Harvest time will depend on several factors, such as variety, weather, soil, health of plant. But in general, bean pods will be ready to harvest about 7 to 14 days after the flowers appear.
If the soil has been prepared with a balanced fertilizer before planting, it is usually not necessary to fertilize again, although there are some exceptions, depending on your soil. Beans have a partnership with nitrogen-fixing bacteria on their roots, so they don't need as much nitrogen as some other vegetables. Some gardeners give a light feeding after flowers have bloomed heavily and pods are beginning to set. At this time, you can give them a little low-nitrogen fertilizer, applying about 6 to 8 inches away from the plant, and then water thoroughly.
In general, water is more important at this stage than fertilizer--keep up with consistent watering while pods develop (but don't let the soil get soggy).
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