Late winter is a good time for pruning in many regions. Here are some tips and a list of common shrubs and trees to prune in late winter or early spring.
Pruning deciduous plants in the winter promotes fast regrowth in the spring, as most plants are dormant during the winter. It’s also easier to see the shape of deciduous plants in the winter, since their foliage is gone.
Prune on a mild, dry day.
When pruning, first prune out dead and diseased branches.
Then remove the overgrown and smaller branches to increase light and air at the crown of the tree.
In general, your goal is to keep the branches that develop or maintain the structure of the tree.
Cut branches at the node, the point at which one branch or twig attaches to another.