When determining the best planting dates in the spring for seeds, the date of the last spring frost is important to your success. NOTE: Our chart calculates U.S. frost dates only, based on historical data. Other factors can also influence planting dates, including soil temperature, altitude and slope of land, nearby waters, and day length. Keep records of your garden's conditions each year to plan more accurately.
- Seeds for plants with a long growing season should be started indoors during the periods shown below.
- Seeds for plants sown in the ground should be planted during the periods shown.
- When no dates appear in the chart, that starting method is not recommended for the particular vegetable.
- To start transplants, see our Best Dates to Transplant (by region).
Planting by the Moon?
Above-ground crops are planted during the light of the Moon (new to full); below-ground crops are planted during the dark of the Moon (from the day after it is full to the day before it is new again). Planting is done in the daytime; planting at night is optional!
This chart includes the most popular crops. For more information, consult your cooperative extension.
Click on the underlined crops below for free "how to" plant and grow guides!
50% probability of frost free after April 22 (at CHARLESTON YEAGER AP, WV climate station).
|Crop||Start Seeds Indoors||Moon-favorable Dates||Set Out Plants/|
Start Seeds Outdoors
|Beans||Apr 29-May 20||Apr 29-May 14|
|Beets||Apr 8-29||Apr 16-28|
|Broccoli||Mar 11-25||Mar 11-16||Apr 1-22||Apr 1-15|
|Brussels sprouts||Mar 11-25||Mar 11-16||Mar 25-Apr 15||Mar 30-Apr 15|
|Cabbage||Feb 24-Mar 11||Mar 1-11||Mar 25-Apr 8||Mar 30-Apr 8|
|Carrots||Mar 18-Apr 1||Mar 18-29|
|Cauliflower||Mar 11-25||Mar 11-16||Mar 25-Apr 8||Mar 30-Apr 8|
|Celery||Feb 10-24||Feb 10-14||Apr 29-May 13||Apr 29-May 13|
|Collards||Mar 11-25||Mar 11-16||Mar 25-Apr 15||Mar 30-Apr 15|
|Corn||Apr 22-May 6||Apr 29-May 6|
|Cucumbers||Mar 25-Apr 1||Mar 30-Apr 1||May 6-27||May 6-14|
|Eggplant||Feb 10-24||Feb 10-14||May 6-27||May 6-14|
|Kale||Mar 11-25||Mar 11-16||Mar 25-Apr 15||Mar 30-Apr 15|
|Kohlrabi||Mar 25-Apr 15||Mar 30-Apr 15|
|Leeks||Feb 10-24||Feb 10-14||Mar 25-Apr 15||Mar 30-Apr 15|
|Lettuce||Mar 11-25||Mar 11-16||Apr 8-May 6||Apr 8-15, Apr 29-May 6|
|Melons||Mar 25-Apr 1||Mar 30-Apr 1||May 6-27||May 6-14|
|Okra||May 6-20||May 6-14|
|Onion sets||Mar 25-Apr 15||Mar 25-29|
|Parsnips||Apr 1-22||Apr 16-22|
|Peas||Mar 11-Apr 1||Mar 11-16, Mar 30-Apr 1|
|Peppers||Feb 10-24||Feb 10-14||May 6-27||May 6-14|
|Potato tubers||Apr 15-May 6||Apr 16-28|
|Pumpkins||Mar 25-Apr 8||Mar 30-Apr 8||May 6-27||May 6-14|
|Radishes||Feb 24-Mar 18||Feb 24-28, Mar 17-18|
|Spinach||Mar 11-Apr 1||Mar 11-16, Mar 30-Apr 1|
|Squash||Mar 25-Apr 8||Mar 30-Apr 8||May 6-27||May 6-14|
|Sweet Potatoes||Mar 25-Apr 1||Mar 25-29||May 6-27||May 15-27|
|Swiss Chard||Mar 11-25||Mar 11-16||Apr 1- 8||Apr 1- 8|
|Tomatoes||Feb 24-Mar 11||Mar 1-11||Apr 29-May 20||Apr 29-May 14|
|Turnips||Mar 25-Apr 15||Mar 25-29|
|Watermelon||Mar 25-Apr 1||Mar 30-Apr 1||May 6-27||May 6-14|