Here are seed-starting dates for your first spring planting. These dates are based on historical frost dates, as reported by your nearest government weather stations.
Historical data is useful way to get a sense of "typical" frost dates to give you a general sense of timing. However, it is not a replacement for good judgement. Obviously, you need to be aware of your weather this coming season. Other factors that can also influence your planting dates include soil temperature, altitude and slope of land, nearby waters, and day length. Also, keep records of your garden's conditions each year to plan more accurately.
On chart below, please note:
- Seeds for plants with a long growing season should be started indoors during the periods shown below.
- Seeds for plants sown in the ground should be planted during the periods shown.
- When no dates appear in the chart, that starting method is not recommended for the particular vegetable.
WASHINGTON DULLES INTL CLIMATE STATION
50% probability of frost free after April 23 (at WASHINGTON DULLES INTL, VA climate station).
|Crop||Start Seeds Indoors||Moon-favorable Dates||Set Out Plants/|
Start Seeds Outdoors
|Beans||Apr 30-May 21||May 6-21|
|Beets||Apr 9-30||Apr 23-30|
|Broccoli||Mar 11-26||Mar 11-23||Apr 2-23||Apr 7-22|
|Brussels sprouts||Mar 11-26||Mar 11-23||Mar 26-Apr 16||Apr 7-16|
|Cabbage||Feb 26-Mar 11||Mar 8-11||Mar 26-Apr 9||Apr 7- 9|
|Carrots||Mar 19-Apr 2||Mar 24-Apr 2|
|Cauliflower||Mar 11-26||Mar 11-23||Mar 26-Apr 9||Apr 7- 9|
|Celery||Feb 12-26||Feb 12-22||Apr 30-May 14||May 6-14|
|Collards||Mar 11-26||Mar 11-23||Mar 26-Apr 16||Apr 7-16|
|Corn||Apr 23-May 7||May 6- 7|
|Cucumbers||Mar 26-Apr 2||May 7-28||May 7-21|
|Eggplant||Feb 12-26||Feb 12-22||May 7-28||May 7-21|
|Kale||Mar 11-26||Mar 11-23||Mar 26-Apr 16||Apr 7-16|
|Kohlrabi||Mar 26-Apr 16||Apr 7-16|
|Leeks||Feb 12-26||Feb 12-22||Mar 26-Apr 16||Apr 7-16|
|Lettuce||Mar 11-26||Mar 11-23||Apr 9-May 7||Apr 9-22, May 6- 7|
|Melons||Mar 26-Apr 2||May 7-28||May 7-21|
|Okra||May 7-21||May 7-21|
|Onion sets||Mar 26-Apr 16||Mar 26-Apr 6|
|Parsnips||Apr 2-23||Apr 2- 6, Apr 23|
|Peas||Mar 11-Apr 2||Mar 11-23|
|Peppers||Feb 12-26||Feb 12-22||May 7-28||May 7-21|
|Potato tubers||Apr 16-May 7||Apr 23-May 5|
|Pumpkins||Mar 26-Apr 9||Apr 7- 9||May 7-28||May 7-21|
|Radishes||Feb 26-Mar 19||Feb 26-Mar 7|
|Spinach||Mar 11-Apr 2||Mar 11-23|
|Squash||Mar 26-Apr 9||Apr 7- 9||May 7-28||May 7-21|
|Sweet Potatoes||Mar 26-Apr 2||Mar 26-Apr 2||May 7-28||May 22-28|
|Swiss Chard||Mar 11-26||Mar 11-23||Apr 2- 9||Apr 7- 9|
|Tomatoes||Feb 26-Mar 11||Mar 8-11||Apr 30-May 21||May 6-21|
|Turnips||Mar 26-Apr 16||Mar 26-Apr 6|
|Watermelon||Mar 26-Apr 2||May 7-28||May 7-21|