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Cannas

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Botanical name: Canna x generalis

Plant type: Flower

USDA Hardiness Zones: 8, 9, 10, 11

Sun exposure: Full Sun

Soil type: Any, Sandy, Loamy, Clay

Flower color: Red, Pink, Orange, Yellow, White

Bloom time: Summer, Fall

Cannas are among the most colorful summer bulbs—as flamboyant as their tropical American ancestry—with ruffled spikes tapering to refined buds.

These perennials come in a vast variety of color and boast immense, often-veined, paddle-shaped leaves and sheathing leafstalks in shades of green or bronze.

With their great reedy canes and palmy foliage, cannas would be magnificent even if they never bloomed. However, they keep blossoming from late spring or early summer to frost.

Turn-of-the-century gardeners so loved cannas that they grew them from seed but this isn't easy; better to leave propagation to experts and buy the tubers.

Planting

  • Exotic, tropical creatures, cannas need lots of sunshine and fertile, moist soil but you don't have to pamper them.
  • Cannas can be started in the house in small pots if your gardening season is short.
  • Where not hardy, plant outdoors in early summer—around the same time you'd put in tomato plants.
  • To plant, loosen the soil to a depth of 12 to 15 inches, then mix in a 2- to 4-inch layer of compost.
  • Dig a hole 2 to 3 inches deep and set the rhizome in the hole, eyes up.
  • Cover with soil and tamp firmly. Water thoroughly.
  • Space rhizomes 1 to 4 feet apart.
  • If you grow from seed, note that the germination rate is low and the seeds need to be filed or given an acid bath to break down their hard coat.

Care

  • Cannas do best with a good supply of water, so water the plants during the summer if the rainfall is less than 1 inch per week. Water freely in a dry spell.
  • Keep a thin layer of mulch around cannas to help retain moisture as well.
  • Stake tall varieties if needed.
  • As flowers fade, deadhead to promote continued flowering.
  • Cut each stem to ground after bloom.
  • After autumn frost blackens the foliage, remove the stems and leaves, and lift the rhizomes for winter storage. Store in barely-moist peat or leaf mold in frost-free conditions. Space rhizomes so that they are not touching.
  • In the deep South, let cannas grow without moving them, until the clumps grow very matted. Every 3 to 4 years in the winter, dig up the clumps, separate the roots, and plant them in well-enriched soil.
  • Some gardeners as low as zone 7 have reported that their cannas are getting through the winter without being dug up; just be sure to protect the tubers with a heavy layer of mulch.

Pests

  • Slugs, snails, spider mites, and caterpillars may be problems.
  • Rust, fungal leaf spot, and bacterial blight are common.
  • Bean yellow mosaic and tomato spotted wilt viruses can occur.

Harvest/Storage

  • If you are storing cannas over the winter, store in a dry place at 45 to 50 degrees F. Don't let them dry out; sprinkle the sand or soil around them, if necessary.
  • In the spring, cut the tubers apart with a sharp knife so that each piece contains one eye on a substantial piece of rootstock.

Recommended Varieties

  • Dwarf cannas stay under 3 feet tall and are easy to fit into our downsized modern gardens. The 2-1/2-foot-tall 'Picasso' is a yellow-flowered dwarf peppered with freckles.
  • Standard varieties grow 4 to 6 feet tall and need a 20- to 24-inch circle for each hand-size rhizome. 'The President' is  is red, 'Yellow King Humbert' spotless, 'Rosamond Cole' orange-edged gold, and 'City of Portland' salmon pink.
  • Many gardeners love the spectacular, drought-tolerant varieties that reach heights of over 6 feet. One gem is the rich, deep pink 'Los Angeles', which has a large floret and opens out so that you can see the face.
  • 'Bengal Tiger' is stunning even when it's not blooming with green-and-yellow-striped, maroon-edged leaves and bright-orange flowers.

Wit & Wisdom

Flowers are words which even a babe may understand.
–Arthur Cleveland Coxe, American poet (1818-96)

 

Comments

I love my red cannas, and

By Sandi B on October 24

I love my red cannas, and haven't had to do anything special to care for them, yet. I live in NE Indiana (zone 6a). I planted 3 "bulbs" that were given to me into a large pot in the early summer 3 years ago. Each fall, after the plant is finished flowering, I cut the stems down to about 3 inches from the soil. I take the pot into my garage, which stays around 45-50 degrees all winter,and just leave the bulbs in the soil. In mid to late spring, I take the pot back outside. So far, so good. I have a feeling this year I should dig up the bulbs and see if I need to separate them, as I am sure there are now more than three bulbs in the pot.

Two questions. 1) I have a

By SONI LEAVELL on October 5

Two questions.
1) I have a space on the West side of my porch that remains wet most of the time. I read that Cannas don't mind wet feet. I need to divide and would like to plant some there. Do you think they will make it?

2) Have had leaf rollers for the first time this year. Tried soap with no luck. Found a site that explained what to do and how, now I can't find it. I know I need to clean the area completely and apply a pesticide to kill the larva in the ground and then mulch. But don't know what pesticide to use. I have Seven that I use for Pecan weevils in the ground. And if I dig and divide will I just spread the pest?

Avoid Seven at all costs. For

By S Holmes on October 20

Avoid Seven at all costs.

For your leaf roller problem, as well as for webworms, bagworms, and other worms off moths and butterflies: spray Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) with 1 ounce of orange oil per gallon.
•Add 1 ounce of liquid molasses per gallon of spray and spray at dusk. Release trichogramma wasps next year when leaves first emerge in the spring.

For additional information visit. www.dirtdoctor.com

if you throw pennies in the

By Cindy Tessier on October 12

if you throw pennies in the ground around the plant. its the copper that ALL bug don't like .I did it at our trailer and for got to do it at home and all plants at the trailer came up not a spot. at home there were brown spots and covered in lady bugs

Hi, I live in NH, Zone 5B.

By Buddysbuddy

Hi, I live in NH, Zone 5B. My canna has done wonderful in a pot outside all summer. Instead of storing away, is it possible (or recommended) to grow as a house plant for the winter, then place outside when warm weather arrives again?

don't forget that bringing a

By joe lemble on October 11

don't forget that bringing a plant indoors may also bring in bugs that are hiding on the plant and in the soil.

You can grow the canna

By Almanac Staff

You can grow the canna indoors. It may get very tall, depending on the variety, and it may not bloom during the winter months. The plant needs lots of light and some humidity. Leaves will turn yellow if it doesn't get enouch light. Put it close to a sunny window and mist it with water about once a week. Fertilize once a month with a soluble 10-10-10 fertilizer.

I have grown cannas for

By Carol Graybill

I have grown cannas for nearly 20 years and have never dug the bulbs. I know this goes against all advice since I live in Zone 5--northeastern CO. My cannas are on the south and I only cover them with tree branch mulch. in addition to being on the south side, I think the trick may be the furnace which is under the house. Just enough heat may go through the foundation to keep them alive. I have planted them along the same exposure but along the garage and they die every time as there is no furnace there.

Mine are the reds and they tower over my 6'5" grandson!

Do you think the furnace is what keeps them coming back without being dug in the fall as well as the southern exposure? Whatever it is, I am grateful!!!!

Good morning. I was wondering

By christina decker

Good morning. I was wondering if you cut them down to the ground before you covered them. I would like to try and leave them in the ground over winter. I have had them around my patio for the last four years. I just replace every year because I am short on storage. I live in Michigan.

Thanks for any input, Chrissy

Live in kentucky and have 70

By mona walker

Live in kentucky and have 70 feet of canna's growing 10-12 feet tall just awesome. I have already bagged up over 150 bulbs and have no more storage space want to try cutting the remaining 55 feet down and covering wth the canna leaves and thick layer of mulch. Do you think this is possible. a year ago I started with 4 bulbs and now I know I have over 500. For my 55 feet I planted 35 bulbs and per bulb I gain 15-25 bulbs or more amazing. Do you have any thought and trying to winterize the remaining bulbs. Thank you Pitcures on facebook of God's beauty

Carol, How wonderful to have

By Almanac Staff

Carol,
How wonderful to have had cannas for 20 years that come up year after year in Zone 5! It must be the location close to the house that makes the difference. Thanks for sharing!

I just got my cannas at Lowes

By Janelle in Tucson

I just got my cannas at Lowes and have put it in a small to medium size pot (9" across and 9" tall) the pot it was in was significantly smaller (4" across and 4" tall). It is in my office that has a very large south facing window but it is not in direct sun and was about 4 feet away from the window (I just moved it next to the window this morning). The pot has a place to water from the bottom and there is water in the bottom and the soil is moist but not "wet". I fill the bottom up about once a week or when there is no water in it.

The leaves are starting to curl under but are not brown or dry. I live in Tucson Arizona so it is hot but being inside it is not in the extreme heat however the humidity has been high (for Tucson). I am trying to find out this plant will do okay where it is and if I need to do anything differently.

I love plants but have not had much luck with them.

Would really appreciate any assistance / help I can get as this plant was a gift from my husband and really want it to do well.

Cannas like high humidity and

By Almanac Staff

Cannas like high humidity and full, hot sun. Hopefully it will get enough sun light in your window. Keep the soil moist but not too wet. Instead of watering from the bottom water the canna from the top for a few weeks to see if that will make a difference.
 

Thank you for the advice - it

By Janelle H

Thank you for the advice - it does seem to be doing better the leave are not as curled since I moved it next to the window and I will water from the top instead and see if that helps as well. I know this window gets a lot of sun during the fall / winter so am hoping it will do well there.

I live in las vegas nevada my

By chad stickkey

I live in las vegas nevada my cannas are in my pond they are spectacular every spring summer and fall

I got some canna lilies at

By maureen booth

I got some canna lilies at Loews last year and as I live in California I put them outside after they had stopped blooming.

this year they came up and the leaves were beautiful but the flower pods fell over before they even opened. What is the problem and can I do anything to help them?

I LOVE cannas, I live in

By Marci Janssen

I LOVE cannas, I live in northeast Nebraska. If I plant cannas preferably red ones, when do I plant them and do they have to be dug up or can they stay in ground over the winter? Will they also thicken? Thanks for any advice!

I live in NorthEast Ohio,

By Billy Canna lover

I live in NorthEast Ohio, obviously it does not get as cold here as it does in Nebraska. I typically dig up my bulbs (not technically bulbs) after the first frost, because it kills the plants and they do not look good at all. Everyone I have seen says to plant them in early summer. I never have, I always plant mine once the ground has completely thawed. This is typically early to mid spring for me. Even if it snows again it wont hurt them, as long as the ground is completely thawed and you have a good layer of mulch. The stalks will not come out of the ground for a few weeks so if it snows again no problem.

Hi Marci, Cannas are best

By Almanac Staff

Hi Marci,
Cannas are best planted in early summer. Cannas are tropical plants and don't survive a cold winter. Please see our "care" section on this page about lifting and storing the plants.

I am in the Atlanta GA area

By kate Lee

I am in the Atlanta GA area and would like to plant at this time some new plants.....Not in full day sun. If I water well will I be ok?

Hi Atlanta yes you are fine

By Tallulah Moss

Hi Atlanta yes you are fine four years ago I planted 30 bulbs I now have over a hundred big red cannas and I'm in the northeastern part of ga

I've just plantes my first

By Chavez javi

I've just plantes my first canna this spring and bloomed great . But I want to keep growing for next year . I have it In a pot and want to plant on ground . What steps do I do for prep for winter ? Or is it better to take inside . I live in kansas city and winter is not as bad sometimes . Just really dont how these plants do in winter and how to take care . Also do I cut back all when done for the season ??

Most cannas are hardy to Zone

By Almanac Staff

Most cannas are hardy to Zone 8, although a few can survive in Zone 7. It would probably be best to dig up your canna in fall and store it over winter, especially if you are in Zone 5.  See above for more details about how to overwinter cannas.

If one cuts the stem below

By paulh.

If one cuts the stem below the flower (for placing in a vase), will the cana produce a new flower?

Yes. Once a canna bloom has

By Almanac Staff

Yes. Once a canna bloom has withered, you can remove the part of the stem that bore the flower.  You should see a second shoot growing from the node just below this withered flower.
When the second flower withers, do the same thing with the second shoot and you should get a third flower. Otherwise, the flower will remain dormant. Keep removing the spent canna shoots and your canna should flower more profusely. Once the plant no longer flowers and is done, cut back the stems to just above ground level for future production.

I found both yellow and

By Judie Set

I found both yellow and salmon colored
cannas at home depot in my area, pa.

my dog ate 4 bulbs he dug up

By Guess Who

my dog ate 4 bulbs he dug up will they hurt him he's a 7 month old jack Russell ???

The root of the canna is

By Cdogsailr

The root of the canna is edible, not to worry!

We bought a house with a

By Rhonda Mattan

We bought a house with a mature bed of cannas. They have not bloomed at all. My mother says they "tire out" . Is that true? What do I do to get them to bloom.

According to ASPCA cannas are

By Almanac Staff

According to ASPCA cannas are non-toxic to dogs. We hope your puppy is doing well.

Live mass, left canas in the

By Kevin alles

Live mass, left canas in the ground over the winter. Still no new growth. Pulled z couple of the bulbs, they feel like mush, broke them open they look dried out. Is there any hope they will return.
Thanks

Hi Kevin, Cannas are very

By Almanac Staff

Hi Kevin,
Cannas are very sensitive to cold. In northern regions you need to lift the bulbs in the fall and store them indoors. You need to buy some fresh new bulbs.

I bought my Cannas from Lowes

By Shirley Oesterle

I bought my Cannas from Lowes in a small pot. I put them in a huge planter and they immediately took off and flowered. I now see some little holes in the leaves. Not sure what type of bug might be doing this. Any suggestions as to what type of spray I can use to get rid of them......they are eating the leaves on my Gerbera Daisies also. I live in the Myrtle Beach area of SC if this makes any difference.
Thank you

I live in Southern California

By Tammy Hutton

I live in Southern California I just bought this flower and I was planning on leaving it in a pot next to my waterfall. Will it survive in a pot???

They will grow in a pot, but

By John B

They will grow in a pot, but they will still usually go dormant in the winter time unless you live in a very warm area or they get a lot of artificial heat and light. The one time I have tried it, even in doors mine went dormant. I don't know if that's rule of thumb for all areas, I'm in Zone 7. Eventually they will out grow the pot or keep producing / multiplying more, and you will have to transplant at least some of them. If you are going to do a pot, I would suggest the smaller varieties and as big of a pot as you can find the way the spread, multiply and as large and as thick as they get. I have some that get 6-12 foot tall so they would require a larger pot to really do any good with them. You can get smaller varieites that stay around 30 inches or so. I personally would only recommend canna in pots for "starter plants", after that you would more than likely want to set them out somewhere unless you have a REALLY BIG POT. ha.

I have read 30 pages of

By Odessa Jones

I have read 30 pages of questions and comments and cannot find the answer to your question...will the Canna survive in a pot...I too have this plant in a pot and would like to know if it will live.

I have my cannas in pots.

By Charles B

I have my cannas in pots. They are doing very well. I water them once a day in the morning when I know we won't be getting rain.

I have these in big pots and

By Dorothy from WA

I have these in big pots and they will survive and come back the next year. I had one that survived for three years in a pot. We would pull the pot in the garage every winter and it would come back. We did the mistake though of leaving the pot outside one winter and it didn't survive .. not making that mistake again. We now have two in pots .. one we bought this year .. the other is on it's second year!!

Hi Shirley, This time of year

By Almanac Staff

Hi Shirley,
This time of year it could be slugs, Japaneese beetles or crickets. Try spraying the plants with a soap spray. Mix 1 tablespoon of liquid dish soap into a quart of water. Put the mixture into a spry bottle and spray the leaves.

 

I use diotamacous sp. earth

By Glenn Fryer

I use diotamacous sp. earth for slungs earwigs etc. Also concerning canna seeds. I have had many of my canna produce seeds. The first to ripen in june or july. I plant them an inch deep and 20 days layer they come up. Fun to ocassionally get seeds from the newer hybrid cannas and see what comes up. I find planting canna from seed saved the previous year and planted early will bloom the first year. I have over 200 canna in pots and in the ground.

I live about an hour South of

By J Brandon

I live about an hour South of Memphis.. Zone 7. I have transplanted cannas from a half dozen gardens over the last couple of decades and never had a problem with them not coming back up. In fact, we had one of the coldest, harshest winters here this past year than any we've had in my 50 years of living here. It was in the single digits for nights on end and below freezing for night after night this year and it wen't on like that from Sometime in Nov to around early to mid April. Of course thats harsher than normal but we do have very cold winters sometime. Even in the South. If you want to transplant and see quick growth, don't remove the dirt from the roots. Take one big scoop at a time and transplant the entire thing Or take out a big clup, dirt and all, split it into sections but just leave the dirt around them, you will have flowers quickly that way if you are doing it in Spring to Summer months. I've done it a thousand times in my own yard. You won't disturb the plant and they will come out just like they were never moved. All I do is, dig a hole, pour in a 5 gallon bucket of water, put the plant in soil and all and pack it back in, they bloom at the same time as my others. I transplanted 20 or so clumps this month and they look just like my others. Another thing I have found, if you want to eliminate any real care for them, don't cut them back EVER. Let the deal foilage fall on them when they die out in late fall / winter, and they will always come back thicker and hardier than ever. I never do a thing to mine unless I want to transplant them and they are MASSIVE. I've heard people say to cut them back for some reason time and time again, but I've never done it to mine. Not once and they come back thicker and bigger every single year. They got so tall the year before last they were up to near the roof. I would estimate some of them were 10-12. I'm over 6 foot tall and I couldn't come close to touching the tops of them. Unless you want to just thin them out, I suggest you do nothing. I have a few dozen beds of them in my yard, I dont water them. I dont bother them. I dont put anything around them and I don't cover them. They come back every single year thicker than the last to the point you will eventually want to move some and thin them out like I finally did this year because the entire front of my house became hidden by them in the last couple of years because they became so tall and thick you could barely see the front of my house. I have reds, yellows, tigers and other large colors. They are beautiful and so thick at times they look like a forest. My sister in laws mothers home is the same way. She said she doesn't fool with them execept when they get so thick they need to be thinned. My sister has some as well and she said she had so many this year she dug them up and thew them in the ditch because they were taking over her entire yard. In this are, the best thing to do for them if you want big, tall, massive numbers is to simply leave them alone. I have done the same thing for my tiger lillies and other bulb type plants. I plant them all over the place and just let them spread. We have had extended periods of every kind of weather one can imagine here over the last two decades. From drought to month long sub freezing at night ( and mostly in the day) to like this spring where it has rained nearly every day for a month or more. Cannas are VERY hardy if you ask me and I'm speaking from a couple decades of growing them and having them in our yard growing up as a child / for the last 50 years. I have some from my grandmothers strain, some from my sister in laws heirloom strain taken from her mothers home and some from my sisters mother-in-laws strains. They had them for decades. You can't kill them or at least I haven't and I dont do a THING to any of them. NOTHING. No water, no drainage no clearing, no cutting, no covering.. They all grow naturally without any help from me what-so-ever. I never even moved any of them after the first planting up until a few years ago and I began to spread them all over the yard because they had nearly taken over the entire lenght of the front area of my home. Now I have literally thousands of blooms each year that are now starting to bloom and will bloom until late fall most of the time.. Even in a drought. In a couple of months, my yard will look like a canna bed from one end to the other. In the next couple of years after this years new additions It's going to be even more amazing in the summer. If you are not transplanting the entire plant, then you will have to be patient because I have seen times when they wouldn't come back out until the next year. I have reds that I planted this spring that are not coming up yet and I expect they may not come up until mid summer and many of them may not come out until next year. They will come up. Unless your seeds or risome are bad, they will come up and within a couple of years they will begin to grow VERY thick. Within 2-3 years you will have a LOT of them. Within 5 years, you will have a mass number if you have decent soil. So if you live in an area where the temps fall down to freezing, I wouldn't worry TOO much, because it does it here and we had a long hard winter this year and mine are coming up EVERY WHERE. A little later than most years, but just as thick and hardy as ever. PS. The reason I don't cut mine back and let them die out is, the foilage will stay over the plants for most of the winter months and provides natural protection. You do NOT have to cut them back and I don't suggest doing it unless you just want to spend the time covering them up. I know people tell you to, do what you want, but I have never done it once in 20 years and my plants have never died out.. Not one time. I have found that mine stay covered ( here) very well throughout the winter months by the dead foilage and in the spring time ( around may here this year because of the extremely cold temps) they will start to peek through. I've never put any type chemicals on them. I've never had any type fungus or other problem, I leave them be and let nature do what it does best. At one point this year, mine tried to come out in april and we had hard frost /cold spell that knocked them back but as canna will do, they came right back a couple of weeks later and now I have thousands of them. Hope this helps. Don't worry , they WILL come up. I have some that came from Thailand that I planted from seed in the middle of summer here, I thought they weren't going to do much either but the next spring, I had them everywhere.. I just ordered a thousand seeds from an importer and am going to plant them in the next week or so. Don't rush them.. They will do what they are supposed to do when they get ready.. LEAVE THEM ALONE.. Water them if you like but other than that, just leave them be!

Where do you get the seeds

By Lynna Alfred

Where do you get the seeds from the canna and can they be planted rich away.

Thank you very much for your

By Judith Hunter

Thank you very much for your advice. This is my first year with canna lilies and have mine in a pot. I might transfer them into a larger pot or wait until spring and transfer into the ground. I will also be buying more which I will probably put either straight into the ground or into larger pots. The border I have is only small so I am restricted to where in the ground I can put them but it is good to know they will survive in clay which is what some of my border is. Thank you once again

You r so lucky! I'm new to

By Karen Whalen

You r so lucky! I'm new to growing cannas. Live in Northeast Pennsylvania. I just finished a new house and am starting to do my yard and landscaping. If u ever want to thin out ur rhizomes I would love to get some from u. I would gladly pay for shipping if u would kindly share your abundance of cannas. U can contact me at my email address.

Mine have yet to bloom this

By Rhonda Mattan

Mine have yet to bloom this spring. I'm in Dallas. This is a new house for us.. Is their a reason ?

Also, I am total newbie

By Toni N.

Also, I am total newbie gardener, don't know what I'm doing pretty much. My friend's cannas are real close together...So when we dig up the canna for me to transplant do we need to be extra careful not to damage the rhizomes vast root system since her's are so close together? And you said keep the dirt on the rhizomes? How big of a hole do I dig for it? And how do I trench it? And do I need to water it every day at first and how much water do I give it and how long do I do this at first? Do I put peat moss or something in the dirt hole? And should I plant it up against my house or can I put it out in the yard? I know they can grow very tall so do they need to be up against the house or not? Sorry for the multitude of silly questions but I really don't know how to do this at all and need any and all help I can get lol. Thanks again! Toni N

PS. Sorry, did realize what

By John B

PS. Sorry, did realize what you said. If she only has 6 plants coming up, I would assume this must have been last years / springs planting for her and she started out with maybe 1 or 2 plants or she just bought a pot somewhere and put them out. If they are really close together, you will need to be more careful about damaging the rhisomes of her other plants. You may or may not get any small "baby" rhisomes in the bunch if they are newly established. If there is space between the plants, you will just have to take your shovel or maybe a small "hand shovel" and start digging in between.. Kind of go right down the middle between both plants. If you don't hit root, then you can take your shovel and separate you one out. That would be the way I would do it. Like "garden surgery" (ha), Just get the one the furtherest away from the rest, that will help. Then dig it up with an ample amount of soil left around it. The more the better in my opinion.

Thanks again John...and u can

By Toni N.

Thanks again John...and u can write a book anytime, you're advise is extremely helpful to me & I really appreciate your time! Her plants are well established but very close together, well over 6 feet tall, orange, and very beautiful. So it sounds like we need to be extra careful digging up the rhizomes b/c of this, yet you say it's ok if we cut thru big rhizomes. My friend says she's done this b4, but my brown thumb makes me worry a little lol. So, our soil here in this part of northeast Texas has a lot of clay so I think I should use potting soil and miracle grow with the dirt when I plant them, like you said. So you said they will spread on their own? That's awesome! You're help is so greatly appreciated. Thanks again, doesn't mean I'm not gonna be asking you for more sage advise tho lol. Toni.

Let me put it like this, I

By John B..

Let me put it like this, I wouldn't just go in and cut them all up intentionally, but if you do happen to, its not going to hurt it. If hers are thickly planted, it will probably be almost un-avoidable to not cut one in half unless you are just digging out one rhisome at a time. I never do it like that. I just get me a shovel full and move them. If you accidentally cut one, it doesn't seem to phase them much. That's your best bet. If she will let you have a good ole shovel full, you should get some extra "babies' as well. Like I said, if shes really generous and you see babies, you may even be able to split it and plant in two or three places. I do that all the time too. Well, good luck.. MY LAST Canna comment. These people are going to start to think I live here ( ha). Vacation time.. good luck to you guys.. Hope yours all do well.

Thanks once again John! But I

By Toni N.

Thanks once again John! But I have a question...you're talking about "baby rhizomes"...what are those and how can I tell if we find any of them once we dig? My friend is very generous and says she's done this before thank goodness. I just counted all her cannas yesterday and she has about 20 (!!!) huge adult plants, all growing together in a very small area, I mean real small area, most plants less than inches away from one another. I think we're gonna find the rhizomes all grown together when we dig...I certainly don't want to injure her plants, which she would say won't happen, but they are all growing right on top of each other, no joke, and flourishing, all well above 6 feet tall and very hearty and beautiful. Any other advise you might have with this new twist thrown in? Thanks again so very much for all you're help!!! Best regards to you, Toni

Hi, Lets see where to start.

By John B

Hi, Lets see where to start. If she has a lot of them, and they are thick planted, it's nearly impossible to NOT hit a root if you are using a shovel, and no, It doesn't seem to phase them much at all if you cut the rhisome in half. If they are well established plants, when you go to pull them out you will see all sorts of "babies" in the mix.. Then you hit the jackpot ( ha). If you see lots of them you can split the clup up 2,3,4 ways and have several plantings, in a 2-3 years you will have lots of them. I do it all the time. If she's being REALLY generous and has an area that she's thinning she probably needs to take out some any way. Take a shovel go around the area you want in a full circle, maybe 12-15 inches round, BEFORE you try to take it up. Then just get under it with the shovel and dig it up. I've done God knows how many this way. I've never dug any up that I transplanted that haven't came back. And if they have been there for a few years, she doesn't have to worry about hers either, they will come back just as thick in then next 1-2 years. As a matter of fact, if you do it this way, you usually don't disturb the plant much at all. I don't know what kind of soil they have, but my soil is good top soil so I don't do much at all. I simply go around the area I want with a shovel usually about 12 inches, when I get it out, I split it four ways, and plant them in different areas, but now my root system is VERY thick, lots of "babies", because these are well established plants. If her rhisome are thick, you aren't going to hurt them at all. If she has one plant here and there and you intend to just get one plant, then just go around it and try to take as much soil as you can with it. Planting: I usually dig a hole about 2-3 times as big as the "clump" that I'm plannting so It will be softer and absorb a lot of water for the next few weeks. Now I have REALLY good soil, so I don't do much. I simply kind of situate some loose dirt on the bottom, pour water in, and plant like you would any other plant, packing the soil in around it well. I usually put in dirt, pour in water, put in more dirt, pour in more water, until I get to the top.. THis way as you fill, water fill, you ensure that the soil is getting "wet packed" really nice and this helps to get the plant established. Especially now that it's getting into hot season. As far as the trenching goes. Now when I plant, I'm not really planting in a small garden bed. I'm planting all over the yard. What I usually do is, leave the area around the newly formed hole kind of sunken in maybe 2-3 inches, the plant will be kind of ""standing in water"", but at this time of the year, it will evaporate quickly anyway, and yes, You may want to put mulch around if it's really hot. I usually water late evening for this reason when planting in hot season. If you do it at night, it will give time for the water to absorb in the ground without evaporation and it doesn't get too hot on the plant either. I don't do it when I transplant in the spring, I just plant leave the area of the new hole kind of a little lower so that it catches water it will eventually fill in on it's own and by then the plant will be well established. Since its summer, I would probably do the trench / mulch thing or even some plain old straw. That's what I use because I'm on a farm and don't have to buy it. Stray holds a LOT of water. As far as places to plant, You can pretty much plant them most places, They grow best when they get a lot of sun, but if you plant directly in the sun, you will probably need to water every couple days even with the trenching, if you are planting in sun / partial shade maybe twice a week, just make sure you keep them good and wet for the next 3-4 weeks ( water evenings) until you are sure they have adapted to moving. Then water as needed for your area. Most of the time it doesn't seem to phase them much if you take out a lot of soil with them. If you want to help out with stress, you can even put a little miracle grow in your water, maybe table spoon to a 5 gallon bucket of water, and pour it in as you are planting. Miracle grow does wonders when planting any thing. I've planted probably 500 trees on my place over the years, pines, cedars, wilows, fruit trees, When I plant one, I ALWAYS put in some miracle grow if I'm planting when it's this time of the year. In the winter / "dormant months" I don't do much of anything except "transpant". I do it mostly very early spring when its still cool rainy season so you really dont have to water or do much else. Anyway, I think I covered most of it. It's not much to it, just take as much dirt with it as you can get, "wet plant" them, that's what I call it, because they are bulbs and they love water, do a little trench and you won't have any problems or at least I never do. One last thing, if you have bad soil there, when you go to plant, maybe get a bag of some kind of inexpensive potting soil from your local farm supply or dollar store and mix half and half with the dirt you took out of the hole. I don't think you will have much problem. As I stated before, I have lots of them so when I go to move mine, I just get my shovel out and dig me up a big clump, split it into fours and plant. If shes got a well established garden, she won't miss them much. Next year hers will fill back in. When I'm thinning I pass mine out to neighbors all the time. I think that's about it, I didn't mean to write another book. ( ha).

John, Thank you for all the

By Cheryl A Hill

John,
Thank you for all the great information. This was exactly what I needed to know. My cannas moved in from my neighbor's yard and I want to move them across my yard. I love surprise gifts from nature, and I want to make the best of them.

Thank you for your excellent

By Toni N.

Thank you for your excellent information! My friend has beautiful cannas and we are going to dig up one so I can transplant it into my yard...we really don't know what we're doing but I've been searching online for help. So we need to dig it up carefully so we don't damage the rhizomes, right? And rhizomes could be pretty wide right? She has about 6 plants that are all very close together and I don't want us to damage the rhizomes. Any other recommendations on our big transplant? ...not much other info out there on digging up a plant and transplanting it. We live in east Texas, right along the Louisiana border...it is June 28 today and we will probably do this in the next week or so. Any other tips or words of wisdom would be greatly appreciated. Thanks again! Toni

Thank you for your excellent

By Toni N.

Thank you for your excellent information! My friend has beautiful cannas and we are going to dig up one so I can transplant it into my yard...we really don't know what we're doing but I've been searching online for help. So we need to dig it up carefully so we don't damage the rhizomes, right? And rhizomes could be pretty wide right? She has about 6 plants that are all very close together and I don't want us to damage the rhizomes. Any other recommendations on our big transplant? ...not much other info out there on digging up a plant and transplanting it. We live in east Texas, right along the Louisiana border...it is June 28 today and we will probably do this in the next week or so. Any other tips or words of wisdom would be greatly appreciated. Thanks again! Toni

This is the best advice I've

By Ildie

This is the best advice I've ever read. Thank you.

That's gotta be the most

By mattjc

That's gotta be the most in-depth, accurate review I've seen. I'm on the other side of TN and they love mountains and clay dirt just as much as the muddy and Memphis dirt. (Never been, dunno what you got there). I brought some down from MD in a trash bag, they sat in my garage for a few months, planted em, and after a season I split em back up and garaged them for fear of the cold. Must've missed some cause they're growin in the spots I originally planted em in. The rest I planted all over the forested area to see how they did. They're bloomin.

Hey I agree.. I've done the

By John B

Hey I agree.. I've done the same thing. I've had areas where they were established and i've TRIED to dig them all up, thought I was moving them and the next year, there would be some come up. If they've been there a while you always seem to miss a few of the smaller rhisomes. You area is a lot like mine as far as weather. I know my sister lived in N.C and another sister in Knoxville, they had canna all the time. They never dug them up either. I think once they get established, they are a lot more durable than most people think. Good chatting.

A friend at work gave me 12

By garden time

A friend at work gave me 12 or so cannas. I put them in water for about a week. Decided to plant them this week-end. My mother said cut them back. They are about 12-14 inches now. Did I goof up? What should I do now?!?!

They will be fine. They are

By John B

They will be fine. They are A little more work when planting bulbs this time of year, but you can do it sucessfully.. You will just need to till the soil good around them. I don't usually plant "plants" this late in the year unless I'm transplanting with dirt and all. The biggest thing with you doing it getting into hot season is keeping them wet for the next few weeks. This is kind of "out of season" to plant them in my opinon, but you can. It does require a little more work. If I were to do it this late in the year, What I would do is, get some miracle grow, mix about a heaping tsp into the soil before I put it back in..I usually fill the hole with water, then pack the soil back in.. This ensures the soil gets packed back in well and the plant gets plenty of moisture when you plant. Its a little "muddier" doing it this way, but it works for bulb type plants. They need a lot of moisture, particularly this time of the years. After that, I would keep them watered for a few weeks, see what they do. You may or may not have much luck with them planting this late / going into hot months, but if they don't come out now, they will usually come out in the spring. I would imagine you will see some growth this summer if the rhysome are ok but if they happen to go "dormant" as I have had them do planting this late in season, then they will usually come back in the spring. If I were you, I would try to do most of my planting in very late fall or very early spring for now on. It elminates 99% of the maintenance ( ha), and I'm a lazy gardener for the most part and its SO much easier to do it in season. Ps. If your friend gives you more plants, tell her to dig you up a shovel full with the dirt and all around them. Give you one BIG scoop.. Then maybe split it into fours. Just dig holes, fill with water, pack back in the soil, they will grow. It's not going to hurt them if some of the rysome get cut in half, they will still come back. IF your planting in very late spring or summer, you still may want to water every few days for 3 or 4 weeks until they get well rooted, then you can slack off after you see how well they are responding. . When planting this late into the season, when you plant the entire plant, they seem to do a lot better than bulb or seed planting which require a little more patients and work this time of year. Anything I plant, I try to plant it at peek season for planting that variety unless I get in one of those "just want the extra work" moods ( which isn't often with as many as i have ha).. You CAN have success with planting bulbs, rysomes or seed this time of the year, it just takes a little more work. I would also suggest since you are planting this late in and planting more rysome than plant, leave the area a little "indented" where the plant will be so it will catch some moister. I sometimes even trench out an areas around where I plant to catch water. I plant everywhere but the "more moist" the area, the faster they will grown and mulitply. I even plant them in ugly drainage ditch areas and they FLOURISH like crazy.. I will say this as well, I plant in pretty much any area of my property. The reason why is, they have a tendcy to come out at different times this way.. Meaning, the ones in the wetter areas always sem to start blooming / take off quicker than the ones in the not so wet areas. This way, I usually end up with blooms starting in different areas of my yard all thoughout the season and tha'ts why I end up with flowers most of the summer and even into late fall.. Again , I have a lot of them so it allows me this luxury. I wouldn't really do a lot of transplanting until you get yours set in good and they start spreading well. Usually takes around 3 years or so.
Anway, I do the trenching / watering thing if planting in later season to help with moister. I always do this when planting late season even if planting trees. shrubs etc.. Helps to irrigate them and keeps me from having to water every day until they get rooted. . I will leave a little "holed out" area so that when I water, it will catch a lot of moisture long enough to give it time to soak into where the roots of the plants are. A lot of people will water but when you water the top of the ground, unless you let the water run for quite some time, it really doesn't soak into the roots well like it would in a big rain. Just because it rains, doesn't mean the roots get much water either unless we have what my dad always called a "Soaker".. This time of the year, not a lot gets to the root unless you make sure you have an area to catch some moisture and that's not good for starter plants or bulbs unless you want them to go dormant until spring. You may also get a bag of cheap mulch to help keep the water around them. When I said""""" I don't do "anything"""" that meant when I plant in correct season for my area. To "me" this isn't the best time to plant but I have done it. I'm not saying its not ok to plant now, people do, but you will notice even the garden centers are pretty much sold out of these plants or discounting them already. They do that because they are getting out of season and it gets a little "chancier' to plant during this time of year in very hot areas unless you intend on doing the maintenance and watering for a while. Anyway, Most of all just keep them watered well for a few weeks until they get rooted in. You may even loose a couple planting this late in, but USUALLY not if your plants are healthy and you keep them good and moist. Tell your friend when their plants start to come up early next spring, to send dig you up some with the dirt around them, transplant the entire thing, you will have an "automatic" garden and a lot less work.. Although I know how that goes as well, us "beggers" can't be choosey ( ha).. We take what we can get .. Hope it helps. Good luck..

They will be fine. They are

By John B

They will be fine. They are A little more work when planting bulbs this time of year, but you can do it sucessfully.. You will just need to till the soil good around them. I don't usually plant "plants" this late in the year unless I'm transplanting with dirt and all. The biggest thing with you doing it getting into hot season is keeping them wet for the next few weeks. This is kind of "out of season" to plant them in my opinon, but you can. It does require a little more work. If I were to do it this late in the year, What I would do is, get some miracle grow, mix about a heaping tsp into the soil before I put it back in..I usually fill the hole with water, then pack the soil back in.. This ensures the soil gets packed back in well and the plant gets plenty of moisture when you plant. Its a little "muddier" doing it this way, but it works for bulb type plants. They need a lot of moisture, particularly this time of the years. After that, I would keep them watered for a few weeks, see what they do. You may or may not have much luck with them planting this late / going into hot months, but if they don't come out now, they will usually come out in the spring. I would imagine you will see some growth this summer if the rhysome are ok but if they happen to go "dormant" as I have had them do planting this late in season, then they will usually come back in the spring. If I were you, I would try to do most of my planting in very late fall or very early spring for now on. It elminates 99% of the maintenance ( ha), and I'm a lazy gardener for the most part and its SO much easier to do it in season. Ps. If your friend gives you more plants, tell her to dig you up a shovel full with the dirt and all around them. Give you one BIG scoop.. Then maybe split it into fours. Just dig holes, fill with water, pack back in the soil, they will grow. It's not going to hurt them if some of the rysome get cut in half, they will still come back. IF your planting in very late spring or summer, you still may want to water every few days for 3 or 4 weeks until they get well rooted, then you can slack off after you see how well they are responding. . When planting this late into the season, when you plant the entire plant, they seem to do a lot better than bulb or seed planting which require a little more patients and work this time of year. Anything I plant, I try to plant it at peek season for planting that variety unless I get in one of those "just want the extra work" moods ( which isn't often with as many as i have ha).. You CAN have success with planting bulbs, rysomes or seed this time of the year, it just takes a little more work. I would also suggest since you are planting this late in and planting more rysome than plant, leave the area a little "indented" where the plant will be so it will catch some moister. I sometimes even trench out an areas around where I plant to catch water. I plant everywhere but the "more moist" the area, the faster they will grown and mulitply. I even plant them in ugly drainage ditch areas and they FLOURISH like crazy.. I will say this as well, I plant in pretty much any area of my property. The reason why is, they have a tendcy to come out at different times this way.. Meaning, the ones in the wetter areas always sem to start blooming / take off quicker than the ones in the not so wet areas. This way, I usually end up with blooms starting in different areas of my yard all thoughout the season and tha'ts why I end up with flowers most of the summer and even into late fall.. Again , I have a lot of them so it allows me this luxury. I wouldn't really do a lot of transplanting until you get yours set in good and they start spreading well. Usually takes around 3 years or so.
Anway, I do the trenching / watering thing if planting in later season to help with moister. I always do this when planting late season even if planting trees. shrubs etc.. Helps to irrigate them and keeps me from having to water every day until they get rooted. . I will leave a little "holed out" area so that when I water, it will catch a lot of moisture long enough to give it time to soak into where the roots of the plants are. A lot of people will water but when you water the top of the ground, unless you let the water run for quite some time, it really doesn't soak into the roots well like it would in a big rain. Just because it rains, doesn't mean the roots get much water either unless we have what my dad always called a "Soaker".. This time of the year, not a lot gets to the root unless you make sure you have an area to catch some moisture and that's not good for starter plants or bulbs unless you want them to go dormant until spring. You may also get a bag of cheap mulch to help keep the water around them. When I said""""" I don't do "anything"""" that meant when I plant in correct season for my area. To "me" this isn't the best time to plant but I have done it. I'm not saying its not ok to plant now, people do, but you will notice even the garden centers are pretty much sold out of these plants or discounting them already. They do that because they are getting out of season and it gets a little "chancier' to plant during this time of year in very hot areas unless you intend on doing the maintenance and watering for a while. Anyway, Most of all just keep them watered well for a few weeks until they get rooted in. You may even loose a couple planting this late in, but USUALLY not if your plants are healthy and you keep them good and moist. Tell your friend when their plants start to come up early next spring, to send dig you up some with the dirt around them, transplant the entire thing, you will have an "automatic" garden and a lot less work.. Although I know how that goes as well, us "beggers" can't be choosey ( ha).. We take what we can get .. Hope it helps. Good luck..

Thank you for all of your

By tngoodoleboy

Thank you for all of your good information. I also live in zone 7. A friend gave me my first Cannas this week. I have admired these plants in neighbors yards for years. Now as I embark on having some of my own it is great to be able to read advice from someone with a lot of experience growing them.

Youre welcome. PS..Keep them

By John B

Youre welcome. PS..Keep them good and wet when planting at this time of the year.. They love a lot of moisture. I know a lot of people worry about the cold with canna, but in this area, I worry as much about the heat when planting late season. Keep them good and moist and they should do fine..

I live in central Ok. I just

By Janet H.

I live in central Ok. I just dug up my non growing cannas to see why nothing came up on year 3. The bulbs were black and mushy. I know we had a cold and dry winter. We have problems with grub worms, ants and gophers/moles. I just bought a pot of Tropicanna pot at Lowes and replanted to a large pot. Any idea why our much loved bulbs went black. The Hummingbirds adored them too! Thank you.

Cannas are very sensitive to

By Almanac Staff

Cannas are very sensitive to cold temperatures. The bulbs were probably damaged by your severe winter weather. In late fall put several inches of mulch over the cannas or dig them up and overwinter indoors.

hello this is for any one who

By luana

hello this is for any one who knows about cannas plant we bought one and it sits in our pond but I haven't found anywhere that it says you can do this? but that's what the lady we bought from the store says I don't want to kill it.

Hi Luana, Cannas are native

By Almanac Staff

Hi Luana,
Cannas are native to moist areas and many do well in water, as long as they are not submerged too deeply. Make sure that the crown of the plant is at least 3 inches above the water's surface. Some varieties do better than others.

I bought some dwarf cannas

By Charles Weiland

I bought some dwarf cannas and planted them in late April, it is late May now and I haven't seen anything, nothing is growing. I planted them 3 to 4 inches deep and in pretty normal soil mix with some organic matter. Any suggestion as to why nothing is growing?

Hey Charles I don't know

By Donna Rivers

Hey Charles I don't know where you live but I live in Georgia and I planted Dwarf cannas in early April,it took them forever to start coming up.They started coming up one at a time,I looked out couple days ago and 2 of them were coming up and it is almost June.I thought I had planted mine to deep.Hopefully yours will come up.

You may have planted them too

By Almanac Staff

You may have planted them too deep. It is suggested that you plant dwarf cannas 1 to 2 inches deep. Cannas also need sun and warmth.

I just got many bulbs out of

By Michel

I just got many bulbs out of a "free" box in a front yard. Just saw what they were and can't wait to get them in> Hope it's not too late in the season.

im in zone 5 and have my

By jamey

im in zone 5 and have my canna roots in the ground for 3 weeks now (zone 5) im worried that i might not of stored them right over winter. I bought them at a garage sale and the roots were as large as my hand and a couple even had what looked to be a shoot coming off it. I left it in my basement over winter laying on top of news papers and i turned them once a week. This is what the lady told me to do with them. I have panted some gladiolus bulbs in the same bed as the cannas roots, and they are already popping through the soil about 3 inches while the cannas is no where to be seen.
Also, should i water the ground where i planted them regularly and add fertilizer or wait until they pop up (if they will)
thanks for all the info. I totally dont have a green thumb so im trying my best at planting different plants and hoping for the best!!

You may have planted the

By Almanac Staff

You may have planted the cannas too early. They are tropical plants and need sun and warmth to grow. See our planting and care advice above. Cannas need moist soil so you need to water if the ground feels dry.

I have cannas that are about

By Vbrookec

I have cannas that are about four years old now. They have multiplied like crazy and I love it! So far this spring they are bout 6-9 inches high. My family is moving in mid July which is "prime time" for blooming in my area. Will I be able to dig up my beautiful flowers and take them with me? We are staying in the same zone when we move.

You shouldn't have any

By Katerinabella

You shouldn't have any trouble with transplanting them. You can always go ahead and dig them up and pot them. But it should NOT matter which way you do it, just dig 'em up and get 'em back into the ground.

I have transplanted cannas

By Liz Mccool

I have transplanted cannas twice now in July with great success. We live in South Carolina and summers are brutal, but these p.ants are tougher.

my yard man cut my canna

By gtjackson

my yard man cut my canna lilies when they were just beginning grow will the still grow and flower this summer. also should I fertilize now with acid loving plant food?

Hello. I love in North

By Beth Ice

Hello. I love in North Florida and my boyfriend mowed over mine about a month ago. They are growing back perfectly and are about 7 to 16 inches tall again. Now he knows they aren't weeds.... men lol.

My experience in California

By Tina Anderson

My experience in California is they grow like weeds, I don't know if that is different in your area. I'm no expert, but if they were mine I would just continue to water them and they will grow.

Hello, I went to a garage

By justmissjamey

Hello, I went to a garage sale last fall and bought some roots/ bulbs of cannas. The lady said they are pretty and red when they grow. I am in central indiana zone 5. When do I plant them in the ground?? I don't want to do it to soon and loose them, but I'm also iching to get out and plant. Lol. Any ideas as to when is a good time??
Thanks

Indiana I got my seeds from

By Chrisinda Sims

Indiana I got my seeds from the state fair grounds (in one of their flower beds) and I know they don't dig them up in fall and they always return hearty and strong as ever so I hope they will do the same at home :)

wow thats cool!!!! Mine were

By jamey

wow thats cool!!!! Mine were root looking things as big as my hand..they have been in the ground for about a month now and i dont see anything popping up yet. But some other bulbs i planted near there are coming up..so they dont pull them at the fair grounds in Indy?? Im in kokomo, so not sure if its that much difference. I had 4 large roots from the garage sale that i over wintered in my basement and i figure if i end up with a lot of them then i will dig up a few, and then leave a couple in the ground and see what happens next spring. Im starting to get worried that they are not coming up yet. I left them in the cool basement on top of news paper and turned them once a week like the lady told me to do

Canna are planted in the

By Almanac Staff

Canna are planted in the spring after the last frosts have passed.
Remember that you'll need to dig them up and store over winter in your zone.

Thank you :) when can I tell

By justmissjamey

Thank you :) when can I tell when the last frost in my area is?? I'm central indiana zone 5...and when will I know to dig them up?? Is there a set month or something I should look for before I do?? I've only seen pictures online what they look like, the lady I bought them from had said she had already cut hers down at that time and that's how she had roots for sale.

See our Frost Chart:

By Almanac Staff

See our Frost Chart: http://www.almanac.com/content/frost-chart-united-states
Remember that these are historical averages! You need to keep an eye on your local weather.
Dig up the canna rhizomes in the fall after the leaves have yellowed, died back or have been killed by frost, but before the ground freezes. Find more information on this page.
 

I bought my canna at Walmart.

By Ava NJ

I bought my canna at Walmart. They are yellow with the red speckles on them. I will be planting them mid april 2014. Is it best to plant them away from other flowers? I do not want them to multiply over time and suffocate my other flowers. How far apart should I plant them?

Canna do spread so if you're

By Almanac Staff

Canna do spread so if you're concerned, we would plant canna in their own garden bed. We're not sure where you live, but cannas are generally dug up annually and stored anyways. You can always dig up the clumps, keep what you wish, and give some of them away!  Another solution is to plant canna in containers to control the spread. Some folks even sink the containers into the ground.

Good morning to you. I am in

By Winston Smith Jamaican

Good morning to you. I am in Jamaica West Indies. Thanks for your comments to persons like myself. I am contemplating growing cannas as a business opportunity. Can you suggest sources from which I could procure seeds of the various varieties that I have seen in pictures? I would not consider importating rhizomes because of the complications and hassle when one has to import live plants. I do understand the reason for the qurantine and other safety measures. Your prompt response would be greatly appreciated.

when I bought these they said

By carol carlson

when I bought these they said it was miniature lilies they grew into these gorgeous plants and have been trying to find out what they where ever since

I live in Griffin Ga and

By Donna Rivers

I live in Griffin Ga and planted my cannas in the ground about the second week in March,how long does it usually take before I see them coming up?

I am in Dallas Ga. and I had

By Deborah J. Mullins

I am in Dallas Ga. and I had left mine in the pot that they came in over the winter. Pushed the pot under the table I had put all my plants on for winter and totally forgot about them. Three or four days ago I decided to take all the plants outside and when it came to that pot I decided to dig it up to see if there was anything left. They were in great shape,and had already started to sprout. I think as the days are getting warmer they will soon began to sprout and in a week or two you might began to see them come up. I hope this was helpful.

Thank you Deborah,yes I

By Donna Rivers

Thank you Deborah,yes I finally seen mine coming up the first week in April,not all of them have but I am hoping the rest of them will.It has been cold here in Ga a couple of nights down into the 30's hope that doesn't hurt them.

Hi Donna, If the soil is warm

By Almanac Staff

Hi Donna,
If the soil is warm your should see growth in 2-3 weeks. If the soil and air temps are cool it may take a little longer.
 

Thank you for your quick

By Donna Rivers

Thank you for your quick response to my previous question however I am worried that I might have planted my cannas bulb to deep,will they still come up or will they die? I have tried to plant cannas before and they never did come up. Thank you in advance.

Our souces suggest plannting

By Almanac Staff

Our souces suggest plannting cannas about 4 inches deep, laying them horizontally, with eyes up (if you can find the eyes) in rich, most moisture-retentive soil. Fertlize when you plant with a balanced mix (or per the instructions on the canna packaging) and once a month in the summer.
Some cannas a bog plants and thrive along water banks, other merely desire "wet feet."
Watch for slugs when the shoots emerge. (Could these have already attacked your canna?)

I'm in Boise, ID (Zone 7) and

By dwighttovey

I'm in Boise, ID (Zone 7) and my wife and I have been growing Tropicanna Black cannas for a couple years. We dig up the tubers in the fall and replant in the spring. The weather has been warming up recently so we were considering getting them back into the planters, but when I went to check on them, I found that while new sprouts have already started (about 6-8" already), there is some white fuzzy mold on some of the rhizomes. Apparently it was too moist in the tubs that we had them stored in? Any thoughts on the impact of that mold? Will I contaminate the soil if I plant anyway? Will it damage the plants any? Should I leave them uncovered for a while and hope that the mold dries out and dies?

Thanks for any comments.

A cottony, fuzzy growth on

By Almanac Staff

A cottony, fuzzy growth on the rhizomes could be rhizome rot, a fungal disease caused by Sclerotium rolfsii or various species of Fusarium. It can appear in humid, damp conditions.
 
If you think this is what your rhizomes have, then you can either discard the rhizomes, or perhaps try dipping the rhizomes in a solution of 1 part bleach to 9 parts water (not sure how this will affect growing shoots, though). Dip them just one or two times to try to remove the mold. If they are still moldy, or if they show other signs of disease, such as sunken or mushy or black areas, then discard them. Otherwise, after the dip, dry them with a cloth, and then set them out to dry for a few days in an area above 50 degrees F. You might also separate these plants from others if you grow them outside, just in case they still do have remnants of disease.
 
When you store them next year, dry them for a few days before storing, and you might try dusting them with an appropriate fungicide (a garden center can advise you about products) to discourage the growth of mold. Don't store in airtight containers; allow adequate air circulation. Keep them dry, dark, and cool, but not freezing.

My parents have been growing

By Susan von

My parents have been growing beautiful red canna's in Northern CA for 16 years and I noticed this cotton fuzzy growth all over - however - there are also hundreds of tiny white bugs within the cottony growth - leaves also are curling and have bite marks on them - I would greatly appreciate suggestions - thanks! Susan

I planted a few hundred long

By Carel

I planted a few hundred long stem cannas,yellow, red and orange, that I pulled out of a river bed where some garden refuse was dumped in the past.
I planted them next to our river pond, and they flourished immediately, flowering beautifully, but now I am worried that it may invade the river as the waterlevel is only about three feet deep.
Please advise

Is there a way to plant

By R23

Is there a way to plant Cannas without them multiplying and spreading when planted in the ground? I'm getting ready to do my landscaping but would hate to have these popping up in places that I didn't want them to grow...

I have a bunch of very

By Txbluebonnet

I have a bunch of very invasive cannas and some not-so-invasive ones. My hubby had an ingenious idea to keep them where I want them! He suggested getting a watering trough, burying it to the top edge, filling it with soil and compost, and planting them in it. Viola! Contained!

The best way to keep Canna

By Almanac Staff

The best way to keep Canna under control are to lift the plants, even if you live in the south and don't need to. The roots should be divided in the spring. (Give some away to friends!) Also, canna will form seed if the blooms are not dead headed so remove the spent flowers to keep cannas under control.

What is dead heading? How is

By Thomas Bettini

What is dead heading? How is this done?

I bought plants from nursery

By Rex Marble

I bought plants from nursery last year. Dug up rhizomes for winter because of freezing. I will start the plants this spring in pots and replant in flower beds later. What is the preferred mixture for the pots? 100% potting mix, 50/50 soil potting mix, or another blend?

Start canna rhizomes indoors

By Almanac Staff

Start canna rhizomes indoors 4 to 6 weeks before the average last frost date in your area.  Plant the cannas in large pots.  The rhizomes should be covered with 3 to 4 inches of potting soil.

Thank you for your very

By Rex Marble

Thank you for your very useful information.

I live in Central Mo and have

By Laura Reno

I live in Central Mo and have a yellow water canna that I have had in a container water garden in the summer. This is the second summer I have brought it in (this fall I had to cut it out of the pot and put it in a large plastic cat litter container) and left it, in water, couple inches over top of dirt/clay line.
My question is - should I let it dry out some or somehow put something under it for drainage - the leaves keep turning brown on the tips, then dying. However, the only time it has bloomed WAS inside. I have never dried it out and wintered it over that way. Only kept as water plant indoors in a window. Now, with the water down below the clay line... I see new growth coming out....

Please advise,

Thank you!

Hi Laura, Let the canna dry

By Almanac Staff

Hi Laura,
Let the canna dry out a bit and then plant it in moist soil in a container before moving it outdoors in the spring.
 
 

It's already in moist

By Laura Reno

It's already in moist soil/clay/rock... I figured I would leave it in the bathroom, where there is a bit more light and not directly above the heating vent and that might help. When it goes outside - it will go back in a container water garden... Also _ I figured I would hold off on more water.. for now.

Thanks!

Laura

I love cannas! We live in

By Tina Anderson

I love cannas! We live in deer country. While nothing is deer proof, by chance are cannas deer resistant or are they deer candy?

There is no such thing as a

By Almanac Staff

There is no such thing as a deer-resistant plant, however, cannas are considered "Seldom Severely Damaged." In other words, there are plants that deer would prefer if they had a choice!

Close enough for me to give

By Tina Anderson

Close enough for me to give them a try. Thank you!

I live in Phoenix and I want

By sZman

I live in Phoenix and I want to dig up the rhizomes and spread them further in my flowerbed for next summer. We had a frost, and I cut them back, but did not have time to dig them up. Now I am seeing new growth. Is it too late to dig them up and separate/replant?

You can dig and transplant

By Almanac Staff

You can dig and transplant the cannas now. Cannas are very forgiving.

Wow! What a wonderful source

By Rex Marble

Wow! What a wonderful source of practical information you have provided. Thank you very much!

I LIVE IN ILLINOIS.I BROUGHT

By ANONYMOUS

I LIVE IN ILLINOIS.I BROUGHT MY CANNA (IN A LARGE POT)IN THE HOUSE BECAUSE OF A QUIRKY COLD EVENING.IT HAS VERY LARGE BEAUTIFUL GREEN LEAVES.MY WIFE SAID TO LEAVE IT IN THE HOUSE AS A HOUSEPLANT.WE DON'T CARE IF IT DOESN'T FLOWER.IT'S STARTING TO TURN YELLOW ON ONE OF THE OLDER LEAVES,BUT WE'RE GETTING NEW GROWTH POPPING UP.MY QUESTION IS,CAN WE KEEP IT AS A HOUSEPLANT IF SO DO I JUST KEEP CUTTING OFF THE LEAVES AS THEY TURN YELLOW AND/OR DO I NEED AN ALL PURPOSE FERTILIZER?

You can grow the canna

By Almanac Staff

You can grow the canna indoors. It may get very tall, depending on the variety. The plant needs lots of light and some humidity. Leaves will turn yellow if it doesn't get enouch light. Put it close to a sunny window and mist it with water about once a week. Fertilize once a month with a soluble 10-10-10 fertilizer.

I dug my canna bulbs before

By elaine A.

I dug my canna bulbs before the foliage had browned and died. will these bulbs survive for replanting in the spring? thank you.

Many gardeners dig up the

By Almanac Staff

Many gardeners dig up the bulbs earlier; they should be fine.

I repotted my canna lily in

By Dai

I repotted my canna lily in bigger plastic container last month because it was in tiny plastic container and the soil was really compacted. Then I put it in a garage since it is warmer than outdoor and I see 2 new leaves sprouted since then. I noticed stem is a bit dried and peeling tip of stem. Is it normal? It was already like that the day I got it from my relative.
Do I need to do something? Should I feed fertilizer? Too much water? I mist occasionally and water sometime when soil is dryer.

Cannas need warm temps and

By Almanac Staff

Cannas need warm temps and nice moist soil. See our care section on this page. Depending on where you live you may need to prepare the rhizomes for winter storage.

I have no place that is in

By kim bemis

I have no place that is in the 40 to 50 degree range to store my cannas. Will the rhizomes survive in my back bedroom that stays between 60 and 70 degrees?

Storing at 60 to 65 degrees

By Almanac Staff

Storing at 60 to 65 degrees is probably fine. Any higher than 70 and the bulbs are at risk.

We moved into our house (in

By Dawn York

We moved into our house (in Western KY) in April. Here it is the first of October and we have noticed many Canna's coming up. What is the best thing for me to do? I want to keep them, but they are very sporadic throughout my back yard. Most of these have came up where we had a pool this summer.

Cannas are hardy in the far

By Almanac Staff

Cannas are hardy in the far southern and western counties of the state. If you are in zone 7a (see zone map: http://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov/PHZMWeb/) , you may be able to get away without digging them up.  However, if you want to be sure they'll survive, you need to dig up the rhizomes after a heavy frost. See information above. You can store them and then replant them in the location you prefer in early summer!

I have canna's (about twelve

By Griz

I have canna's (about twelve years now) that have bloomed in the past, but haven't bloomed for the last couple of years. The rhizomes do multiply profusely each year and the foliage is dark green and healthy. I seem to plant them too late, July, each year. Located in southwest PA. I have always used bone meal and osmocote fertilizer when planting....is this wrong? What type of fertilizer works best? Do canna prefer a basic or acidic soil ph? Thanks in advance for your advice. I want next season to be my best for blooms!

If the foliage is healthy,

By Almanac Staff

If the foliage is healthy, the lack of bloom is 90% of the time because the cannas are not getting enough direct sunlight.
Or, they need more nourishment. Cannas are very heavy feeders. Any good, well-worked soil will do but it needs to be rich in organic matter; adding fertilizer or amendments on top is not enough. Try conditioning your garden soil with a heavy dressing of manure or compost. Fertilize in mid-season with a good general fertilizer. Are you properly digging up the tubers and storing them in the winter?  Try starting your tubers indoors in containers in a warmer atmosphere before putting them in ground.

I've been watering my cannas

By Andrea Gutierrez

I've been watering my cannas every other day, because it's been in the 90's here in CA. Now my leaves are starting to turn yellow. Is that from over watering?

Yellow leaves are usually a

By Almanac Staff

Yellow leaves are usually a sign of overwatering. Also, canna leaves go yellow when the plant is in a dormant or rest state.
As you suggest it's a watering issue, allow the soil to become dry, but keep it from drying completely with an occasional light watering.

what causes the brown,burnt

By denny seaman

what causes the brown,burnt looking edges on otherwise healthy red cannas (in Missouri)

Canna lilies are native to

By Almanac Staff

Canna lilies are native to the tropics and subtropics, so they're a bit dried out and use to more humidity. Water deeply and slowly at the soil level; don't sprinkle. Also, water thoroughly before and after applying fertilizer to help prevent burn.

I am in the same boat. Just

By Sherrie Bertrand

I am in the same boat. Just bought 3, planned on separating and planing, but
it's September in Utah and getting cool. Where do you fine 50-60 degrees indoors and how do you keep them moist, and not too dry?

You can use moist peatmoss

By Almanac Staff

You can use moist peatmoss for storing or just sprinkle a bit of water on the bulbs during the winter months. The best place to store cannas is a cool basement or a garage. If the area is too cold you can cover the box or bag with a blanket.

My wife bought cannas from

By Pashwood

My wife bought cannas from Royal Dutch, none of them grew. We just got replacement cannas from them. What do we do with them at this time of year? Plant them or store them? We are in Iowa.

Wrap the cannas in newspaper

By Almanac Staff

Wrap the cannas in newspaper and store them in a cool basement or garage in a paper bag or cardboard box. Mist the bulbs a couple of times during the winter months. Plant them outside when the weather warms in the spring.

i am doing this for

By chethan

i am doing this for exhibition

I live in Central Florida and

By BJP

I live in Central Florida and have 3 orange cannas that we bought last year which flowered continously during the summer/fall. Over the winter, they declined and I cut them down nearly to the ground. This spring they grew back but have barely flowered and the leaves have been browning and dying constantly even though there is also new growth occuring regularly. I don't remember that much browning last year.

I checked for bugs and can't see anything. I have only fetilized them a couple of times with a 6-6-6 slow release product. I water them only occasionally because we have gotten a fair amount of rain this summer. Last year, I know I watered them more often.

Aside from the dirt they were planted in when I bought them, they are essentially planted in sand.

What can I try to fix whatever the problem might be and get them start flowering and stop the leaves from dying?

Thanks!

My Canna are beautiful in

By SUGGA

My Canna are beautiful in Michigan. I consider myself a Canna specialist some what.

can I leave just cut them

By kathy lozewski

can I leave just cut them down and leave the bulb in the ground for the winter??

yes you can leave them in the

By jim greenley

yes you can leave them in the ground, providing that the ground does not freeze in the winter.

August dig out We are moving

By Kristyn

August dig out

We are moving in 2 weeks and I would like go take my lilies with me. Can I cut them down and dig up the roof now to overwinter ? Or do I have to replant at my new location?

I also ? about cut down

By Diane Grill

I also ? about cut down cannas.

It's better if you can dig up

By Almanac Staff

It's better if you can dig up the plant, leaves and all, and plant it as soon as possible in the new garden or in a big container. Dig the bulbs when the leaves turn brown in the fall.

I purchased 3 plants in June.

By jammalsmom

I purchased 3 plants in June. I put them in nice size pots and they have grown tremendously. I got them because they were pretty and everyone loves them. I live in Maryland and don't know anything about zones. Could someone explain to me in simple terms how to keep them during the winter. Do I take them out of the pots, bring them in or what. I have other Lillie's but I do nothing special and they come back every year. HELP!

Cannas are winter hardy in

By Almanac Staff

Cannas are winter hardy in zones 7 through 10.
So, it depends on where you live in Maryland. See the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map to find your zone in Maryland: http://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov/PHZMWeb/
After your first killing frost, dig a foot away from the stem and gently loose the soil to dig up the clump out of the ground. Wash the roots off with a spray of water. Cut off the tops of the Canna Lilies and add them to your compost pile. Store the rhizomes  them in a peatmoss, vermiculite, or perlite. Punch holes in it for air circulation. The rhizomes should not dry and shrivel during storage.

Where do you cut the stalk

By jeff olskey

Where do you cut the stalk after the flowers die? ie How do you dead head cannus?
\

Dead head?

By Betty HOoyman

Dead head?

Take care with canna

By Almanac Staff

Take care with canna lilies. Snip off the spent flower just below the head but do not cut the stalk or you may destroy future blooms. Do not cut the stalks until well after your cannas have stopped blooming and the foliage has turned yellow. Then you can cut down the stalks to one inch above the ground. Unless you live in a mild climate, you will then need to dig up the rhizomes and store for the winter.

Do I cut off the stalk that

By comcast.net

Do I cut off the stalk that blooms were on when the canna blooms have turned brown? Will I get another stalk of blooms?

Remove faded flower stalks of

By Almanac Staff

Remove faded flower stalks of cannas so new flower stalks will sprout.

It's first of July, & I've

By Cheryl J.

It's first of July, & I've moved, I have Cannas at my old house. Is it ok to move them now to my new house? My tallest one is fixing to bloom. They will get full sun where I'll be moving them.

You can move the cannas now.

By Almanac Staff

You can move the cannas now. Make sure you get as much of the root system as you can and leave the dirt around the roots. Get the plants in the ground in the new spot as soon as possible and water well. They may experience some transplant shock but should be OK.

Hi .... I just moved in my

By Jennifer W.~ Please Help !!!!!!!

Hi .... I just moved in my new home and have been wanting a tropical jungle for months. Well 3 months ago we noticed that I had 29 Cana plants on the side of my house. We began the process of making the flowerbeds in the front of the house. On one side is my rose bush bed, and on the opposite site the rock/Cana bed.... We aerated the dirt and dug the holes for 3 Cana's; one that has already began the process of blooming his bright beautiful orange flower. Also, another that's at it's point to begin to bloom. Ok well I mixed miracle grow dirt with miracle grow moisture control to keep from roti g the bulb. And planted them. Then on top of the dirt I placed miracle grow 3 month feed and mulch but I also put the pellets from miracle grow that releases water as each plant/root system needs and wants it. Along with mulch on top of it to hold all the moisture. Well, the leaves are starting to turn brown and roll up, and I planted an Asian Lilly in the same garden and its drawing up too...... PLEASE HELP ME TO SAVE MY CANAS AND ASIAN LILLY'S !!!!!!!!!

I would never use miracle

By Tray

I would never use miracle grow moisture control, cause that stuff holds water, which can lead to root rot. Also your plants may just be going threw transplant shock, in which it should recover in time.

You may have catipillers.

By Gail S.

You may have catipillers. Check leaves that are rolled up, if they have silk threads holding the leaves you have catipillars. Spray leaves and ground with bug be gone. Check back after a week. If still evedence is there spray again.

I bought 7 tubers through the

By smitty1931

I bought 7 tubers through the mail. The lady said they were orange flowered/ I planted them in March in full sun. They grew fast down here in SW Florida. They have bloomed continusly since early May. I read somewhere that you should cut the stalk to the ground after it has bloomed. Is this correct?

My cannas have bloomed in

By Carol Kiper

My cannas have bloomed in Tulsa, OK. but we have suffered 90 mile winds two days ago. Should I cut them back or what? There has been terrible damage to our trees and I want to save my beautiful cannas. Any help would be appreciated.

Carol, Yes, the winds were

By PB

Carol, Yes, the winds were terrible. I propped my leaning cannas up with some sticks and garden pails, whatever I could use and they seem to have healed/perked up and are beginning to stand on their own. Happy gardening.

Remove the faded flowers and

By Almanac Staff

Remove the faded flowers and you may get more blooms. Cut the leaves and stalks to the ground in the fall after they have turned brown.

I accidentally broke off the

By patsboys3

I accidentally broke off the new growth of my canna plant will new ones grow?

It's still early in the

By Almanac Staff

It's still early in the season and hopefully your canna plant will grow new stalks.

I live in Southern Michigan.

By mhutch

I live in Southern Michigan. I had two deck pots with cannas last summer, were beautiful. I cut the stalks down in the fall and put the planters in my basement for the winter - a comfortable 65 degrees and dry. I did not water them over the winter. I have put them out just this past week and started watering. What are the chances they will survive? I don't expect flowers this year because I am so late, but am hoping they will get some foliage and I'll do better next year.

We have had ours for at least

By Patty and John

We have had ours for at least 10 yrs now. We never take them in we just cut them back each time and now they have multiplied. Ours are yellow and gave some to our neighbor. They do great in summer cause it is hot in Covington, KY

Are your cannas in the ground

By Rovia

Are your cannas in the ground or in a pot? I have some in a pot and I am in the same zone as you.

I am from west virginia and

By charmin

I am from west virginia and this is my first year planting cannas i planted 10 and i have about 4 coming up just the leaves so far and i was wonderng why the others have'nt come up and if they will or if im being imapatient?

According to the Royal

By Almanac Staff

According to the Royal Horticultural Society: "A common problem is non-flowering. This is usually due to starting the rhizomes into growth late, but can also be caused by a lack of water or poor soil fertility."

Can cannas bulbs be planted

By Lisa Brockway

Can cannas bulbs be planted in large pots?

Yep, I planted 3 in a pot

By Dr.Mike

Yep, I planted 3 in a pot last summer because of the drought so I could control the watering. They didn't grow as tall as the ones I planted in the garden but they were still nice.

Just got our first Canna

By Anonymous

Just got our first Canna plant hoping it will fair well in the Edmonton Alberta climate submitted by Ken Dorcas

zone 7 Help!

By Anonymous

So some of my cannas starting to grow and some are not I have them spread all around my home, front yard back and sides, I did not dig them out last winter because I read in my zone if I layer well with mulch and cut the tubes they should be fine, not sure why they are not starting to grow at same time or even if they will even all come back?

Some of your cannas may be

By Almanac Staff

Some of your cannas may be getting more sun than others. Give them a little time and they should all come back.

I live in Central Indiana

By Anonymous

I live in Central Indiana (zone 5), I did not bring in my tropicanna blacks last year before winter. Will they come back?

If you didn't mulch them well

By Almanac Staff

If you didn't mulch them well they may not come back. They are cold hardy in Zones 7-11.

Canna Lily care central Wisconsin

By Anonymous

I have at least 15 bulbs that I have stored in brown paper bag. These were given to me. They came from very hard clay soil in southern Indiana. I live close to Wisconsin Dells area or an hour north of Madison. My soil is sandy. They will be planted on south side of my home. The Canna's would receive 8-10 hours of sunlight per day.I'm planting them to act as a privacy fence for our pool.

My 10 day forecast ranges from 36-70 for highs and lows from 39-57. That is for first 8 days in May. Can I plant them out side would it be safe? They will have Caster Bean plants between them.

Could I stake a clear bag for added protection and warmth. I could also, cover with straw/hay/leaves if needed. I'm worried if not planted soon we will not see them grow to full potential. I have a mix from red to variegated variety. Any suggestions and tips are greatly welcomed. Thank you for anyone who replies to my questions. :)

I am planting my cannas this

By Anonymous

I am planting my cannas this coming week in Northeastern Wisconsin. Mine have done very well for the last two years that I had them. Hummingbirds and bees like them

Cannas

By Anonymous

Do deer like them ?

Planting Time Question

By Anonymous

I was told to plant cannas & flowering plants at night. Is there any benefit to this idea that you know of?

planting at night

By Anonymous

You can wear ugly clothes and not get made fun of.

wilty light green leaves

By Anonymous

I pulled my cannas out to plant them ( healthy green leaves)poking through bag. Inside most of the canna leaves were light green and wilty. Will they come back? I may have left too much soil on bulbs and there was too much moisture inside bag......?

spring cannas

By Anonymous

My cannas were already up pretty good. Last night, they got a heavy frost and are all brown. Should I mow them down for a fresh start, or leave them be? It is springtime in Texas.

Cannas are hearty, but a

By Almanac Staff

Cannas are hearty, but a frost will kill the stalks. Remove the dead stalks to the compost pile, but you can leave the rhizomes in the ground and they will shoot up again in the spring. Add a good layer of mulch to keep the roots from freezing.

OVERWINTERING CANNAS

By Anonymous

Over winter cannas in an old black compost bag in garage no heat frost free cut tops off remove soil, I did this and works wonderfully well my orange leaved cannas are in exellent cond always lost them befor . CHERRYHINTON CAMBRIDGE UK MIKY FLUDE,

Help with my Grandma's cannas please.

By Anonymous

I live in northern Alabama(zone 7 I think), and received many cannas after my Gramndmothers passing. I was under the impression that you couldn't really kill a canna, so I dug them up from her yard, bulbs and all, and replanted them in my yard. No problem. This was two summers ago. When fall came around I cut them off at the ground, removed many bulbs from the soil, planted Pansy's, and put down a layer of mulch. This past summer they didn't grow very tall or bloom til late in the summer. I haven't cut them off this year, only put down several inches of leaf mulch around the stalks. This is the red flower/green leaf variety and now I am afraid they won't make it thru the winter. I will be very upset if I lose them and don't know what my next move should be.

Your Grandmother's cannas

By Anonymous

Hi, I live in Coastal SC, zones 8 & 9(I'm right on the border :) I would think your cannas are hardy there where you live, but I'm wondering if they are getting plenty of sun and water. I have planted cannas in many different places in my yard and also where I used to live, and most of them thrive the best if they are in a sunny location. This year I had one placed where it got sun from dawn till dusk and it bloomed on December 15 even! :) Also maybe consider a little fertilizer, the liquid type. Maybe also have your soil tested. I don't know how old this post is, but just offering some ideas :)

canna troubles

By Almanac Staff

Cannas may be stunted or bloom poorly if they receive less than 6 hours of sunlight per day. Make sure that the soil is fertile and consistently moist. Remove spent flowers to encourage more blooms. High temperatures can also stress to the plant, often resulting in shorter growth that year; be sure to keep up with the watering at these times.

Check for signs of pests/diseases, which can affect growth and flowering. For example, canna mosaic virus (also called bean yellow mosaic virus) can cause stunted growth, late flowering, and yellow streaks on leaves.

Your county's cooperative extension can give you guidelines as to proper canna care for your area, and may be able to test for viruses (for a fee) or refer you to a lab that can. For contact information, see: http://www.almanac.com/content/cooperative-extension-services and select your state.

Hope this helps!

I don't find that Cannas need

By Mad

I don't find that Cannas need a lot of sun. Those I have planted in dappled shade are doing well, while the ones on the other side of my property in the sun have bloomed less and less each year and also look very stunted. I water them frequently so I don't know why they aren't growing as well as those in shade.

Bulb?

By Anonymous

I have many, many what it appears to be bulbs, growing from my canna stalks and rhizomes since I have pruned the cannas for winter.They have probably been there for some time, but I did not notice until I cut the canna stalks. What are the bulbs and what do I need to do with them as they are exposed to the elements?

Those are canna seeds. They

By Almanac Staff

Those are canna seeds. They have a very hard coat and need to be soaked and nicked before sowing. You can plant the seeds in small pots indoors and then transplant outdoors when the weather warms up.

Canna Arkansas

By Anonymous

Do I need to remove my cannas after frost if I live in Northwest Arkanasas

canna hardiness

By Almanac Staff

The USDA Hardiness Zones for northwest Arkansas are 6 and 7. Most cannas are hardy to Zone 8, although a few can survive in Zone 7. It would probably be best to dig up your cannas in fall and store them over winter, especially if you are in Zone 6. (A local nursery might know what Zone you are in.) See above for more details about how to overwinter cannas.

PA - zone 5

By Anonymous

Hi - I planted 8 cannas over the summer because the tag said they were perennials. I am not sure how to get them ready for the winter, and I was hoping to keep them in the ground. How many inches should I leave on the plant for the winter, or do I absolutely have to dig them all up and store them? Thank you!!

Canna bulbs

By Anonymous

Living outside of KC, zone 5b, where the woman across the street planted maybe a dozen bulbs in the spring and then dug them up each fall. She moved 5 years ago, leaving the bulbs behind and in the ground.
They were not removed from the ground for 5 winters now and they have multiplied and continued to spread out across the south facing brick wall against which they were originally planted.
The new tenant did not want them and offered the bulbs to me. I now have 3 grocery sacks of bulbs to store this winter.
But, given what I observed, I plan to treat them as a perennial and leave them in the ground. Perhaps thinning them periodically in the fall.

After the first frosts which

By Almanac Staff

After the first frosts which kill the foliage, carefully cut off the tops and dig up the roots with a spade or fork. Brush off the soil. Let them dry in a warm place for 7 to 14 days--about 45 to 50 degrees F. Make sure it's not too cold! The corner of a basement is often good. Then, store in an open container or cardboard box amidst shredded newspaper. Or, hang in a mesh bag. The key is to allow circulating air; do not put in a closed container. You can replant each clump in the spring.

trimming

By Anonymous

How far down do I trim my cannas ( or do I ?) in the fall?
He are in a hot part of SOuthern California

Canna conundrum

By Almanac Staff

Lucky you in a frost-free zone! You can prune the old or spent foliage from your cannas any time. That allows new growth to come in. Some advise cutting the old growth (flowering stalks) when the new ones come in. While you do not have to "lift" and overwinter your bulbs, you should be prepared to lift and then them once a year or every two to three years; it depends on their vigor and the degree to which they are crowded. (You would thin them to eliminate the crowding.) Even if you thin them occasionally, you cannot hurt them. We hope this helps!

cannas seeds

By Anonymous

The seeds that come on these plants can u plant them and start new plants since there origanlly started from a bulb?

You can plant the seeds. Save

By Almanac Staff

You can plant the seeds. Save the seeds and plant them indoors 10-12 weeks before your last frost in the spring. The seeds have a hard covering that you need break before planting. Use sandpaper to sand one end of the seed until you see the white inside. Soak the seeds overnight and plant in flats or small pots. Keep in a warm spot. Transplant the seedlings to bigger pots before planting them outside when the weather has warmed up. Cannas do not come true from seed. You will have flowers but they will not look like the ones on the parent plant.

overwintering for two years

By Anonymous

I have a lot of tall, thriving cannas that I dug up and wintered last year and am about to do so for this winter as well. However, next fall, I won't be home for the entire season. Will the cannas last without being planted for two summer seasons? Would it be better to plant them and then not dig them up in the fall and have them take their chances in the hard ground for most of the winter while I'm gone? I live in the Czech Republic, so cold winters.

over overwintering cannas

By Anonymous

There is no easy answer to this. You risk losing these bulbs with either one. All of our sources suggest, strongly, that cannas will not survive a harsh winter in the ground. It seems like you know that. Our advice is not to leave them in the ground for the period you describe. If the cold doesn't get them, the wet (melt and potential refreeze of a normal winter, and rain) might. However, if you try this, mulch heavily. Will they survive two summers, effectively in storage (not in the ground)? That is a question that is seldom asked, so our best response is "not likely." The bulbs store the food for the next season. If the bulbs sit on a shelf or in peat or whatever, they will dry out, and the food would be used up, or wasted, over the course of time that you describe. Do you have a friend who could store them, plant them (and enjoy them), and then store them (and plant, if nec.) again?? We hope this helps.

Canna question

By Anonymous

I received a canna plant from my daughter in early September. I live in NE Wisconsin and not sure if I can plant in a pot and keep in house over the winter or if I should put in my basement and keep watered so it can "sleep". When I plant next year should I dig up in the fall and bring indoors?

After the first frost dig up

By Almanac Staff

After the first frost dig up the canna bulbs and cut off the foliage to about 2-3 inches from the bulb. Place the bulbs in a dry area to "cure" for a couple of days. Then wrap the bulbs in newspaper and store in a cool, dry place for the winter. Do not water. In the spring plant outside and then dig up in the fall.

HELP!

By Anonymous

I have 6 5-6ft Canna Lilies. The red/green leave ones. Redy/orange flowers. I got the roots from a friend who always bloomed and grew huge. Mine look wonderful, but it almost October and no flowers on any of them. They were planted in organic compost with bone meal. they have full sun for 6-8hrs. no bugs/pest. even a few new shoots have come up in the last week and already have 1-2 leaves on them. in 20 gal pots. I live in Vancouver bc. thanks

Flower Troubles

By Almanac Staff

It sounds like your cannas have plenty of sun and rich soil. If this is the first year in which they were transplanted, then they might be waiting to bloom in the following year. Sometimes it takes a year for transplanted cannas to get comfy in their new home before they concentrate their energy on flowering, especially any divisions with just 1 eye. Other causes might be: rhizomes are planted too deep (no more than 3 or 4 inches deep) or the rhizomes are overcrowded (space them 1 to 4 feet apart).

zone and thinning vs. removal

By Anonymous

i live in southern california and didn't know what they were when my husband planted them but our yellow cannas have been in the ground now for about 2 1/2 years and have really grown and bloomed this year. they are in a smaller planter area so in our climate do i remove them for the winter (doesn't get that cold here) and if not I still need to thin them out because the small size of the area. please advise and thank you so much

Colorful cannas are a

By Almanac Staff

Colorful cannas are a stunning addition to any landscape! I envy you. I canna think of a reason to “lift” (remove from the soil before winter) your cannas now, if they have been in the ground for 2 ½ years and are growing and blooming successfully. If you want to thin them, of course, you need to lift them—at least for the time it takes to divide, or thin, them. As noted above, dividing is best done in spring. Unearth the tubers and, using a sharp, cut the tubers apart, making sure that each piece contains one “eye” on a substantial piece of rootstock. Replant the tubers as you like; give the others to friends as gifts!

seeds

By Anonymous

can someone tell me about the seeds that develop by the flowers, what are they for????

Dying leaves

By Anonymous

Leaves are turning black, curling, dying. Even the new flowers have black on the blooms. Advice please!

Sometimes black leaves are

By Almanac Staff

Sometimes black leaves are due to overfertilization or too much salt content in the water. Let the soil completely dry out and then water with distilled water. If the leaves do not recover, it may be a pest or disease issue. Bring a sample to your local cooperative extension or garden center for a complete diagnosis.

Cannas in water

By Anonymous

I was at a nursery looking for water lillies and papyrus when I noticed they had Cannas potted in water. Will Cannas do well in water?

Yes, the aquatic canna can be

By Almanac Staff

Yes, the aquatic canna can be grow in water as long as the crown is near the water's surface--within 3 inches of the top of the pot.

Canna color changes

By Anonymous

Why do cannas sometimes change color? For the past several years my plants only produced red flowers- this year some have yellow flowers.

Some varieties change colors

By Almanac Staff

Some varieties change colors through the seasons. For example, Canna Beatrix starts out apricot and changes to pink.

Florida Orange Cannas problems

By Anonymous

Beautiful flowers... we have green worms eating the leaves & rust on the bottom leaves...any advice?

Cannas rarely have problems

By Almanac Staff

Cannas rarely have problems but if you have a green caterpillar infestation, you'll need to apply an appropriate insecticide. We suggest calling your local Florida cooperative extension or garden center for local insecticide advice.

Need a boost

By Anonymous

I have several areas in my yard of cannas ( Columbia SC). The ones near the house covered in red rock as their mulch, get run off from the roof, and only get 4 hours of morning sun are the best. I never dig them up for the winter. The area around the pool get 6 to 8 hours and they look horrible this year. Usually they grow 5 to 6 feet high like the others, but it is mid July and they are less than knee high. They have mulch at the base I've had them all about 6 years. I make sure they have enough water, but they just aren't growing. Any ideas on what kind of fertilizer I can use?

Since you've grown cannas,

By Almanac Staff

Since you've grown cannas, we'll assume you have enough sun (at least 4 hours) and water.
If they're not growing, here are a couple thoughts 1) Are they getting overcrowded? Separate and divide them. 2) Try pruning after bloom to encourage flower production by cutting the stem beneath the wilted flower. After all flower stems have flowered, prune them all off to avoid seed production which robs the nutrients. 3) Though cannas aren't that picky about soil, they perform better with compost and aged manure. You can also boost the canna with fertilizer monthly--an all-purpose kind will do.

cannas

By Anonymous

Can they be planted in Michigan..zone5?

Yes and no. If you grow

By Almanac Staff

Yes and no. If you grow cannas in a colder zone than Zone 9 (or Zone 7 for hearty types), you'll need to dig them up and store for the next season or overwinter indoors.

Cannas thrive in MI

By Anonymous

When I moved in to my duplex my neighbor and I had them cover our whole front of our houses. They grow to be six feet! I couldn't handle them covering my front window any longer. At night they looked as if someone was outside peeking in. Especially on a windy night. It has taken me two years of digging to get even a few of the plants to stop growing. I at least uncovered my outdoor faucet and hanging hose from them however they still cover my window. They give me privacy from neighbor kids. ; ) I'm used to them now and they are pretty and I do not even have to maintain them other than under extremely hot conditions and dry spells I water them daily. It helps that they are close to the house and are next to my hose. They are mulched every year and I cut them at the end of fall. Many neighbors have taken bulbs home and have grown their own. So yes they do thrive and are wonderful because they are low maintenance. Good luck flowering!

Tropicanna - Rhizones

By Anonymous

Last year I planted these in a pot outside - after the plant died off, I also removed some of the rhizones thinking that they would not come back the next year, and moved the pot into the garage for the winter. To my pleasant surprise early this Sprint there were approximately 12 stalks growing in the pot. I moved them to my deck and I'm enjoying beautiful flowers all over again. I wish I knew this before I removed the rhyzones - could have a lot more.

does anybody know where you

By Anonymous

does anybody know where you can order other colors of cannas.other then red?

http://www.cannas.net/

By Lynda E Postal

http://www.cannas.net/

Yes, cannas are often in

By Almanac Staff

Yes, cannas are often in vivid red, but also come in pale yellow, orange, salmon, apricot, pink, and even pastel colors. They can also come with stripes, streaks, spots and contrasting colors such as a yellow or orange flower with darker red on it.

Bulbs

By Anonymous

I have little bulbs that are coming up after the Flower dies and falls off. Can anyone tell me what they are?

Dead-heading Cannas

By Anonymous

I've researched several websites on how to dead-head the flowers on Cannas. Some say to cut the entire stalk off to the base; some say cut off the stem just below the flower; some say don't prune ~~ Wow! Does anyone know whichis the way to dead-head?

We advise to cut the entire

By Almanac Staff

We advise to cut the entire stalk on which the blooms have faded. Then you'll get new stalks with blooms.

Try the Tropicanna. They are

By Anonymous

Try the Tropicanna. They are orange with yellow and quite lovely!!

i just love cannas and

By missterri_lynne

I just love cannas and elephant ears. I'd like to come across some other color than just red. But they're still pretty.

I have 9ft tall orange cannas

By Mireya

I have 9ft tall orange cannas at my home in San Antonio, Texas.

Where to buy cannas

By Anonymous

I just purchased several different colors of cannas, elephant ears, and banana trees from floridahillnursery.com, received them in the mail yesterday and they all looked good.

Yellow cannas

By Anonymous

My daughter bought her yellow cannas at Lowe's.

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