Roses

Pink rose from my garden in '07.

Credit: Suzie Rose
PrintPrintEmailEmail
Your rating: None Average: 4.1 of 5 (90 votes)

Botanical name: Rosa

Plant type: Flower

USDA Hardiness Zones: Varies

Sun exposure: Full Sun

Soil type: Loamy

Flower color: Varies

Bloom time: Spring, Summer, Fall

(Though roses are shrubs, we have categorized them with flowers since most people tend to look for them here!)

Rose shrubs come in a variety of forms, from miniature to climbing. They are grown for their attractive and often fragrant flowers, which bloom mainly in early summer and fall..

One way to group roses into classes is according to their date of introduction:

  • Old roses are those introduced prior to 1867. These are the lush, invariably fragrant roses found in old masters’ paintings. There are hundreds of old rose varieties—whose hardiness varies—providing choices for both warm and mild climates.
  • Modern hybrid roses are sturdy, long-blooming, extremely hardy and disease-resistant, and bred for color, shape, size, and fragrance.
  • Species, or wild, are those that have been growing wild for many thousands of years. These wild roses have been adapted to modern gardens and usually bloom in the spring.

Choosing from all the possibilities can be a daunting task. Take your time and wander through nurseries and page through mail-order catalogs and Web sites.

See our Rose Guide in the Almanac.com store for recommended varieties and photos.

Planting

Preparing the Soil

Roses prefer a near-neutral pH range of 5.5–7.0. A pH of 6.5 is just about right for most home gardens (slightly acidic to neutral).

An accurate soil test will tell you where your pH currently stands. Acidic (sour) soil is counteracted by applying finely ground limestone, and alkaline (sweet) soil is treated with ground sulfur.

Before you plant, be sure that you choose varieties proven in your climate. When in doubt, All-America Rose Selections winners are good bets. Or check with your local nursery.

Ordering Plants

If you order roses from a mail-order company, order early, in January or February (March at the latest). They are usually shipped in the spring as bare roots when plants are fully dormant, well before they have leafed out. They’ll look like a bundle of sticks on arrival. Note, they are not dead—simply dormant.

If you are buying container-grown roses (vs. bare-root roses), plant them by May or early June for best results.

Planting Tips

  • Plant roses where they will receive a minimum of 5 to 6 hours of full sun per day. Roses grown in weak sun may not die at once, but they weaken gradually. Give them plenty of organic matter when planting and don’t crowd them.
  • Wear sturdy gloves to protect your hands from prickly thorns. Have a hose or bucket of water and all your planting tools nearby. Keep your bare-root rose in water until you are ready to place it in the ground.
  • Roses can be cut back and moved in either spring or fall, but not in midsummer, as they might suffer and die in the heat. Large rose canes can be cut back by as much as two thirds, and smaller ones to within 6 to 12 inches of the ground.
  • When you transplant your roses, be sure to dig a much bigger hole than you think you need (for most types, the planting hole should be about 15 to 18 inches wide) and add plenty of organic matter such as compost or aged manure.
  • Some old-timers recommend placing a 4-inch square of gypsum wallboard and a 16-penny nail in the hole to provide calcium and iron, both appreciated by roses.

Care

Watering Roses

  • Diligently water your roses. Soak the entire root zone at least twice a week in dry summer weather. Avoid frequent shallow sprinklings, which won’t reach the deeper roots and may encourage fungus. Roses do best with 90 inches of rain per year, so unless you live in a rain forest, water regularly.
  • Roses love water—but don’t drown them. That is, they don’t like to sit in water, and they’ll die if the soil is too wet in winter. The ideal soil is rich and loose, with good drainage. One of the worst mistakes you can make is to not provide adequate drainage.
  • Use mulch. To help conserve water, reduce stress, and encourage healthy growth, apply a 2- to 4-inch layer of chopped and shredded leaves, grass clippings, or shredded bark around the base of your roses. Allow about an inch of space between the mulch and the base stem of the plant.

Feeding Roses

  • Feed roses on a regular basis before and throughout the blooming cycle (avoid chemical fertilizers and pesticides if you’re harvesting for the kitchen).
  • Once a month between April and July, apply a balanced granular fertilizer (5-10-5 or 5-10-10). Allow 3/4 to 1 cup for each bush, and sprinkle it around the drip line, not against the stem.
  • In May and June, scratch in an additional tablespoon of Epsom salts along with your fertilizer; the magnesium sulfate will encourage new growth from the bottom of the bush.

Pruning Roses

  • Prune roses every spring and destroy all old or diseased plant material. Wear elbow-length gloves that are thick enough to protect your hands from thorns or a clumsy slip, but flexible enough to allow you to hold your tools. Always wear safety goggles; branches can whip back when released.
  • Start with pruning shears for smaller growth. Use loppers, which look like giant, long-handle shears, for growth that is more than half an inch thick. A small pruning saw is handy, as it cuts on both the push and the pull.
  • Deadhead religiously and keep beds clean. Every leaf has a growth bud, so removing old flower blossoms encourages the plant to make more flowers instead of using the energy to make seeds. Clean away from around the base of the rosebushes any trimmed debris that can harbor disease and insects.
  • Late in the season, stop deadheading rugosas so that hips will form on the plants; these can be harvested and dried on screens, away from sunlight, then stored in an airtight container. Stop deadheading all your rose plants 3 to 4 weeks before the first hard frost so as not to encourage new growth at a time when new shoots may be damaged by the cold.

Winterizing Roses

  • Do not prune roses in the fall. Simply cut off any dead or diseased canes.
  • Stop fertilizing 6 weeks before the first frost but continue watering during dry autumn weather to help keep plants fortified during the dry winter.
  • Mound, mulch, or add compost after a few frosts but before the ground freezes. Where temperatures stay below freezing during winter, enclose the plant with a sturdy mesh cylinder, filling the enclosure with compost, mulch, dry wood chips, pine needles, or chopped leaves.
  • Don’t use heavy, wet, maple leaves for mulch. Mulch instead with oak leaves, pine needles, compost, or straw.
  • Clean up the rose beds to prevent overwintering of diseases. One last spray for fungus with a dormant spray is a good idea.

Pests

Good gardening practices such as removing dead leaves and canes will help reduce pests. Find out which pests are most prevalent in your area by checking with your local nursery. Here are some of the more common problems:

  • Stem Borers
  • Japanese Beetles
  • Aphids
  • Black Spot/Powdery Mildew
  • Spider Mites
  • Deer: Roses are a delectable tidbit, so try planting lavender near your roses. Not only will you have the makings of a nice potpourri, but the scent of lavender will discourage browsers. You can also spread human or dog hair around the garden area.

Recommended Varieties

  • Rugosas, with their showy, bright-pink, five-petal blooms, are good for hedges and wherever a barrier is needed in an exposed or difficult site. They are disease-resistant and cold hardy to Zone 3. ‘Jens Munk’ is a good rose that blooms through most of the summer.
  • Pink roses such as ‘Carefree Wonder’ are well-rounded shrub roses. They are 3 feet tall with a quiet character. They require only a little shaping in early spring and are hardy to Zone 5.
  • Yellow roses such as ‘Harrison’s Yellow’ (Zones 4 to 9), also called ‘Pioneer Rose’, blooms early, brightly, and sweetly and will survive Zone 4 winters.

Recipes

Cooking Notes

The tart, reddish-orange hips of rugosa roses are loaded with vitamins and used for jams, jellies, syrups, pies, teas, and wine. The petals can be tossed into salads for color, candied to decorate cakes, or distilled to make rose water.

Wit & Wisdom

  • Rose hips are mildly laxative and diuretic.
  • Rose petals are brewed for tea blends and sometimes used in gargles and tonics to treat congestion, sore throats, and stomach disorders.
  • Rose water is a refreshing skin splash. Try a flower facial! Gentle, aromatic steam cleanses your pores. For oily skin, add a few rose petals to boiling water in a heatproof bowl. Make a bath towel tent and lean your face about 10 inches above the water. It should feel warm, not hot. After 10 minutes, rinse your face with cool water, then blot dry.

And I will make thee beds of roses,
And a thousand fragrant posies.

–Christopher Marlowe (1564-93)

E-Cards

Credit: Suzie Rose

Send a free e-card of a beautiful rose. Click here to see rose images in our e-card gallery.

Comments

I have my grandmothers roses

By Kathy M on July 30

I have my grandmothers roses - very old, hardy, very fragrant with light pink ruffly flowers. they bloom in the end of June/beginning of July. Happy where they are, they send out baby plants.
When and how should I prune them?
How should I fertilize?
Any other special care I should give them?
Thanks. We used to call them 'grandma roses' and take them to our teachers.

If the roses are doing well

By Almanac Staff on July 31

If the roses are doing well just prune damaged or dead branches in the summer and fall. To keep the bushes manageble prune in early spring. Se our care tips on this page for more information.

My 5 rose bushes all seem

By Jacqueline Tate on July 24

My 5 rose bushes all seem healthy but as the rose buds form something is eating the tips. All of the roses seems almost dead when they open. My knockout roses has some type of parasite eating the leaves. What is eating the tips, what are these conditions called is and how do I treat them?

Have you spotted any insects?

By Almanac Staff on July 25

Have you spotted any insects? First line of defense is simply blasting them with water early morning. You can also spray the undersides with soap spray or apply Neem oil. If you must resort to insectides or have regular issues, use 'Bayers 3 in 1 Rose Care' and next year drench your soil with it in April.

my roses has a little hole in

By reita hurley on July 23

my roses has a little hole in almost each leaf. How do I know what is making that hole, and what do I do about it?

You probably have a

By Almanac Staff on July 25

You probably have a roseslug.  They won't cause serious damage. Spray insecticidal soap or horticultural oil (“organic” options) on the undersides of leaves. If it really bothers you, you could kill them with Bayer’s All-in-1 Rose Care but your roses will survive the small holes.

I had planted two rose plants

By Karabi on July 14

I had planted two rose plants in tubs. At first they bore big flowers, but gradually the succeeding flowers became smaller. What should I do to get big flowers like I did earlier? I must mention the climate here: nowadays it is monsoon and the temperature fluctuates between 30-38 degrees.

We're assuming that the

By Almanac Staff on July 16

We're assuming that the degrees are in Celsius? Which means 86-100 Fahrenheit. That's high for many roses, and they will respond with smaller blooms, or none at all. (Some roses don't seem to mind heat.) We'd suggest providing a shade cloth or similar during afternoon heat to help the plants cope, and keep up with the watering (although if it is monsoon season, check if the soil isn't becoming too soggy). Place mulch over the soil, to keep the soil cool.

mu mother has an old rose

By lourdes r lugo

mu mother has an old rose tree about 7 feet tall that gives roses all year round is an old tree but new stems come out. there was a small bulb that my mom said tolet it dry and then inside has seeds to go ahead and plant the seeds after it drys. is this ok to do? to open the round bulb and there should be seeds inside?

Yes, the bulb that forms

By Almanac Staff on July 16

Yes, the bulb that forms where the flower is is called a rose hip and contains seeds. If you plant these, the plants may not produce flowers that look like the parent, if the parent was a hybrid rose. But on occasion, a seed might develop into a really special rose. It may take years, however, to see results. For the specifics on how to collect and prepare the seeds (they need a little special care), see:
 
http://scvrs.homestead.com/HybridizeKB1.html

One of my first-year roses,

By Mihaela

One of my first-year roses, which had just started to grow leaves nicely, got broken by our dog. It lost its only leaf and now all it has is its short (but green) stem. Does it have any chances to survive and sprout more leaves? :( The weather has been good, we've had enough rainfalls.

I bought several Rose Bush

By Mandy C

I bought several Rose Bush Hedges online about 5 years ago. They came as bare root plants, and we followed all of the planting instructions that came with them. They have never gotten taller than about 3 feet and have never gotten "bushy". Over the years a few have died and we replaced them with different roses (thinking maybe they were the bush). They just aren't growing as well as they should have. We have other Roses that are planted in the same type of soil and environment and do great. But we just can't seem to get these to grow and flourish. I was just wondering if you have any thoughts or suggestions to try. Thank you!-Mandy

bought 2 rose bushes last

By cathy caudill

bought 2 rose bushes last year planted and they bloomed all season.This year one of them is growing good but the other one looks totally dead,is there a chance it will come alive or should I just pull it and plant a new bush??

Hi Cathy, It sounds like you

By Almanac Staff

Hi Cathy,
It sounds like you need to plant a new bush. If you have severe winters make sure to mulch the bushes before the cold weather sets in.

How do I stop bugs (japanace

By Renard haskins

How do I stop bugs (japanace beetles) from destroying my roses

Planting garlic or other

By Almanac Staff

Planting garlic or other alliums close to the roses helps to keep the beetles away. You can also use Japanese beetle traps, found at garden centers. See our Japanese beetle section at
http://www.almanac.com/content/japanese-beetles

my husband got me a rose bush

By judy-ohio

my husband got me a rose bush for my birthday it is my first rose bush I have the packing said it was a yellow climbing rose bush but it isn't a climber nor yellow its a big pink flower I noticed its like the one on top page that says from my garden I seen it has the same pink spots on lower pedals could you please tell me what kind of rose bush it is so I can take care of it properly the pic says credit suzie rose thank you

Hi Judy, There are so many

By Almanac Staff

Hi Judy,
There are so many pink rose varieties which makes it hard to tell from one picture what kind of rose you have.
See our care section above for general advice about taking care of roses.
 
 
 

my rose plant has gave around

By jamaal

my rose plant has gave around 6 flowers and has got 3 or 4 new buds growing do i cut back the old bud completely to the stalk or the head?

Traditionally when you

By Almanac Staff

Traditionally when you deadhead a rose you cut the stem below the faded flower above the first or second five leaf set. It's OK to cut lower to promote more leaves and stronger stems. The further down the stem you cut, the longer it will take for the rose to rebloom.

Are roses affected by

By CWIMMER

Are roses affected by juglone ?

Wild roses are not

By Almanac Staff

Wild roses are not susceptible to juglone.

for how many days can roses

By angellos02

for how many days can roses stay in a vase??

Hi, The leaves on my roses

By Denise Hohimer

Hi, The leaves on my roses are turning brown around the edges and getting worse. They are watered twice a day via a drip line and I have given them rose food. (Our spring is warm and dry, and our summer is hot and dry.)

Can I save them?

Thank You!

It sounds like your roses are

By Almanac Staff

It sounds like your roses are either being attacked by insects, such as thrips, or the roses have a fungus. Check with your local garden nursery for a fungicide to use on the plants. To control thrips, combine 2 teaspoons of mild dish detergent with 1 gallon of water. Wipe down the leaves with this solution.

MINE DOING THE SAME IF YOU

By TERESA SPLOND

MINE DOING THE SAME IF YOU FIND OUT PLEASE LET ME KNOW. THANK YOU

It sounds like your roses are

By Almanac Staff

It sounds like your roses are either being attacked by insects, such as thrips, or the roses have a fungus. Check with your local garden nursery for a fungicide to use on the plants. To control thrips, combine 2 teaspoons of mild dish detergent with 1 gallon of water. Wipe down the leaves with this solution.

Hello, How tall will my 4"

By Eva C. Isaacson

Hello, How tall will my 4" Mini Rose grow? Thank you, Eva

There are hundreds of

By Almanac Staff

There are hundreds of miniature rose varieties so it depends! Some are 12 inches, many are 18 to 24 inches.

TinyBabyKnockoutRoses: Surrou

By Erindrew

TinyBabyKnockoutRoses:
Surrounding my knockout rose bush are what appear to be new teeny tiny little baby rose bushes. They are scattered about and are not connected to any part of the existing rose bush. Can I transplant these to pots? If yes, is it better to put several of them together in one pot or one per pot? What do I need to do to ensure they mature?
*It is currently early May & I live in southern IN near Louisville...I am relocating to southern MI near Lansing.

Before cutting, make sure the

By Almanac Staff

Before cutting, make sure the stems have several leaves. Cut the bottom leaf at an angle. You can put a rooting agent on the cutting or we've even heard of dipping it in honey. Plant the cuttings in their own pots and keep the soil moist.

I am interesting in growing

By Lauryn Watkins

I am interesting in growing knockout roses for use in my wedding next year. The wedding is May 2nd, is that too early for these flowers?

It depends on where you grow

By Almanac Staff

It depends on where you grow them. If you live in an area that has low winter temperatures, then May 2 will be too early for blooms.

I just bought 9 climbing

By jamey

I just bought 9 climbing roses at a big box store (not sure grade, or anything) they have the wraper around them..I planted them yesterday, and going to put the mulch around them today. I used an organic compost/ manure and top soil to backfill the holes mixed ever so slightly with some dirt from the holes I dug. I'm a newbie at growing anything, but I'm trying...okay my questions are :
Do I fertilize them with miricle grow, or wait to fertilize??
Some parts of the tips look to have wax or something on the end of the plants where it looked like they were cut to be packaged and the dripped this stuff on the end of the stems...do I cut some back, or just leave it on and let it grow for now??
I got one "love" 6 "chrysler imperal" and 2 "mr linicoln" I'm in zone 5 and the plants all look healthy and all had small red and greenish leaves with looks like new growth on some of the stems.
And with those varieties will I have to do anything "special" to over winter them??
I have some neghibors that have beautiful rose bushes or climbing roses and I've tried to as them what they do with theirs, and they said they just leave them alone, they don't water, mulch, cut them back, or anything and they grow like weeds...I'm not sure if the ones I got will be those that will take off and not need much care.
I bought a smooth touch thornless rose last year and thought I planted it right, mulched it etc and it died over this winter. So I made sure from reading through the comments here, these new babies, I sat the crown an inch or so and put soil over it and I'm adding mulch today because I am thinking with the rose bush I lost, I had the crown, if you will, level with ground level and just mulched it real good in the fall and I am thinking that's why it died because I didn't set the crown down into the soil since it gets cold here in zone 5
Any thoughts or advice would be VERY helpful as I don't want to kill all of these beautiful plants :)

Hi Jamey, Make sure your

By Almanac Staff

Hi Jamey,
Make sure your newly planted roses get plenty of sunshine and water. No need to fertilize yet. The mix of compost and manure will nurish the bushes as they get established. Only cut back any dead branches now. Add extra mulch or leaves around the bushes in the fall to protect them from severe cold. Good luck!

I live in MN and it is still

By Ann Grover

I live in MN and it is still pretty cold here..Highs in the 50's and lows in the high 30's. I have my rose bush covered, when is it a good temp to uncover it and leave it uncovered?

Hi Ann, Uncover your roses

By Almanac Staff

Hi Ann,
Uncover your roses when night temperatures are consistently over 32 degrees.

It is beginning of May in

By jen p.k.

It is beginning of May in Massachusetts and I have 7 roses all planted last year late spring early summer. My Therese bugnet is looking lively with leaves on purplish New cane growth. It did not do much last year. I have a cl pinita, a cl America and cl Don Juan, three hybrid tea touch of class, Angel face and kordes perfectica. My kordes perfectica is brown stems with some purple year old cane with small leaf buds. Don Juan purple, brown, green canes with leafbuds. Angel face some green light brown canes with year old canes with leaf buds. America leaf and green leaf with more leaf buds up brownish longer cane. Touch of class green canes and leaf buds. Cl pinita purplish green canes with leaf buds, some black on these canes. I guess I'm answering my own questions here about the plant vigor at this point. I am so excited for growth and have done some early removal of winter protection and fertilizing with compost, bone meal compound and Epsom salts in April. They are slower to grow than my neighbors roses I think, but maybe that is due the varieties or perhaps because they are newly establishing plants just as of last year. Any response will be most appreciated. These are by far my favorite hobby.

I live in ocala forest . fl

By elise bedsole

I live in ocala forest . fl the soil here is very sandy. I have just planted 8 bareroot roses,, floridia,s i believe... i put dried up cow manure ,mircle grow garden soil and some clay. to help the soil. well here,s the problem,, i then ordered a soil tester and it showed no nitorgen whats so ever in the soil.. so i bought some blood meal but im afraid it might be to much all at once for just planting them, what do u think. so i put down the nitorgen or wait?????? thanks so much . elise

It's best to hold off on

By Almanac Staff

It's best to hold off on fertilizing your newly planted bareroot roses until after they have finished blooming. At that time, test the soil again: the dried cow manure and miracle gro soil may have contributed to the nitrogen and other nutrients. If the soil is still low in nitrogen, you might add a little to the area if needed, according to manufacturer's directions.
Also, keep up with the watering to help the plants establish themselves.

I have purchased five rose

By Irene Crocker

I have purchased five rose bushes from a garden centre. They are wrapped in seem to be moist. They have budded out and leaves have started to form. I live in Nova Scotia and the temperature has not warmed up very well. I was wondering if I can plant the roses now or should I wait for warmer weather. The temperature this morning was 2C. These plants seem to be very healthy.

Irene

Do not plant until after the

By Almanac Staff

Do not plant until after the last frost is safely behind you and the ground has thawed so that you can dig a hole, but before the hot summer weather arrives. The roots grow well in cool weather.

PLEASE HELP...I have 14 rose

By Pat Rizzo

PLEASE HELP...I have 14 rose bushes and all seem to be dead. All stems are brown and some black and very brittle. I am just sick. Not one sign of a leaf or bud just brown canes. Should I accept they did not make it thru the bruttle winter and pull them? Shouldn't there at least be leaves appearing or something to show they are alive by now?

Thank You
Pat Rizzo

Before you pull them, look

By Almanac Staff

Before you pull them, look carefully:
• are there any buds (tiny raised reddish nubs) anywhere on the canes?
• are there green or deep red sems at the base of the plant?
• scratch the cane with a fingernail; is there green tissue under the surface? If not, the cane is dead.
• using clean pruning shears, cut the dead cane/s back to any green wood and remove any canes that crowd in the center
• in a week or two, check for nubs (beginning buds) or new shoots; allow more time, if the plant is old
• if all else fails, gently unearth the base of the plant and check to see if it has light-colored, strong roots. If it does not, it has not survived.

Hi, I live in Chicagoland

By Joy McCullough

Hi, I live in Chicagoland area, and we just had one of the worse winters on record, as far as snow and cold, we just had snow April 15th. I went out to prune my roses today. My Carefree Delight totally fine. But my Tiffany and Tropicana, the canes look totally black, some green toward ground, cut way back, are they dead? Also looks like rabbits may have been eatting green off bottom, kind of stripped, but still green and buds further up, can they survive? Or should I yank and pirchase new ones. Kinda sad because they survived a flood a few years ago.

It sounds like your Tiffany

By Almanac Staff

It sounds like your Tiffany and Tropicana roses suffered freeze damage, which can blacken the stems. Once the threat of frost/freeze/snow is over, then prune them back to healthy wood, just above an outward facing leaf bud. Pruning them too soon will encourage new growth that is more susceptible to cold temperatures.
 
If you haven't already, you might consider winter protection. Even after spring has arrived, but you are expecting temperatures around freezing, you might want to offer the more tender roses some cover. For winter protection ideas, you might be interested in: http://urbanext.illinois.edu/roses/winter.cfm
 
Hope this helps!

Thankyou, carefully pruned

By Joy McCullough

Thankyou, carefully pruned cut back all the dead yucky black thorny canes to green, and now with sun and warmer days seeing buds and leafing out. No wonder roses are such a symbol of making it through the hard times of life!

just plant 4 rose bushes and

By Larisa Boggs

just plant 4 rose bushes and 2 of them dying. what can i do to safe them?
Thanks

Larisa, With roses, there are

By Almanac Staff

Larisa, With roses, there are many reasons why they could die from the quality of the rose you purchased to how you planted the roses to diseases. We suggest that you take some photos of the dying bushes, some leaves and stems, and a soil sample into your county agricultural extension agent.

I live n trinidad its mostly

By maltee gopaul

I live n trinidad its mostly hot here I have abt 14 rose plants 1climbing rose , its nt flowering an one other it looks like its die an I hav a bachac problem need help

I bought some red roses from

By Abel Rodriguez

I bought some red roses from lowes last week.. and I bin watering them twice a day... morning and aftrnoon... they look like they Wana die... is there any fertilizer that I need to buy? This my first time planting anything bc I just bought a house n San Patricio cnty...

It all depends on your

By Almanac Staff

It all depends on your variety of rose and whether this is a container rose or a rose bush set in the ground. However, it sounds as if you are overwatering. The general rule of thumb suggests that one inch of water be applied per week during the growing season. To know if you're getting an inch of rain, you can set out an empty tuna can and see how much water falls.

Yes, all roses need a fertilization program. Usually a general-purpose fertilizer will do (such as a 10-10-10 or 12-12-12). Apply about one-half to one cup per plant in the spring. Don't get too close to the base of the plant. Start 6 inches out and work it in lightly. Then water.

You could fertilize again in mid-June. Do not fertilize after mid-August. You could fertilize one more time AFTER the plant has gone dormant in the fall so it will be available when growth resumes in the spring.
 

I have my rose garden for

By Donrem62

I have my rose garden for about 3 years.
The leaves on my plant are very dry and scorched and crinkled looking.I live in Jamaica and it is very hot.

What is wrong with my roses? should I water the leaves.

If you live in a hot and

By Almanac Staff

If you live in a hot and sunny place, you want to avoid having the sun rays blast your rose plant.  Avoid planting in full sun or on the west side. Roses do best with afternoon filtered shade--perhaps from a tree. Or, consider making a shade cloth canopy for them for the hotter months.
Also, be sure to water at the base on the plant, not on the leaves. Use lots of organic matter. Keep those roots moist with 4 to 6 inches of mulch on top of the rose beds.
Are you over-fertilizing? Use rose food but do not use high nitrogen fertilizer; this burns your rose roots and foliage. Fertilizing should be done in the late afternoon when the sun is setting.
We hope that these tips help! 

I have 2 climbing roses, and

By Juliatester

I have 2 climbing roses, and 1 bush. I seem to have made a mistake with my pruning and pruned the roses in the fall. I feel like I butchered them. I cut them down about 3/4. A bunch of snow hit us, and I did not think much of it damaging my poor roses. But now, I looked at them and the canes fade from green to deep brown to black and on some brown black to a deep black. On very few canes there are some budding, but I do not know if it is to early in the year for this. My last frost date is the second week of may. I really have an urge to go out and prune them early because I do not know what else to do. I have not had this happen to me before. Is there anything you can suggest for me to do to make them beautiful again?
Thank You!
Julia

Don't prune more. Let the

By Almanac Staff

Don't prune more. Let the roses start growing and then cut out the dead branches.

I have many rose plants but

By A.Halder

I have many rose plants but they dont grow properly
I want to know what kind of fertilizer I have to give them.
for makeing them strong
and how they give me lots of flowers.

In the spring, apply a

By Almanac Staff

In the spring, apply a general-purpose fertilizer (such as 10-10-10 or 12-12-12) at about one-half to one cup per plant. Spread the fertilizer in a band starting six inches from the crown of the plant, going out to about 18 inches. Work it in lightly and water. Apply a second application at the end of the spring bloom period. For continuous-flowering or repeat-blooming roses, apply a third application in mid-July. No fertilizer should be applied after August 15 until the plants go dormant. Some gardeners apply a late fall fertilizer so that it is available as the plants start to grow in the spring.
Besides your fertilizer, watering very consistently is also an important part of a roses' wellness. Mulch to hold in moisture and avoid weed competition.

Beginning rose gardener.

By Debbie Hollister

Beginning rose gardener. Live in SE Texas. It's Feb. I've bought two bareroot roses that are beginning to put on very nice leaves. Should I plant them now? When is the best time? I'm worried that these roses will die since they are already putting out leaves if I don't plant them. We may have several more frosts and some freezing weather before winter is over. PLEASE advise.

If you've bought the bareroot

By Almanac Staff

If you've bought the bareroot roses from a mailorder company, contact them for the best advice--they normally ship at times that are best to plant in your area.
 
In general, bareroot roses should be planted as soon as possible, but can be kept in their packaging in a cool, frost-free area for a few days, making sure that the roots are moist (check them when they arrive, add water as necessary, and then reseal the package). Just before planting, soak them for several hours in water.
 
Because your plants have started to break dormancy, you might try planting them directly in the ground according to directions provided with your plants (soaking them for a few hours first), and then provide protection each time that frost is a threat. To do this, cover the base root area with about 5 or so inches of soil, compost, or mulch (being sure to cover the graft union at the base of the plant). Then place a cylinder of wire, or stakes wrapped in fleece or burlap, around the plant. Fill in loosely with shredded fall leaves, mulch, and/or straw, being sure to cover the stems, emerging leaves, etc.  Once the threat of frost is past, uncover the plant, but leave a few inches of mulch at the base of the plant (but make sure the graft union is uncovered). Water the area thoroughly, and as needed, so that the roots do not dry out.
 
Or, you could try planting them in large pots and setting them in a cool, sheltered area--either inside (make sure it has light), or outside with protection as needed during threats of frost, until such time as you can plant them in the ground. Keep up with the watering so that the roots don't dry out.

I have about 60 plant of

By khaled

I have about 60 plant of roses planted in pots.pls advice me how can i treat them better. Is it the time to cut the branches of the plant.

i bought a house this past

By leya daughabaugh

i bought a house this past summer with several different types of rose bushes, all flowered well into late fall. The vertical bushes were really leggy with about 3'+ of stem before any leaves began. I was told to cut them back to about 6" above the main root within 1/4" above a leaf. I did this a couple weeks ago and one has new leaves but the others do not. Is there anything I can do to help them survive?

You have different varieties

By Almanac Staff

You have different varieties of roses and some may start growing leaves earlier than others.
It's recommended that you feed your roses when you prune in the spring. You can add compost to the soil or use rose food or an all purpose fertilizer. You can also give the roses a handful of Epsom salts for an extra dose of magnesium.

My son bought me a GORGEOUS

By Joy in Texas

My son bought me a GORGEOUS bouquet of store-bought, de-thorned roses for my birthday in late
December. I added the powder/preservative/food that came in the package, and they have been just beautiful. Now that the flowers have dried, they are STLL so pretty...still pointing upward and looking like they were professionally dried when they were still alive and blooming. Now comes the weird part... The stems are still green and are sprouting new stems and very healthy-looking new leaves. There 'appears' to be the very primative beginnings of roots, under the water, on the end-tip of each stem. I would love to think that I can 'somehow' plant them and keep them alive as new rose bushes, because they are such a pretty variety/color. What is happening to my roses, and can I save them for bushes to plant in my garden? Thanks.

You can propagate roses from

By Almanac Staff

You can propagate roses from stem cuttings and sometimes roses in a bouquet will root. Cut off the dried tops and plant the rose in a pot with soilless potting mix. To speed things along you may also want to dip the bottom end in a rooting hormone (available at garden centers). Be aware that most roses are grafted onto the rootstock of a different kind of rose, for hardiness, strength and disease resistance, so your rooted rose may not resemble the parent rose at all.

Recently, I bought a few rose

By Karabi Talukdar

Recently, I bought a few rose plants, and I have noticed that they have hard roots. I planted them, but only two have started showing their leaves. Should I expect good results? If yes, please tell if buying plants with such roots grow well or not.

You bought a bareroot rose.

By Almanac Staff

You bought a bareroot rose. Many people have an unfortunate experience with a garden store in that they have bought a rose bush whose roots have dried out so the plant is essential dead from day one. You mentioned "hard" and that is what triggers our response. The bark should be soft and greenish in color. If it is hard and brown with wrinkly lines, then it is dead or dying. We hope this advice helps you spot a healthy plant and advise you return the dead sticks to the garden center.

Thank you for your valuable

By Karabi Talukdar

Thank you for your valuable advice. I will look forward to get more advice from your site. Keep up the good work!!

I moved into a house about 6

By Brittany_Andrews

I moved into a house about 6 months ago and it came with a rose bush. It seems like it's been in bloom forever. It's still blooming strong, I've done nothing to maintain them and they still look great. I'm wondering how to identify what 'type' of rose bush this is so I can research and plant more when it's time to do so. Any ideas how? I have many photos. They're red with a lot of blooms. Please respond or email, what have you, if you have any information. Thanks so much.

Hi Brittany, Visit a garden

By Almanac Staff

Hi Brittany,
Visit a garden center that sells roses and bring your photos. They may be able to help. Your local library may have rose books with color photos. Try to find a match to your rose. The internet is also a good research tool. Use the image search function in your browser or find a local rose society at http://www.ars.org/resources/local-societies/
Good luck!

I just bought 3 roses that

By RAMA RAO

I just bought 3 roses that come wrapped up in a bag, how long can I keep them before planting them. The reason I ask is because I'm gonna be moving in a month .

It may be best to return them

By Almanac Staff

It may be best to return them if you've discovered you can't plant them right away. Otherwise, get them into a bucket of water and soak them (just the roots up to the graft) for a few days and then heel them in a temporary place in the ground, completely burying them uder damp soil and leaves until you can move them. As long as they don't freeze, they should be fine. Or, if you can't heel them in, they need to be in a cool dark place covered in burlap; you don't want the roots to dry out!

We live in southeast Texas

By KatieMarie

We live in southeast Texas and have inherited my husbands grandparents home. His grandmother has very established roses, in very firm soil. I have been trying to gently rake and add fresh soil to it and I want to make sure that is the right thing to do. Also, something is eating all the leaves off the smaller rose bushes. I mean, down to sticks. I have purchased some rose insect killer spray but I was wondering if there is a more natural way to keep whatever those nasty rose eating creatures are away?

Hi KatieMarie, Roses are

By Almanac Staff

Hi KatieMarie,
Roses are heavy feeders and need good drainage. Gently loosen the soil around the bush, without hurting the roots, and add compost or aged manure to the soil. Another option would be to dig a new hole and amend the soil and then replant the rose.
Try to find out what type of pest you have eating the leaves. If you can't identify the insect or critter try spraying with insecticidal soap.

I live in NJ zone 7-9 and

By Kathleen Noll

I live in NJ zone 7-9 and have 5 large pots of rosé bushes that I just planted this spring. I am interested in finding out the best way to keep them over the winter. Is wrapping them in burlap the best way?

If you have hardy varieties

By Almanac Staff

If you have hardy varieties you only need to put mulch or leaves around the base of the rose. If they are hybrids and more tender a burlap wrap is a good solution. You can also use rose cones. Prune as little as possible in the fall. Most of the pruning is best done in the spring.

Hello, just wondering...I

By Sylvie

Hello, just wondering...I transplanted 2 mini rose bushes into large pots this summer, I know that they don't do well in the house but I don't have a garden yet (that's coming in the spring)...Can I plant these roses in the ground while still in the pots for the winter so that I can easily move them in the spring when the new garden is there?

Absolutely. Make sure your

By Almanac Staff

Absolutely. Make sure your pot is no less than 15 inches in diameter. And don't forget to mulch it well in the fall.

I have two climbing roses

By mr j bird

I have two climbing roses growing against a trellis. These plants are about 15 years old, and now the only have growth at 6ft from the base of the plant, can i prune these back to produce more growth lower down?

There might be two things

By Almanac Staff

There might be two things going on with your roses. First, climbing roses produce a hormone at the tip of each cane that inhibits blooming further down the cane. The trick to getting blooms along much of the cane is to arch the cane so that it is mostly horizontal and the tip of the cane is lower than most of the rest of the cane. Check to see if the tips of the canes of your roses are higher than the rest of each cane, and adjust.
 
Also, older climbing roses often need rejevenative pruning, as over time the canes become woody and less and less flowers appear each year. For climbing roses that bloom once a year, prune just after blooming. For repeat-bloomers, prune when they are dormant, in late winter or early spring. To rejevenate climbing roses, select one or two of the oldest canes that are producing an unsatisfactory display, and cut them off near the base. This will encourage new canes to sprout in a few months. These new canes will not flower that same season, but next season, they should start to produce blooms. Keep up with the rejuvenative pruning every year (working on other old canes the following year, and rotating) to keep your overall display attractive.

hi i m intrested in rose

By dharaneedhar

hi i m intrested in rose garden want make it as buisiness , can u provide me the details ,,how many days it will take after planting of a rose plant in soil to produce flowers,,

It depends on many factors:

By Almanac Staff

It depends on many factors: your gardening zone, the rose variety, and how you will plant the rose bush. Many newly-rooted roses take 1 year to become a grown specimen. 

I Want To Plant A Rose In Pot

By Hope Evengeline

I Want To Plant A Rose In Pot So How Can I Prepare Soil Without pests

To avoid problems, make sure

By Almanac Staff

To avoid problems, make sure your roses are a) planted in a large enough container to start -- no less than 15 inches in diameter and b) drain really well. Use 50% Perlite added to lighten the mix and provide faster drainage. Have drainage holes and do not use a saucer which invites root rot. Give each container plenty of space and air circulation to avoid a fungus.

Can anyone advise I bought

By Mrs B

Can anyone advise I bought three similar roses to the two I have in my garden at the moment. I planted them two weeks ago, following all instruction, they have sun, I water them daily, I have fed them but they look like they are wilting. Can anyone help. Thank you

It's common for newly-planted

By Almanac Staff

It's common for newly-planted roses to wilt for a couple weeks until they adapt to their new place. Water at soil level to make sure the roots aren't thirsty. Keep the water off the foliage. We hope you didn't put fertilizer near the root zone. Mulch to hold in moisture and then fertilize next spring.

I just bought 3 roses that

By iris rivera

I just bought 3 roses that come wrapped up in a bag, how long can I keep them before planting them. The reason I ask is because I'm gonna be moving in a month .

Normally, you can keep

By Almanac Staff

Normally, you can keep bareroot roses for about 7 to 10 days if you store in a cool place and keep the top of the plastic wraps open and the roots moist. If you are not moving for a month, you could try this: Unpack them, put them in a bucket or box, and repack the roots and top third of the plant with moist (but not soggy) soil. Store in cool (35° to 40°F) place and check the packing often to make sure that it’s moist. Unpack very gently at planting time.

I have roses with yellow on

By 19rose53

I have roses with yellow on the leaves any help

Yellow leaves are caused by a

By Almanac Staff

Yellow leaves are caused by a variety of problems. Heat stress, too much water or rain, drought, and/or pests can cause yellow leaves. Please see our advice above for additional information.

Planted two bare root double

By Lynda Blue

Planted two bare root double knockout roses last spring. Both bloomed and grew well through the summer. This spring after forsythia bloomed pruned dead/brown stems back to green. Then came a very late heavy frost [NE Ohio]. Now only tiny clusters of green growth around thorns but no new stems or leaves. Plenty of water, sun and mulch. What can I do to save them?

Prune off any remaining dead

By Almanac Staff

Prune off any remaining dead stems so that the new growth has a better chance and dust with sulphur to help prevent diseases. Baby the roses this summer and you may be able to save them.

I have gotten a couple roses

By Quinton

I have gotten a couple roses from a funeral and would like to plant them so I can enjoy them and remember the person for years to come. How am I able to do this? Should I pot plant them inside until they root and start to grow? Any advice (including somewhere to look) would be greatly appreciated!

Here is a web site that has

By Almanac Staff

Here is a web site that has step by step instructions on how to root hardwood rose cuttings.
www.hartwoodroses.com/2011/Articles/rootingroses.php

My Rose's

By Anonymous

Help lol i have purchased two rose bushe's from a department store and both went from five leaves to seven leaves i was told to prune the new suckers with the seven leaves off as they wont flower ! could you please help as i live in Australia my hotmail is allisond54@hotmail.com

Naked stems?

By Anonymous

Roses are prevalent in our southern CA neighborhood, and, as a new homeowner here, I'm trying to ensure my dozen or so bushes are healthy and beautiful. I noticed a neighbor has stripped all growth off of each of their rose canes, and cut the height back a bit (to about 4 feet -- they seem to be mature roses, as the canes are thick). What is the reason for this? Does it promote blooms (rather than just pruning and leaving the leaf growth on each cane)?

When roses are producing

By Almanac Staff

When roses are producing leaves and flowers cut stems back to just above a set of mature leaves and remove all dead brown stems. Deadhead the faded flowers for more blooms. Stripping all the leaves off is not a good practice.

I just purchased and planted

By Anonymous

I just purchased and planted bare root roses for the first time. The ends of the branches all seem to be covered over and dormant. Do I need to trim these until I see green or do I just leave them alone? Thanks

Bare root roses are dormant

By Almanac Staff

Bare root roses are dormant when you buy them and it's going to take a little time before they show signs of growth. Don't prune now. Let the rose start growing and then prune any dead branches.

Roses

By Anonymous

We just bought a home and there is a 6 foot 5 stem rose bush. Should I cut it back for more flowers this year or wait till next year because I really need all the flower I can get for out wedding in August. What I'm asking is ( will I get more roses if I cut it back or leave it as it is? )

roses for August

By Almanac Staff

Some roses bloom only once a year in the spring, but flowers can cover plants for more than a month. Others bloom several times in a season, usually re-blooming 50 to 60 days after the first flush of flowers. If your rose is a repeat-bloomer, or a late-summer bloomer, then you may have a good floral display in August; those types that bloom mainly in spring, however, will be a disappointment in late summer. However, here are some guidelines to pruning different types:

Hybrids and Floribundas: Repeat-flowering roses generally bloom on new wood. In very early spring, about the time forsythias bloom, take out all the dead wood, crossing canes, and spindly growth. Then shape and prune back to the desired size and style. Always cut to a live bud pointing away from the center of the shrub to encourage outward growth. Start deadheading after the first flush of flowers, and continue throughout the summer to encourage more blooms.

Species, Old Roses, and Once-blooming shrub roses: These bloom first on old wood in June; re-bloomers repeat on the current season’s growth. Remove diseased, broken, or dead branches in early spring. After flowering, prune lightly and selectively to shape the bushes and control growth.

My old rosé bush flowers bolt

By Anonymous

I have 70 year old climbing roses. The flowers used to last for a week. Now they open and die in one day. Is there anything I can do to change the life of the flower?

When to transplant roses

By Anonymous

When is the best time to transplant roses?

See above. Roses can be cut

By Almanac Staff

See above. Roses can be cut back and moved in either spring or fall, but not in midsummer, as they might suffer and die in the heat.

roses

By Anonymous

please advice the best fertilisers and manure for rose plant in pots i am in india and planting it nowin winter please advice some suitable methods for deep red and pink ones-gouravpatrirkl@gmail.com

Organic fertilizers will help

By Almanac Staff

Organic fertilizers will help improve your soil. A fish/kelp liquid fertilizer provides nitrogen and adds the necessary trace minerals roses need. If you have aged manure and composted yard debris or lawn clippings you can add that to the potting soil. It will improve the soil texture and feed your roses.
Nitrogen promotes healthy green leaf growth. Phosphorus helps to build strong roots and aids flower production. Potassium encourages vigorous growth.
Water your roses well the night before you are going to add any fertilizer.

new to roses

By Anonymous

I cant seem to get them to grow. I fertiliczed, watered regularly, they get about 5 hours of sunlight each day. I even play music for them in the morning ,. What else can i do?

Sometimes it just takes a

By Almanac Staff

Sometimes it just takes a while for the root system to develop.

Make sure they are getting TONS of sunlight and lots of water.

Other than that, keep patiently waiting! They'll come around.

Thank you for your interest in the Old Farmer's Almanac and our Web site.

Help With Identifying Roses In My Garden

By Anonymous

I love your info, pics & articles, I would like to get your help on identifying the names of the roses in my garden in Bethlehem, Palestine. I have taken pics and would love to share them with you, if you have an interest? Thank you,Marie

Hi Marie, Thank you. We're

By Almanac Staff

Hi Marie, Thank you. We're willing to try. You can upload the photos to our free ecard gallery:
http://www.almanac.com/node/add/image
Then, respond to this post with the titles. Better yet, take a real live sample to your local garden nursery or contact your county cooperative extension.

Post new comment

Before posting, please review all comments. Due to the volume of questions, Almanac editors can respond only occasionally, as time allows. We also welcome tips from our wonderful Almanac community!

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
By submitting this form, you accept the Mollom privacy policy.