Buy the 2015 Old Farmer's Almanac!


Your rating: None Average: 4.2 of 5 (67 votes)

Botanical name: Prunus persica

Plant type: Fruit

USDA Hardiness Zones: 5, 6, 7, 8

Sun exposure: Full Sun

Soil type: Sandy

Soil pH: Slightly Acidic to Neutral

Bloom time: Summer

Peaches are a well-known, delicious fruit that can be grown right at home. The trick to growing your very own peaches is to choose a type that will fit with your specific climate.


  • Peach trees can grow in USDA Zones 5 to 8, but do especially well in Zones 6 and 7.
  • If you live in one of these zones, you can focus on choosing a variety based on its flavor and harvest-time. If you live in colder regions, there are some varieties that are more cold tolerant that you can choose.
  • Choose a site with well-drained, moderately fertile soil in full sun. Be sure to avoid low areas because frost can more easily settle there and destroy your peaches.
  • Plant the trees in spring. It is best to plant the trees the day you get them (if possible). Pick a tree that is about 1 year old.
  • For container-grown trees, remove the plant from its pot and remove any circling roots by laying the root ball on its side and using shears to cut through the roots.
  • For grafted trees, position the inside of the curve of the graft union away from the sun when planting.
  • Dig a hole that is a few inches deeper and wider than the spread of the roots. Set the tree on top of a small mound of soil in the middle of the hole. Be sure to spread the roots away from the trunk without excessively bending them.
  • If you are planting standard-size trees, space them 15 to 20 feet apart. Space dwarf trees 10 to 12 feet apart. However, most types of peach trees are self-fertile, so planting one tree at a time is fine.


  • About 6 weeks after planting, fertilize the young trees with 1 pound of a nitrogen fertilizer.
  • During the second year, add 3/4 pound of nitrogen fertilizer once in the spring and once in the early summer.
  • After the third year, add about 1 pound of actual nitrogen per year to the mature trees in the spring.
  • To help make the tree hardier, do not fertilize it within 2 months of the first fall frost date or when the fruits are maturing.
  • Be sure to prune the tree to an open center shape. In the summer of the first year, cut the vigorous shoots that form on the top of the tree by two or three buds. After about a month, check the tree. As soon as you have three wide-angled branches, spaced equally apart, cut back any other branches so that these three are the main branches. In the early summer of the second year, cut back the branches in the middle of the tree to short stubs and prune any shoots developing below the three main branches. After the third year, remove any shoots in the center of the tree to keep its shape.
  • Be sure to prune the tree annually to encourage production. Pruning is usually done mid to late April. Pinching the trees in the summer is also helpful.
  • Prune and fertilize to accomplish 10-18 inches of new growth each season.
  • Thin the fruits so that they are 6 to 8 inches apart on the branch after the tree blooms (about 4 to 6 weeks). This ensures that the fruits will be larger.
  • A plastic lean-to can protect fan-trained peach trees from peach leaf curl and frost in the winter.
  • To help increase resistance to fruit diseases, be sure to prune the trees, thin the fruit, and pick the fruit when it is ripe.



  • Harvest your peaches when they are fully ripe, meaning that there is no green left on the fruit. They should come off the tree with only a slight twist. The fruits found on the top and outside of the tree usually ripen first.
  • Be careful when picking your peaches because some varieties bruise very easily.
  • You can store peaches in the refrigerator in a plastic bag. They should keep for about 5 days.
  • You can also store peaches by making jam or by making pickled peaches.
  • Peaches can also be canned or kept frozen for storage.

Recommended Varieties

  • 'Redhaven', which is the standard and most popular choice. These peaches are medium-size, but can be small if the tree is not properly thinned. Its skin is tough and firm and red in color.
  • 'Reliance', which is a hardy variety. It produces small and soft fruits.
  • 'Harmony' ('Canadian Harmony'), which is winter hardy and moderately resistant to bacterial leaf spot. It produces medium to large fruit and freezes well.
  • Some zone favorites are:
 4  5  6  7  8  9  10
 Hale  Madison  Saturn  Contender  Frost  Topaz Florida Beauty



Wit & Wisdom

Although peaches are native to the Chinese countryside, the peach was brought to the western world from Iran.

Peaches ripen faster in a closed paper bag at room temperature.

Test buds of peaches and other sensitive fruits for freeze damage. Bring in a few twigs cut from the trees and place them in a vase of water. If the twigs bloom in a week or two, expect blossoms in the spring and a crop the following fall.


I have 2 peach trees growing

By Charleston Butch on April 10

I have 2 peach trees growing in pots. Last year I had a couple of flowers that gave me small peaches but they soon dropped off. Can the trees produce fruit growing in pots doing the same thing with fertilizer?

my guess is that they aren't

By Whitney91 on April 13

my guess is that they aren't getting pollinated.

Hello, I purchased small 5ft

By Katt Gary on April 3


I purchased small 5ft maybe La Feliciana Prunus Persica peach tree from Lowe's a month ago. It was full of blooms and beautiful. When we removed from pot a piece of the root was cut as it grew outside hole of container. Planted tree almost per your instructions in Spring Texas. Just couple weeks later the tree looks like a Charlie Brown tree. It's almost completely bare. after reading your instructions on how to plant I know I did nothing with the roots but I did plant correct as far as soil and depth. Is there any hope for the tree? I would have to hire someone to replant if necessary because injured my back digging the hole. Any advice would be appreciated. Thank you.

Transplant shock is common

By Almanac Staff on April 6

Transplant shock is common when planting trees. Watering is very important. The roots need to get established and the soil needs to be moist. Adding mulch around the tree will help keep the moisture in the soil. If the tree doesn't recover we suggest that you take it back to Lowe's for a refund.

I have 3 peach trees that

By Arlee Goolsby on March 23

I have 3 peach trees that grow volunteer from seeds. They bloomed this spring and I wonder if they will bear fruits after blooming. I live in Georgia (zone 8).

Hi Arlee, If there are blooms

By Almanac Staff on March 25

Hi Arlee,
If there are blooms you may get some fruit this year. But be aware that the trees may not produce fruit that looks like or taste like the parent tree. But a peach grown from seed does have a better chance to be tasty than many other fruits.

I bought two bare root


I bought two bare root ultra-dwarf red baron peach trees that I want to grow in containers. The tag on the tree says they will mature to a height of 6 feet and about 4 feet wide. My question is if the fruit yield of these trees will be compromised if grown in containers as compared to the ground. My goal is not to get a commercial level yield but I would be disappointed if I get something like 12-15 peaches from a container grown peach tree. Please advise. Thank you.

A tree planted in a container

By Almanac Staff

A tree planted in a container won't produce as much fruit as a tree planted in the ground but they often bear fruit a year or two earlier. Make sure to plant the trees in big container as the roots need plenty of room to grow.

I planted a red heaven peach

By M Luz

I planted a red heaven peach potted tree on July. I'm doubting my self about my selection. I live in San diego and I have been reading that they are for zones 9, mine is 10. Should I pull it up and plant another variety? I don't want to put all that time and effort for nothing

Correct, The "Red Haven"

By Almanac Staff

Correct, The "Red Haven" peach is not meant for your zone. We have never experimented with growing this variety in zone 10b. Consult your county extension to identify the right varieties for your garden. Begin by phoning your local Master Gardeners for advice.

I live in south africa. I

By drickus

I live in south africa. I replanted a small peach tree in october, unfortunately I planted in a spot that became very hot! The leaves started falling of an now its only the stem thats left, the tree is about 15cm in height. Altough the stem is stil green, will it grow leaves again or should I give up, I replanted it in a bag and moved it to a shaded area 3 days after the leaves started to sag.

Two questions. I grew up

By MattS-Roswell

Two questions. I grew up growing orange trees in FL. I want to grow a couple of peach trees. I had an amazing peach a few weeks ago from the farmers market. Freestone w/ yellow flesh grown in GA. Exactly what I would like to grow but I have no idea what it was. I live just north of Atlanta now (7b). What are the best eating/growing varieties for this area? How many trees do I need for good pollination?

I have a new this year peach

By plumberxx

I have a new this year peach tree, 3/4" diameter trunk. It bore so much fruit the trunk bent over and halfway cracked/broke. I straightened it out, thinned the fruit. A little late. Will the tree survive? Can I graft the upper part of the trunk to the lower ?

I live in No Cal, (Tehama

By suiccogil

I live in No Cal, (Tehama couny) Im a zone 6-7, elevation 3500 ft... , Ive got 2 peach trees (in question), cling less. Ive never owned a fruit tree in my life before 3 years ago when I bought this house. The trees are between 10-15 years old... I feed, water, thin and the branches are still breaking off. I lost half of one of the oldest trees this year... What do I do? How do I prune correctly???

Annual pruning is very

By Almanac Staff

Annual pruning is very important to keep older trees happy. See link below for pruning informaion. Read the section on Pruning Older Trees and Thinning Fruit.

hi I have a peach tree that

By randy adams

hi I have a peach tree that produces awesome peaches for last two years but my question is I have two limbs that produce small peaches while the rest of tree has regular sized fruit should I cut off those two limbs

Annual pruning is important

By Almanac Staff

Annual pruning is important to keep a peech tree healthy and producing.  In late winter or early spring when the tree is dormant cut off about 1/3 of the branches that have small peaches and see if they will have bigger fruit next year.

After picking peaches which

By John61

After picking peaches which are riped they start to have brown areas, looks like bruising, do you know why this is happening? I also see it the peaches still hanging from the tree?

If the brown spots are only

By Almanac Staff

If the brown spots are only on the peaches, not the leaves as well, it may be peach scab. If the spots are on both the leaves and the fruit, it sounds like it may be bacterial spot.

My two peach trees are two

By Joe Morrow

My two peach trees are two years old and growing very well. No fruit yet but tree is growing at a very good rate. My question: why are my leaves turning yellow and dropping?

I planted a Florida Queen and

By merimary

I planted a Florida Queen and another I can't remember the name, the nursery recommended both for my area and one has done very well but the Florida peach grew beautifully, then became covered with white mildew in a matter of a few days and died. I had mulched them for winter, should I not mulch them at all? I have a feeling the mulch caused the mildew.

Hello: Two yrs I planted a

By Frank Twoey on April 3

Hello: Two yrs I planted a florida Peach tree in full sunshine it did very well for 2 years now it look like it is dead no leaves or blossoms appeared on it this spring I think its dead would like tosee your reply

Frank Twoey

I purchased a peach grafted

By Ben Rees

I purchased a peach grafted bare root peach tree when they first came to stores. I have had no luck in getting any type of growth and looks dead (the small branches bend but only slightly). I have dug it up once after three months and noticed the roots had re twisted around themselves. I replanted but have still had no luck. The tree gets pleanty of sun as I live in Bakersfield and I have a drip system set up to water every day. Shiuld I give up on the tree or try replanting it one more time?

Hi, Ben: Try planting one

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Ben: Try planting one more time, being careful to follow the tips above in Planting and Care. You are in USDA Hardiness Zone 9b, which may just be too cold for the variety that you have. If there are other people nearby with successful peach trees, pick their brains for ideas and variety types for next time, if needed. Good luck!

Should have been more

By Ben Rees

Should have been more spcific, I live Bakersfield California. Temp herehasnt been below 90 for months. Thanks for the advice though.

My peach tree produces

By Sharon Hawkes

My peach tree produces hundreds of sweet small sized fruit. Many of them develop as siameese and sometimes even triplets. I go around and pinch the fruit. Do you know the cause of this and how to prevent it?

Peach trees take a LOT of

By Almanac Staff

Peach trees take a LOT of thinning.  This is nature. Remove all doubles (Siamese twins) and triplets.  Thin the fruits so that they are 6 to 8 inches apart on the branch after the tree blooms (about 4 to 6 weeks).  When you think, keep the biggest fruits. No shoots should carry more than a few peaches at the most.

first time with peach trees

By Doc1085

first time with peach trees and wouldn't you know it we had a hard freeze and the tree appears to be dead but then there are now small shoots growing from the bottom. what should I do? leave it or chop it down and get another tree?

We think you should give your

By Almanac Staff

We think you should give your peach tree a chance, but definitely remove the shoots from the bottom of the tree.

Is it okay to plant peach

By Paigey

Is it okay to plant peach trees indoors and keep them indoors for a year or two, or is it bad for them to not get any chilling hours for their first years?


The new peach trees died at

By Jennifer Peter

The new peach trees died at the top of the hill in northern lower Michigan. Was it the wind that killed them?

Lubbock Texas falls in USDA

By Lakh

Lubbock Texas falls in USDA Zone 7a. Can I grow peaches there. if yes which variety can be good. I do not see any peach around?

Peaches trees are very

By Almanac Staff

Peaches trees are very popular in your area. They will grow in USDA zones 4 to 8; they do especially well in zones 6 and 7.  However, you want a peach tree that fits your number of chilling hours or it will not fruit. We'd advise visiting a local tree nursery to explore the options.

hi i live in mississauga

By humam

hi i live in mississauga ontario in canada and i planted a peach tree about two weeks ago it was growing fine. it went from having few leaves to a lot of leves but now for some reason the leaves look like theyre dying and not looking firm please any help ?

Did you keep the new trees

By georgewilson

Did you keep the new trees watered in? If they dried out then they will start to lose leaves first before they die. Young trees need about a gallons of water or more a week. It could be something else, but without pics that is the most obvious.

My father had gotten a

By Garverich

My father had gotten a redskin peach tree and he thinks its dead but isnt sure that it is. i found this site and it says peach trees only bloom in the summer. does this go for all peach trees??

Most peaches on outdoor trees

By Almanac Staff

Most peaches on outdoor trees ripen in summer. We think peaches as one of the sweet and juicy fruits of late summer. There are some peaches that might grow in containers and/or mild winter climates, but they will need "chilling hours" to produce well.

I have a peach tree in my

By Jessicah.83

I have a peach tree in my yard. If I plant a seed from the same tree will it bear fruit

The chances are that the tree

By Kekulpac

The chances are that the tree from seed will not grow good fruit. Most trees purchased are grafted onto stronger root stock so the fruit is uniform and healthy. That does not mean a seed from that same tree will have the same characteristics.

I have moved to a home where

By gopeggo

I have moved to a home where someone planted a peach tree and they thought it had died. By the time we moved in, it had grown a tree from a side shoot. I have just let it grow for a few years now and it had fruit last year. We didn't notice it until it was to late. My question is will this tree ever be any good for fruit from the shoot or should I start over?

Hi, Peggo: It's a little

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Peggo: It's a little unclear to us where the fruit is, where the shoot is, and whether there is shoot fruit or not, but it sounds to us like you need to get this tree under control through some regular and judicious pruning so that the tree's growth energy is more focused and productive. This should make the question of shoot fruit moot.

I have a volunteer peach


I have a volunteer peach tree. Didn't know what it was till it made fruit. What can I do about peach bores

I have 3 peach trees. One is

By Kim McCarra

I have 3 peach trees. One is in it's second summer the others are four years old. They are loaded with peaches but the peaches never get mature before they start falling off. They get about the size of a golfball and then quit growing and fall off. What do I do to get them to mature?

It sounds like maybe you need

By Caneps

It sounds like maybe you need to pick a few of the small fruits off, like thinning vegetables in the garden, so that the tree can concentrate on the fruit remaining? I'm no expert, but I do have a peach tree & have read it can help..

I live in northeast Alabama


I live in northeast Alabama on land that has been in my family for about 160 years,and have two types of peach trees. All I know about the type of trees is what my father called them. He referred to one as "plum" seeded and the other as "clear" seeded. The leaves and bloom are slightly different on each type. The "clear" seeded I think is a free stone type but the "plum" is all but. These trees are growing several places on the farm close together and do not cross pollinate. I am wondering if it is possible to find out the true names of these trees. Any suggestions would be appreciated.

Hi David, We hope to help you

By Almanac Staff

Hi David, We hope to help you in your research! There are so many peach tree varieties that grow well in Alabama. Here's a list:
However, here is a shorter list with suggested varieties for home gardens:
It might be best to contact your Alabama Cooperative Extension system and bring them a photo and sample. If you go this their site on Under "Offices," you'll find "County Offices" and you can click on your county to get a phone number. I hope that these folks will be more familiar with peaches in your county, too.  All the best, the OFA

Thanks for your help. I


Thanks for your help. I forgot to mention that I am sure this variety has been growing here for at least 100 of the 160 years that this place has been a farmstead. Maybe someone else out there knows something or has some similar. These may have originated in South Carolina where my ancestors moved here from in 1837.

I have a peach tree and it

By Salvador

I have a peach tree and it bloom every year but the flower never stay. How can you help

Unless you have frost issues,

By Almanac Staff

Unless you have frost issues, it sounds as if your peach trees are not getting pollinated? If you want guaranteed fruit, pollinate the open blooms by hand using a soft brush.

I live in Kansas, and in the

By KSgal

I live in Kansas, and in the late Summer last year, the Colorado peaches arrived in town. They were the size of softballs and were absolutely the best fruit I remember having. I saved some of the seeds from these and kept them moist in some soil in my fridge over the Winter, and since removing them from the fridge and planting, I now have 5 beautiful little seedlings approximately 4-5 inches tall. Any idea what variety of peach this might be? I am also wondering the best way to introduce these little guys to the great outdoors? Right now, they are under a grow light in the basement, since our temperatures have fluctuated so much recently. I am also wondering at what point they will need transplanted into a bigger container? Each plant is now in a 6" square plastic pot. Any advice would be appreciated!

As for variety, we were

By Almanac Staff

As for variety, we were thinking that it was 'Colorado'... 
The recommended varieties (in general) for Colorado are Elberta, Haven, Polly, Reliance, Hale Haven, and Ranger. These do not need pollination (one tree will produce fruit).
Recommended varieties for Colorado that need cross-pollination include J.H. Hale, Earlihale, Hal-Berta, Candoka, and Mikado. You need another variety in the presence of one of these in order to get fruit, and most other varieties will pollinate these.
Perhaps when the Coloradan who sells peaches comes by again you can ask him which variety he grows.
Since a lot of advice re growing peaches from seed actually suggest starting in the ground, you're ahead of the game. As the season warms, introduce your plants to the world in their pots for a couple or a few hours each day, longer as time passes. By mid-summer, identify a place in the yard that they can call home and plant them for life. Tend them for a few years and maybe they will reward you with fruit.
Remember that the peaches you grow from seed may not look (or taste) like what you ate. (You don't look exactly like your parents, do you?)

I want to plant a peach tree

By Amberh

I want to plant a peach tree in my back yard. I live in grand terrace, ca. I have a fenced in yard, with an orange tree already back there. I have a sprinkler system and of course the southern Cali sun yr round. What kind if tree is the best.

Peaches generally perform

By Almanac Staff

Peaches generally perform better in cooler climates. According to University of California, however, some varieties have been adapted to the low latitudes of Southern California because they have low winter chilling requirements.
"Babcock" is a medium-size, freestone, low-chill variety with white flesh.
"Earligrande" is a semi-freestone, low-chill variety with yellow-red blush and excellent flavor.
Here's a full list of low-chill varieties:
August Pride, Babcock, Bonita, Desertgold, Early Amber, Earligrande, FlordaGrand, FlordaPrince, Midpride, Tropic-berta, TopicSweet.

Peaches usually require 600

By georgewilson

Peaches usually require 600 to 900 hours of chilling which they would not get in Southern California, although I understand there are low-chill varieties that have been developed.

There must be certain peach

By wayne benjamin

There must be certain peach trees that are hardier than others. My question, which peach tree is the 'best' for the Delmarva Peninsular?

A couple of favorites are:

By Almanac Staff

A couple of favorites are: Blushing Star Peach and Redhaven Peach. Check out an online nursery such as to learn more. Another good idea is to visit a local orchard and ask them about their on-the-ground experience.

I have a question that I just

By David Goodrich

I have a question that I just cannot find an answer to!! This will be the third season for my Freestone Tree. First year I got a tremendous crop, last year we had a late frost which killed all the blooms,so no peaches. This year looks to be a bumper crop, but almost every single peach is a twin fruit per bloom. Is there something I am doing wrong or can do to correct this, or does it really matter that almost every peach will be the twinster type?? I will thin to keep only the single fruits best as possible, but any input would be appreciated. Thanks and Happy Growing....

I am commenting on this years

By David Goodrich

I am commenting on this years results for anyone who had the twin peach issue like myself??
I had a good harvest even after I broke off 1/2 of the twin. I was worried it might affect the remaining peach but it had minimal affect and the peaches are excellent. My watering habit changed since we have a serious drought here in California utilizing a drip system for my entire garden.
Growing Green and Water Smart..

Hi David, I have a dwarf

By StephStens

Hi David, I have a dwarf peach tree in a container that I've had for a few years. This is my first year that it is fruiting and I have the same thing! From many of the blooms I have twin peaches growing, and in some cases three! If you happen to find out what is causing it, please let me know. I'm curious. I assume when it's time to thin the fruit I should one of the twins? Thanks.

Hi David, We are stumped. The

By Almanac Staff

Hi David,
We are stumped. The only thing we can suggest is to check for insect pests that may cause disfiguration of the fruit.
Contact your local cooperative extension service. They may have a better answer.

I recently moved into a new

By Patrick V

I recently moved into a new home in the Dallas/Ft Worth area that has a peach tree. The tree seems fairly large/mature (about 15 ft tall) and flowers starting blooming in the tree last week. Since I am new to this, what should I be doing at this point to have a healthy harvest this year? Is it too late for fertilizing, pesticide, or trimming? Any help for a first time peach tree owners would be great.

The previous owner said it bore fruit every year, but that the fruit was often spoiled/rotten or eaten by bugs/fruit flies before they could enjoy it!

Congrats on your peach tree!

By Almanac Staff

Congrats on your peach tree! Once your peach tree flowers, you just want to make sure it's getting pollinated. It sounds as if this isn't a problem in your area, but many peach tree growers will carry out pollinating by hand if they want guaranteed fruit. Just press the bristles of a small paint brush into every bloom on a sunny afternoon or two; it doesn't take that long and is kind of fun.
Make sure the peach tree has plenty of water during periods of sunny, dry weather. Be consistent and don't over-water or the peach can split its skin.
If you want decent size fruit (not small), it is very important to thin the fruit when they're very small (the width of your finger nail).  Remove the misshape fruit and get it down to one peach every six inches. You also want to thin fruit to avoid broken branches and keep the tree health long-term.
As you mentioned, the birds and pests show up when the fruit is ready, so you may need to have some protection.
In February each year,  you need to fertilize. Talk to a tree nursery or garden center.
Hope this helps! There's nothing like a peach at its peak!

Friend gave us 3 peach trees

By Susan Burkholder

Friend gave us 3 peach trees they had purchased at Walmart. No idea the variety. We live in the hill country just north of San Antonio. We cannot plant the trees in ground until we get a fence up; b/c we have longhorns who eat everything. We had to keep the trees on front porch with dappled sunlight. They bloomed beautifully and now have tiny fruit - blooms brown/falling away. They are about 5' tall. We fixed our sunny back deck to be cow proof, and yesterday (3/24/14) we re-potted the trees into large containers on the cow-protected deck.
(We will transplant them into the ground once the fence is up)
Question #1: Best time of year to transplant?

They will be getting 6-8 hours of sun per day for now on the back deck. I've read that we should pinch off all the current fruit to let the plant adjust/spend energy on root system/recover from trauma of re-potting.
MORE Questions:
Should we do this?
Can we leave some to get fruit this year?
or will these fruits just fall off?
Will we get any fruit this year?

We plan to prune as we've read about here.
Last Question: When should we prune?
Many thanks for help :-)

Hi Susan, Your trees should

By Almanac Staff

Hi Susan,
Your trees should do fine in the bigger containers. Just make sure to water so that they don't dry out. Remove fruit that is too close together. You can leave some fruit on the tree but remember that the branches are still weak and you don't want to overload them. Transplant your trees in the fall. Pruning is best done when the trees are dormant in the winter or early spring.

I have heard that peaches

By Dorothy Stalnaker

I have heard that peaches need a quick freeze to 'SET' them. Can you please explain.

Peach buds go dormant in the

By Almanac Staff

Peach buds go dormant in the winter and need chilling hours (hours where temperatures are 45 F or below) or they may not flower. Different peach tree varieties have different chilling requirements. If you contact mail-order sources for fruit trees, they can provide the chill hours for each peach tree and which grow well in your area.

My father, who has passed

By Lomonade Lonnie

My father, who has passed away recently, has left me with 3 peach trees, several black berry bushes, and grape vines that I know nothing about. Any suggestions on how to care for tree and plants that haven't been pruned in years, and how to spray and what to use?
Last year we produced an abundance of peaches, but the problem was they weighed the branches down completely to where some snapped in half. The peaches were nice in size but didn't spray in time due to dad's health issues. I do not know how old these trees are.
A hopeful producer!

You can find some good advice

By Almanac Staff

You can find some good advice for pruning and caring for peach trees on this page. Also see the many comments below. Pruning is best done when the tree is dormant in early spring. Remove old, gray-colored branches and shoots. It's recommended to remove about 40 percent of the tree annually to stimulate new growth. It's also important to open the center of the tree so that the branches will get more sunlight. It's sounds like your trees are producing well. If the tree has too many peaches on a branch you need to remove some early on so that the weight of the fruit doesn't cause harm.

HELP!!! I'm growing a peach

By Theresa Y.

HELP!!! I'm growing a peach tree in a container. It got very cold outside so to avoid freezing it I brought it inside. And now it's blooming. What can I do? It can't go back outside because it's still freezing in Charleston SC.

Just keep it indoors until

By Almanac Staff

Just keep it indoors until you can put it back outside. Enjoy the flowers and hope for spring to arrive soon.

We have one white peach tree


We have one white peach tree and one yellow peach tree - 7 years old.

The white peach tree bears fruits but since last three years- only half side of the tree -fruit ripens(are big/sweet/juicy) but the other half portion -fruit remains green/small!!

Since last two years-the yellow peach tree gets very tiny fruits-does not ripen-falls off.

Please help....


Lack of pollinators, cold

By Almanac Staff

Lack of pollinators, cold weather and too much or too little water can cause fruit drop. Fertilize your trees in early spring and early summer with a balanced fertilizer (20-20-20 for example). If you haven't pruned your trees lately you may want to open the trees to sunlight, as shaded branches won’t produce much fruit.

I am writing a Novel about a

By Kimmey

I am writing a Novel about a man who inherits a huge peach orchard that has been left unattended for decades. Would they still be alive if they were ignored for countless years? More importantly could the orchard be rejuvenated and how long would it take to produce a thriving crop?
Thank you for your time.

Interesting question. I

By Almanac Staff

Interesting question. I suppose peach trees can last 15 to 25 years, however their fruit life is probably long over.  If you want a long-lasting tree, go for a pear tree that "could" last 100 years if not killed by blight. Or, go for an apple tree which could last 100 years. Cherry trees can have long lives, too. Peach is probably the most limited of the bunch.

I want to plant a peach tree

By jan byard

I want to plant a peach tree in Florida but need to know when fruit will ripen.. I head north the ladt of May, will the fruit ripen by then?

We would need to know where

By Almanac Staff

We would need to know where in Florida you live--and which variety you are planting. Most varieties produce in early April until late May or early June in Florida, depending on the variety, location, and weather.
We would advise that you contact your University of Florida extension services for local knowledge. See this fact sheet for more information on growing peaches, especially different peach varieties suited to Florida:

Couple Q's. do the roots go

By James321

Couple Q's. do the roots go mostly down, or outward? And how big is the rootball?

We're not clear about the

By Almanac Staff

We're not clear about the context of your questions.
Upon planting, you'll spread the roots down and away without bending them too much. Young peach trees are generally shipped as a bare-root trees (without soil) with a trunk diameter that's about 1/2".

my wife purchased 20lbs of

By James Favel

my wife purchased 20lbs of peaches they are all yellow with a small section of reddy orange are these ripe? if not can we ripen them off the tree? the fruit is still fairly hard.

Yes, peaches ripen off the

By Almanac Staff

Yes, peaches ripen off the tree as long as they are not green. The reddish bloom isn't always a sign of a ripe peach. Instead, look at the undercolor, which should be a deep yellow or creamy white.A mature peach will yield to gentle hand pressure.Never squeeze a peach; it will easily bruise. If you want your peaches to ripen more quickly, put them in a paper bag in a single layer (don't stack).

My tree is about 9 years old

By carol kuhrt

My tree is about 9 years old it always full of fruit but they don't taste good . What can I do about this ?Please help

I habe 5 years old two peach

By Michael Blindman

I habe 5 years old two peach tree on my yard. Every year produced a ton of peaches. But many peaches have some I think deases. One side of peach is yelow which is looks good and other side have sone dark spot. Please let me know what can I do?

If the dark spots are big and

By Almanac Staff

If the dark spots are big and increasing in size, it may be brown rot. If the dark spots are small, it may be some form of bacterial spot. They are fairly harmless, though they will affect the taste. Most of the cures are preventative and there is not much you can do now. For example, you can apply a copper spray in fall and spring.
As peaches need an entire spray program to thrive, we would suggest you contact your local cooperative extension. Here is a list of offices so that you can find the one nearest you:

I have a 3-year old

By CAGurl

I have a 3-year old "volunteer" peach tree. This year it has produced a ton of peaches. However, although they are pretty, the flesh inside is almost completely red and dry as a bone. It is a freestone variety, gets good water and sunlight. I don't want to cut the tree down if I can get it to give me good fruit. (I let it live 3 years waiting for production, so I have the patience to wait another season if there is a good solution.) Any suggestions are greatly appreciated!

My Secret for Juicy Succulent

By Larry LaMastres

My Secret for Juicy Succulent Peaches...
I cannot believe I am going to give my secret to you so freely, but here it is. Brown Paper Sacks on the Peaches. No. You are thinking wrong. Put the sacks on the Peaches when they are starting out, growing on the the trees. Peaches Ripen in sacks naturally. The Peaches themselves "Do NOT Need sunlight"; Only the TREE Needs sunlight. The Fruit will ripen and be Sweet and Juicy. Try it. What do you have to lose. Maybe your neighbors will laugh until you give them a bite of this Sweet, Succulent Fruit. Then they will want more. The Peaches grow Bigger too.
I got the idea on hearing about Peaches grown on the Isle of Greece. Orchard growers here in Missouri, laugh at me, but let them. I am opening an Orchard one day and I am going to charge PREMIUM for my Peaches. Try it, and let me know how they do.
PS-You may have to check and change the bags once a year, but it is so worth the trouble.

Mealy (dry) fruit with

By Almanac Staff

Mealy (dry) fruit with excessive red flesh (called bleeding) can be caused by a few factors:
Did you receive a spell of especially high heat before the peaches were ripening? If so, there are reports that this can cause more than the usual amount of red flesh in certain peaches, and possibly other problems to the fruit.
Mealy fruit can also be due to the variety. Also, after harvest, they can experience internal breakdown (which may include mealiness and bleeding) due to chilling injury--exposing peaches to room temperature for a few days after being in cold storage.
Before cutting the tree down, you might want to wait until next season. If the weather is normal for your climate over the winter through summer, see if your next crop improves.

My mother planted a fruit

By Michele Taylor

My mother planted a fruit tree a couple of years ago - the tree has some small peaches this year but they are hard like golf balls - what should we do? Michele

Other than just a normally

By Almanac Staff

Other than just a normally developing fruit that is not ripe yet, small, hard fruit can be caused by a few things:
Peach fruit need thinning. If too many fruit are left on the branches, they will be small and hard, because the tree can not provide enough nutrients for every fruit. Consult your county's Cooperative Extension for advice on how to best thin peaches in your area (there are a few methods). For contact information, see:
Another possibiity is that the tree did not receive enough chilling temperatures over the past winter, which affects fruit set/quality. In this case, fruits may be sparse, and small and misshapen--a disorder called buttoning. If you know the variety of peach that you have, check its chilling requirements to see if it is appropriate for your climate. Or, if you had a mild winter, that may have been the trouble.

We planted a peach tree about

By peachy in portland

We planted a peach tree about 3 years ago. I don't remember what kind it is but do know that it was supposed to be dwarf (it's now well over 10 feet tall and getting bigger). It really out did itself this year. Lots of peaches and some pretty good sized. We harvested them today. they all have great color and are really juicy. Problem is that they are all so mealy you can barely bite into them. This has been the situation each year. What is causing this? or is it just the kind of tree? It is watered daily, the weather has finally become great...sometimes into the 90's but cool into the 50's at night. There are orchards near us and they seem to be doing very well this year. Were did we go wrong? can we fix this problem?

You may have left the peaches

By Almanac Staff

You may have left the peaches on the tree too long before harvesting. Or sometimes peaches turn mealy if stored incorrectly after harvest. Check with the orchards near you to see if they have any suggestions.

We just bought a house with a

By alicia r

We just bought a house with a peach tree. Previous tenants did NOTHING in terms of care for the tree. I want to do as much as I can now to get the tree ready for next growing season. It's in desperate need of pruning. Can I do this now, or will I have to wait until the spring? Also, how often will I need to fertilize?

Please see our pruning tips

By Almanac Staff

Please see our pruning tips above.
A mature peach trees should be fertilized each March and May with a 10-10-10 fertilizer.

Do I have to treat the tree

By Katie B

Do I have to treat the tree with pesticides to eat the fruit? We just moved in last fall. Tree has many peaches, just not sure if its safe to eat the peaches?

How often I have to spray the

By Tien Hsieh

How often I have to spray the tree when the tree has fruits already ?

Peach trees usually have a

By Almanac Staff

Peach trees usually have a pre-harvest spray that's 7 to 14 days before harvest and then there's a post-harvest spray. Here are examples of spray programs:
However, we suggest you contact your local cooperative extension for the appropriate spray program in your area.

It is a good thing if you

By Almanac Staff

It is a good thing if you don't have to use pesticides and can grow a peach without them, though that is not typical. Just wash peaches under running water and dry with a paper towel. See references:

Our peach tree had blossoms

By Joe Schmidt

Our peach tree had blossoms all over in the spring-- but many fell off and only produced peaches on half the tree. We live in Northwest Ohio.

we planted our fruit trees

By cpicon

we planted our fruit trees last October. This summer only one peach and pear tree survived :(. The one peach tree bore 2 small peaches! My Oma told me to pick them or they would rot. Now something is eating all the leaves and I'm afaird it won't come back!

Peach trees do not bear fruit

By Almanac Staff

Peach trees do not bear fruit until they are 3 or 4 years old. You may find this page helpful:
We hate to say it, but peach trees generally need fungicides to control insect and disease problems and you need to follow a spray program. 
Contact your local cooperative extension office to learn more about spray treatments approved in your area.

Last year an animal stripped

By Ohio girl

Last year an animal stripped my peach tree bare in one night. The peaches were still rock hard. Should I expect this yearly? From reading I need to keep the peaches on the tree until they are ripe. I have a have-a-heart trap I could set. Any other suggestions?

Oh, my, where do we start

By Almanac Staff

Oh, my, where do we start with peach trees and pests? MANY love peaches, as do we. You need to be more specific: Which varmint? There are many tactics from predator urine to pruning to baffles to trapping. Pick peaches when 75% of the green ground color has become yellowish. Don't pick when immature--yuck. Let them get as ripe as possible as they don't store well off the tree but pick right away to avoid more pests. Biting into a peach is also a good way to know when it's ripe.

We have a peach tree in our

By brieanna

We have a peach tree in our backyard that is so full of fruit is bent over and has some parts of the fruit laying on the ground. is that what you mean by thinning is taking off the fruit and cutting the branches...we just moved in.

Yes, you need to thin to

By Almanac Staff

Yes, you need to thin to avoid tree problems, get good fruit., and develop buds for next year. Normally, you want to thin before it gets to this stage. Next year, thin in spring when the fruit is just 1 inch in diameter (no earlier) and 3 to 5 inches apart on the branch. This will remove a lot of the fruit but it is how it's done! At this point, since the fruit is so heavy, we would space no less than 6 to 8 inches apart. Remove all the largest fruits and all damaged fruits.

I have a peach tree in my

By educ8life04

I have a peach tree in my yard. I am renting the place and do not know what was done in prior years. It has borne fruit in previous years (according to my neighbor). It is almost July and the fruit has seemed to hit a deadlock in their growth. I've primed the tree and the fruit. They get watered daily. I live in Arizona so I have to water them early. Even my Apple tree seems to be struggling. What am I doing wrong?

Has your area experienced a

By Almanac Staff

Has your area experienced a fluctuation in temperature (for example, hot then cold then hot) that may have confused and delayed the fruiting of your peach and apple trees? Was there a late spring frost? Too much fertilizer (especially nitrogen) can also delay fruiting, encouraging leaf growth instead. For fruit trees, keep up with proper pruning to maintain productivity. Check for signs of disease or insects.

Hi I planted a peach tree

By H

Hi I planted a peach tree about a year and half ago and this year it is in full bloom. Lots of peaches already on our tree(not ripe yet). I am moving though in a month to a new house and would love to take my tree with me. Is that even possible? Will it transplant well or regrow?

Unfortunately, summer is one

By Almanac Staff

Unfortunately, summer is one of the worst times to transplant a tree, due to the tree's seasonal cycle and the summer's heat. The plant is now putting its energy into flowering and developing fruit, and may not have enough to recover from transplant shock. It won't have as many roots as it did at its original site to help with life processes. Some people have had success, however--especially if the trees are young. If all goes well, trees may take several years to recover from transplant shock, although young trees will take less time.

If you want to take the risk, we'd recommend that you consult a local nursery or landscape company; they could recommend the proper method (such as the proper size root ball for your plant, or whether your plant is small enough to be transplanted bare-root), and might (for a fee) even be able to dig the plant up and properly ball-and-burlap the roots so that it will have the best chance of survival. It's best to have the largest root ball possible, to help the plant recover from transplant shock; keep in mind that root balls are usually very heavy and need to be disturbed as little as possible; to avoid injury to yourself or the tree, you might want to hire a professional to perform this task. A general rule of thumb is for every inch of tree diameter, provide at least 12 inches in diameter of root ball and 6 inches of depth. In summer, even larger would be good.

Read up online as to how to properly dig the tree, transport it (keep the root ball moist), choose a good new site, prepare the new hole, and introduce your tree to its new home. Make sure that it has plenty of water (but good drainage), while it is adjusting to its new environment. (Root pruning before transplanting helps trees to recover after transplanting, but this should be done a year ahead, or at least 3 to 6 months in advance, so it wouldn't help in your case.)

If this is a long-distance move, keep in mind that it is best for the tree not to have it carried by a professional moving company (if you are hiring one to transport your furniture) due to the conditions on the truck (such as heat); in fact, many companies do not allow plants in their moving vans.

Good luck!

We moved to Rice,Tx of

By Shirley Torres

We moved to Rice,Tx of Dallas 6 yrs. ago & there was a mature peach tree on our lot. It always blooms, gets small immature frruit on it. Then the fruit turn black and eventually dry out. What's wrong with this tree? We are yet to enjoy one peach! Its about 20 ft. Tall & my husband did prune it one yr. To no avail! Thankyou!

Nothing good comes easy . . .

By Almanac Staff

Nothing good comes easy . . . Peaches, like most plants, require a certain amount of care. (Would that they just produced!) As noted above, they need nitrogen (some sources also say potassium). Check your soil and amend as necessary. Fertilize in spring. Treat with zinc annually. Also, make sure your peach tree gets lots of sun and air circulation. As much as these plants love water, excessive dampness (even fog!) can lead to bacteria and so black spot. Air and sun, with proper pruning will help to enable them to dry out. If you can't employ these tactics this year, plan to next year.

I also have the same problem

By Kay and Dave

I also have the same problem with my peach trees. We bought our place 10 years ago. Plenty of blooms, really small peachs that never grow or ripen. Not sure about pruning or any thing concerned with peach trees.I live in southeast georgia. Need help

Kay and Dave, Nothing good

By Almanac Staff

Kay and Dave, Nothing good comes easy . . . Peaches, like most plants, require a certain amount of care. (Would that they just produced!) As noted above, they need nitrogen (some sources also say potassium). Check your soil and amend as necessary. Fertilize in spring. Treat with zinc annually. Also, make sure your peach tree gets lots of sun and air circulation. As much as these plants love water, excessive dampness (even fog!) can lead to bacteria and so black spot. Air and sun, with proper pruning will help to enable them to dry out. If you can't employ these tactics this year, plan to next year.
Another consideration for you, as noted above: remove the tiny peaches to allow 1 to grow per 8 to 10 inches of branch. That might improve the development of the remainders.

Help with mature trees!

By Anonymous

I am renting a property that has several peach trees; I have no idea how mature they are, but a few are over 6 ft tall and they do not have the open bowl pruning. Last year I had an abundance of young fruits that never matured, I was so disappointed! How do I avoid this again, what do I do to encourage ripening? One of my trees is full of peaches and they are tiny but turning the lovely reddish orange color. The other trees have peaches, but they are still just green. Any suggestions are most welcome, I am new to this.


By Anonymous

The best way to ensure ripening and adequate size is to thin the peaches quite severely: rub off the peachlets, keeping one well-placed peach per 10 inches or so. It depends on the branch structure as well. If there are many small fruiting branches, then consider keeping one peach per branch. For wall-trained friuit, facing up towards maturity is also advised: that is to say, slip something behind the peach (carefully), just to make it stand out to the sun a bit more. Beware of birds too, and ensure a regular watering.

Pruning the fruit

By Anonymous

my boyfriend told me to prune the fruit of the tree that is about 5 years old. stand about 6 foot. He thinks the it is still to young. It has never beard fruit until this year when I bought another tree.
should I cut the fruit off for I donot believe that the branches are going to handle it

Pruning the fruit

By Anonymous

You should say--or write--It has never borne fruit, not beard fruit.

question regarding late planting in CA

By Anonymous

I had purchased few fruit trees in summer, Cheery, Peach, Plum, Avacado, pomegranate etc. However, didn't get chance to plant them right away. I am ready now. In Bay area so weather is not cold yet, should I plan them now? Any precaution I should take due to late planting?


You can plant the trees now.

By Almanac Staff

You can plant the trees now. Some experts believe that fall is the best time to plant trees for good root growth. Plant your trees according to the directions and water well before the weather turns cold. Most fruit trees grow best in a sunny location.

my mother would let the seeds

By KH111

my mother would let the seeds dry for a day or two and put them in a small pot of soil with the larger part of the seed down and the smaller pointing up then replant them after they were big enough. hope this helps

Peach Seeds

By TxJohn

When do you plant a seed from a Peach?


Peaches reproduce through seeds.

By Anonymous

The ones that you buy from the shops are better, because a high yielding peach plant is grafted on a heavy growing plant stem with root.

Post new comment

Before posting, please review all comments. Due to the volume of questions, Almanac editors can respond only occasionally, as time allows. We also welcome tips from our wonderful Almanac community!

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
By submitting this form, you accept the Mollom privacy policy.

Plan your perfect Garden