15 5/1-05
(L) 7/15-8/15 7/20-8/1
* Broccoli (E) 5/15-31 5/15-21
(L) 6/15-7/7 6/15-20, 7/4-7
* Brussels sprouts 5/15-31 5/15-21
* Cabbage 5/15-31 5/15-21
Carrots (E) 5/15-31 5/22-31
(L) 6/15-7/21 6/21-7/3, 7/20-21
* Cauliflower (E) 5/15-31 5/15-21
(L) 6/15-7/21 6/15-20, 7/4-19
* Celery (E) 5/15-6/30 5/15-21, 6/4-20
(L) 7/15-8/15 7/15-19, 8/2-15
* Collards (E) 5/15-31 5/15-21
(L) 7/1-8/7 7/4-19, 8/2-7
* Corn, sweet (E) 5/10-6/15 5/10-21, 6/4-15
(L) 6/15-30 6/15-20
* Cucumbers 5/7-6/20 5/7-21, 6/4-20
* Eggplants 6/1-30 6/4-20
* Endive (E) 5/15-31 5/15-21
(L) 6/7-30 6/7-20
* Kale (E) 5/15-31 5/15-21
(L) 7/1-8/7 7/4-19,8/2-7
Leeks 5/15-31 5/22-31
* Lettuce 5/15-6/30 5/15-21, 6/4-20
* Muskmelons 5/15-6/30 5/15-21, 6/4-20
* Okra 6/15-7/10 6/15-20, 7/4-10
Onion sets 5/15-6/7 5/22-6/3
* Parsley 5/15-31 5/15-21
Parsnips 4/1-30 4/1-6, 4/23-30
* Peas (E) 4/15-5/7 4/7-22, 5/6-7
(L) 7/15-31 7/15-19
* Peppers 5/15-6/30 5/15-21, 6/4-20
Potatoes 5/1-31 5/1-5, 5/22-31
* Pumpkins 5/15-31 5/15-21
Radishes (E) 4/15-30 4/23-30
(L) 8/15-31 8/19-31
* Spinach (E) 5/15-31 5/15-21
(L) 7/17-9/7 7/17-19, 8/2-18, 9/1-7
* Squashes 5/15-6/15 5/15-21, 6/4-15
Sweet potatoes 5/15-6/15 5/22-6/3
* Swiss chard 5/1-31 5/6-21
* Tomatos 5/15-31 5/15-21
Turnips (E) 4/7-30 4/23-30
(L) 7/1-8/15 7/1-3, 7/20-8/1
*Watermelons 5/15-6/30 5/15-21, 6/4-20
* Wheat, spring 4/7-30 4/7-22
* Wheat, winter 8/11-9/15 8/11-18, 9/1-15

 

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Planting milkweed for Monarchs

What are the best days for planting milkweed for butterflies in Region 3 (30 minutes west of Minneapolis)?

It’s best to plant milkweed

It’s best to plant milkweed seeds in autumn because seeds need a three-month period of exposure to cold (cold stratification). If you are transplanting seedlings, you could plant in the spring, well after the last spring frost and the soil has warmed up. 

Region 3 What are the best

Region 3
What are the best days for planting garlic in October 2015?

Waning of the moon?
Would they between September 27th to October 13th

and/or

October 27th to November 11th?

Thanks
Johanne

Hi Johanne, Garlic is a

Hi Johanne,
Garlic is a belowground crop, and as such, when planting by the Moon, one would plant between the full and new Moon--the waning of the Moon, as you suggest. For dates, we go by the day after full to the day before new, so that would be September 28-October 11, or October 28 to November 10. But if your area gets hard frosts, you also want to plant about 6 to 8 weeks before the first expected fall frost, and will need to factor that in. To find your frost dates, see:
http://www.almanac.com/content...

For more information about growing garlic, see:
http://www.almanac.com/plant/g...
 

I would like to plant simple

I would like to plant simple "Cherry Globe" radishes a second time in Zone 3...What would be the ideal dates according to the moon from Aug. 01 2015 on?...

Best days to plant radishes

Best days to plant radishes according to the Moon is after the full Moon (July 31). So the best days in August are Aug. 1 to 14 (the date of the next new Moon).

I am feeling a bit

I am feeling a bit overwhelmed by all of the moon planting advice! I am looking through the website and according to this page (2015 garden calendar for zone 3) has a wider range of dates but then the gardening by moon calendar page has even more specific constraints, like for 9th - 10th kill plant pests. Sticking by the moon phases is new to me and I think I might be a little uptight about it all! Haha! Meanwhile, my beautifully prepared garden stands empty and is calling my name! Any feedback would be very appreciated!

Hi, To make it simple we

Hi,
To make it simple we suggest that you follow the dates on this page. Plant your above ground crops (tomatoes, peppers etc.) between May 18 and Jun 2, and plant any below ground crops (potatoes, onions etc.) between today and May 17.
Good luck!

lol my container garden is

lol my container garden is waiting for me to get it all together.. But the excitement no matter what our garden's outcome, is enough to keep our minds off things less pleasant. I am curious about moon planting. I'm a moonchild too so to me it sounds great to try but yes overwhelming but I like a good challenge. Good luck with your garden. Enjoy the fruits of your labor!!!

Thank you for your great

Thank you for your great website an info .........i just found it bizarre that "big Agri" i.e. Bayer i.e. Montsanto is posting "documentaries" on the promotion of pesticide use on your page ...........? kind of puts me off ............. do you have no say in what ads are displayed on your page ?

I totally agree with this

I totally agree with this comment! any feedback or reply, admins?

What dates are favorable for

What dates are favorable for starting onion seeds indoors in northern Vermont?

Is this guide just acording

Is this guide just acording to the moon phase or is this also by the moon sign.i have an astrological calendar and can figure out best days acording to that as well as this. Thank you all so much. I would be lost without this site to guide me.

These dates are calculated

These dates are calculated around the Moon's astronomical phase. For the very best days to plant you can combine your astrological dates with the dates on this page.

It looks like above ground

It looks like above ground veggies are the 2nd half of the month and root crops the first half, though this is just a generalization.

Does this only apply to a plant's/bulb's/seed's final destination, out in the garden? (no concern of when you start seeds indoors)

This chart gives the Moon

This chart gives the Moon favorable dates to plant in the garden. If you start seeds indoors use this chart for best days to transplant the seedlings.

Well I stumbled upon your

Well I stumbled upon your website and I love it!!! My question though is not for transplanting but for sowing seeds themselves...I have seeds and would like to know if I can still plant them with any hope of success...I am in Zone 3 Toledo, Ohio. I will by seedlings to transplant if I must, but would rather start from organic seeds (non GMO/Monsanto sullied). Planting the usual tomatoes, cucumbers, melon, peppers, onions, carrots, lettuce etc. Hoping to see something grow! Thank you.

Hi Gardeners! This planting

Hi Gardeners! This planting chart is great. I have put it into an excel file so that I can filter/sort by date. I'd be happy to share the file if anyone is interested and hasn't already done this themselves.

Kind regards,
Nellie

p.s. Almanac Staff's last posted comment indicates that above ground plants should be planted in the "light of the moon"...does that mean literally planting at night? Or just during that phase of the moon? I once read a novel about a lady who planted at night with great success....always thought that this was fanciful fiction and not a true recommendation!

Hi Nellie, Thanks for the

Hi Nellie, Thanks for the kind words. We always smile at the "planting at night." Well, that's always optional! :-)  However, we tend to plant during the day; you may not see the Moon in the Sun-brightened sky, but it's there. If you do, however, want to go out in your nightclothes and a flashlight, it might be a good strategy for finding those slugs!

Good morning Nelli: I would

Good morning Nelli:
I would appreciate the excel file you have prepared for the planting dates. I love gardening and look for ways to help me be a better gardener.
This file sounds very helpful.
Thank you in advance, Nellie, and Happy Mother's Day.

Polly

I have a bunch of Iris that

I have a bunch of Iris that were given to me. When is the best time to replant them? I live in Sandusky, Ohio.
Thank you,
Dianne L. Springer

Hi Dianne, The best to time

Hi Dianne, The best to time to replant iris is in July, August, or September when the plants are dormant in the heat of summer. Plant your iris at least 4 to 6 weeks before your first hard freeze or killing frost in Ohio.

I purchased some bareroot

I purchased some bareroot shade trees through the mail, and they arrived much sooner then I expected them to. I read that it is better to plant them in the early spring before they begin to bud out, but we have had a unusually harsh winter this year, and although it is currently late March here in Iowa, we still have some really cold days and nights. No other plants outside are even showing any signs of growth yet. I worry that if I plant them now, that I will be sending them to their doom. Will cold, and possible frost hurt them? I just got them in the mail today, but worry that if I hold off on the planting too long that it will also harm them ... Thank you in advance.

Wrap the roots with moist

Wrap the roots with moist paper and then wrap shipping plastic around the roots. Store in a cool, dark place, like an unheated basement, garage or shed. 40ºF is ideal. This will help keep your trees dormant.

When is the best time to

When is the best time to transplant lilacs in the Denver, CO area? I have a tremendous opportunity to receive two lilacs, which are possibly 50 years old(?) Since lilacs are spring blooming, is it safe to transplant them now (March)? Thanks!

You can transplant the lilacs

You can transplant the lilacs in the spring as soon as you can dig the soil or in the fall. Transplanting can affect the spring bloom this year or next year's bloom if you transplant in the fall.
See our lilac page at almanac.com/plant/lilacs

What is the best time to

What is the best time to plant bare root raspberry plants? In Cleveland Ohio

The best time to plant your

The best time to plant your raspberry plants in Ohio is early spring.  When you plant them, prune the canes to within six inches of the ground. Space new plants 3-4 feet apart in the row.

Best Days for transplanting

Best Days for transplanting on your website are still listed for 2013. When will 2014 dates be available? LOVE your website!

Thanks, Lois! The best days

Thanks, Lois! The best days for transplanting are now posted for 2014, based on this year's Moon phases.  These dates match those listed in The 2014 Old Farmer's Almanac book. We appreciate your post—and kind words! Happy New Year.

when is the best time to

when is the best time to transplant cucumbers and tomatoes in my area. I live in montreal Canada.

See our Best Days to

See our Best Days to Transplant chart which includes when to transplant cucumbers and tomatoes in your area: http://www.almanac.com/content...

When is the best time to

When is the best time to transplant my willow bushes and willow tree?

Transplant the willow after

Transplant the willow after the weather has warmed in the spring and there is no danger of frost.

I have a spruce tree that as

I have a spruce tree that as been growing in my flower garden. It is too close to the house so i need to transplant it to the yard, but need advice how to do that please. Thank you in advance

A spruce has a spread of 15

A spruce has a spread of 15 to 20 feet so it should be further than this distance from your house when you transplant. September or early October is generally the best time to transplant a spruce. The day before you transplant the spruce tree, water it well. Dig your hole, add a whole bag of compost for nourishment, and and water the hole. Depending on the soil type, you might need to mix in peat moss. It's best to get your soil tested. Make sure you get all of the rootball by digging carefully around the tree with a straight edge shovel. We say dig a hole so big that you have a shovel's distance between the edge of the hole and the root ball. Roll burlap under the ball and create a "hammock" so that you can carry the ball. When you plant it in the hole, just add the burlap and all, and backfill. Don't plant it too low in the hole. At minimum, it should be planted at the same depth the tree was originally planted at. We like to plant a little higher as it settles. Here is a good site with instructions on planting evergreens: http://www.clemson.edu/extensi...

What is the LATEST date for

What is the LATEST date for planting tomatoes, cukes, and peppers for Region 3; one of our friends is getting a late start! Thanks. :)

If you have big plants to

If you have big plants to transplant you will be able to harvest some veggies before your first frost. One option would be to plant in containers that you can then move to get the most sun and warmth for the plants to grow. Good luck!

This is helpful thankyou

This is helpful thankyou

That transplant date for

That transplant date for cucumbers puts them in the ground a week before the last frost date. I think this is an error in the chart.

The planting dates for

The planting dates for cucumbers in the above chart are 5/7–6/20.

Is there more specific dates

Is there more specific dates for transplanting tomatoes than the range given? For example, the moon phases for my area is 5/9-5/25 with the favorable dates as 5/15-5/31. Aren't you supposed to plant during certain moon cycles (waning, waxing, etc.?). I've heard about different theories, Synodic, Biodynamic, and Sidereal cycles.

I live in East Northport Long Island and would like a more detailed idea for tomatoes, peppers, and cucumber transplants.
Also, I need to put in grass seeds too!

The Moon favorable dates are

The Moon favorable dates are 5/9–25 in the chart. Above ground crops should be planted in the light of the Moon (from the day the Moon is new to the day its full).

I'm trying to figure out

I'm trying to figure out which region I'm in. The line for region 2&3 in Illinois is literally to close for me to tell. Is their any way for me to fine for certain? The dates listed are a month apart, which is a pretty big margin.

Josh87, I am in the same

Josh87, I am in the same position as you in northeastern Ohio. I will go with the more northern region just to be safe. It moves things later into the spring and it ends the growing season for most things earlier in the fall but I shouldn't get caught by a late (springtime) or early (fall) frost. Good luck!

Thank you for all of your

Thank you for all of your topics regarding "Gardening". They are of great help and guide for me. Thanks again.

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