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The berries were draped over our neighbors fence.

Credit: Annette McCarthy
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Botanical name: Rubus

Plant type: Fruit

USDA Hardiness Zones: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Sun exposure: Full Sun

Soil type: Any

Soil pH: Slightly Acidic to Neutral

Raspberries are naturally inclined to grow in cooler climates, although the development of adaptable varieties has made it possible for gardeners to grow raspberries in many zones. They are relatively easy to grow, and with proper care, can bear fruit indefinitely. Don’t limit yourself to the common red raspberry; try growing purple as well!

There are two types of raspberries, both with their own specific requirements for growing. Summer-bearers bear one crop per season, in summertime. Ever-bearers bear two crops, one in summer and one in fall.


  • Plant in the early spring (or late winter for warm zones)
  • Plant far from wild growing berries, otherwise risk the spread of pests and diseases to your garden.
  • Prepare soil with compost or aged manure a couple weeks before planting.
  • Raspberries love moisture, so try soaking the roots for an hour or two before planting.
  • Dig a hole that is roomy enough for the roots to spread.
  • Space plants about 3 feet apart, in rows 8 feet apart.
  • After planting, cut back canes, leaving 8 to 10 inches. 
  • Depending on the variety you plant, you may need to fashion a support. A trellis or a fence are good options. If you chose to use one of these, establish them at or before time of planting so the plants are not disturbed when maturing.


  • Mulching is important throughout the season to conserve moisture and suffocate weeds. Keep a thick layer of mulch surrounding plants at all times.
  • Water one inch per week.
  • The roots send up an abundant amount of shoots, called canes. Keep order by pruning away the majority of them so that the survivors can produce lots of berries.


Summer-Bearers produce berries on two year old canes while one year old canes grow right beside them. You shouldn’t have trouble telling which is which: the older canes have brown stems, and the young ones are still green. Prune only the older ones, the ones that have finished their fruitful year.

  • Prune in the fall. Leave about 6 of the thickest, strongest green canes.
  • Keep plant contained to a 19-inch wide space. Left alone without care all summer, neat rows will become thickets.
  • Cut off all canes that grow sideways.

Ever-Bearers require less care:

  • Mow them to the ground in the fall, after you finish picking. (For a small patch, pruning shears will do.)
  • Clean up all debris—diseases and pests overwinter.
  • Pruning is not required during the growing season unless you want to keep a uniform order.


Raspberries are one of the few fruits that are hardly bothered by pests and diseases. (Black raspberries are most susceptible to this type of damage than red or purple.)


  • All varieties will begin to produce fruit in their second season. In some cases, ever-bearers may bear small berries in their first autumn.
  • In early summer, berries will ripen over a time of about 2 weeks. You will need to pick berries every couple of days.
  • Try to harvest berries on a sunny day when they are dry.
  • Don't tug too hard on your raspberries when picking. A ripe raspberry will leave the vine willingly.
  • Raspberries can be kept refrigerated for about 5 days.
  • If the fruit is to be made into preserves, it should be done straight off the plant.
  • Raspberries can be frozen. Make a single layer of berries on a cookie sheet. When frozen, place into airtight bags.

Recommended Varieties

  • 'Canby' recommended for New England, Upper Great Lakes and Northwest.
  • 'Heritage' recommended for the Mid-Atlantic and Ohio Valley.
  • 'Fallgold' yellow variety recommended for the Upper Midwest and Canada.
  • 'Plainsman' recommended for the Rockies and High Plains.


Wit & Wisdom

Raspberries are a good source of dietary fiber and Vitamin C.


Hi I don't know if anyone can

By Sonel De Lange on March 18


I don't know if anyone can help. My raspberries flowers in spring and autumn and are the red kind. Every time I harvest my berries the new berries underneath dries out and die, I gave the plants more water but they only give me berries once and then die, friends of mine whom also have berries said that the plant should be able to produce fruit on a regular basis. Please help this year was the first time my plant produced berries, we also live in an area where there is frost and I don't know if I should plant them out and keep them in my green house or if they would survive the frost?

When you harvest a berry the

By Flower girl on March 23

When you harvest a berry the underneath is not a new berry it is the stem and will dry up. If it is every worrying. It will flower twice in a year and the fruit comes from the flowers. Don't move them to a green house just put mulch, such as bark or straw at the base of raspberries.

Hello, About 4 yrs ago I

By Tom Cromie

Hello, About 4 yrs ago I planted Some raspberry starts. They did good. In the fall I mulched with some shavings (white Pine) I think. Anyway next year most all the plants died. Transplanted again and next year most plants died again. Do you think the mulch poisoned the soil? What can I do to make it suitable for planting again?

Hi Tom, Raspberries prefer a

By Almanac Staff

Hi Tom,
Raspberries prefer a slightly acid Ph (5.6-6.2). If your soil is already acidic and you add pine needles they will make the soil more acidic. You may want to test your soil.
Here a link discussing raspberries and Ph.

We have built the raised bed

By Anonymous

We have built the raised bed last year and used it for tomatoes - wooden raised bed without the bottom. Now I bought raspberry and blackberry plants and wanted to plant them in this bed instead of tomatoes. I read in different Internet sites not to plant raspberries where tomatoes were grown for last few years (from one year to four years on different Internet sites). What can I do to prevent the disease? Can I take the soil out of the bed (as much as I can) and put the new soil? Is it better to plant the raspberries in the pot until next spring?
I have Bababerry and Heritage raspberry, black raspberry and Navaho blackberry (all 4 from Armstrong gardens). I am not planning to grow tomatoes anymore.
Can I grow black raspberry near red raspberry or blackberry?

To be on the safe side remove

By Almanac Staff

To be on the safe side remove as much of the soil from the raised bed as you can before adding new soil and compost, or grow the plants in big pots this year. It's not recommended to plant black raspberry plants close to red raspberries as they are susceptible to mosaic virus.

Hey I am planing to plant

By Hakim

Hey I am planing to plant raspberries and blueberry In Algeria North Africa
I am looking for place in North America to buy the plants

Hey guys. This is the second

By Aleisha

Hey guys. This is the second year since I planted only a small couple of branches from my friends bush and this year there is fruit on them and because I love raspberries so much I check them everyday and noticed the fruit turning ripe or even still green were being eaten. I thought it was my 5 yr old son picking them as they were taken off whole not from an insect or anything small. So I have put some green netting type stuff over it but about 50% of the recently flowered fruit has been eaten. Should I prune the branched that have been eaten or just leave them??? Also there are so many little raspberry offsprings sprouting up everywhere and I don't have a big enough area to just let them go crazy should I just pull them out?? Thanks for any help guys. Am very new to all this but LOVE LOVE LOVE my RASPBERRIES. CHEERS. I live in Tasmania, Australia by the way if anyone has any tips on keeping the plants alive during crazy day to day hot then cold whether.

Help! My parents, who lived

By Kari Lody

Help! My parents, who lived next door to me, just sold their house and moved to Florida. My mom has a bunch of raspberry plants behind her garage (in the shade too), and yesterday, I dug up two babies to transplant into my yard tomorrow. The new owners took possession of their house today. First, I've been reading these should be in full sun, I don't know why mom had to in half sun. I can do full sun, no problem, but am I too late to and these? I'm in Aurora, Illinois, Zone 5. Should I plant them and see what happens, or maybe plant them in a pot till Spring?

No one cares :)

By Gurt

No one cares :)

The raspberry plants will do

By Almanac Staff

The raspberry plants will do better if you plant them in the ground. They need to go dormant over the winter. Plant them as soon as possible so that they may have a chance to start growing some roots before the ground freezes. Add a layer of mulch around them for protection. Water well.

I forgot to mention we are in

By Chris Stacy

I forgot to mention we are in southwest Michigan in my comment sent!

We planted raspberry starts

By Chris Stacy

We planted raspberry starts (one stem) this spring. Over summer they grew and sprouted new plants around them. Confused on what to do now, Oct.22, do we cut them all back including new sprouts, do we dig up new sprouts to give more energy to original plant? Is it too late to cut them back?Thanks!

Find out what type of

By Almanac Staff

Find out what type of raspberries you have (summer-bearing or ever-bearing) before pruning. See our pruning advice on this page. For best growing conditions it is recommended for rows to be 1½ to 2 feet wide and to have about 3 canes per linear foot. Wait until early spring to prune and to remove suckers. You probably don't need to do much pruning on your young plants next spring. Just make sure to remove any dead (brown) canes.

Hello: I live in Michigan and

By Dan Fletcher


I live in Michigan and I need to move/transplant about 400 raspberry plants in the FALL> I wondered if anyone had any opinion or advice.

I have the best soil and my plants are currently in about 3 inches of vermicompost. I never worry about moving anything, however , this bunch of plants was to be moved in the spring and now they are huge and my nursery is overloaded.

If I hear that this will be impossible then I will wait, but I have a field with 3-4 inches of finished compost on top of sany soil and I just know that I will not have the time for the move in the spring.

Thanks for any advice.


It's getting pretty late in

By Almanac Staff

It's getting pretty late in the season to transplant raspberries. We suggest that you wait until spring. But you may want to contact the Michigan Extession Service to see if they can give you advice for transplanting.

I have recently moved into a

By aharrison132

I have recently moved into a house that has several raspberry vines. They aren't producing very much fruit. Can I transplant them to a much sunnier spot?

Wait to transplant until

By Almanac Staff

Wait to transplant until spring. Early spring planting is preferred over fall planting. Plant as soon as the soil can be properly prepared. You should also prune the plants in early spring for better growth.

I was derelict about getting

By ericka

I was derelict about getting my black raspberry root into the ground this spring- it's still in the pack, green and faithfully watered. Is it safe to plant it now, late August, in zone 4/5 WNY before the approaching winter? Will it winter over alright without a full season's root growth to back it up, or ought I baby it indoors until next spring?

Hi Ericka, Plant the

By Almanac Staff

Hi Ericka,
Plant the raspberry now. It will have time to grow new roots before the cold weather sets in. Keep the plant watered and add mulch around it. This will keep the soil moist and will also protect the plant during the winter months. Read our planting instructions on this page.

I have had raspberry plants

By Lorne Brennan

I have had raspberry plants in my yard for the last 5 year with no berries. Plant grow to 5 to 6 feet tall every year what am I doing wrong. Thanks

Hello, I want to try growing

By Sid

I want to try growing Raspberry plants in South-India.
I would need your suggestion:
1. I want to propagate them through seeds. Is that ok?
2. Weather conditions - warm to hot but there is no limitation of water for irrigation. This is okay ?
3. I am right now in Germany. How do I distinguish Summer-bearers and ever-bearers ?

Thanks in advance!!

This will be the third year

By gretchen thomas

This will be the third year I've been growing raspberries. when I planted my new garden in our new house, these raspberries started to grow. I'm new at this, so could you tell me why my raspberries are still so tiny? Not just small but tiny. they fall apart when you pick them.
Thank you

(Coeur d'Alene, ID)

Although it might be a

By Almanac Staff

Although it might be a nutrition problem, or due to inadequate pollination, it might also be caused by the tarnished plant bug, or diseases, including crumbly berry/tomato ringspot virus. For more information, see:

We have been growing

By joyce hanna

We have been growing raspberries for 10 years. Our first plot became too shady so we moved the suckers to a sunnier spot. Raspberries have numerous small mounds that make up the berry- I don't know what these are called. We have more and more berries where a few of these "mounds" -especially near the open area of the berry- are hard, and black. It is not an insect, and the rest of the plant (stem and leaf) are very healthy. We do have problems with Japanese beetles, and because we are organic farmers, we hand pick these off (ugh!) daily. I googled "black spots on raspberries" and there were many comments from people who bought raspberries at supermarkets or farmer's markets and noticed these black spots. The advice was to not buy berries from these farmers again! But, we are "these farmers", and I can't find out what this is or what to do about it. We follow all the advice closely for care of the plant. This year, the very first berries began showing the black hard "mounds". I cut them off, and the rest of the berry is fine, but freezing 50 pints a year, this takes way too long. I need to know how to prevent them in the first place.

This is a puzzle. I do

By Almanac Staff

This is a puzzle. I do remember seeing such berries at the market, though. I'm wondering if it might be due to a type of mite? There is a similar condition that occurs with blackberries, in that one or more drupelets (the individual small mounds on a blackberry or raspberry--actually, individual fruits) remain red and hard and do not develop further, due to the feeding of the redberry mite (Acalitus essigi), which is microscopic. From what I could find, it is not a widespread pest of raspberries (but is a problem for blackberries). If it is not this pest, perhaps it might be some other kind of insect damage that is interfering with proper fruit development of that one drupelet, or damaging it. (White or light druplets, on the other hand, are caused by sunscald--UV radiation.) You might ask your county's Cooperative Extension about your raspberry symptoms and ask what they think it might be (and if redberry mite would be a possibility). See:
For more information about redberry mite, see:

I live in a house that had

By Anya

I live in a house that had been in my family for over three hundred years. Recently my dad cut down a tree and raspberry bushes appeared last year. I know for a fact thay he didnt plant them and that they were not there when I was a child as I used to run through what is now a raspberry patch. My grandmother comfirms that there used to be raspberries in that General area when she was young.

The tree that was there was planted after my parents got married and I am fairly positive that my dad would not plant a tree in a raspberry patch. Is it possible that the radpberries had gone dormant before this point?

We're guessing that birds (or

By Almanac Staff

We're guessing that birds (or other animals) had dropped raspberry seeds in the area recently. Because the site now (we assume) is getting more sun, the raspberry seeds that the birds dropped sprouted. Or, if you have any raspberry bushes elsewhere on your property (within about 10 feet or so), it is possible that the bushes by the former tree appeared via underground shoots from the other bushes. We don't know how long a raspberry bush (or seed) would remain dormant--we suspect that they wouldn't remain so, though, as wild raspberries are often found growing under trees in partial shade (although they don't produce as much fruit).

We planted raspberries this

By Izolda

We planted raspberries this Spring in Solon, OH the soil is clay early summer they looked pretty nice but now the leaves to turn brown and yellow. What can I do with them, do they need fertilizer?

Browning and yellowing leaves

By Almanac Staff

Browning and yellowing leaves might be due to several factors, from pests and diseases to cultural problems, such as too much heat, or too little water, too much or too little fertilization. Research the specific symptoms of each to see if any fit what you are seeing on your plants. Or, show a sample to a local garden nursery in case a horticulturist there could identify the problem, or contact your county's Cooperative Extension. See:
You might also be interested in this diagnostic tool from Cornell University:

I have had a patch for about

By Jessica Lau

I have had a patch for about 11 years and this year my plants are not getting any up-growth they are spreading, but not growing up only about 8 inches tall. They are fall bearing red. What is causing this?

I planted raspberries two

By Reberry

I planted raspberries two years ago and waited patiently for berries this year. There are a ton of berries, but when I pick them and look inside there are little white dots that look like seeds. Is that what I am seeing? Or are these insect eggs?

I planted my first black

By Mary Helmerick

I planted my first black raspberry bush this spring and it was doing very well until my husband accidentally sheared it off with the weed whip. What can I do to save my plant? Will it come back or do I have to start all over?
Thank you, Mary

I have a row of rasberries

By Scott Johnston

I have a row of rasberries that are Heritage and Meeker varieties. Unfortunately, I did not mark them well and I am not sure which plants are Heritage and which are Meeker. I know one is the summer and one is so called everbearing. I have never grown them before.How can I best tell them apart. Do I need to wait and see the berry shape?

My mom has several black

By NatalieB

My mom has several black raspberry bushes that are producing amazingly well this year. Any tips for getting fruit that is too high or too far into the bush to reach easily? These were inherited wild bushes- what's the best way to prune them to make it easier next year?

Every year our raspberry

By Helen Ficycz

Every year our raspberry bushes produce lots of berries and we are happy with what we get. This year so far the bushes are sparse and not high. Over the last couple of weeks we are seeing tall stems with leaves and tiny yellow flowers. at the top of the vine or stock looks like a dried up flower with very small tentacles (hope I spelled it right) on it. The stock or vine is not prickly like the rest of the bushes we have. Can you tell me if it is a kind of raspberry plant or something else invading us. There are 3 leaves together but far apart on the stock. Please let us know.
Thank you
Helen Ficycz
Pickering, Canada

Hi, Helen: You've done a

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Helen: You've done a great job in trying to provide a description, but it's still too little. Whatever this is, get rid of it ... then focus on re-following (since you've had success before) the gardening tips and advice above ... diligently! Good luck to another one of our thousands of Canadian gardeners!

I live in Central Illinois.

By Mike Watters

I live in Central Illinois. I planted a black raspberry plant 4 years ago and it has not neared any fruit. The plant looks healthy. Does more than one plant have to be planted for pollination?

Raspberries are

By Almanac Staff

Raspberries are self-pollinating. In terms of not producing berries, here are just some thoughts: Remember that they are a biennial cane that produces fruit every other year. It also can take two years for a can to start the fruit production. If you happened to cut off the one-year-old canes your raspberries will not produce fruit because you have no 2-year old canes left in the patch.

I planted a rasberry cane in

By ericb

I planted a rasberry cane in may and so far i have not seen any other canes come up or any growth on the existing cane. is this normal?

Did the cane have any new

By Almanac Staff

Did the cane have any new growth on it when you planted it? You can test the cane by cutting a small piece off the top to see if it's green inside. If it is green it's still alive.

Our black raspberry bushes

By Faye Gnoth

Our black raspberry bushes (over 20 yrs old) were growing this spring and looking very healthy with lots of berries forming. In the last week, the leaves have started to turn yellow and then Brown. Don't see any insects on the plants. Were fertilized this year. Any ideas? Thanks

Did your bushes get enough

By Almanac Staff

Did your bushes get enough water? Drought can cause leaves to turn brown. Raspberries can also suffer from both viral and fungal diseases, and the symptoms are usually similar.

I live in middle TN and had a

By Corri Knudso

I live in middle TN and had a raspberry plant that was doing great, already even had a few delicious berries from it. All of a sudden all the forming berries turned black and shriveled up, and not from lck of water. Whats going on?

Hard to say. Have you checked

By Almanac Staff

Hard to say. Have you checked for insects on your plant? Winter injury or poor pollination can also cause berries to drop. A fungus or a virus is another possibility. Contact your local extension service office at for more information.

Our raspberries are doing

By Clella Stiles

Our raspberries are doing great and are just loaded with berries, but they are ripening and have no size to them at all. Some years they have been big berries. We fertilized them with 10-10-10 in early May and are watering them good. Can't figure out what else to do.

Raspberries do need a lot of

By Almanac Staff

Raspberries do need a lot of water when producing berries and they also need sun. Pruning is also important to keep the canes under control. Make sure to follow the pruning advise at the top of this page. If the bushes begin to consistently produce small berries, consider replacing it.

Planted a Meeker and a Coho

By bmergirl61

Planted a Meeker and a Coho raspberry bush and I like to label my plants ... the containers with the name on it got mixed up :( ... Is there a way I can tell the difference? Differences between the shape of the leaves, leaf formation, fruit? I tried to google with no luck. Thank you in advance.

Both are late season

By Almanac Staff

Both are late season cultivars. The Meeker, however, will ripen first, and it has long fruiting laterals.

Wbat is the best mulch for

By marilgn shaw

Wbat is the best mulch for Latham raspberries? My mom used saw dust once and her pllants all died. Does it make a difference what sawdust? Pine, maple, oak? Are leaves a good mulch in the fall?
Thank you.

For any raspberry, mulch

By Almanac Staff

For any raspberry, mulch between the rows helps reduce weeds, retain soil moisture, and add organic matter. The best mulch is wood chips, bark, pine needles, or rotted leaf mulch. Spread over the plant rows, and maintain it at a depth of 3 to 4 inches.
You'll still want to fertilize each year in early spring, a little extra if heavy mulch is used. 

Why would some of our

By Rohdy

Why would some of our raspberry plants be producing very small leaves?

We don't know if you have a

By Almanac Staff

We don't know if you have a bug or pest, or the conditions are inhibiting growth. (Leaf curl, roll, or crinkle are problems.) Review the advice above and below for ideal conditions. If there is no solution, you might ask a local extension service of nursery. Sorry...

I've enjoyed raspberry plants


I've enjoyed raspberry plants for years and have never had any bug problems. Three years ago I started seeing very small white worms on the fruit, last year there were more. What can I use to avoid them? I sell my berries to family and friends and hate to have them get wormy raspberries?!?!

It's hard to know exactly

By Almanac Staff

It's hard to know exactly what this is.
It could be a fruit fly, the Spotted Wing Drosophila. It's a fairly new pest on raspberries and other fruits. You will need to spray with a raspberry-specific agent; these are numerous. A few include spinosad, pyrethroids, and malathion. Do not apply it when the plants are in bloom. To also avoid this pest, control the weeds around the plants.
If this is a cane borer, you would need to remove the affected canes and burn them, then spray with Sevin next spring before the blossoms open.
Since all of these are fairly drastic measure, if possible, bring a sample to a local extension agent or other expert and see what they advise.

I live in the foothills of

By Montana Ann

I live in the foothills of the Big Belt mountains in western Montana. I have three each of Red Latham, Canby, and Anne raspberries. The first two are rated for Zone 3, the last for Zone 4 (Gurney's thinks I'm in Zone 4, but they do not take elevation into account, and based on my experience, I'm in Zone 3). I have prepared holes along my eastern fenceline, and wondered if it is okay to plant them alternating between the three (Latham, Anne, Canby; Latham, Anne, Canby; etc). Or, would it be best to plant the same variety in a row, then move to the next variety (Latham, Latham, Latham; Anne, Anne, Anne; etc)? Also, I have a row of Juniper bushes immediately to the west of the holes, to protect them from the afternoon sun, but they should get at least eight hours of morning and mid-day sun. Do Junipers present some sort of danger to them? We are semi-arid, high desert, but I have a drip emitter system set up, and plan to water one gallon every other early morning. Will that work?

Hi, Montana Ann, We can't

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Montana Ann,
We can't comment on your zone; it sounds like a micro/combination. We looked at Gurney's listings for these plants and there seems to be little difference between them: the spread varies a bit, the color is white or gold, and the form is two upright, one arching. Contact the source to be sure, but it would seem like they can live together. The question might be can you live with them: You might not be able to tell the difference (aside from the fruit color) after a few years as they spread.
Note that they would like room to roam from 4 to 6 feet, according to Gurney's description. The juniper being "immediately to the west" may be too close. You might ask Gurney's this question, too.
All require full sun to partial shade; that's 6 to 8 hours of sun per day.
The holes should be prepared with well-drained, loamy, sandy, high-organic matter. One to 2 inches of water per week, dripped as described, should be good (avoid wetting the leaves), depending on local rainfall. And avoid a windswept site, as that can have a drying effect.

I live in Vermont (Zone 4),

By JeffVT

I live in Vermont (Zone 4), and just bought a dozen raspberry bushes at a plant sale, in early May. each container plant has one to three stalks and the stalks are at least 4 feet long. The top 1-2 feet already have leaves on them.

I don't know the variety; all I know is they are red raspberries of a cultivated type (not wild plants).

Reading your article I'm picturing most people are buying very short plants, not like the 4 foot tall, spindly plants like I have. Do you have any specific recommendations for pruning or trimming these types of plants? I'm hesitant to remove most of the stalks (all but 8-10" as you suggest), until I hear back some confirmation.

Thanks for your help.

Hi, Jeff, The best time to

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Jeff,
The best time to prune raspberries is in the fall. Just get these planted where they have plenty of good organic soil, sunshine, and room to grow. (They are the kind of plants to sleep the first year, then creep, then leap.) You probably will not get berries this year; these canes will be settling in. But maybe next year!
Nothing like homegrown berries!

I planted rasberry bushes a

By Ineptgardener

I planted rasberry bushes a few months ago and they seemed to be doing alright. The directions said that once new leaves began to sprout that you should fertilize them. Its been about a week since I fertilized them and the leaves are turning dry and look like they are dying around the outside. Is there anything I can do to help them out?

It's hard to tell exactly

By Almanac Staff

It's hard to tell exactly what this might be; anthracnose comes to mind. That's a fungus that is common to raspberries (it's nothing you did) and spreads to other canes. Are the canes also drying/turning brown? Perhaps you can take one to a local nursery. Infected plants should be cut out; removed. You could let up on the fertilizer; water the ground, not the leaves; and see how they go.
In future, to avoid it again, keep a good air circulation between plants.
And, with good organic soil with a pH of 5.6 to 6.2, fertilizer should not be necessary.
We hope this helps.

What would be the best ever

By Kerstine

What would be the best ever bearing raspberry in Uxbridge, Ontario? Thank you

There are several varieties

By Almanac Staff

There are several varieties of raspberries that do well in Ontario. See this fact sheet for suggestions:

I live in Philadelphia, how

By Shalena

I live in Philadelphia, how can I determine which zone I live in? Also I purchased the Red Raspberry plant, is this a plant that has to go into the ground or can I put it into a big flower pot to grow, if I use the pot can I later transfer it to the yard? This is my first time trying to start a garden so I'm not really sure what to do. I also purchased moisture control soil is that ok if I can in fact start it in the pot?

Shalena, You can find your

By Almanac Staff

Shalena, You can find your zone here: Philadelphia is in the pale greens to yellow zone—right about where zones 6 and 7 blend. 
Raspberries usually grow in the ground, and spread by sending out runners.
Container raspberries are new on the market. One appears in the 2014 Almanac, on page 14. It's called 'Raspberry Shortcake', and it's a thornless dwarf. Is that what you have?
If not, you should plant your raspberry in the ground, rather than a pot.
Save the moisture control for something else in the pot. How about tomatoes or peas or beans or a few of each—depending on the size of the pot. You can find growing information about all of those and more at

I'm thinking of growing some

By Anonymous

I'm thinking of growing some raspberries. But, what varieties grow best in Southern California?

Southern California NOT South

By GEORGE baxter

Southern California NOT South Carolina

What can i do about Spotted

By Dave Boughan

What can i do about Spotted Wing Drosophila,is there any hope.

Unfortunately raspberries now

By G.

Unfortunately raspberries now have to be sprayed for drisophilla fruit fly maggots in MN and elsewhere. It was a hard decision after previously growing with no sprays for 35 years. Malathion is readily available and works well with one day harvest interval. I recommend staying away from organic pyrethrum spray as it kills bees and other beneficial insects and I have witnessed it killing black capped chickadees that eat dead flys both times I used it. Trapping and baiting can help with low infestation levels. Spinosad spray may be a better organic control, but I have no experience with it.

We live in southest Michigan,

By McDougle

We live in southest Michigan, very close to the Indiana state line. We had an abundant crop already this year but noticed tiny worms on most of the berries. Further research proved drisophilla fruit fly maggots. This is the first crop for us, as we planted the shrubs 2 years ago, Very disappointed to find this. The question is this; some of the berries were injested by family members before we noticed the infestation. Should there be concern? What effect, if any, does the insect have on humans? Also, do we need to cut the plants back and wait for next years crop or can this year be salvaged?

I saw the comments on

By Gerald Bartlett

I saw the comments on gophers.Will moles also eat raspberry roots? It is my impression that moles mainly eat grubs, etc.

Correct. Moles eat grubs and

By Almanac Staff

Correct. Moles eat grubs and worms in the ground, not plant material. Gophers, however, can decimate a large area quickly.

How many hours of sunlight

By ShaunaF

How many hours of sunlight should the plants have to be healthy and productive? I have several places around my yard I can place them, I'm just not sure what is best. Morning light, afternoon light, full light?

Raspberries prefer at least 6

By Almanac Staff

Raspberries prefer at least 6 to 8 hours of full sunlight.

I have black raspberries and

By Richard L Allen

I have black raspberries and trying to find information on prunning the canes and the laterals.I prune the canes down to around 30 inches tall, but I am not sure about the laterals. When to prune them and how long to leave them.

For black raspberries: Top

By Almanac Staff

For black raspberries: Top them at 36 inches, removing 3 to 4 inches of new growth, 2 to 3 times during the season. Topping encourages the development of lateral (fruiting) branches and increases the strength of the cane.
For dormant pruning, cut out all dead, damaged, and weak canes. Thin remaining canes to 5 to 10 canes per plant. Lateral branches of black raspberries should be headed back to 4 to 7 inches per plant.

See below video of how me

By Hand

See below video of how me made our raspberry patch in Cleveland Ohio. Thanks for the great information! You guys are the best.

Several varieties of

By Khoo

Several varieties of raspberries can be grown successfully in Florida and Desert Southwest here in the United States. Here are a couple of tips. Plant the canes in an area that receives afternoon shade and water deeply every morning. Good luck!

Above is what you have replied to your reader. What varieties are they? Where can I get the seeds? Or where can I buy the plant?

In South Florida, consider

By Almanac Staff

In South Florida, consider Autumn Bliss, Heritage and Ruby varieties of raspberries. "Dorman Red" is a good variety for hot climates. Stark Brothers and other nurseries carry these plants. Just google online. 

Hi, I live in Malaysia. I

By Khoo

Hi, I live in Malaysia. I would like to grow raspberry. Is it possible? Read the posting regarding planting raspberry in Caribean Island, but no reply. I grow successfully passion fruit in my garden. Also Bay leaves plant.

One of the yard people we

By Matthew Ali

One of the yard people we have cut down our raspberry bushes leaving one small single branch left. They were new and planted this year. The branches that were left in the ground are green in the middle. Will they grow back?

Yes, the raspberry bushes

By Almanac Staff

Yes, the raspberry bushes should grow back again. Depending on the variety, they may not have berries for a year.

Will gophers eat raspberry

By annette M

Will gophers eat raspberry plants? Should I plant them in an underground cage?

Gophers do eat plant material

By Almanac Staff

Gophers do eat plant material and the best solution is to learn how to trap them.  One way to avoid gophers is to use raised beds that are installed with ½”, galvanized hardware cloth stapled to the bottom of the bed. Gophers can eat through chicken wire but they won't eat through the cloth.
If your raspberry patch already exists, or raised beds are impractical, dig trenches around each raspberry row. Dig the trenches at least 2 feet deep. Put hardware cloth into the trenches, and leave at least 1 foot of this protective material above ground.

Is it true that a gardener

By Nikki Darcy

Is it true that a gardener should pick off their new raspberries first season of flowers so the raspberry can concentrate on root growth? Does it make a difference and produce a stronger plant? Thanks! :)

Well, raspberry plants do not

By Almanac Staff

Well, raspberry plants do not produce fruit the first year; they have "biennial canes" which means that they are vegetative the first year and then they flower and fruit in the second year, then they die and the old dead canes should be removed. Don’t cut back the canes in the first of the two years because they will be the ones producing for you next year.

I live in the Caribbean

By Danielle Sookram

I live in the Caribbean (Trinidad and Tobago). I bought some Driscoll's raspberries...I was wondering if I could grow them from seeds from the actual fruit? And if I can...would they bear fruit in this region? The nightly temperatures are usually around 24-25 degrees celsius and during the day it can get as high as 32 degrees celsius.

I live in zone 9 is there a

By Carolyn Gann

I live in zone 9 is there a way to grow raspberries here?

I've read different planting

By Deb in FLA

I've read different planting instructions for raspberries that say to plant different varieties several hundred feet away from each other. Home gardeners usually don't have that kind of space, and I've been to berry-picking farms and the rows are ALOT closer with different varieties in the same field.

Can red and yellow varieties be successfully planted in rows within 5 feet of each other (trellised to keep the canes off the ground and pruned to stay out of each other's way)?

It's fine to plant red and

By Almanac Staff

It's fine to plant red and yellow raspberries in the same patch. Just don't plant nursery bought raspberries close to wild brambles as there may be a virus risk.

Planted s. side of RV garage

By Hand

Planted s. side of RV garage on a slope, late April. It's mid Sept and our raspberry plant is an extremely tall 12' and we don't know what this means. It has three huge canes we supported (individually) with tall stakes. Theres tons of suckers now too. It's a Willamette from big box store. Is this 12' height normal ? In Cleveland Ohio and not sure about winter wind survival...and spring pruning. Even though they are taller than me, maybe the birds get their share and we get ours next year?

Willamette is a

By Almanac Staff

Willamette is a summer-bearing raspberry. In early spring prune all canes that produced fruit the previous season down to the ground (you can tell which ones are the old canes by looking at the end of the cane). Leave the new canes. Also remove any weak canes to thin the patch and keep it under control.

What type of fertilizer is

By Frank De

What type of fertilizer is recommended for my red raspberries. I get lots of fruit but it is small. I was looking at my daughters plants the other day and I didn't know raspberries grew that large. We bought our plants at the same nursery and they are the same type. She used blood meal on hers. I have had mine for 6 years and the fruit has always been small( or what I thought was normal)

Sounds as if you should ask

By Almanac Staff

Sounds as if you should ask your daughter what her secrets to success are! 
First, we start with rich, well drained soil. We amended the soil with compost or well-tilled organic matter in the fall. You want fertile soil.
Then, we apply fertilizer in early spring when new growth begins. We use a rate of 4 to 6 pounds of 20-20-20 per 100 feet ofrow.
When new canes start to bloom, we spread 3 to 6 pounds of blood meal per 100 feet of row. You can also spread fertilizer over the surface of the soil in the row when growth is starting.
Hope this helps!

My summer raspberries are

By Ian Mansie

My summer raspberries are probably 20 years old and are now very small. Should I get rid of these and plant new canes in their place?

Can i plant these plants in


Can i plant these plants in india , specially in Nagpur. please guide.

yes, you can get red

By Dipen Neupane

yes, you can get red raspberry plants at in India

We did try to reach them but

By Ravi Makana

We did try to reach them but they are not reachable, pls let us know other farmer or company in India or any other country.

Dear Ravi contact me at

By Dipen Neupane

Dear Ravi

contact me at

Can I use miracle grow on my

By Bobby T.

Can I use miracle grow on my new raspberry plants that I planted this Spring? They are doing very well and are about 4' high.

Which variety is best for

By dan87

Which variety is best for year round production? My location has year round spring no more than 27 degrees celcius in the day and no less than 13 at night. Also it's at an altitude of 6890-7546 ft.

For the best recommendations

By Almanac Staff

For the best recommendations for your area, we'd recommend that you talk to a local nursery or farmer. If you live in the United States, you can also contact your county's Cooperative Extension (see: Many raspberries have a chilling requirement over winter in order for them to produce a good crop next season; ask about those that don't need as much chilling (called low-chill types). Also ask about high-altitude options.
Some farmers in areas of California that have a long growing season have had success with Oregon 1030 or Bababerry, which tolerate heat well and are low-chill options.

We planted our raspberry

By Tienna

We planted our raspberry canes about 3-4 years ago. Our problem is that they are not bushing out, not too sure what to do.

When harvesting raspberries,

By Ann Onnimuss

When harvesting raspberries, how do you keep them from getting squished?

Raspberries are easily

By Almanac Staff

Raspberries are easily crushed and highly perishable. Here are some tips to avoid this. 1. When it's time to harvest (when berries first become completely red), pick them often--every day or every other day. 2. Use wide, shallow containers no more than four layers of raspberries to prevent crushing. 3. Cool the raspberries as soon as possible to keep them firm; every hour counts. Commercial supplies have extra-cold storage with high humidity levels. 4.  Wrap your containers in plastic to prevent water loss
from the fruit and condensation on the berries when they are removed from the cooler. Do not remove the plastic until the berries are at room temperature.

I planted raspberries last

By Colette

I planted raspberries last year, they did wonderful over the winter, I had mulched well to protect. I didn't know to cut them back. This spring they started growing and did very well, but I had alot of growth up, tall, some of them 5 foot, with dark green lush leaves, nice thick stalks but almost no fruit, and what I did have was at the bottom of the plant. I did have a problem with beetles eating the leaves at the time this august. I've been squishing them because I don't want to use chemicals. Any tips on how to get more fruit and fight the beetles without (Japanese beetles) chemicals and squishing by hand. Thank you for your help.

See our pruning tips above.

By Almanac Staff

See our pruning tips above. Prune according to what type (summer bearing or everbearing) plants you have. See our page about how to get rid of Japanese beetles at

Loaded with berries but they

By Betsy Goren

Loaded with berries but they are not turning red this year. Bought my plants at local Master gardner plant sale so do not know variety but have been picking for a couple of years now and this is the first time they don't seem to be ripening?

We're not sure which zone you

By Almanac Staff

We're not sure which zone you live in; usually, berries that grow to their full size but do not ripen aren't getting enough direct sun due to a low sun angle and shorter days.

I have raspberries that grow

By Ryan - CO

I have raspberries that grow like red raspberries (new canes shoot from the roots) but the fruits are deep purple. I'm not sure if they're ever-bearing or summer-bearing. How can i tell the difference?

Summer-bearing types bear one

By Almanac Staff

Summer-bearing types bear one crop in summer for about 1 month on the floricanes (2nd-year canes, stems are usually brown)--there will be no fruit on the primocanes (1-year canes, stems are usually green). Although harvest time varies with variety and climate, many cultivars usually ripen in June into July.

Everbearing types will first fruit in fall on the tip of the primocanes; fruit will then develop further down the cane (so, the riper fruit is toward the tip of the cane). In late spring/early summer, another fruit crop will appear at the point on the cane (now called a floricane) below where the last of the fall harvest took place. This second crop is usually not as productive as the first fall crop.

What if you want to

By kylietry

What if you want to transplant a wild bush what do you do?

Fall is the best time to

By Almanac Staff

Fall is the best time to transplant. Cut the canes back to about a foot and dig up as much of the roots as possible. Add some compost to the hole in the new location and make sure to spread out the roots as much as possible when planting.

3 years of beautiful

By chuck bosch

3 years of beautiful delicious rasberries and this year not a blossom not a fruit is this normal ?

Did you prune the bushes? Or

By Almanac Staff

Did you prune the bushes? Or did you have a late frost this spring? These are the most comon reasons for no flowers. Drought, poor soil fertility and overcrowding can also cause problems.

The leaves of my young

By Fred Nothnagel

The leaves of my young raspberry plants often curl up during the day (we've had a particularly hot, humid summer). If we water heavily after dusk, they often uncurl but then curl up the following day. Is this due to insufficient watering, weather conditions, or??? What must we do to keep them alive and growing?

Keep watering if the soil is

By Almanac Staff

Keep watering if the soil is dry. Add a layer of mulch to help keep the moisture in the ground.

Raspberries are ripe but

By Faye sanders

Raspberries are ripe but won't let go of vine. Is this lack of water?? They were easy to pick.

I planted last year in a

By Megs

I planted last year in a large pot and it is doing very well this year. I am focused as to all of the extra growth that is developing. Should I remove these smaller growths (that are also producing) to their own pot(s)? Should I do it soon or wait until the season is over?

Raspberries do tend to

By Almanac Staff

Raspberries do tend to "sucker."  You should pull out the suckers during the season as they grow and control them. If you wish, you could transplant them.

When harvesting my summer

By Jane Kluting

When harvesting my summer raspberries now, some berries have spots or sides that develop white areas and these areas tend to be hard. What causes this-and can these berries be eaten?

This is called white drupelet

By Almanac Staff

This is called white drupelet disorder. The cause is most likely excessive sun or heat while the fruit was in formation. The berries can still be eaten.

Can you pick raspberries

By april lynn

Can you pick raspberries right before they are ripe and sit them in sunny window like tomatoes to finish ripening?

Raspberries will not ripen

By Almanac Staff

Raspberries will not ripen after they are picked.

I planted my raspberries

By tara housen

I planted my raspberries about three years ago and have never gotten a berry. What am I doing wrong? The Bush keeps getting bigger but just gets dried up blooms.

There could be several

By Almanac Staff

There could be several causes. If you have heavy soil with poor drainage you need to amend the soil with compost. Raspberries require about an inch of water per week to produce well. Canes should be thinned to about 8 inches apart in spring. Apply a nitrogen fertilizer a couple of times during the summer months. Also make sure that the raspberries get at least 6 hours of sun per day. Morning sun is preferred.

The family we share a yard

By leslie Sears

The family we share a yard with has asked us to move our mature raspberry bush to a new location. Do they transplant well or should we start a new plant and just trash our existing one at the end of the season?

It's best to move the

By Almanac Staff

It's best to move the raspberry in the fall. Prune back any canes that produced fruit during the summer and carefully dig up the bush and any new suckers. Seperate the new shoots and try to leave soil around the root area. Plant immediately and water.

This is our second year with

By Margie Sorensen

This is our second year with the Raspberries. We had a ton of flowers in the spring and then nothing. What are we doing wrong? Some are even dying now.

If you had gotten fruit last

By Almanac Staff

If you had gotten fruit last year but not this year, I'd say that's normal. Raspberries produce biennial canes, which means that the first year they are vegetative only but will bear fruit the next year. You do need to prune them back and get rid of the old canes. See more here: If you still have problems and you have them in full sun, perhaps you have a variety that isn't a good fit for your zone.

My raspberry bushes are

By NicoleD40

My raspberry bushes are approximately 2 years old now. For the first time I see actual raspberries on them. The problem is that they appear normal and the proper color, but they're hard as rocks! What is causing that?

If they're hard, they are

By Almanac Staff

If they're hard, they are about a few weeks from being ripe. At this point, they're good for pies and other cooked desserts. An early harvest could help thin the fruit, too, so that your berries will be larger when they are ripe.

my berries grow like crazy,

By dallas akron new york

my berries grow like crazy, but berries themselves don't develope fully and fall apart when picked. what am i doing wrong?

If the raspberries fall

By Almanac Staff

If the raspberries fall apart, a common reason is tarnished plant bug damage. These insects feed on the fruit. They overwinter in crop residue so good clean up is key. In early spring, spray with Sevin to control.

What varieties would be best

By East TN

What varieties would be best for East Tennessee?

Latham and Titan are two

By Almanac Staff

Latham and Titan are two summer red raspberries planted in Tennessee. Consult your TN cooperative extension for more local advice.

We are in Vanuatu, south

By ruth quinto

We are in Vanuatu, south pacific at 15 degrees south. and are preparing some ground to plant raspberries. Our earth is rich volcanic/lime. They are grown about 200 miles further south with success. We use plenty compost as food for them.

Any suggestions or tips? (We'll probably wait for the next moon waxing to put them in the ground). Our mean temp. is 70 - 85 F, dry-ish winters and wet summers (who knows these days what to expect?).

Thanks for any help.....

ruth quinto
Edenhope Project

Several varieties of

By Almanac Staff

Several varieties of raspberries can be grown successfully in Florida and Desert Southwest here in the United States. Here are a couple of tips. Plant the canes in an area that receives afternoon shade and water deeply every morning. Good luck!

Why did my normally fantastic

By Kristin Clarke

Why did my normally fantastic raspberries (yellow and red) get a bad flavor overnight, literally? I picked some one evening and they were fantastic the next afternoon they were awful! What am I doing wrong?

Weather does affect fruit

By Almanac Staff

Weather does affect fruit flavors and also how ripe or mature the berries are is important. Maybe your berries were perfectly ripe when you first picked them and the next day they were overripe.

After planting the canes, how

By Bobby T.

After planting the canes, how many days does it take to see new growth on the canes and from the ground?

Is too late to plant ever

By Ken Newbill

Is too late to plant ever bearing raspberries in NC?

Early spring is the best

By Almanac Staff

Early spring is the best time--in order to get the plants established and maybe get berries the first summer. However, you should be able to plant in the summer, too, if the plants are healthy and strong starts.

How long will wild raspberry

By Flayprime

How long will wild raspberry seeds keep for if not refrigerated?

If you are seed-saving: Most

By Almanac Staff

If you are seed-saving: Most seed should be used within three years.

Do blackberry and raspberry

By Betty Vickrey

Do blackberry and raspberry plants cross pollinate?

Raspberries and blackberries

By Almanac Staff

Raspberries and blackberries are primarily self-pollinating and do not cross-pollinate.

Single Potted PLant

By Anonymous

Can I plant a single potted raspberry plant?

Yes, plant raspberries as

By Almanac Staff

Yes, plant raspberries as either bare-root or potted plants in early spring as soon as the soil can be worked.


By Anonymous

I would like to try planting raspberries in central Georgia. What varieties do you recommend?

According to the Georgia

By Almanac Staff

According to the Georgia cooperative extension: Only the trailing raspberry "Dormanred" has proven itself for all of Georgia. The erect raspberry variety
"Heritage" is grown commercially in the Georgia mountains and has performed well in north Georgia. For this reason, it is
recommended for planting in the mountain and upper Piedmont region.

Raspberry food?

By Anonymous

What food is recommended for ever bearing raspberries?

Raspberries should be

By Almanac Staff

Raspberries should be fertilized 10 to 40 days after planting with 10-10-10 (or organic equivalents). For the years after planting, raspberry plants need to be fertilized with 10-10-10 twice a year--once in the spring (before growth begins) and one more time in May.

Planting raspberries in eastern North Carolina

By Anonymous

I would like to try planting raspberries in easter North Carolina. Do you think the Summers are too hot and humid? What variety do you recommend?

Red raspberries varieties

By Almanac Staff

Red raspberries varieties traditionally grown in the North do have difficulties in part so North Carolina (piedmont, coastal) due to a hot, humid summer climate. However, there are a few varieties that have been successful in your area. Try the "Dorman Red" variety for southern climates. Visit local nurseries.


By Jasimo

Assume same technique as raspberries?? When is a good time to plant? I live in San Francisco. Thanks!


By Almanac Staff

Yes, the process is very similar to growing raspberries: they require full sun and careful attention to pruning. It may be tough to get plants this time of year--ideal planting time is early spring. One thing to keep in mind: Although they are similar to raspberries, they should not be planted near them. (Disease is more likely to build up and spread.) Plant in a new space that hasn't been worked for a couple years.

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