Gardening by the Moon 2016: Region 4

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Best Planting Dates for Transplants

The Gardening by the Moon 2016 calendar is longtime Old Farmer's Almanac tradition. According to this practice, cycles of the Moon affect plant growth.

These are dates for Region 4 (northern gardeners). Which region are you in? Click here for the map.

Note: There are four broad regions across North America. If you prefer, we also offer a regular gardening calendar (not Moon-based) that customizes to zip code level. See the all-seasons gardening calendar.

How to Garden by the Moon

Gardening by the Moon is a great way to help plan your above and below ground crops. Here's how it works:

  • Plant flowers and vegetables that bear crops above ground during the light, or waxing, of the Moon: from the day the Moon is new to the day it is full.
  • Plant flowering bulbs and vegetables that bear crops below ground during the dark, or waning, of the Moon: from the day after it is full to the day before it is new again.
  • The "Planting Dates" column gives the safe periods for planting in areas that receive frost. See our Frost Dates Calculator for first/last frost dates and the average length of the growing season in your area (U.S. only).
  • The "Moon Favorable" column gives the best planting dates based on the year's Moon's phases (Eastern Time). See our for the exact days of the new and full Moons.
  • Aboveground crops marked *
  • (E) means early planting; (L) means late
  Planting Dates Moon Favorable
* Barley 6/1-30 6/4-20
* Beans (E) 5/30-6/15 6/4-15
(L) -- --
Beets (E) 5/25-6/10 5/25-6/3
(L) 6/15-7/8 6/21-7/3
* Broccoli (E) 6/1-25 6/4-20
(L) -- --
* Brussels sprouts 6/1-25 6/4-20
* Cabbage 6/1-25 6/4-20
Carrots (E) 5/25-6/10 5/25-6/3
(L) 6/15-7/8 6/21-7/3
* Cauliflower (E) 6/1-25 6/4-20
(L) -- --
* Celery (E) 6/1-30 6/4-20
(L) -- --
* Collards (E) 6/1-25 6/4-20
(L) -- --
* Corn, sweet (E) 5/30-6/20 6/4-20
(L) -- --
* Cucumbers 5/30-6/15 6/4-15
* Eggplants 6/15-30 6/15-20
* Endive (E) 6/1-25 6/4-20
(L) -- --
* Kale (E) 6/1-15 6/4-15
(L) 6/25-7/15 7/4-15
Leeks 6/1-25 6/1-3, 6/21-25
* Lettuce 6/1-30 6/4-20
* Muskmelons 6/1-30 6/4-20
* Okra 6/25-7/7 7/4-07
Onion sets 6/1-25 6/1-3, 6/21-25
* Parsley 6/1-15 6/4-15
Parsnips 5/10-31 5/22-31
* Peas (E) 5/15-31 5/15-21
(L) 7/10-25 7/10-19
* Peppers 6/1-30 6/4-20
Potatoes 6/1-25 6/1-3, 6/21-25
* Pumpkins 6/1-30 6/4-20
Radishes (E) 5/15-6/5 5/22-6/3
(L) 7/10-31 7/20-31
* Spinach (E) 6/1-25 6/4-20
(L) 7/20-8/5 8/2-05
* Squashes 6/1-30 6/4-20
Sweet potatoes 6/1-30 6/1-3, 6/21-30
* Swiss chard 5/15-31 5/15-21
* Tomatos 6/1-15 6/4-15
Turnips (E) 5/10-31 5/22-31
(L) -- --
*Watermelons 6/1-30 6/4-20
* Wheat, spring 5/15-6/10 5/15-21, 6/4-10
* Wheat, winter 8/5-30 8/5-18

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I was taught that you wait

I was taught that you wait until after the full moon. As we know it can be very frosty around that moon, and don't waste time by planting before.

is there any meaning to

is there any meaning to seeing catapillars right now 6/21

Although we are not familiar

Although we are not familiar with any folklore on caterpillars, June is the month that they typically build cocoons and emerge 10 days later as butterflies or moths!

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