It is possible to move a vegetable garden, but it is a huge undertaking (especially for larger gardens), and some plants may not survive. Success will depend in part on how large your plants are now, how long they will be in transit, and what the conditions are in their new space. If these plants are young, less than a foot tall, then it will be easier to pot them up. Keep in mind that some plants do not like to be transplanted, or are at a stage of development when it is hard for them to adjust, and may not fruit.
In the evening before you move (when it's cooler), water the area around the plant thoroughly, dig up the plant carefully, disturbing the roots as little as possible, and transplant it to a deep pot. Include as much of the root ball and soil as you can--the rootball width should at least be a few inches wider than the width of the plant; the wider, the better. And the deeper, the better.
Protect the plant from wind/sun/heat during transit. Plant it in the new location as soon as possible--next day is best (otherwise, keep it watered and shaded. Do not store in a moving van over days, as it can get very hot there).
Pick a protected new site in full sun. Be sure that the new soil has been prepared to receive the plants (loosened, weeded, rocks removed), and has good soil (well-aged compost worked in; do not add fertilizer or manure at this point, or it may burn the plant). If you are moving only a short distance away, it would be good to prepare the soil before moving day.
Plant in the evening, so that sun doesn't stress the plant for a while. Water the soil before planting and after. Provide temporary partial shade. After the plants recover from shock and establish, you can remove the device creating partial shade so that the plants can enjoy the full sun. Keep up with the special watering for about a week or so (but don't let the soil get soggy), then taper off to normal watering levels.
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