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Marigolds

Close-up of an orange marigold.

Credit: Angela Altomare
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Botanical name: Tagetes

Plant type: Flower

Sun exposure: Full Sun

Soil type: Sandy, Loamy, Clay

Flower color: Orange, Yellow

Bloom time: Spring, Summer, Fall

No annual is more cheerful or easier to grow than marigolds. These flowers are the spendthrifts among annuals, showing a wealth of gold, copper, and brass into our summer and autumn gardens. The flower’s popularity probably derives in part from its ability to bloom brightly all summer long.

Marigolds have daisy-like or double, carnation-like flowerheads and are produced singly or in clusters.  Although there are some 50 species, some marigolds we know come from just three:

  • Tagetes erecta are the tallest, at three to five feet. They are sometimes known as African, or American, marigolds.
  • Bushy T. patula, or French marigolds, are somewhat smaller and more compact. Elegant and eye-catching, they have relatively demure flowers and usually grow from 6 inches to 2 feet tall.
  • The dainty T. tenuifolia are the signet, or rock-garden, marigolds that like hot, dry sites and make a wonderful edging. Their flowers are edible.

Marigolds have been sterotyped but they offer tremendous variety; some have fantastic aroma; all marigolds are good in containers and provide long-lasting cut flowers.

Marigold Pictures

Click the slideshow below to enjoy 7 lovely pictures sent in by our Almanac readers!

Planting

  • Marigolds need lots of sunshine.
  • Though they grow in almost any soil, marigolds thrive in moderately fertile, well-drained soil.
  • Sow them directly into the garden once the soil is warm, or start seeds indoors about a month to 6 weeks before the last spring-frost date.
  • The seeds germinate easily, but watch out for damping off if you start them inside.
  • Separate seedlings when they are about 2 inches tall. Plant them in flats of loose soil, or transplant them into the garden.
  • Space tall marigolds 2 to 3 feet apart; lower-growing ones about a foot apart.
  • If planting in containers, use a soil-based potting mix.

Care

  • Germination from large, easily handled seeds is rapid, and blooms should appear within a few weeks of sowing.
  • If the spent blossoms are deadheaded, the plants will continue to bloom profusely.
  • When you water marigolds, allow the soil to dry somewhat between watering, then water well, then repeat the process.
  • Do not water marigolds from overhead. Water at the base of the plant. 
  • Do not fertilize marigolds. Too rich a diet stimulates lush foliage at the expense of flowers. Marigolds bloom better and more profusely in poor soil.
  • The densely double flowerheads of the African marigolds tend to rot in wet weather.

Pests

Farmers and gardeners have long known that marigolds make important companion plants all over the garden. Not only does the scent of the marigold (Tagetes spp.) repel animals and insects, but the underground workings of the marigold will repel nematodes (microscopic worms) and other pests for up to 3 years.

Marigolds themselves are hearty but may be prone to gray mold, bacterial leaf spot, powdery mildew, Alternaria leaf spot, damping off, and root rot.

Harvest/Storage

  • In flower arrangements, strip off any leaves that might be under water in the vase; this will discourage the overly pungent odor.
  • Marigolds can be dried for long-lasting floral arrangements. Strip foliage from perfect blossoms and hang them upside down.

Cooking Notes

  • The bright petals of signet marigolds add color and a spicy tang to salads and other summer dishes.
  • The flower petals are sometimes cooked with rice to impart the color (but unfortunately not the flavor) of saffron.
  • 'Mexican Mint' (sometimes called Texas tarragon) is a study little herb that can be substituted for French tarragon in cooking. This species has been long used in Latin America for tea as well as seasoning.

Wit & Wisdom

  • In the late 1960s, Burpee president David Burpee launched an energetic campaign to have marigolds named the national flower, but in the end, roses won out.
  • For years, farmers have included the open-pollinated African marigold 'Crackerjack' in chicken feed to make egg yolks a darker yellow

Comments

I bought a few seedlings

By Laini on December 8

I bought a few seedlings (French Frilly) on a whim but forgot to ask if they'll grow into a bush which is what I prefer. They're about 5inches now with just a single stalk. Should I trim the top now or later when it blooms? Or would it eventually branch out, anyways?

You can pinch the stem back

By Almanac Staff on December 9

You can pinch the stem back now if you like or you can wait until it has bloomed. The plants will branch out as they grow bigger.

Thanks!

By Laini on December 12

Thanks!

I am doing a project for

By christI P....

I am doing a project for school and i chose to do which plant grows better in sunlight or artificial ligh. The plant i chose was a marigold and they are both doing very well.

I purchased a flat of

By Mrs. Sullivan

I purchased a flat of (Tagetes) Marigolds from a Home Improvement Store, in Jacksonville,FL. I brought them home, watered them, deadheaded them etc. but the heat became so bad I had to put them under the shade of my tree. They started doing better except for one. It started drying up, I tried to save it but it's brown/dead! I want to transplant the others into a larger flower pot to keep,( I was told) mosquitos away. How should I transplant them into this larger planter? They are about 4" to 6" tall right now. Thank you

Plant the marigolds about 1

By Almanac Staff

Plant the marigolds about 1 to 2 feet apart in a big container. Use soil-based potting mix and water when soil becomes dry. Do not over-water. Place the container in the sun or partial-sun if it is too hot.

I know that the marigold is

By Bernie Duda

I know that the marigold is an annual, but has anyone had any success with them coming back the following year?

Yes. I planted about 10

By amy gibson

Yes. I planted about 10 packets of seeds last year because I didn't know anything about what I was doing. I had so many I that I was able to dig up enough from where I originally planted the seeds (along my front fence), to relocate all along one side of my house, and in my back yard around my backdoor area. I also had enough to dig up and give to my mother and to my sister. They both planted the ones i gave them in their flower beds. This year, in the spring, the marigold's I had given my mother came back. I had no idea that marigolds reseeded. My mother of course knew they did. Anyway, after her's started coming up, I started checking to see if mine were. To my surprise, they were. Almost as many as the previous year. Not only did they reseed and come back, but when I moved from the house I was living in in July to a new house, I dug up my Marigolds and brought them with me. I planted them in my front flower bed and they are just beautiful. But, tonight is our first cold night. It's supposed to get down to 38 degrees. I am not ready for my marigolds to die so I am hoping if I cover them up, they will survive a few more weeks.

Marigolds might self-seed in

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds might self-seed in a warmer climate, but in any area with a cold winter, they won't come back. You can always save the seeds to plant next year.

About three weeks back I

By Aslam Shaikh

About three weeks back I planted, in my small garden, seedlings of marigolds about an inch tall. Soon after plantation a very heavy rain started for about a week. I was worried that too much water will spoil the seedlings but to my surprise the plants grew very well and now they are about 6 -7 inches high and lush green.
Since about a week the top leaves of some plants have started crumbling and shriveling, thinking that it might be a result of some fungus I sprayed it with insecticide. My question is should I cut the top crumbled leaves or wait to see the result of the spray.
Your earliest reply will be highly appreciated. Oh by the way I live in Lahore, Pakistan and am new in gardening.

This spring I planted several

By Otis A

This spring I planted several flats of marigolds and they have done great. They have grown to about 2 to 2/12 ft tall and produce beautiful yellow blooms. Recently some of the plants have begun to lay down. What could be causing this?

Congrats on your beautiful

By Almanac Staff

Congrats on your beautiful marigolds. You are growing a tall variety. Tall marigolds may require staking to prevent the plants from falling over, especially during windy weather. We're not sure where you live, but many spring-planted marigolds usually do decline considerably by June due to falling over and sometimes petal blight or spider mites so it's not unusual.

I have been growing giant

By lynda Michel

I have been growing giant African marigolds near 7 years. I believe my first batch of seeds were from ebay. I just have a comment. My seed pods are huge this year. I grow in a sandy soil/ rabbit manure base and nothing else except soft water. The plants are full of large flowers, stems are near clocking 5ft. I am 5ft4, and I am looking the plants in the eye. Maybe I do have a wee question- I have never had troubles with any of my seeds taking. I am in Ontario Canada and plant outside after May 24. Question is I have 2 small laundry hampers filled to the brim with tiny zip bags of various GAM seed colours are mixed and cracker jack. Due to a sever bout of pnumonia that resulted me to have surgery cuz it punched a hole through my lung to the rib cage, I was un able to sell the seed packages, which are going into their third year. Now I did pinch me a package of Orange labbled Marigold seeds and they grew fantastic. The only reason why any of my GAM stems toppled over was because my st Bernard took a run through the garden when off chain. That said any one know how old the seeds can be before they are not going to grow anymore. Thank You for your time. Lynda and Jagger the ST Bernard

Hi Linda--and Jagger! If the

By Almanac Staff

Hi Linda--and Jagger! If the seeds are stored correctly (cool, dark and dry), marigold seeds' expected storage life is 2 years.

I am new to gardening, I just

By Cricket 68

I am new to gardening, I just bought my first home and need some assistance. I want to plant something to repel bugs in general, are marigolds to key? How do I collect the seeds ( not sure exactly what that means) is there a time of year they dry up and I can save them for next year? Are nasturtiums good for bug control as well? I just moved to Arizona. Cricket

Nasturtiums are known to

By Almanac Staff

Nasturtiums are known to repel aphids and several kinds of beetles. Marigolds are known for deterring nematodes (small worms that destroy plant's roots). They are toxic to some species. However, marigolds aren't proven to deter other insects. 

Will Marigolds keep raccoon

By Tammy Kooiker

Will Marigolds keep raccoon out of the garden, if used as a border?

Marigolds let off a smell

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds let off a smell that raccoons do not like and will avoid.

I planted marigolds among my

By mark menser

I planted marigolds among my Kohlrabi, broccoli , Turnips and Tomatoes. Rather than repel bugs, all of my plants have been eaten by pests, but the marigolds are LOADED with wasps and bumblebees to the point I cannot even got to parts of my garden.

Sorry for the typos. My

By mark menser

Sorry for the typos. My question was going to be whether I should demolish the garden and start over.

What to plant to keep dear

By judy beene

What to plant to keep dear away?

From my experience lobelias

By chandra

From my experience lobelias work very well as do allysums and Vinca's ,it works better if you go from short to tall around the borders of your garden deer do not like the taste of these flowers after a while they will not be as bothersome .

There is no such thing as a

By Almanac Staff

There is no such thing as a 100% deer-resistant plant, but marigolds are certainly plants that deer prefer NOT to eat. Plant marigolds any time after the danger of frost is past! They can be grown all summer and fall in many regions.

Thank you for your answers to

By koko

Thank you for your answers to others questions. I came here looking on how to deadhead and water my french marigolds. I "READ" through the questions and answers and you constantly are answering the "EXACT" same questions over and over again. So again thank you I found my answers.

Koko, Thank YOU for reading

By Almanac Staff

Koko, Thank YOU for reading this page first!  We answer comments in our spare time, but it takes a community and we really appreciate that you simply read through the Q&A's so that we can focus better on new questions.
We have to say that our true-blue, loyal Almanac readers are what has kept us going for so long--and we wouldn't be North America's most popular periodical without our readers!  Again, thanks, and all the best, the OFA editors

I had marigolds for about a

By Hashim246

I had marigolds for about a year now they al grew well if you want to get seeds you have to wait till the flower gets brown and dry than you snip it off and rip the brown dry flower in half and than you will find long seeds that are half white and black dry it out and put it in zip lock bag and plant them next season less then an inch under

Hello All, Can someone please

By Dhinakaran S

Hello All,

Can someone please suggest the marketing oppurtunities of this flower in tamilnadu and in india

I have been planting my

By shirley avolio

I have been planting my marigold seeds for 7-10 yrs. This year I am sure I only planted ORANGE color seeds that I saved from last year BUT my plants are blooming YELLOW flowers. Do your know why?
This is the second season in my new home & last year the flowers were orange.
Strange huh? The seeds I saved were from French marigolds & bloomed profusely. Thanks much.

Actual reason is the highly

By amit

Actual reason is the highly cross pollinated nature of this crop. If you want to assurance on the colour of flower, then collet the seeds only after selfing of the same flower and this process must be repeated 3-4 generations.

My marigold are about a month

By valerie_t_n

My marigold are about a month along, and about 18" tall. No signs of blooms! There are a lot of healthy leaves, but the stems have the little buds of roots (like on a tomato plant) and some of them lie on the ground before growing upward. Did I do something wrong? Should I cover the bases with more soil?

If marigolds do not bloom but

By Almanac Staff

If marigolds do not bloom but have lush foliage, the common reasons are 1) too much fertilizing. Stop feeding. 2) not enough sunlight. Marigolds need FULL and direct sun, and/or 3) Very high summer heat. Add a few inches of mulch to cool down the soil. In the case of #1 and #3, the plant should bloom again.

I planted some marigolds in

By Joni Ouellette

I planted some marigolds in pots and they looked great at the beginning. Now the flowers are dying before they even bloom and I'm afraid that I've been over-watering them. If I start watering less and let the soil dry out between waterings, will they come back or have I done too much damage to save them?

It could be a number of

By Almanac Staff

It could be a number of issues.  It the flowers are drying up or shriveling before they die, it's probably a fungal disease which would be due to lots of rain or overhead watering. We may have to pull out the infected plants, including the roots, this year, but you can wait to see what happens. Water at the base of the plant and/or use drip irrigation.

We have planted marigolds

By Bobby Ward

We have planted marigolds seeds from last year plants.We planted them around our trees,mailbox and potts,we have real tall stems and leaves but no flowers...do you know when we should start seeing buds or flowers...We live in North Carolina...Thank You
Yes,we planted them couple of months ago,they do get full sun light

Hi, Bobby, Marigolds require

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Bobby,
Marigolds require 45 to 50 days to flower after seeding, so perhaps the blooms will come soon.
The only other possibility is that your soil is too rich—too heavily composted or ferilized. Marigolds do not require anything special or excessive in terms of soil or conditions.
Hope this helps!

wHAT IS TH PROPER METHOD OF

By MJM

wHAT IS TH PROPER METHOD OF DEADHEADING FLOWERS/

Deadheading is pinching off

By Almanac Staff

Deadheading is pinching off or cutting back or, essentially, pruning the spent bloom, or flower, from a plant. The particulars of the method can vary a little from plant to plant (ok, some would say a lot), but essentially, you want to remove the spent flower so that the plant can expend its energy producing more, not helping a faded bloom to ease into its final form.
Hope this helps!

After pulling these deadheads

By Kimberly Foreman

After pulling these deadheads off can you replant the seeds that come from the inside? Will they need to sit to dry first? Sometimes when I go to pull them only the seeds come from the center. I throw them back to the ground hoping they may catch eventually.

Yes, we answered this

By Almanac Staff

Yes, we answered this question below. You can save seeds from this year's plants. Wait until the flower heads are brown and dried. Pinch the ends with your thumb and index finger of each hand, then pull apart and the seeds will slide out without any problem. The seeds are thin, black, and pointy.
Store the seeds in a cool and dry place and replant next year.
In some climates, you can just sow the seed in the ground now wherever you'd like them to grow next year.

Folks, please read this page

By Almanac Staff

Folks, please read this page and comments to see if your question has already been answered so we can focus our limited time on new questions for you. This question is answered below. When you deadhead marigolds, remove each fading flower and its individual stem. Do this after you transplant. As long as the flower is pinched as it passes its peak, the flower will keep blooming through the season. You need to deadhead when it's their time, not your time, but if you deadhead at different times, you should see continue blooms at different times, too.

Marigold Killers

By Nony

Marigold Killers (Unintentionally)

My husband and I planted marigolds yesterday based on suggestions provided to us by garden center staff. However, those suggestions are far different than what I read here. I will describe what we have done so far with the hope you will be able to tell us what do do from here to give them the best chance of survival.

We live in Zone 7B. We alternated marigolds and Celosia (Cockscombs) every 8-10" or so. We put down peat moss (because it is so rich in nutrients despite feeling very dry), mixed a little dry Miracle Grow "soil" in the top of the peat moss as well, and planted. We covered all the flowers with rubberized mulch to seal in the moisture and watered all the flowers yesterday and again today.

Have we killed them before they ever had a chance to live?

Thanks in advance for your time and assistance!

You have not killed the

By Almanac Staff

You have not killed the marigolds. They will do fine. You may have pampered them a bit much but going forward only water when the soil is dry and do not add more fertilizer. Marigolds thrive on neglect.

Wait, what? this seems

By Laura_S

Wait, what? this seems contradictory:

"If planting in containers, use a soil-based potting mix; during growing season, water freely and apply a balanced liquid fertilizer weekly."

" Do not fertilize marigolds. Too rich a diet stimulates lush foliage at the expense of flowers. Marigolds bloom better and more profusely in poor soil."

So which is it? Potting mix with liquid fertilizer or poor soil with none? If planting in a garden, is the plain dirt/top soil okay or should I add compost?

Marigolds like poor to

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds like poor to average soil. No need to add compost. Just make sure that the soil drains well as marigolds don't like "wet feet".

Thanks! Maybe fix the article

By Laura S

Thanks! Maybe fix the article cause like I said it seems a bit contradictory.

Second question though, if I'm planting marigolds around tomatoes to repel pests, should I grow them bushy with more leaves or thinner with more flowers? Which deters more pests?

Marigold leaves are usually

By Almanac Staff

Marigold leaves are usually strongly scented. Keep the plants bushy but do let them flower. The flowers attract beneficial insects.

I have been asked to decorate

By DIY cake decorator

I have been asked to decorate a wedding cake with marigolds - that would be just the cut heads.
I know they are hardy, will they survive 8-10 hours out of water OK?
Will it be best to give (just) the flowers a good "pre-soak" the day before or will that not suit them. I know that the whole plant does not like too much water as a rule?

Thanks

Since this is a wedding cake,

By Shannon Jensen

Since this is a wedding cake, you might want to do a test run with the great coaching you got from the other post you got. That way, you'd know exactly what to expect with a dry run.

Wishing best blessings your way helping out with this wonderful moment!

Cut newly opened blooms early

By Almanac Staff

Cut newly opened blooms early in the morning and immediately set the stems in a container with warm water. Later cut the stems under running water before decorating the cake to prolong the freshness. Keep the cake as cool as possible and the flowers will look great.

I planted my Jaguar marigolds

By Cloverallovermd

I planted my Jaguar marigolds on April 6th, so I'm roughly on day 51 right now. Once true leaves were present, I transplanted to a window planter with high moisture potting soil into direct sunlight and I always move them under a covered porch when we get heavy rainfall. Could any of this cause them to be leggy? Mine have so many leaves. In the center of each plant is a little bulb that looks like it might be a flower, but I'm not sure it is. How much longer do you think it'll take for my marigolds to flower?

Thanks,
Karen

Marigolds typically take 50

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds typically take 50 days to bloom, but don't worry--these are just guidelines! It sounds like your plants are very healthy and you are taking good care of them. Your patience will pay off.

This is the first time I

By Debbief81

This is the first time I plant marigolds. They did fine in the pot the first week. Then today I noticed all the flower buds are full of black dots that almost look like tiny eggs and the plant is swarming with little ants, especially on the flower buds. Help. What could it be and What do I do? I planted two pots, the other is just fine...

It sounds like you have

By BrianG

It sounds like you have aphids, or "ant cows" as they are sometimes called. Ants carry aphids to the tender new plant growth where the aphids then suck on the plants and excrete honey dew that the ants then eat. They can be knocked off with a spray from a garden hose (be careful not to damage the plant) temporarily, but for permanent control, the ants need to be controlled.

Good luck!

Thank you so much. I am

By Debbief81

Thank you so much. I am clueless about these things. The funny thing is not being sure what to do, that's the first thing that came to mind; sprayed the ants with water!

I saved the heads of

By stacie angelo

I saved the heads of marigolds last summer. I am looking to plant them in a box (I'm guessing NOW) but I am unsure of how many seeds to plant and how. I'm new to this and hoping I did the right thing. I saved them all in a pot in a cool dry place all winter. Would love some advice.

I started my calendula from

By First Time Gardener

I started my calendula from seed in the small peat pellets from Jiffy. They grew well and still look healthy and green, but they have all fallen over as if too heavy. I am waiting for the weather to get warmer before transplanting them outside.
Is it possible they have just overgrown the pellets? Will they pick back up when I transplant them outside or should I just plant new seeds?

The seedlings grow tall as

By Almanac Staff

The seedlings grow tall as they are reaching for more light. Try moving the pots to a sunnier spot or plant them in a bigger container that you can put outside but bring in if the weather turns cold.

how do you keep marigolds

By joshua jobe

how do you keep marigolds alive through the winter
and how can u keep small seedlings alive
and keep them growing
thank for any tips you may have

Marigolds are considered

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds are considered annuals. You may have some luck in bringing your marigolds indoors, but in general, annuals grow and thrive for one season.
What you might try is saving the seeds and then planting them next year.

I recently planted marigolds

By EnglishSteve

I recently planted marigolds in my front garden. I had noticed a small tunnel system but I wasn't sure if it was active. The next day two of the plants had the main stems chewed, one of which, the animal had actually tried to take the full blossom into the hole. Can you think of a north Georgia animal that might do this?

I found out today that it's a

By EnglishSteve

I found out today that it's a ground squirrel!

I have planted marigold in

By Putulonline

I have planted marigold in middle of April. I lived at Nebraska . In summer temperature is too high. I noticed some white spot on leaves and flowers. They got enough sunlight( more than 6 hrs) in my patio. What should i do to take care of marigold?

Did you fertilize? Sometimes

By Almanac Staff

Did you fertilize? Sometimes white spots on marigolds come from fertilizer burns. Make sure any fertilizer is totally diluted in water and keep it off the petals and leaves. Or, small white dots on the leaves of marigolds could mean spider mites. Just spray forcefully with water every other day for three days and knock them off the leaves.

How much water does marigolds

By Justin Shr

How much water does marigolds need and how often?

You need to check the soil to

By Almanac Staff

You need to check the soil to know when your marigolds need watering. Allow the soil to dry somewhat between watering, then water well, then repeat the process. Do not water marigolds from overhead. Water at the base of the plant. 

And also my marigold is

By tobirama

And also my marigold is inside the teres. teres is like a balcony but it is rather found next to the living room. It is only being shined every morning but not in the afternoon. Should I place it outside or is it okay inside the teres. But the thing is it is only being shined by the sunlight every morning only. Thank You!!!

Marigolds need as much sun as

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds need as much sun as possible. It's better for them to be outside in full sun.

Do i have to dispose my

By tobirama

Do i have to dispose my marigold? Because I always wet the leaves? And is it okay to grow in hot climate like here in the philippines? Thank you.

If marigolds are left potted

By Anita Haven

If marigolds are left potted and never planted in the ground, will they keep year round if they are brought into the house when it gets cold?

Marigolds are considered

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds are considered annuals. You may have some luck in bringing your marigolds indoor, but in general, annuals grow and thrive for one season.
What you might try is saving the seeds and then planting them next year.

my marigold wont grow i

By John Beckings

my marigold wont grow i bought the best fertalizer(cow dumpings) and it wont sprout up what am i doing wrong!!!!! btw i live in arizona

Cow manure or any organic

By Almanac Staff

Cow manure or any organic matter mixed into soil is fine; ensure manure is aged or composted for 12 months before you apply to soil.
--Did the seeds get sowed too deep? You don't need to cover the seeds with soil. It's best off uncovered on top of soil. Or just poke a pencil in the ground, drop the seed in, and mist with water.
--Don't overwater or the seeds will rot. Allow the soil to dry somewhat between watering.
--Is there plenty of sun and warmth?
--You could try stratifying (cooling) the seeds for about 6 weeks in the refrigerator to improve odds.
Marigold should take 2 to 3 weeks to germinate.

Hey everyone. I am a clueless

By hippie_flower

Hey everyone. I am a clueless male to flowers, but need some advice on taking the best care of a French Marigold (Dwarf). My boss gave me and around 20 of the other managers at my job a small one and said whoever can keep them alive the longest will get $1000. I wouldn't normally take care of a flower but am very competitive and want to beat everybody else! I live in Florida currently but will be moving to Baltimore in 3 weeks and staying there for 5 months. I'm assuming different climates affect how you treat it? How much sun does it need? How much water do I give it daily/weekly? Are there certain fertilizers or other products I can give it to maintain and extend the lifespan? I appreciate any tips you can give, thanks!

I have a marigold plant in a

By Jessica Piper

I have a marigold plant in a pot. I give it lots of sun and lots of water, yet the smaller leaves near the top of the stem have started to turn brown and are curling in. Is my plant dying? What should I do?

Let the soil dry out before

By Almanac Staff

Let the soil dry out before you water again. Marigolds don't need much water. Also check for insect pests.

Last week I bought some

By Janice Jockisch

Last week I bought some marigolds for my sister. The ones still in the flats are fine, but the ones she planted in containers are turning black. What could be causing this and how do we fix it?

If the black spots are on the

By Almanac Staff

If the black spots are on the leaves, it could be leaf spot, a fungal disease often caused because of overwatering as well as getting water on the leaves. If it's not too bad, you can pick off the infected leaves. If it's serious, you'll probably have to discard the plants--and infected soil. Avoid overwatering. Take care to always water at the base of a plant and avoid getting the leaves wet. Mulching helps, too. Finally, make sure the plants are spaced so that there is plenty of air circulation.
 

I read marigold seeds should

By GloryB

I read marigold seeds should be stored in a cool, dry place. I placed last year's seeds in a plastic baggie and put in refrigerator. Started a few seeds indoors a couple weeks ago with no results. Have I ruined the seeds by refrigeration? Thank you.

No worries. It's fine to

By Almanac Staff

No worries. It's fine to store seeds in a cool basement or in the refrigerator. 

I let my marigolds completely

By Roxy K.

I let my marigolds completely die over the fall and want to regrow them. I live in Utah and am not sure how to
start. Can they still be regrown?

The marigold is an annual so

By Almanac Staff

The marigold is an annual so you'll want to plant new seeds and set in the ground once all danger of frost is past.

I'm new in growing marigolds.

By Lady Banker

I'm new in growing marigolds. How many seeds do I put in each pot so as to start a new plant?

Each and every seed can form

By Andrew jackson

Each and every seed can form a new plant but it is usual to put three or four in each pot. Then lady banker you have the hard job as Mother Nature to pinch out and discard the weakest slow growing from each pot to leave only one.

Thank you Mr. Jackson. Have a

By Lady Banker

Thank you Mr. Jackson. Have a great day.

how long does seeds take to

By tony cooper

how long does seeds take to sprout if seeing indoors under a lamp?

Hi Tony, Marigold seeds are

By Almanac Staff

Hi Tony,
Marigold seeds are quick to germinate. You should see some growth in 3 to 4 days.
Good luck!

I am a beginning gardener and

By Vernae Floyd

I am a beginning gardener and I am staring a box garden with, kale, spinach, and romaine. Can I plant marigolds next to the greens to ward away pest?

Marigolds can be helpful but

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds can be helpful but let's not overpromise; they really most effective when they are planted in large quantities as a cover crop -- and only proven to manage nematodes (worms in the soil that feed on plants), not most insects.
Aphids are the most common insect on vegetables. Consider adding plants that attract beneficial insects that eat aphids. Plant cosmos, parsley, and dill.
Slugs like lettuce. Circle them with crushed up eggshells on the ground around the plants' base.
Keep an eye out for small insects and spray an insecticidal soap on all sides of the leaves as soon as you spot them.
Also, use good soil with lots of organic matter.
Finally, just water your plants at the base, not on the leaves, as dampness attracts disease.
Hope this gets you started!

Thank you so much! Will try

By Vernae Floyd

Thank you so much! Will try the parsley. I live in the USVI. I brought a packet of strawberry seeds (Alpine). I read that strawberries are cold weather plants. Do they stand a chance in containers or box garden in tropical weather? Currently nights are abut 75 degrees, day time about 85 to 88 degrees.

AS A BEGINNER, I HAVE LEARNT

By G.Kukreja

AS A BEGINNER, I HAVE LEARNT A LOT FOR GARDENING,THANK YOU

I live in Tampa, Florida and

By J. Ellison

I live in Tampa, Florida and I have some seeds. These are my 3 yr olds favorite flower. I was wondering if I should wait to plant them or if I can do it now? This is going to be the first plant I have tried to take care of so any additional advice helps. Thank you.

In Florida you can plant

By Almanac Staff

In Florida you can plant seeds now. Marigolds are very easy to grow. Try planting them in pots. That way you can move the pots so that they get as much sun as possible and if you get a cold spell you can move them into a protected area.
Good luck!

Plant the marigold seeds in

By Chris McNeely

Plant the marigold seeds in late spring or early summer.

I live in north dakota and it

By sara knaus

I live in north dakota and it is fall in this area waiting on winter to arrive but need to prepare my plants for the change. I am wondering if i need to completely pull my marigolds out of the soil to prepare to replant them next year or do i just leave them be and deal with them next year?

It's good practice too clean

By Almanac Staff

It's good practice too clean the garden in the fall. Look for seed pods on your marigold plants before you toss them on the compost pile. The seeds are easy to store and you can sow them next spring in the garden.

I have marigolds that are 54

By bbyrum14

I have marigolds that are 54 inches tall. I have been harvesting the seeds. I have never seen marigolds get this tall. the blooms are sometimes 5" in width or greater. Is this normal? I am sure that I have the American variety. I planted them from seeds that I harvested a few years back.

The "African Marigold" can

By Almanac Staff

The "African Marigold" can get up to 3 feet tall! It may need staking. It's the "French Marigold" which is the petite size that many people know.  Despite the name, both come from Mexico.

I actually seeded marigolds

By Jessica fahnestock

I actually seeded marigolds and they are standing just about 4 foot tall. I started them indoors and kept soil moist. now that they have been outside they have gotten huge and looking like a bush. I also water them often and provide them with plant food.

I have found my Marigolds to

By Jessica Shippee

I have found my Marigolds to have grown quite tall! They are on stems about 36-46" overall. The problem is, a good windy storm and they topple or just weaken and will not stay upgright anymore. I will find them crashed and burned on the ground or the entire grouping leaning to one side.

A. Can I add something to the fertilizer to strengthen the stem or

B. Can I cut them back about halfway (though they are blooming beautifully) and maybe hope they will bud earlier on the stem?

At this point in the season,

By Almanac Staff

At this point in the season, we would cut back up to one-third of the plant. Then fertilize lightly with a balanced plant food. It may take a week or two for the marigolds to recover but they should be fine. Next year, if you grow marigolds, you really want to pinch or cut back the new buds and foliage tips when they are 6 to 78 inches tall. This encourages branching to create a bushier plant that won't topple in the wind.

Can marigold plants be pulled

By Dr Ted

Can marigold plants be pulled and hung upside down then replanted the following year or do I have to wait and try to collect seed stock for next season?

You can save seeds from this

By Almanac Staff

You can save seeds from this year's plants. Wait until the flower heads are brown and dried. Pinch the ends with your thumb and index finger of each hand, then pull apart and the seeds will slide out without any problem. The seeds are thin, black, and pointy.
Store the seeds in a cool and dry place and replant next year.
In some climates, you can just sow the seed in the ground now wherever you'd like them to grow next year.

I saved seed from last year

By Tina Harms

I saved seed from last year and planted this year. Last year plants were about 18" tall. This year they just don't seem to want to get any taller than 6". Any ideas why???

About 18 years ago I noticed

By Bobby Joe

About 18 years ago I noticed one marigold plant in my yard grew to 24 inches while all the rest were about 12. Every year since I have continued this linear generation and now my plants are all over 30 inches and very bushy. They seem to be late bloomers, the bulk of the flowers coming in Sept. and Oct. Some years they will bloom well past Thanksgiving if we had no frost yet. I have always wondered if this strain has any commercial value if grown on a large scale. The stems are red, no doubt full of quercetin, and the orange flowers might be good for chicken feed. Any ideas ?

Hi Bobby Joe, I came across

By Arvin Singh

Hi Bobby Joe, I came across your posting and want to ask if you still have some seeds from your late blooming marigold plant (flowers in Sept & October)? Or if you have some of these plants in your garden, please let some flowers dry really well on the plants before you pick them.... so you can send some to me. I am interested in Marigolds - all varieties and want to study your variety further and see if I plant them in Western Washington, I get the same results. I will pay for postage, plus some and send you my mailing address.

Thanks\ Arvin

It sounds as if you have a

By Almanac Staff

It sounds as if you have a niche market. Perhaps test it out at a local farmers' market and see how it goes. You could call your local cooperative extension (usually run by a university with research staff) to see if they have any recommendations.

My marigolds are great and

By Arizona

My marigolds are great and bushy and green up top, but the stems are dying. What could be the problem? I don't see any bugs and I haven't used any fertilizer.

Stem rot can cause stems to

By Almanac Staff

Stem rot can cause stems to wilt and die. Make sure that you have good drainage and ventilation around the plants.

My marigolds were blooming

By Debi Pyle

My marigolds were blooming beautifully now all the sudden the buds are dying before they open.Turning black and drying out.Why would that happen?

Are you growing the marigolds

By Almanac Staff

Are you growing the marigolds in pots? If you do they may be root/pot bound and need to be replanted in bigger pots. Make sure you keep the soil moist and also give the plants some fertilizer.

My marigolds survived the

By Christine Vigue

My marigolds survived the winter outside in a pot and came back in the spring. They were covered with buds in June, but the buds never opened. Why??? They get a lot of sun.

Did the buds dry up or did

By Almanac Staff

Did the buds dry up or did they fall off? Did you maybe get an insect pest that ate the buds? It's hard to tell why your buds didn't open. It could also be weather related (a dramatic change from cold to very hot, or a period of wet rainy weather).

I'm wanting to plant a

By Kayla Palmer

I'm wanting to plant a mixture or marigold and other insect repelling plants around my house. My question is we live on low land and mainly year around have moist black top soil...since it lists marigolds for mainly dry climate will I be basically wasting my money trying to plants marigolds?

There is a "Marsh Marigold"

By Almanac Staff

There is a "Marsh Marigold" (Caltha palustris) that grows better in moist soil -- in zones: 2-7. http://www.wiseacre-gardens.com/plants/wildflower/marshmarigold.html

This will be my first time

By Charu

This will be my first time planting marigold in container ,bought from nursery,lots of buds r there,but leaves turn brown,what should I do?

Brown leaves can be minor or

By Almanac Staff

Brown leaves can be minor or major. Are the leaves dry and crumbly? If so, the plants are just getting baked on a patio and the sun is just too intense. Conversely, leaves can get brown when it's too cold.  
If the leaves are brown AND the plant is wilting, you may have white mold. Do you see any white material on the stem or at the base of the plant? If so, this is serious. It either developed post-purchase or at the nursery. This problem happens when plants are watered from overhead instead of at soil line and also when plants are spaced too closely together and don't get enough air circulation. Bring a sample to the nursury or to your local county extension office.

We've purchased seeds to

By Hilarie Coate

We've purchased seeds to plant so we can have fresh marigolds for Nov 2, Day of the Dead. Here in Mendocino we have a cool foggy climate, have we waited to long to plant the seeds?

My marigold has two leaves

By lywingsing

My marigold has two leaves that each have dried spots on their edges. The spots feel crunchy like dried, dead leaves and are a bit gray/silver and also somewat transparent(i can see my finger if i put it on the underside). It hasn't bloomed yet, only two leaves are affected, and is about 5.5 inches tall. I also grow it in a plastic container(poked holes all over to increase drainage and circulation). hopefully, it will overcome the problem! but i would like suggestions anyway

The plant is probably getting

By Almanac Staff

The plant is probably getting cooked on your deck or wherever they are. Also, make sure your container is large enough. Small containers (such as the ones the plants are sold in) can't store enough water to get through hot day. Large pots also insulate roots better. You could place this pot in another planter to provide some insulation for the root system. 

Also, where does the

By lywingsing

Also, where does the insect-replling odor come from? The marigold's leaves, flowers? a scientific explanation would be nice, but a to-the-point one is ok

Here is information about

By Almanac Staff

Here is information about marigolds and why they deter some pests: http://www.uri.edu/ce/factsheets/sheets/compplant.html

I have been saving the dead

By Jan Carr

I have been saving the dead heads from my marigolds for years and have had average success in planting them in pots in the spring. This year, however, none of the seeds germinated in any of the pots in which I planted them. I know the seeds were from last year's crop. My concerns are: how much soil do you put on the seeds--just barely covered, an inch, how much? Will seeds from two or three previous years germinate? How wet should you keep the soil be during the germinating process-damp or well watered.

let the seeds dry out

By tony-lee

let the seeds dry out completely first and then plant out the seeds from the marigolds in a middle size pot and use multi purpose compost

hi jan, just a light sprinkle

By tony-lee

hi jan,
just a light sprinkle of soil do not put to much on

I do the same with all my

By t.woodgate

I do the same with all my plants that seed. But I introduce new seed every so often. Every 3 years with marigolds. Never have any problems.

Tell me. The. Pesticides for.

By Vittal

Tell me. The. Pesticides for. Marigold

What is the problem that you

By Almanac Staff

What is the problem that you are having? When using pesticides, you want to target the specific pest. Frankly, marigolds do not often need pesticides.

I've grown 40 Marigolds over

By Blaghh

I've grown 40 Marigolds over 5 years. I have grown them from seeds, bought saplings from market, etc. And I found out that Marigolds tend to attract Slugs quite unusually. I've tried everything to get rid of these slugs without killing them. But eventually I had to spray salt on the leaves of my Marigold.... Next morning you see a slimy trail leading to a dead slug.

my teacher gave me these

By Qing Yu

my teacher gave me these plant-able cups to plant dwarf marigolds in. I used one to plant four...and they grew, but then my mom came over and tore them apart, saying that they would grow better that way. but I took a close look at the plants and I could see torn roots...and she insisted to put in fertilizer. Was she right to do so?

It depends on the size. When

By Almanac Staff

It depends on the size. When sprouts are a few inches tall, you thin them by pulling up the weaker, overcrowded ones, to allow space for the remaining ones to grow. However, once they are grow, we do not recommend tearing them apart. When we plant in pots or cups (versus the ground), we use a "soilless potting mix" not garden soil. If it was soil, we would simply mix in organic matter such as compost, but container mix isn't soil so you do want to add in some fertilizer. Ask your garden center. Water them regularly as pots or cups tend to dry out more quickly than soil.

My marigold plant leaves are

By PEMA LAMA

My marigold plant leaves are drying even before flowering.
Can you suggest me the remedy?

Are your marigolds near a

By Almanac Staff

Are your marigolds near a window or on a patio? Usually this happens because the sun is too direct and the marigolds are beng cooked. Try placing in a different area where they get sun but they're not being burned.

I planted my marigolds in

By Stephanie Cormier

I planted my marigolds in April. They are in a pot as I do not have a garden. They grew quite nicely over 1 foot tall but it is now july 4th and they have yet to produce a flower. What am I doing wrong?

Marigolds need a LOT of sun

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds need a LOT of sun to bloom. Also, do not fertilize marigolds. Too rich a diet stimulates lush foliage at the expense of flowers.

I bought some 10 cent

By allip

I bought some 10 cent packs...flowers grew in a few places, but those have gone wild-doubling every week

Is it a good idea to pinch

By Heirjo

Is it a good idea to pinch out the first flowerhead of a French Marigold plant to encourage the plant to bush out and produce even more flowers? My husband bought several and planted them in our garden but I don't want to pinch out the flowerheads just in case I'd be doing the wrong thing.

Yes, you are correct. Pinch

By Almanac Staff

Yes, you are correct. Pinch off the first flowers of the marigold plant before they open. This will encourage more flowers.

My Marigolds get full sun,

By Robert VIno

My Marigolds get full sun, nice, but average soil, have had lots of water but good drainage and have been planted 4 weeks but not even the buds present when we planted have bloomed as the plants have not grown a bit and might be starting to die. Suspended animation. I did add crushed brick on top about 10 years ago and have not had a good crop since. Did I destroy the PH or something? Last year we redid the top with cedar bark. We love marigolds and am very disappointed.

Marigolds really aren't fussy

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds really aren't fussy about soil and, in fact, can thrive in poor soil as long as there is good drainage (which you say they have). It's fine to use cedar bark as a mulch on the soil surface. It doesn't dramatically change the pH (nor does crushed brick). We don't, however, recommend incorporating wood/bark chips into the soil itself or in cultivated soil and seed beds as it can create a nitrogen deficiency and decrease soil oxygen levels.
Do you have high heat this year? That is often a reason for lack of bloom. If so, we'd recommend 2 to 3 inches of organic mulch to keep in the moisture.
Otherwise, do you see any wilting of the foliage, discolored spots, or a coating of mildew? This indicates one of several fungal infections. Take a sample to your local cooperative extension for a diagnosis.

It was mid 80s yesterday and

By twisted cat

It was mid 80s yesterday and I planted my marigolds from farmers market that morn at 3 that afternoon. I heavily watered them but now after reading others questions, am afraid I did it wrong. First flower I ever planted in a bed

Thank you for your comment. I

By JLRNY

Thank you for your comment. I just did the same thing today too. I planted marigolds I got from a local farm market this afternoon, about 5 pm, and I did water the garden where I planted seeds of carrots, peas and the marigolds. The marigolds were well grown, about 6" tall, and I planted them, they already bloomed, very pretty. I also felt like I made a mistake too as I watered them too, and it was near 80 degrees here too. I hope they are okay tomorrow.
Thanks again for your comment as I did the same thing you did.

Keep the plants watered and

By Almanac Staff

Keep the plants watered and provide a bit of shade if it is very hot during the day. Your marigolds should be OK.

Every year i plant them &

By Auntie Ei

Every year i plant them & every year i kill them. 20 dyeing already. Help! Head goes brown then leaves only 3" high.

Read the planting and caring

By Almanac Staff

Read the planting and caring advice above. Make sure your marigolds get sun and water when the soil gets dry. Marigold don't need much care and are pretty easy to grow. Remember to deadhead the spent flowers.

Surprise May Frost

By Anonymous

The nursery I buy my pre-bloomed flowers at doesn't sell flowers until they are safe to plant here in northern NJ. But the weather is getting unpredictable. I know in the Fall they won't die with just one night of frost but it's Spring and we haven't been in the 30s in over a week. I have Antigua Marigolds, Valentine Lace Begonias, Snowland Daisies, Verbatems and Agratums in pots in my garden. I left the Pansies outside but the low is for 38 and AOL weather is warning of a POSSIBLE frost. My nursery said they should still be fin but I brought them inside. The heat is on but they stabilize it around 65 at my condo. Did I do the right thing to bring them in?

first time planting mariglods

By Anonymous

This year will be my first time planting maraigolds and other flowers in a garden. I have tried many times planting inside but have always killed them. I have read the other post and understand some of what's being said. I'm just unsure of when to transplant to outside I'm in Wyoming. I'm also unsure if the deadheading when would I do that?

Transplant when there is no

By Almanac Staff

Transplant when there is no more risk of frost and the soil has warmed up a bit.

Deadhead the flowers after they have blossomed and starting to fade. You can wait a little longer and let the flower go to seed. Then pinch of the seed head and save the seeds for next season.

Seedlings

By Anonymous

My seedlings are coming up nicely in planters.How long before I see flowers?

Marigolds take about 45 to 50

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds take about 45 to 50 days to flower after you plant seeds.

Fetilize or not

By Anonymous

Under your planting tips section, you say to fertilize weekly, but under the care section you say don't fertilize. Thoroughly confused here! So if you don't mind, which is correct.

Marigolds do not need a lot

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds do not need a lot of fertilizer if they are growing in good soil. Fertilize only in the spring when you transplant the seedlings. Too much fertilizer will produce lots of foliage and just a few blossoms.

marigold pests

By Anonymous

What could be eating my marigolds? A few plants have no leaves left!

Consider wood chucks. I left

By Hattie

Consider wood chucks. I left some tall marigolds on my deck ,
walked to the garden to plant other items,and returned to discover marigold stumps. A fat woodchuck lived here at the time.

You probably have slugs or

By Almanac Staff

You probably have slugs or snails in your garden that eat the marigolds. Put some crushed egg shells or sand around the plants to discourage them.

Sand and egg shells are a

By Seamus Gallen

Sand and egg shells are a standard recipe for snails and slugs, but they are almost useless. Over many years, I have found only two things that work. Pellets and "harvesting" the pests by hand at night. But, it's only a problem while the seedlings are small. Once they develop, the pests will leave them alone.

Self-Seeding Marigold Bed?

By Anonymous

We moved into a rental last summer, and it has a long raised marigold bed. Our landlords said they just let the marigolds die and re-seed on their own each year, and that they perform no maintenance. However, since marigolds are annuals, I should be able to pull all the old dead foliage from last year without compromising the seeds, right? The dead stuff looks ugly hanging out in the flower bed, but I don't want to screw up their marigolds!

Marigolds are annuals but can

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds are annuals but can also reseed in warmer climates. However, you can still pull the dead plants. If they reseeded, their seeds already fell. Or, you can look at the marigold seed heads and see if you can save them and direct seed.
Note: sometimes birds eat the seeds or they blow away or conditions aren't right for reseeding.
Normally, if you don't want to leave it to chance, you would gather the seeds once the pods have dried and save them; they easily grow by direct sowing next year.
At this point, we'd pull the plants and then plant new seeds. Frankly, marigolds are one of the easiest and cheapest seeds to grow. That's why they are a common flower for children to grow. Follow our planting information on this page.

Marigolds

By Anonymous

Planted 10 marigolds on my garden, they receive full sun, but the temperature at night is 50s. Tampa fl. should I have waited?

In central Florida, marigolds

By Almanac Staff

In central Florida, marigolds are best planted March through August. The night time temperature shouldn't go below 60 degrees. See how it goes! Their growth may just be a bit slowed.

marigolds

By Anonymous

Hi I had Marigolds in a part of my garden last year and they seemed fine grew to about a 1/2m but did not flower as I expected!!but this season most of of my Marigolds have grown to over 2m tall and have not flowered..when they were about a meter tall I cut the tops off hoping they would spread and flower..but the just grew taller,we water in the afternoon and first thing in the morning before sunup.The soil is slightly clay and they get the sun most of the day!!!This years plants are from last years seeds!!! I am totaly confused!!!!

marigolds

By Anonymous

Maybe you are putting too much work into them? I choose them because they are so easy. Is your soil over fertilized? Is there good drainage? I'm in upstate ny. Mine did not bloom last year until july-ish.

marigold bloom

By Almanac Staff

Depending on the timing of when you cut the tops off, you may have pruned off any flower buds that were developing. Flowers develop usually as the plant is close to mature height. Shearing 1/3 of the taller marigolds can be done, if needed, usually in midsummer after bloom has diminished somewhat and the plants are looking a bit scraggly. Dwarf marigolds do not need to be sheared--just deadheaded. If you are not getting any blooms, it may be possible that they are receiving too much nitrogen, which encourages leaves and stems rather than flowers. The soil should be well-drained, but marigolds like soil of average to poor quality as to fertility. Also, planting them out too early may slow flowering if the weather is cool. They like warmth--but very hot summers can also affect blooming.

Marigolds

By Anonymous

I have a question i just bought some marigolds at home depot about 12 or so and i was wondering when is the time to plant them as i live in Pflugerville tx just north of austin tx and if i do plant them now can they with stand temps in the mid 30's thanks ryan

Wait a couple of weeks to

By Almanac Staff

Wait a couple of weeks to plant outdoors. The soil needs to warm up a bit and you don't want to risk frost damage.

Marigold - Dried leaves at base

By Anonymous

I have planted 4 African marigold plants with orange blooms in a row in a planter box after buying the plants from a nursery. The plants thrived very well for slightly more than a week. The plants are receiving lots of sun and are shielded largely from the rain but I have been watering them once a day. Temperatures can go up to 32 celcius (as I live in a tropical country). Over the last 2 days, 2 of the plants' leaves are drying up from the bottom part of the plant. Are the plants burnt by the sun and should I water more? Strangely, another planter box of yellow marigolds which are placed in the same area of my garden under the same conditions are thriving well and show no similar signs. Please help - need advice to save my orange marigolds. Many thanks.

Saving African Marigolds

By Almanac Staff

Our sources indicate that that this plant thrives under hot, dry conditions...so it could be that by watering once per day, you're drowning them. (Few plants require water everyday.) If the soil is saturated now, you might be able to save them if you remove them and replant them in dry soil. Presumably the plants will be loaded with moisture, so you wouldn't need to water again for a couple or a few days. Make sure that the new (or old) soil is well-draining; one way of doing that is to include some sand or other material that does not absorb water (not peat, for example). These plants thrive in drought areas and xeriscape gardens; that means that they require very little water. Think drops . . . like a rare rain shower.
If it's too late to save these, you could think about replacing them with new plants. It's an additional expense, but with their fragrance and attraction to butterflies, they are a wonderful plant. Good luck!

Marigolds and nothing is happening

By Anonymous

planted a few punnets of marigold in a sunny position and after 3 weeks no growth is to be seen, location is Melbourne (Aust) a temperate climate its springtime here and everything else is going hell for leather

Withering Yellow Marigold Flowers

By Anonymous

I bought some merigold plants from local nurseries last week which I immediately transplanted them into my larger pot.

A week later, the golden flower of my merigold started to show sign of withering away. The flowers got some dark spots and loses strength, turned floppy and drooping down.

What went wrong?

Marigolds are hearty plants.

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds are hearty plants. The dark spots and wilting suggest, however, that they may have a bacterial disease. If so, infected plants need to be removed. To get a diagnosis, we suggest that you bring a sample back to the local nurseries. To avoid bacterial disease, soil must be sterile and disease-free; overhead watering should be avoided.

Disease

By Anonymous

To avoid diseases, water the Marigolds in the morning.

Mexican marigolds (Mexican "tarragon")

By Anonymous

This summer, I discovered this robust substitute for French tarragon! I bought a large pot of it, and planted it in the garden. I love it, and have dried a lot of it.

With winter approaching, I hate to say goodbye to this beautiful plant. I've considered potting it up and bringing it indoors to over-winter under fluorescent lights. I've read that Mexican marigold will die back during cold outdoor weather, then send up new growth in the spring. If I bring it indoors, will it continue to thrive, or will this just kill it?

Beth, in Atlanta

In southern regions the

By Almanac Staff

In southern regions the marigold plant is perennial and grows year round. If you bring the plant indoors and give it plenty of light it should do well. If you leave it outdoors it will die back and sprout again in the spring.

Large Potted Marigold

By Anonymous

I just purchased a beautiful large rust colored marigold potted plant. It is so thick I can't tell if it's getting enough water. The blooms were gorgeous when I got it. Now they seem to be fading and somewhat dry. I need a happy medium schedule for watering. I was afraid I was over-watering, now I'm afraid I have under-watered. How often should I water, and should I soak it and then let it dry out completely? I live in Phoenix, AZ and it is still quite hot here.

Deadheading is a must with

By Anonymous

Deadheading is a must with marigolds. When the blooms start to wither, turn brown and become spent, immediatly pluck that bloom off. it will encourage new growth.

Dryness

By Anonymous

Try completely saturating the root-ball every day if there isn’t rain.

Water thoroughly once a week

By Sarah Perreault

Water thoroughly once a week if it has not rained at least an inch that week. Water deeply when dry (vs. shallow and often).

Over Watered??

By Anonymous

I have 3 marigold pots on back patio. Live in KS - been over 105 temps July, June & now into Aug. Been watering a lot EVERY day... the marigolds are starting to really brown, die... am I overwatering?

Possibly overwatering. Water

By Almanac Staff

Possibly overwatering. Water thoroughly once a week if it has not rained at least an inch that week. Water deeply when dry (vs. shallow and often). Those temps can be hot for containers. If you can, put the marigold pot into another planter to provide some insulation for the root system. Also, check for spider mites who like hot, dry weather.

Transplanting and reblooming?

By Anonymous

I am growing Marigolds for my wedding. Initially, we planted them in pots, but they are getting root bound. Tomorrow, we are going to transplant them into our garden bed which is full sun. The plants are in full bloom. I plan to deadhead before we plant. Any idea how long it will take to start seeing new blooms? Our wedding is 6 weeks away, in late September.

When you deadhead marigolds,

By Almanac Staff

When you deadhead marigolds, remove each fading flower and its individual stem. Do this after you transplant. As long as the flower is pinched as it passes its peak, the flower will keep blooming through the season. You need to deadhead when it's their time, not your time, but if you deadhead at different times, you should see continue blooms at different times, too.

Divide Marigolds?

By anonymous

My marigolds have gone wild and are wide and beautiful, but the plants are choking out everything else. Can they be divided without killing them? If so, how??

Marigolds are annuals. You

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds are annuals. You can try to divide them but your success in transplanting them is only going to get you so far. Remember: If you uproot them, they will have to settle into a new spot and that takes time. There may not be enough time in the season.
The same goes for moving them indoors. You may have some luck in bringing your marigolds indoor, but in general, annuals grow and thrive for one year.
What you might try is clipping the flowers and drying the seeds and saving them for next year. THAT could have promise for next year—and you are, in effect, transplanting.
We hope this helps.

end of season marigolds

By Anonymous

I planted marigolds for the first time this year.
do I have to up root them now when they dry and replant next year?

end-of-season marigolds

By Almanac Staff

It depends on where you are. In southern regions the marigold plant is perennial and grows year round. (It's a native of Mexico.) If you bring the plant indoors and give it plenty of light it should do well. If you leave it outdoors it will die back and sprout again in the spring.
In northern regions, it is treated as an annual, meaning you would reseed it every year. Try saving this year's plant seeds and using those!

Marigolds gone wild

By Anonymous

Yes it did help. I might as well try since I have to do something since they are choking my perrenials. Never thought they would spread so much. Thank you.

Brown spots on leave inhibiting growth.

By Anonymous

Our yellow marigold plants have done very well since we planted them 5-6-weeks ago, but now are showing signs of mold/fungus(?) that is spreading from one plant to the other. Is there something we can do to stop this?

Marigold -controlling fungal molds

By Anonymous

Yes. Spray fungicide, Dithane M45 (one gram dissolved in one liter of water) thrice at an interval of 10 to 15 days.

If your marigolds have white

By Almanac Staff

If your marigolds have white mold, that is a fungal disease that can occur late in the season due to overhead watering or heavy rain. Bring a sample to your cooperative extension or local garden center, however, to get a diagnosis. To control the spread, you could try using protective spraying with Fore, Zineb, or Captan. But you may need to pull them out and dispose of them. In the future, be sure to water the soil not the plant or use drip irrigation. Also, if it's mold, be sure to clean up everything--even a faded bloom--at the end of the season. It's also a good idea to change the location of the marigold.

Marigold conservation

By Anonymous

Is there any way to keep our marigold plant alive? Suppose I keep the potted plant indoors and fertilize and water/keep heat lamp, will it stay alive or is it doomed? (my daughter gave it to me for mothers day, a squirrel broke it in half so I helped it grow roots and made 2 plants, but I really want to keep it!! Ideas?

Marigold conservation

By Almanac Staff

When you move the marigold indoors place it in a sunny south-facing window or under a grow light. Marigolds don't need much fertilizer. Save some of the marigold seeds to start next spring for more plants.

cutting heads off marigolds

By Anonymous

this is the first year i have planted marigolds and had them stay alive. i was told to cut the heads off the marigolds when they start to wilt. i was wondering how far down the stem i am supposed to cut them.

Yes, you should deadhead

By Almanac Staff

Yes, you should deadhead marigolds to keep them blooming. It's fairly easy. Just pinch off the fading blooms with your fingers, removing the seedpods that may have formed behind the bloom (not just the petals). For marigolds, we like to remove both the flower and its individual stem. It's a chore to deadhead, but worth the results.

Inexperienced gardener

By Anonymous

Hello, All! I am very new to gardening and trying to learn as much as I can in a short amount of time. I am planning to plant some hosta along a walkway and was wondering if marigolds would make a good companion plant. The area in which I'm planting gets about half sun, half shade, which I think is great for the hosta, but I'm not sure how well the marigolds will do because I see they require full sun. My objective with the marigolds is for color and to keep the worms from eating holes in the hosta. I am in NC, and it is pretty hot. Can I plant in July or wait until the fall? Lots of questions, but any advice would be greatly appreciated! Thanks in advance.

For hostas, consider

By Almanac Staff

For hostas, consider companion plants that also enjoy part-shade. For spring, consider planting early blooming bulbs to join your emerging hosta leaves, such as tulips, daffodils, and forget-me-nots. For summer months, consider bright annuals such as impatiens, begonia, and coleus. We love bright red impatiens peeking through the green hosta leaves!

I planted Marigolds mid-June

By Anonymous

I planted Marigolds mid-June in clay-like soil. I keep it moist. They are not getting any taller, but they have plenty of buds. However, the bud gets a small flower which immediately gets hard and I take it off.

Marigolds are a good choice

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds are a good choice for clay soils. If the leaves and plant look fairly normal (not dried out or filled with holes, etc), there are a few reasons why your marigold lacks good blooms: High summer heat, too much fertilizer, or a plant bug. For heat, you can mulch and wait for temps to moderate. Stop fertilizing. And look for green/brown insects; if you find them, you'll need to start a spraying program.

Will I wreck marigolds if I prune them?

By Anonymous

I want to prevent them from getting leggy and flopping over.

Marigolds shouldn't be

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds shouldn't be pruned, only deadheaded. If they are leggy, you can bury the legs in soil but only up to the foliage. Leggy plants aren't an issue. If a leggy stem falls over, the plant will grow roots and send up more stems and flowers.

Planted marigolds from seed they are really green

By Anonymous

However! Not one bud from any to form a flower. All I have is a LOT of greenery, healthy, but that's not exactly what I was aiming for! Any advice. Weather has been extremely hot & I'm thinking that must have something to do with these otherwise thriving/healthy plants! grown these for yrs but always purchased them when they were in bloom!!!

You are correct. Lack of

By Almanac Staff

You are correct. Lack of bloom is usually due to high summer heat. If this is the case, add some organic mulch to lower the soil temperature and wait for temps to moderate.

Somethings messing with them

By Anonymous

I live in Fargo ND and have planted merigolds for years, but this year something is taking the flowers off the plant. They are all over the ground. No sign of anything eating them..What is it?

If the flowers are on the

By Almanac Staff

If the flowers are on the ground: probably birds! We've heard of starlings (blackbirds) and robins tearing off marigold petals. Otherwise, if your marigolds were just being eaten, we'd say slugs. Of course, the birds may be looking for slugs! Try sprinkling red pepper to deter the birds.

seeds not germinating.

By Anonymous

we planted marigold seeds in our front yard in Early June. It's about 4 weeks almost, but there are no leaves or any sign of it. We planted them 10-12 inches apart as directed on the packet. What could have possibly grown wrong? These are french marigolds. I watered them regularly. I am doing this the first time and I have no experience of growing plants in past. Please help.

Marigold plants with no flowers

By Anonymous

I just commented on my own NO FLOWER BUDS. Healthy, green foliage, but no flowers in sight! I AM an avid gardener and have a "green-thumb"...but this is the first time this has occured and I DON'T SEEM to be th only one!!! Could it be the seeds maybe too old & sold anyway? I have no idea....does anyone?

For marigolds, the juvenile

By Almanac Staff

For marigolds, the juvenile stage often lasts a few weeks. During this stage--until maturity--the plants will not bloom. Otherwise, the usual reason for lack of bloom is temperature problems due to high summer heat. If this is the case, add some organic mulch to lower the soil temperature and wait for temps to moderate.

not flowering

By Anonymous

I planted directly outside in late May and have large beautiful plants but no flowers??? They are in a sunny, well-drained area. Some that I had planted last year actually came back (to my suprise) and are flowering beautifully. Since I just spread the seeds not knowing how much would come up ~ is it possible I have them too close together? They do look like one row of bushes not separate plants. Thanks for any help you can offer =)

As long as you planted by the

By Almanac Staff

As long as you planted by the package directions, the usual reason for lack of bloom is temperature problems due to high summer heat. If this is the case, add some organic mulch to lower the soil temperature and wait for temps to moderate.

If the plant is receiving

By Almanac Staff

If the plant is receiving plenty of sun and a good routine of water, it may just take a little more patience!

Thank you for your interest in the Old Farmer's Almanac and our Web site.

something is eating them

By Anonymous

I've always used marigolds around tomatoe pants with good success but this year its as if something has totally defoliated most of my marigolds. I have mostly sticks and few flowers on some. I see no sign of bugs or animals any ideas?

We aren't sure. There are not

By Almanac Staff

We aren't sure. There are not many critters that will eat a marigold plant, so it could be a grasshopper or the spider mite..

Thank you for your interest in the Old Farmer's Almanac and our Web site.

wide vs high

By Anonymous

How to force marigold to grow more wide?
Mine are growing well but very tall.

Make sure the marigolds are

By Almanac Staff

Make sure the marigolds are planted in a sunny area.

As far as size goes, it could just depend on the species of marigold plant that you have. For example, you may have the Bushy T. patula species, which is smaller and more compact while the Tagetes erecta species is often taller.

Thank you for your interest in the Old Farmer's Almanac and our Web site.

types of marigolds

By Anonymous

hi,
I'm looking for the short stem veriety with orange flowers, can you please help

The main type is the C.

By Almanac Staff

The main type is the C. officinalis (the Common Pot Marigold). It has short stems bearing orange, yellow, cream, or white flowers that are 2-3 inches across.

merigold

By Anonymous

The sun burned my merigold how do i revive it

Marigolds grow best in full

By Almanac Staff

Marigolds grow best in full sun and usually don’t mind hot summer weather. Just make sure to water the plants. Check for spent or dead blossoms and cut them off with a pair of scissors. This promotes new blooms and helps prevent the plant from looking sun damaged or dried up.

Thank you for your interest in the Old Farmer's Almanac and our Web site.

Do Marigolds deter squash beetles

By Anonymous

I am trying to get marigolds to grow with my squash, Melons and cucumbers in hopes that they may deter squash bugs. Do any of you have any experiance with this? I did have trouble with small ants eating the flower buds on my eggplants. I planted chives with the eggplants and the ants disapeared.

For squash: Borage deters

By Almanac Staff

We'd pick nasturtium to deter squash bugs (and beetles). And dill may repel squash bugs that kill the vines. Scatter dill leaves generously on your squash plants. Marigolds do deter beetles. Borage deters the worms. See more on our Companion Plant pages:
www.almanac.com/content/companion-planting-three-sisters
www.almanac.com/content/plant-companions-list-ten-common-vegetables

Limp Marigold Leaves

By Anonymous

I've always planted marigolds with taller plants in the back of them. I'm prone to the yellow smaller varieties. So far mine are doing great, except I just noticed one of them is limp looking. The blooms are still fine and pretty, but what in the world happened to that one plant out of six. Could a dog have urinated on it? Is there anything I can possibly do to save it. It's a little late to replant one in that spot and also I'd be stuck with others I have no need for. Please help! Bewildered!!

It could be any number of

By Almanac Staff

It could be any number of things from a poor transplant (it happens) to bugs to fungus. Check for bugs and, if you see them, insecticidal soap over and under leaves.

Marigolds and Deer

By Anonymous

We live in an area where there are a lot of deer. We've been told that marigolds will repell deer and other wild animals. Is that true? We've plated other "deer-proof" plants only to have them eaten. We really don't want to provide the deer with yet another tasty salad.

margiold and deer

By Anonymous

I planted marigolds as well, hoping deer would not eat them, however, I see them starting to disappear. I have planted spike plants and dianthus flowers and they have been left untouched and are thriving.

Deer-proof plants

By Almanac Staff

There's no such thing as a "deer-proof" plant but they are more likely to stay away from poisonous plants, strongly flavored plants, and plants with hairy or furry leaves. Put strong-smelling plants that deer don't like on the outside of your garden and smaller plants that need more protection on inside.
Deer steer clear of ageratum, begonias, chrysanthemums, columbines, coreopsis, cosmos, foxglove, iris, lavender, monarda, purple coneflower, rudbeckia, salvia, Shasta daisies, verbena, vinca, yarrow, zinnias. See a list with more deer-resistant plants here: http://www.almanac.com/content/deer-resistant-plants
And see more about ways to deter deer on our Pest Pages here: http://www.almanac.com/content/deer

they keep dying

By Anonymous

i planted some marigolds and they came up but now they just keep withering and dying and i keep watering them so i no its not that and there in full sun like there supposed to be so what am i doing wrong- im growing them indoors first

Marigold Advise

By Anonymous

Marigolds are easy to grow, but from indoors to out they do need to harden off in in a bright spot outside before planted in the sun, for only a few days will work, I plant about 300 by seed indoors every year and have learned by mistakes! Back off on the water and them them dry out, the roots may have become water logged, they like to dry out before a good watering, hope this helps! Good Luck and Happy Flower Season!

We can only say that

By Almanac Staff

We can only say that marigolds don't like to be wet or cold at all. We're not sure where you live. If you're from northern areas, you don't want to put in the ground until mid to late May to be on the safe side. Also, they don't like a lot of watering nor do they need fertilizer. Just use mulch and compost. Then, don't water marigolds until the soil dries out. Hope this helps.

Marigolds

By Anonymous

I live on Vancouver Island. Every year when I plant my vegetables and flowers I put a ring of crushed egg shells around them. slugs hate them,they also hate coffee grounds try this you might be suprised how it works.

Planted marigolds too early

By Anonymous

I guess I planted my marigolds too early. (I'm here in Canada on Vancouver Island) I noticed they were being eaten by slugs, so go slug pellets. But they still seem like they are not thriving as they usually do. Is there something I can give them to make them healthy again.

They should recover. Just try

By Almanac Staff

They should recover. Just try pinching them back to keep them healthy.

Marigold Seeds

By Anonymous

Can the seeds from the spent Marigold flowers be germinated to use the same season or do they have to dry for a year before planting?

Marigolds

By Anonymous

I have been able to sprinkle the deadheads around & have them grow in the same season.

marigold seeds

By Almanac Staff

If the marigold seeds are mature enough and the seeds are completely dried out, I don't see why it wouldn't work. We've never tried to replant within the same year. Let us know how it goes!

Marigold Seeds

By Anonymous

I planted the seeds from this year's dead-headed flowers, and it worked! It took 8 days for them to germinate, and another week for them to form true leaves.

marigolds

By Anonymous

do you think it's possible to use other liquids besides water an for them to survive

watering marigolds

By Almanac Staff

Not sure. We've only used water! Tap or distilled water (which is purified) is recommended for marigolds. They don't need much. If you are trying to conserve water, see our article on a water-wise garden: http://www.almanac.com/content/water-wise-garden

Marigolds

By aneleh

For some reason I've never been able to grow marigolds because the one pest that LOVES them are earwigs. They start munching on them right after they've been planted.

Marigolds and earwigs

By Almanac Staff

Earwigs love marigolds. Some thoughts: 1. Spread diatomaceous earth where they crawl in late spring about a week apart. 2. Mix a quart of insecticide soap with 1 tablespoon (isopropyl) alcohol and spray the areas every 2 to 3 weeks. 3. Put out rolled up newspaper to trap them, then check daily and submerge into soapy water.

marigold

By Anonymous

I want to know when to water the plant for it won't die out as soon as possible.I want it to live on for a long time.

watering marigolds

By Almanac Staff

Water marigold plants thoroughly when they are first planted and then during period of high heat and drought. Spread 1 to 2 inches of any organic material over the soil between marigold plants to help retain moisture.

Marigold seeds

By Phillip Elliott

For the last 5 years I have kept many seeds from the marigold plants I grow. I have 3 tall kinds but don't remember the varity, two of the types are luminacent, one an orange and the other a yellow. I have picked and dried them and get enough to fill a 5 gallon bucket half full of dried seeds. What I do is take and toss them about in my gardens and come up what may. I just thin them out whre I want to plant crops. This the second year now I have had NO aphids and other bad bugs in the garden. I roto-till the plants into the soil in the fall so it seems to be working. They are very beautiful still. This year I kept more seeds than in the past.

Marigold seeds

By James Stevens 2

Each summer dropped Marigold seeds sprout in my flower bed and the leaves do not look like Marigold plants and the blooms are horrible looking. What is wrong with them?

Your original marigolds may

By Himmer Kathleen J

Your original marigolds may have been hybrids. Their seed does not always grow true to the original plant.

Companion Plants

By Lynetta Billiot

This Spring for the first time ever, I followed your advice and put Marigolds among my tomato plants. Guess what ! I suppose this worked because in years past we have been over run with tomato worms that ate our plants vigorously and this year we have had NONE at all (worms that is) but have had a bountiful crop of tomatos. Thanks for all the tips. I will pay more attention in future to what you tell us and will use your wisdom for my own good.

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