Gardening Tips

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If you have any houseplants sitting directly in the window, make sure the light is filtered or the plant is moved to a site out of direct sunlight. The windowpane intensifies the heat, and you don't want to scorch your plants.

Fertilize your houseplants frequently to ensure vigorous growth.

Snip off the old flower clusters from rambler roses to encourage them to bloom all summer.

You can sow a fall crop of bush beans now. Plant seeds two inches deep to protect them from the hot Sun. You can sow other vegetable seeds for an autumn yield, too, by planting them just a little deeper than you did in the spring. The best time to plant is after a rain shower.

Don't water your melons at the base of the stems. Doing so can cause rot. Build up a little earth around the stems to keep water away.

Once melon vines have set three or four fruits, remove any new blossoms. The remaining fruits will benefit from this, and you will still have plenty.

Remember to continuously harvest your fruits and vegetables to prolong growth and production and avoid attracting pests.

Harvest summer squash when it's young and tender (8 inches).

Newly planted trees and shrubs need one to two thorough soakings per week and lawns need 1 to 1.5 inches of water per week. Soak, don't sprinkle.

Annuals and perennials can be planted at any time to fill in blank spaces in the garden.

After broccoli head is harvested, the plant continues to grow side shoots.

Lightly fertilize tomatoes and peppers. Don't over-fertilize.

Water your plants early in the morning or late in the day to reduce the water lost to evaporation.

When there is less than an inch of rain in a week, water extra.

Fertilize your container plants with a water-soluble solution every 2 weeks.

Remove any dead flowers from your annuals and perennials to encourage new growth.

Remember to inspect all your plants for any insect or disease damage; treat plants when necessary.

Slugs? Put out shallow dishes of beer; handpick in the early morning.

Cover your fruit trees and shrubs with netting to prevent birds from damaging the fruit.

Start sowing vegetable seeds for your fall garden: carrots, beets, turnips, collards, Chinese cabbage, snap beans, radish, kohlrabi, endive, kale, rutabagas, and summer squashes.

Set out broccoli, cabbage, and cauliflower transplants for your fall garden.

Pinch herbs such as mint, oregano, and savory.

Stake tall plants to help give them support and to prevent damage from the wind or rain.

Continue to plant crops such as beans and sweet corn successively to ensure a continuous harvest.

Prevent weeds from seeding; this will mean fewer weeds next year. Pull weeds as they grow and use mulch in your flower beds to prevent them from sprouting.

The best time to do gardening chores is in the early morning or late in the day after supper; that way, you can avoid the heat of the day.

Finish pruning spring-flowering shrubs by midmonth.

Garlic and onions are ready when their tops start to bend over. Remove their tops after they've dried for a couple of weeks and store in a cool place.

Be alert for summer drought conditions. Be sure to water your flower beds and vegetable gardens deeply two to three times a week.

Mulching is an important job to keep up with in July. Organic mulches break down over time, so be sure to check the mulch around your plants. Keep a 3- to 4-inch layer of mulch around your plants to retain moisture. Also keep a thick layer of mulch around the roots of trees and shrubs.

During these warmer months, raise the mowing height to 2.5 to 3 inches. Water your lawn with 1 inch of water per week to ensure healthy growth.

Harvest vegetables and fruits regularly to keep your garden productive.

Plant transplants of tomatoes, eggplants, and peppers. You can also start seeding lima beans, pumpkins, and squash.

Late this month, plant iris and daylilies. Prepare soil now for fall planting.

Dig up and divide crowded spring-blooming bulbs whenever they are dormant.

Generally, trees and shrubs need deep watering with a hose every 10 to 14 days to a depth of 3 inches at the roots. Do not fertilize.

Stop fertilizing trees and shrubs so that they can start preparing for winter dormancy.

Remove any faded or dead flowers to encourage new growth.

Remove annual flowers that have finished flowering.

Feed your roses at midmonth to encourage more flowering.

Water your containers twice a day. Apply a slow-release fertilizer.

If white crust develops in containers, it's salt buildup; remove and water heavily to flush out salts.

If your trees have any yellow or undersize foliage, start feeding them regularly. Be sure not to overfeed them.

Harvest summer squash when it's young and tender (8 inches).

As the weather warms up, do not neglect your watering. Water deeply in the morning and avoid light sprinklings. Water at the roots, not on the foliage.

Start herbs such as parsley, dill, and basil in pots for indoor use over the winter.

Harvest tomatoes, zucchini, beans, and other fruiting crops frequently to encourage production and avoid attracting pests.

Sow vegetable seeds for your fall garden: carrots, beets, turnips, collards, Chinese cabbage, snap beans, radish, kohlrabi, endive, kale, rutabagas, and summer squashes.

Set out broccoli, cabbage, and cauliflower transplants for your fall garden.

Lightly fertilize tomatoes and peppers. Don't overfertilize.

After broccoli head is harvested, the plant continues to grow side shoots.

Slugs? Put out shallow dishes of beer; handpick in the early morning. Also, deter with eggshells and other sharp objects.

Prevent weeds from seeding; this will mean fewer weeds next year. Pull weeds as they grow and use mulch in your flower beds to prevent them from sprouting.

When there is less than an inch of rain in a week, water extra. Water in early morning.

Mulching is an important job to keep up with in July. Organic mulches break down over time, so be sure to check the mulch around your plants. Keep a 3- to 4-inch layer of mulch around your plants to retain moisture. Also keep a thick layer of mulch around the roots of trees and shrubs.

Water your containers twice a day. Apply a slow-release fertilizer every 2 weeks.

If white crust develops in containers, it's salt buildup; remove and water heavily to flush out salts.

Remove tomato suckers to keep the energy focused on the fruit on main branches.

If your tomatoes have "blossom end rot," avoid uneven watering. Mulch will help moderate the fluctuating moisture levels that nature provides.

Lightly fertilize long-season plants, such as onions, tomatoes, and peppers, to help encourage growth.

Pinch back mint, oregano, and savory to promote bushier growth.

Newly planted trees and shrubs need one to two thorough soakings per week and lawns need 1 to 1.5 inches of water per week. Soak, don't sprinkle.

Finish pruning spring-flowering shrubs by mid-month.

Annuals and perennials can be planted at any time to fill in blank spaces in the garden.

Remove any dead flowers from your annuals and perennials to encourage new growth.

Remove any spent flowers from annuals to ensure continued blooming.

Garlic and onions are ready when their tops start to bend over. Remove their tops after they've dried for a couple weeks and store in a cool place.

During these warmer months, raise the mowing height to 2.5 to 3 inches. Water your lawn with 1 inch of water per week to ensure healthy growth.

Feed your roses at mid-month to encourage more flowering.

Late this month, plant iris and daylilies. Prepare soil now for fall planting.

Dig up and divide crowded spring-blooming bulbs whenever they are dormant.

Generally, trees and shrubs need deep watering every 10 to 14 days to a depth of 3 inches with a hose at the roots. Do not fertilize, so that they can start preparing for winter dormancy.

Remove annual flowers that have finished flowering - plus, any faded flowers.

Water in the early morning to avoid any evaporation. Water the soil rather than the plants to avoid disease. Let the soil surface dry out before watering again.

Fertilize your lawn early this month for the last time before fall.

Ensure that your lawn is getting an inch of rainwater per week—or, water more frequently.

Apply a layer of mulch in your gardens to conserve moisture and reduce weeds.

Stake tall plants, such as delphinium, lupine, and tomatoes.

Plant beets, bush beans, carrots, cauliflower, broccoli, lettuce, kale, and peas to provide fall and winter crops.

Plant potatoes. Mound up soil around their base to create a small hill.

Add compost or cow manure to rhubarb an asparagus beds. Water deeply.

Check your plants for diseases or insects and treat when necessary. (See our Pest pages.)

Water tomatoes very evenly and apply a 2-inch layer of mulch. This may help to avoid early and late blight. Prune for air circulation and remove damaged leaves. Treat with fungicide if needed.

Keep your annuals and perennials blooming by removing all of the dead flowers.

Continue harvesting fruit, vegetables, and herbs to encourage more growth.

Do not fertilize your trees and shrubs after mid-July because the new growth will not harden off in time to avoid any winter damage.

Be sure to keep weeding; weeds will compete with your plants to use up nutrients and water.

Start planning your fall garden.

In the first half of the month, you can still plant okra, pole beans, lima beans, and corn. Also, plant cucumbers, squash, and snap beans. Just be sure that enough water is provided.

Be sure to harvest your fruit and vegetables continuously before any animals can get to them.

Make sure that the garden is well mulched to conserve moisture.

Water early in the morning and deeply to avoid drought stress.

Lightly fertilize your flower beds to encourage their growth.

Bulbs that can be planted in the middle of the summer include gladiolus and butterfly lily.

As long as they stay moist, you can plant annuals such as coleus, ornamental pepper, and crossandra.

Continue planting palms if it’s still wet and rainy. Support large palms with braces for 6 to 8 months after planting.

Remove any dead flowers on your plants to encourage new growth.

Plant a pumpkin for Halloween!

Prune your shrubs and trees if it is necessary. Do not heavily prune your spring-flowering shrubs.

Remove any dead or diseased plants from your garden immediately. You can replace them with new plants.

Do not neglect your container plants; they need more water than those plants in the ground.

Lawn insects can be a problem. Before treating, ensure that it’s not a moisture or disease problem.

If you haven’t prepared yet for hurricane season, make sure that all weak branches and trees are pruned.