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Pink rose from my garden in '07.

Credit: Suzie Rose
Your rating: None Average: 4.1 of 5 (140 votes)

Botanical name: Rosa

Plant type: Flower

USDA Hardiness Zones: Varies

Sun exposure: Full Sun

Soil type: Loamy

Flower color: Varies

Bloom time: Spring, Summer, Fall

(Though roses are shrubs, we have categorized them with flowers since most people tend to look for them here!)

Rose shrubs come in a variety of forms, from miniature to climbing. They are grown for their attractive and often fragrant flowers, which bloom mainly in early summer and fall..

One way to group roses into classes is according to their date of introduction:

  • Old roses are those introduced prior to 1867. These are the lush, invariably fragrant roses found in old masters’ paintings. There are hundreds of old rose varieties—whose hardiness varies—providing choices for both warm and mild climates.
  • Modern hybrid roses are sturdy, long-blooming, extremely hardy and disease-resistant, and bred for color, shape, size, and fragrance.
  • Species, or wild, are those that have been growing wild for many thousands of years. These wild roses have been adapted to modern gardens and usually bloom in the spring.

Choosing from all the possibilities can be a daunting task. Take your time and wander through nurseries and page through mail-order catalogs and Web sites.

See our Rose Guide in the Almanac.com store for recommended varieties and photos.


Preparing the Soil

Roses prefer a near-neutral pH range of 5.5–7.0. A pH of 6.5 is just about right for most home gardens (slightly acidic to neutral).

An accurate soil test will tell you where your pH currently stands. Acidic (sour) soil is counteracted by applying finely ground limestone, and alkaline (sweet) soil is treated with ground sulfur.

Before you plant, be sure that you choose varieties proven in your climate. When in doubt, All-America Rose Selections winners are good bets. Or check with your local nursery.

Ordering Plants

If you order roses from a mail-order company, order early, in January or February (March at the latest). They are usually shipped in the spring as bare roots when plants are fully dormant, well before they have leafed out. They’ll look like a bundle of sticks on arrival. Note, they are not dead—simply dormant.

If you are buying container-grown roses (vs. bare-root roses), plant them by May or early June for best results.

Planting Tips

  • Plant roses where they will receive a minimum of 5 to 6 hours of full sun per day. Roses grown in weak sun may not die at once, but they weaken gradually. Give them plenty of organic matter when planting and don’t crowd them.
  • Wear sturdy gloves to protect your hands from prickly thorns. Have a hose or bucket of water and all your planting tools nearby. Keep your bare-root rose in water until you are ready to place it in the ground.
  • Roses can be cut back and moved in either spring or fall, but not in midsummer, as they might suffer and die in the heat. Large rose canes can be cut back by as much as two thirds, and smaller ones to within 6 to 12 inches of the ground.
  • When you transplant your roses, be sure to dig a much bigger hole than you think you need (for most types, the planting hole should be about 15 to 18 inches wide) and add plenty of organic matter such as compost or aged manure.
  • Some old-timers recommend placing a 4-inch square of gypsum wallboard and a 16-penny nail in the hole to provide calcium and iron, both appreciated by roses.


Watering Roses

  • Diligently water your roses. Soak the entire root zone at least twice a week in dry summer weather. Avoid frequent shallow sprinklings, which won’t reach the deeper roots and may encourage fungus. Roses do best with 90 inches of rain per year, so unless you live in a rain forest, water regularly.
  • Roses love water—but don’t drown them. That is, they don’t like to sit in water, and they’ll die if the soil is too wet in winter. The ideal soil is rich and loose, with good drainage. One of the worst mistakes you can make is to not provide adequate drainage.
  • Use mulch. To help conserve water, reduce stress, and encourage healthy growth, apply a 2- to 4-inch layer of chopped and shredded leaves, grass clippings, or shredded bark around the base of your roses. Allow about an inch of space between the mulch and the base stem of the plant.

Feeding Roses

  • Feed roses on a regular basis before and throughout the blooming cycle (avoid chemical fertilizers and pesticides if you’re harvesting for the kitchen).
  • Once a month between April and July, apply a balanced granular fertilizer (5-10-5 or 5-10-10). Allow 3/4 to 1 cup for each bush, and sprinkle it around the drip line, not against the stem.
  • In May and June, scratch in an additional tablespoon of Epsom salts along with your fertilizer; the magnesium sulfate will encourage new growth from the bottom of the bush.

Pruning Roses

  • Prune roses every spring and destroy all old or diseased plant material. Wear elbow-length gloves that are thick enough to protect your hands from thorns or a clumsy slip, but flexible enough to allow you to hold your tools. Always wear safety goggles; branches can whip back when released.
  • Start with pruning shears for smaller growth. Use loppers, which look like giant, long-handle shears, for growth that is more than half an inch thick. A small pruning saw is handy, as it cuts on both the push and the pull.
  • Deadhead religiously and keep beds clean. Every leaf has a growth bud, so removing old flower blossoms encourages the plant to make more flowers instead of using the energy to make seeds. Clean away from around the base of the rosebushes any trimmed debris that can harbor disease and insects.
  • Late in the season, stop deadheading rugosas so that hips will form on the plants; these can be harvested and dried on screens, away from sunlight, then stored in an airtight container. Stop deadheading all your rose plants 3 to 4 weeks before the first hard frost so as not to encourage new growth at a time when new shoots may be damaged by the cold.

Winterizing Roses

  • Do not prune roses in the fall. Simply cut off any dead or diseased canes.
  • Stop fertilizing 6 weeks before the first frost but continue watering during dry autumn weather to help keep plants fortified during the dry winter.
  • Mound, mulch, or add compost after a few frosts but before the ground freezes. Where temperatures stay below freezing during winter, enclose the plant with a sturdy mesh cylinder, filling the enclosure with compost, mulch, dry wood chips, pine needles, or chopped leaves.
  • Don’t use heavy, wet, maple leaves for mulch. Mulch instead with oak leaves, pine needles, compost, or straw.
  • Clean up the rose beds to prevent overwintering of diseases. One last spray for fungus with a dormant spray is a good idea.


Good gardening practices such as removing dead leaves and canes will help reduce pests. Find out which pests are most prevalent in your area by checking with your local nursery. Here are some of the more common problems:

  • Stem Borers
  • Japanese Beetles
  • Aphids
  • Black Spot/Powdery Mildew
  • Spider Mites
  • Deer: Roses are a delectable tidbit, so try planting lavender near your roses. Not only will you have the makings of a nice potpourri, but the scent of lavender will discourage browsers. You can also spread human or dog hair around the garden area.

Recommended Varieties

  • Rugosas, with their showy, bright-pink, five-petal blooms, are good for hedges and wherever a barrier is needed in an exposed or difficult site. They are disease-resistant and cold hardy to Zone 3. ‘Jens Munk’ is a good rose that blooms through most of the summer.
  • Pink roses such as ‘Carefree Wonder’ are well-rounded shrub roses. They are 3 feet tall with a quiet character. They require only a little shaping in early spring and are hardy to Zone 5.
  • Yellow roses such as ‘Harrison’s Yellow’ (Zones 4 to 9), also called ‘Pioneer Rose’, blooms early, brightly, and sweetly and will survive Zone 4 winters.


Cooking Notes

The tart, reddish-orange hips of rugosa roses are loaded with vitamins and used for jams, jellies, syrups, pies, teas, and wine. The petals can be tossed into salads for color, candied to decorate cakes, or distilled to make rose water.

Wit & Wisdom

  • Rose hips are mildly laxative and diuretic.
  • Rose petals are brewed for tea blends and sometimes used in gargles and tonics to treat congestion, sore throats, and stomach disorders.
  • Rose water is a refreshing skin splash. Try a flower facial! Gentle, aromatic steam cleanses your pores. For oily skin, add a few rose petals to boiling water in a heatproof bowl. Make a bath towel tent and lean your face about 10 inches above the water. It should feel warm, not hot. After 10 minutes, rinse your face with cool water, then blot dry.

And I will make thee beds of roses,
And a thousand fragrant posies.

–Christopher Marlowe (1564-93)


Credit: Suzie Rose

Send a free e-card of a beautiful rose. Click here to see rose images in our e-card gallery.


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Hi, I planted a few mini

By Ananya on August 23


I planted a few mini roses in 6 inch pots. The problem is I have a north facing apartment so these plants sitting on my window sill gets sunlight only for like 3 hours in the morning. I place them outside for the whole day during weekends. But I think its not enough. The leaves are turning yellow. I cannot change my apartment until March next year. I repotted them and fertilize them regularly. What do I do? Please suggest.

Yellow leaves can be a

By Almanac Staff on August 24

Yellow leaves can be a symptom of dry soil, dry air and/or not enough light. You can spray the roses with water a couple of times a week. To increase the light set up a cool–white or a warm-white fluorescent lamp, or use an incandescent light source.

I purchased a house in April,

By Allie Carlquist

I purchased a house in April, Im in MN, and there is a tree or something that grows freakishly fast in the middle of two of my rose bushes. What can I do to get it out, without really harming my roses? The base has been there for a long time, so its about three inches fat... smack in the middle! I hack it down every few weeks, but it'd be nice if it was gone!

You can try to dig down a bit

By Almanac Staff

You can try to dig down a bit and see if you can cut the tree below the soil surface. If this doesn't work wait until spring. You can then dig up the roses and transplant them in a new location or dig up the tree and roots and then replant the roses in the same flowerbed.

Hi, i bought some potted rose

By Syaza

Hi, i bought some potted rose plants from the nursery. When should I transfer them into bigger pots? When they got how much bigger and how to determine that? How long should I wait to avoid transplant shock?
In a climate where the suns always glaring with around 32 degree celcius, how often should i water them? I tend to water a lot every morning n evening since i keep finding the soil getting dry, but i'm also afraid of over doing it.
Thank you so much for sharing your knowledge. -syaza, Malaysia

My roses don't bloom

By nausheen

My roses don't bloom well...The bloom is very rare and is also very small. What am I supposed to do? I use mulch and water it properly.

Here are common reasons that

By Almanac Staff

Here are common reasons that roses do not bloom: 1. Is your rose bush getting at least 6 hours of direct sun? 2. Also, roses do need fertilization on a regular basis if you want them to bloom. 3. It's good that you are watering and mulching. Be sure your'e note overwatering. The soil around your roses shouldn't be saturated. 

I bought my home here in

By Jill Montalvo

I bought my home here in Abilene, Tx. 1 year ago. The previous owner had planted a rose bush in the front yard and it is shaded most of the time by 2 big trees. It is growing and looks very healthy but it has not bloomed at all in the year that I have been here.
Wondering why.....is it because it's not getting enough sun? Or something else causing the "no bloom" situation?
I'm baffled because I've had many different types of roses in my lifetime and have never experienced anything like this. Thank you for any help you can offer!!

You've hit it, Jill. Not

By Almanac Staff

You've hit it, Jill. Not enough sun—at least so far as we know. If the plant is healthy and thriving, but not flowering, it's due to lack of sun.

Please help! Just bought my

By Ethliz

Please help! Just bought my first rose bush.... I'm in love with it, so much I was too eager to plant it I did it in the middle of Summer here in Texas! It is 98 degrees... I know I did wrong, can you please help me save my rose bush. It's a Belinda's Dream. :(

I planted a yellow rose bush

By Princesza

I planted a yellow rose bush and its first bloom was bigger and the second bloom was smaller and the bush has lost all its leaves with no new leaf buds showing. Please help

It sounds like your rose bush

By Almanac Staff

It sounds like your rose bush is dying. Read our planting and care sections above to see if you can pinpoint what went wrong. You can prune the dead branches and see if the rose will put out any new growth.

hi im new to roses i water

By Alaa

hi im new to roses i water them everyday some time every two days and i give them fertilizers once a week but they're not growing i live michigan and i notice few of the leaves the pests eat the.. Im just lost i dont know what to do please help me.. Thank u

Fertilize the roses less

By Almanac Staff

Fertilize the roses less frequently, once a month is enough. Try to identify the pests eating the leaves. See our tips on how to get rid of different pests under the Pets heading above.

we just planted a rose bed

By sarcash

we just planted a rose bed with both climbing and tea roses and added pachysandra as a ground cover. is this OK or should we have gone with just mulch?

Keep an eye on the

By Almanac Staff

Keep an eye on the pachysandra. It can be invasive.  Also, packysandra likes shade and roses like Sun so they may not be great companions. We'd stick with mulch. However, if you do want a ground cover for your roses, consider thyme.

Hi... im from

By Mrs.Halam

Hi... im from Colombo,Srilanka... i have 11 pots of rose plants... including miniature rose.... one of my miniature rose plant growing 30 cm height... its yellow.... and sum buds getting slightly brown... but its blooming... and i hav another miniature rose plant.... its 6 inches hight... it has few leaves... but its blooming every week.... can u give me solutions for plants..? Specially im living third floor of a building and its the last floor and a belcony ... i kept my pots in dat belcony

Hiii...I bought pot rose

By nigs

Hiii...I bought pot rose plant during april though it didnt had blossoms but new leaves came out of it but now during early june it had shed all his leaves...I water them regulary and give them around 6 hours or more of sunlight,I live in kolkata and rains had started here....please suggest me some way that plant can regian its leaves..stem is green yet

The rose may have been

By Almanac Staff

The rose may have been overwatered. Make sure that the pots drain well and bring them into a protected area so that they don't get too much rain.

My rose plants gives the

By Najmunnisa

My rose plants gives the roses...but they are growing very small in size..comparing to the starting roses we had when it has been purchased.

How many days once I use

By Kevin Tn

How many days once I use compost on my pot rose.

When you deadhead a bloom, do

By BobbieR

When you deadhead a bloom, do you cut right below the bloom or the stem it is on?

Hi Bobbie, Prune back to a

By Almanac Staff

Hi Bobbie,
Prune back to a leaf with five leaflets below the faded bloom. Cut at an angle, just above the leaf. If you want larger blooms cut the stem a bit lower on the bush. With larger blooms you'll get fewer flowers.

Hi I live in Colorado this

By Selina

Hi I live in Colorado this year in April we had a warm spell that got my rose plant waking up and growing. The first week in May we got 8 inches of heavy snow and it got really cold for a week or two. My rose plant now has droopy stems that have soft thorns and the stems seem to be turning reddish brown. Should I prune these off? I also just recently transplanted the rose plant becuase we built up the flower bed 12 inches. I've made sure it has gotten lots of water. I know it must be in shock,that's why I was wondering about pruning the already droopy stems if it would help it or make it worse. Thank you for your time.

Cn u cover your plants A

By akila

Cn u cover your plants
A small shed, over the plants

I planted Kennedy hybrid

By MistyDawn9899

I planted Kennedy hybrid bushes in my yard about a month ago. They are starting to bloom but only a couple. What can I do to encourage new and more blooms? Also what do I do to protect them in winter? I live in WV. I've planted them in soil and compost and have wood mulch around them.

we have just planted three

By felicia patterson

we have just planted three rose bushes for my parents and they are having problems with ants getting onto them and they are eating them what can we put on or around them so they wont get on them and kill them please help

Ants usually don't harm

By Almanac Staff

Ants usually don't harm roses. The ants are attracted to the roses by aphids. Check the leaves and stems for aphids. If you have aphids you can try to wash them off with a spray of cold water from the hose. Or you can wash the plants with insecticidal soups or spray with horticultural oils.

I just purchased and planted

By Kimmerz

I just purchased and planted two 1.75 gallon roses. Princess de Monaco Rose hybrid Tea. One had six buds and the other had 2 buds when they were planted. They have been planted for a week and those buds are opening. Can I or should I be cutting them or do I need to wait for them to be established before I start cutting them? Do I need to cut them once they are done blooming. Sorry for all the questions I am very new to this.

Just cut off the blooms after

By Almanac Staff

Just cut off the blooms after they have faded. This will promote more buds to develop. There is no need to prune the bushes this year. See our pruning advice above.

I just planted 2 rose bushes

By Del

I just planted 2 rose bushes that I got from my son on Mother's Day. I live in Wisconsin and the forecast says we could have some frost tonight and possibly tomorrow night. Should I cover them, because I leave for work at about 4:15AM. They would be covered until I get home after 2 PM

I bought a rose plant n a pot

By Glara

I bought a rose plant n a pot .i am living in U.A.E.the climate here is very hot nd sunny here at temp of 40degree now.i kept rose plant n ma balcony.its slight sunny at 6am to 9am.but its so hummidity outside..so will u help me what all i want to do to care ma rose plant..the other thing is the rose flower is not seem to be smell..only slight odour..whot to do to get odour to the flower

My grandmothers rose bush was

By natalia v

My grandmothers rose bush was transplanted into our garden and grew for 21 years. Poison Ivy grows at the base of the rose bush now, and the rose bush appears dead. Is there anything we can do to save it? Can we dig up the bush and save the roots and try to grow it in water temporarily until we dig the Poison Ivy out and try to regrow our grandmothers bush? Some of the stems look prickly and hairy, and they are all dry and brown. No blooms, no leaves.

Thank you, any help were grateful for?

Hi Natalia, You can dig up

By Almanac Staff

Hi Natalia,
You can dig up the rose bush and see if you can find any sign of life. Remove all the brown dead branches and stems. If you find a branch that has some green in it there is hope. Spray the roots with water to remove the soil and cut off all the dead roots. Replant the rose in a new location and give it water and some rose food.

I live in the desert sw where

By Gma Becky

I live in the desert sw where the soil is very poor and it rains very little so pots are the answer for my roses. Have read that Baer Rose products are great but 'do not use on plants in pots'. Can you explain? Also experiencing yellow leaves but only on plant in pot with saucer..is that the cause.

So when I replanted my rose a

By Mary Nelson

So when I replanted my rose a lot of the dirt fell off the roots I pushed it back together then today it was droppy is it in shock or dead?

Let's hope it's transplant

By Almanac Staff

Let's hope it's transplant shock which is normal.
--Give them lots of water, but not soggy.
--Cut their buds off just below the bud. They need to conserve energy.
--Don't give them any more fertilizer for a while.

I have time bushes that have

By Eddie Wilson

I have time bushes that have black spots on the leaves and the leaves die and fall off. What is this and what do I do to stop it?

Hi, Eddie, "Black spot" is a

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Eddie, "Black spot" is a very common affliction of roses, especially hybrid teas. Control is usually with a fungicide (the problem is a fungus), and must be applied every 10 days or more often if it rains between applications.
Temps of 85°F and above inhibit it—something that you can not do much about in most cases. The plants should be in sun to take advantage of every ray.
Rake and clear the ground under the roses every spring. Prune and discard infected canes. Avoid wetting/watering the leaves on cloudy days. If at all possible, plant disease-resistant varieties. We hope this helps.

How will wood ashes in the

By Rebekah Lynn

How will wood ashes in the soil affect a rose bush? Everything in town is in bloom but my rosebush still looks like its dead. Could it just be dormant for some reason? It is in full sun all day and has not bloomed since we moved here last summer. It was already there but had no blooms and was probably not cared for at all. I have cut it back some and started to water it. Is there any chance it is still alive?

It's recommended to add 1/2

By Almanac Staff

It's recommended to add 1/2 to 1 pound of wood ash per year per rose bush. It's important to spread the ash evenly on the soil around the plant and then rake it into the soil lightly. Piles of ash will leach excessive salt into the soil around the plant and can damage the roots. If your rose doesn't have any leaves it may be dead. Cut a branch off to see if there is any green on the inside.

A friend of mines told me she

By Dawn Polk

A friend of mines told me she puts banana peels around her rose bushes, and the grow like crazy, is this a myth, or truth.

Truth! Roses love rich soil

By Almanac Staff

Truth! Roses love rich soil with great organic amendments. They really thrive on banana peels and coffee, as well as ground alfalfa meal.

Hi I need your help I have

By Munusami Sivaramen

Hi I need your help I have six varieties of roses how to make them have many leaves as we are in winter and here where I live there are only two seasons thanks and please how to calculate the pH of the soil

I live in West Texas and

By Shana Olson

I live in West Texas and bought and planted six rose bushes. One is growing great and the others did for awhile. Now the other five look like they are dying. What can I do to save them? They get plenty of sunshine and watered twice a day morning and evening.

Don't water in the evening,

By acashdollar1289

Don't water in the evening, it causes root rot.

A few years ago we took cuts

By Amy Colf

A few years ago we took cuts off of my great grandmother's rose bush ( I'm guessing it's a climbing one because it goes up a tressle).. Our issue is we can't seem to get then to bloom. We water and feed them and they get plenty of sunlight. We also prime them some and cut any dead branches and they grow like mad... But yet we've never had a single bloom... Any ideas? We live in southwest Missouri!

Try adding some Epson salts

By Pip

Try adding some Epson salts to the water every week. Or use rose food, but I would still use Epson salts as well. Makes clematis vines bloom like crazy!

i have three double knockout

By scott blake

i have three double knockout roses in my yard that i have had for about 3 or 4 years and i want to move them to the side of the house i just recently pruned them around the first of march is it ok to transplant them to the side of the house now

Hi Scott, Yes, you can

By Almanac Staff

Hi Scott,
Yes, you can transplant the roses now. Spring and fall are the best times to move roses. See more tips under Planting on top of this page.

Do I need to cut my rose bush

By Contessa

Do I need to cut my rose bush all the way down to start growing an watering at the end of last year I cutviff the dead the branches an vines are still pretty long was just wondering if I cut them short

I live in Northern India with

By digvijay pal singh

I live in Northern India with summer temp rising to 38 C & winter down to 15 C.
I have Knock out variety of rose plants . For the first four years , the branches were healthy & good blooms came .
Last two years the plants have started growing very tall - about 6 ft with very thin & weak branches which do not support the bloom & bend down. Blooms are still Ok.
What should be done to rduyce the height & strenthen the branches .

Plants get about four hours of sun light !!

hi. the leaves of my rose

By anurag

the leaves of my rose plan are getting damaged , and how to identify the manure , which one is good?? and how ro test the soil good for roses,. i dnt have any idea regarding this...

Check your roses for pests.

By Almanac Staff

Check your roses for pests. Add compost or aged manure around the rose or use a fertilizer specifically made for roses. Epsom salts are also good for rose growth. See our planting and care advice on this page.

hi, I live in zone 8b nd

By Aparna

hi, I live in zone 8b nd recently got old English roses from David Austin. All bare foot, soaked them in water for a day, dug hole wide enough nd filled with organic matter. They started to show red tipped shoots. Unfortunately now we r having freezing weather now for a couple of days. Will they die? Will they survive to be healthy or this mini frost will kills them? I feel terribly bad like I set th
Out there to die. Thanks for any advice. I did put abt an inch of mulch on top - will that help? Thanks

The frost may kill the new

By Almanac Staff

The frost may kill the new growth. The plant will be OK. The mulch will protect the roots. You can cover the roses with sheets or towels if the night temps. are low.

Hi. I am from India, what

By Karan

Hi. I am from India, what should be done to recover a rose plant. I buy plants for trading. But after each lot few remain behind. The Bush appearance is lost. What should I do to make these look great again for trading.

hi there, i wanted to ask,

By nuha

hi there,
i wanted to ask, why roses need to be put far away from the the open window and sunlight and at the night , they need to be put in the refrigerator ?
i know that it is something to do about to freshen up the roses but, can you explain further about it? thank you :)

It is Oct 29, and we live in

By Anonymous

It is Oct 29, and we live in Zone 6. We just received a rose tree called Lavender Sunblaze as a gift. It is currently in a pot. I am trying to figure out if it is too late to try to plant it outside, or over winter it indoors. Do I have enough time to plant it outside? At this stage, I have a feeling I am going to need some advise, as to where to go from here.

Can I cut a stem of a rose

By phumzile Xaba

Can I cut a stem of a rose and plant it can it grow

Hi, I was really confused

By Household Roses

Hi, I was really confused about the drainage part of caring for your roses...
If I have them in a pot, do I need there to be holes in the pot for the water to drain out? How often should I water my plant? How do you know when to trim off the rose? Do I keep them in direct sunlight all day? Thank you.

You need to have drainage

By Almanac Staff

You need to have drainage holes in the pot. Roses don't like "wet feet". Keep the soil moist but don't overwater. Give your roses as much sun as possible. Cut off spent flowers regularly but save any pruning of branches until early spring.

Can you get a cutting off a

By jennifer foust

Can you get a cutting off a rose bush and start a new one

All of my roses seem to be

By Jurgen

All of my roses seem to be healthy but do not have a lot of bloom. They grow high with long stems without leaves and bloom first when they are over five or six foot high. Problem is possible that they don't get enough morning/eastern sun, but I am not sure. Sun is coming in after 11 am and stays all day. So as higher they get the more morning sun they receive. Is there anything I can do to encourage more lower growth and more flowering. One bush is established for 5 years and has hundreds of flowers all during the year. Why are the other ones not doing the same?

Hi Jurgen, What type of roses

By Almanac Staff

Hi Jurgen,
What type of roses do you have? Different varieties have different growing habits. Pruning helps to keep bushes managable and it also encourages blooming. Early spring is the best time to prune most roses. See our pruning tips on this page. Do you fertilize the roses? Phosporous and bone meal will promote blooms and also adding compost to the soil will help your roses grow stronge and bloom more.

I am planning to transplant

By Sara F Miller

I am planning to transplant roses from my grandfather's home in western Minnesota to my home in northeast Iowa. They are old (30-40 years?) but I don't know if they are considered old-fashioned or modern roses. I would like to do this now (October-November). What special steps should I take? Was thinking about cutting them back and just moving them.

Hi Sara, It's better to move

By Almanac Staff

Hi Sara,
It's better to move roses when they are dormant (late winter, early spring). But you can transplant them now, if you do it soon, the roots need some time to get established in the new location before the soil freezes. Water the roses well the days before digging them up. Don't prune the roses way back. Just cut back branches that are dead or too long. Make sure to get as much of the roots as possible. Cover the root balls with wet burlap and plant the roses as soon as you can at the new location. Add compost or aged manure to the soil when planting. Water the roses daily before the soil freezes.
Good luck!

I brought two mini rose

By Jane simonson

I brought two mini rose bushes and I have had them in pots, I brought them in side as we have had some freezing weather during the night. But they are not doing as well in side. Would it be better for me to plant them out side.

If the roses where used to

By Almanac Staff

If the roses where used to outside conditions it may take a while for them to get used to the indoors. Mini roses sold in grocery stores are not going to make it outdoors in the winter. If you bought these bushes from a nursery they may have a chance to survive cold temps. Try to find find out what variety they are and if they are hardy enough. If you do plant them outside cover with lots of mulch.

I planted 4 climbing roses

By Deb Nolton

I planted 4 climbing roses this year. I've had roses before so I know what to do to winterize them. Is there something different I should do for climbers?

I have worked with the

By James Brady

I have worked with the climbing variation of Rose for 20 years. I have one presently that is actually older than I am which is saying something if you know what I mean. I have never done anything except prune it back a little during the winter. It remains healthy but seems to kind of fall into a dormant type state. Hey, the books may state something different but I`ve never covered mine and they grow thick and gain several feet every year. Just sayin`....

Good question. Winterizing

By Almanac Staff

Good question. Winterizing climbing roses is a little more challenging because you need to cover the entire plant with soil. Remove the rose from its climbing structure/trellis. Gently bend the canes to the ground; carefully pin the rose down and cover the canes with several inches of soil plus a layer of mulch. When spring arrives, uncover just as you would with other roses.

hello, i am from

By Chirag Patel

i am from India(Gujarat).we are having a soil of about neutral pH.and climate is now turning on winter.we are having a full of sunlight(9 to 10 hrs per day.i wish to cultivate rose plants in my farm.i am planning to continuously sprinkle water on roses.it would be beneficial for roses health?

I planted a Peace Rose in the

By Pat Mosley

I planted a Peace Rose in the spring. Watered it twice a week until we started getting a lot of rain. I assumed that rainwater was enough. But now (September) I haven't given it additional water and it is loosing its leaves. Have I killed my rosebush?

Hi, Pat, You do not indicate

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Pat, You do not indicate where you live, but it might, in fact, not make much difference. It may not be only about water. Hybrid tea roses, of which this is one (and a lovely one), require attention to details. A couple of things come to mind: Does your soil have the proper pH? That would be 6 to 6.5, but not over 7 or less than 5. Was it bare root or potted when planted? Bare root are typically put into a bucket of water when the hole is prepared—a hole with a cone-shaped mound of soil‚ including good organic material, in the middle and essentially on which the bare root is positioned, with the graft union above soil level. Container roses are usually put into a hole about the size of the container, with the graft also above soil level. Watering should be once or twice a week, depending on conditions, and enough water to penentrate 4 to 6 inches. (Another reason to have well-draining soil with organic matter.)
Rose foliage should not be watered. Yes, rain certainly falls on the leaves, but that seems to be different... And, yes, it might have been enough. For the record, watering should be done in the morning or during the day when the sun will dry the leaves. Some say an inch per week. A general rose-specific fertilizer is beneficial, applied at intervals described on the package, but not after September.
All that said, "black spot" is a very common affliction of roses, especially hybrid teas. Control is usually with a fungicide, and must be applied every 10 days or more often if it rains between applications.
Finally, you might go back to the source to ask for specific advice...even possibly a replacement (or credit for next season). It's unfortunate to see your hopes fade.
We hope this helps.

How much roses need water in

By nilofar quraishi

How much roses need water in september to nov

I just pulled my potted Rose

By Sarahschwartz

I just pulled my potted Rose bush out of my garden little did I know the roots were right threw deep into the garden. I heard the root snap now my rose plant is whillting can I save it? Will it die? Help

Your rose is in shock and

By Almanac Staff

Your rose is in shock and will recover if you give it a little bit of extra care. Get a bigger pot if you are going to keep it as a container rose. Mix fresh soil with compost and add superphosphate to the soil. Superphosphate will encourage new root growth. Prune some of the top leaves and branches so that the bush is smaller and easier for the roots to support.

For the first three years my

By Janice Croteau

For the first three years my newly planted rose bush bore an abundance of beautiful flowers but the last two years it has only given me leaves and yes the are healthy looking. 5 feet awy is another rose bush doing well. I treat them the same. Can you tell me why this may be? Other roses in the yard are also doing well and this is my third house I've owned where I have seen this problem with my roses. Thanks for your response.

My roses were very fragrant

By sheila Coston

My roses were very fragrant the first two yrs. Now at 5 seasons, they are not. Could it be insecticides or Bayer fertilizer?
Help. Thanks

I bought several different

By Meaghan Kelly

I bought several different colors of climbing roses from my local Home Depot and Lowe's last year to climb the posts of my wrap around covered patio (pink, yellow, red). This year all the blooms were red? Is this normal? I don't mind really because it's still beautiful, but can I prevent this if I buy more variety of roses to plant in the future?

Hi, Yes, it's normal for

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Yes, it's normal for roses to change color. There are several reasons. Pink can change to red in cooler weather. Also, roses are grafted so the root and branches are different varieties and this can affect the rose color.

Most of my 20 rose bushes

By bobbi E

Most of my 20 rose bushes have gone back to the native stems or wild roses. How do I prevent this from happening.

Hi Bobbi, It is important to

By Almanac Staff

Hi Bobbi,
It is important to remove any suckers, or wild branches, from their source which is below the graft union, usually under the soil. You need to scrape away the soil to reveal them and then cut them out. If you don't do it the wild, native rose will take over.

Hi. Can you help to know

By Krunal

Can you help to know about the average/approx productivity of an rose plant can be..??? Annually ??

I live in ct. I would love to

By kevin m. sullivan sr.

I live in ct. I would love to grow some roses as my wife loves them. I have a garden bed right next to my house that faces east. The sun here comes up in the east. There are no trees blocking the sun from hitting this garden bed. Are there any special types of roses that i should use here.

Hi Kevin, Most roses love the

By Almanac Staff

Hi Kevin,
Most roses love the sun and there are so many varieties and colors to choose from. We suggest that you get a hardy shrub rose. They are easy to care for and don't mind cold winters. 'Knock Out' roses bear masses of blooms are disease resistant and bloom all summer long. They come in many colors. 'Firecracker' is another easy to grow red rose. We suggest that you visit a local nursery for more information.

The rose bush I bought has


The rose bush I bought has wax on the tips of the cut branches,will it still grow, or should I cut a little bit off? I am new at planting flowers, and would like to see them grow to flurish. I"ve had it for about a month, and it seems to have not grown at all. Or have I bought a dud!!

If your rose bush doesn't

By Almanac Staff

If your rose bush doesn't have any buds or green leaves by now it is probably dead. The canes were dipped in horticultural wax to prevent them from drying out during shipment and while in the store.

I have my grandmothers roses

By Kathy M

I have my grandmothers roses - very old, hardy, very fragrant with light pink ruffly flowers. they bloom in the end of June/beginning of July. Happy where they are, they send out baby plants.
When and how should I prune them?
How should I fertilize?
Any other special care I should give them?
Thanks. We used to call them 'grandma roses' and take them to our teachers.

If the roses are doing well

By Almanac Staff

If the roses are doing well just prune damaged or dead branches in the summer and fall. To keep the bushes manageable prune in early spring. See our care tips on this page for more information.

My 5 rose bushes all seem

By Jacqueline Tate

My 5 rose bushes all seem healthy but as the rose buds form something is eating the tips. All of the roses seems almost dead when they open. My knockout roses has some type of parasite eating the leaves. What is eating the tips, what are these conditions called is and how do I treat them?

Have you spotted any insects?

By Almanac Staff

Have you spotted any insects? First line of defense is simply blasting them with water early morning. You can also spray the undersides with soap spray or apply Neem oil. If you must resort to insectides or have regular issues, use 'Bayers 3 in 1 Rose Care' and next year drench your soil with it in April.

I have this problem also. New

By indena

I have this problem also. New growth dies and I never get to flower. Buds get chewed... Don't see anything really. Water blasting does nothing and neither does soap spray. I'm about to just throw them out. Started with a knock out rose I purchased & now they all have it. Will try Buyer next year per your suggestion. But I want to know what is the culprit???

my roses has a little hole in

By reita hurley

my roses has a little hole in almost each leaf. How do I know what is making that hole, and what do I do about it?

You probably have a

By Almanac Staff

You probably have a roseslug.  They won't cause serious damage. Spray insecticidal soap or horticultural oil (“organic” options) on the undersides of leaves. If it really bothers you, you could kill them with Bayer’s All-in-1 Rose Care but your roses will survive the small holes.

I had planted two rose plants

By Karabi

I had planted two rose plants in tubs. At first they bore big flowers, but gradually the succeeding flowers became smaller. What should I do to get big flowers like I did earlier? I must mention the climate here: nowadays it is monsoon and the temperature fluctuates between 30-38 degrees.

We're assuming that the

By Almanac Staff

We're assuming that the degrees are in Celsius? Which means 86-100 Fahrenheit. That's high for many roses, and they will respond with smaller blooms, or none at all. (Some roses don't seem to mind heat.) We'd suggest providing a shade cloth or similar during afternoon heat to help the plants cope, and keep up with the watering (although if it is monsoon season, check if the soil isn't becoming too soggy). Place mulch over the soil, to keep the soil cool.

mu mother has an old rose

By lourdes r lugo

mu mother has an old rose tree about 7 feet tall that gives roses all year round is an old tree but new stems come out. there was a small bulb that my mom said tolet it dry and then inside has seeds to go ahead and plant the seeds after it drys. is this ok to do? to open the round bulb and there should be seeds inside?

Yes, the bulb that forms

By Almanac Staff

Yes, the bulb that forms where the flower is is called a rose hip and contains seeds. If you plant these, the plants may not produce flowers that look like the parent, if the parent was a hybrid rose. But on occasion, a seed might develop into a really special rose. It may take years, however, to see results. For the specifics on how to collect and prepare the seeds (they need a little special care), see:

One of my first-year roses,

By Mihaela

One of my first-year roses, which had just started to grow leaves nicely, got broken by our dog. It lost its only leaf and now all it has is its short (but green) stem. Does it have any chances to survive and sprout more leaves? :( The weather has been good, we've had enough rainfalls.

I bought several Rose Bush

By Mandy C

I bought several Rose Bush Hedges online about 5 years ago. They came as bare root plants, and we followed all of the planting instructions that came with them. They have never gotten taller than about 3 feet and have never gotten "bushy". Over the years a few have died and we replaced them with different roses (thinking maybe they were the bush). They just aren't growing as well as they should have. We have other Roses that are planted in the same type of soil and environment and do great. But we just can't seem to get these to grow and flourish. I was just wondering if you have any thoughts or suggestions to try. Thank you!-Mandy

bought 2 rose bushes last

By cathy caudill

bought 2 rose bushes last year planted and they bloomed all season.This year one of them is growing good but the other one looks totally dead,is there a chance it will come alive or should I just pull it and plant a new bush??

Hi Cathy, It sounds like you

By Almanac Staff

Hi Cathy,
It sounds like you need to plant a new bush. If you have severe winters make sure to mulch the bushes before the cold weather sets in.

How do I stop bugs (japanace

By Renard haskins

How do I stop bugs (japanace beetles) from destroying my roses

Planting garlic or other

By Almanac Staff

Planting garlic or other alliums close to the roses helps to keep the beetles away. You can also use Japanese beetle traps, found at garden centers. See our Japanese beetle section at

my husband got me a rose bush

By judy-ohio

my husband got me a rose bush for my birthday it is my first rose bush I have the packing said it was a yellow climbing rose bush but it isn't a climber nor yellow its a big pink flower I noticed its like the one on top page that says from my garden I seen it has the same pink spots on lower pedals could you please tell me what kind of rose bush it is so I can take care of it properly the pic says credit suzie rose thank you

Hi Judy, There are so many

By Almanac Staff

Hi Judy,
There are so many pink rose varieties which makes it hard to tell from one picture what kind of rose you have.
See our care section above for general advice about taking care of roses.

my rose plant has gave around

By jamaal

my rose plant has gave around 6 flowers and has got 3 or 4 new buds growing do i cut back the old bud completely to the stalk or the head?

Traditionally when you

By Almanac Staff

Traditionally when you deadhead a rose you cut the stem below the faded flower above the first or second five leaf set. It's OK to cut lower to promote more leaves and stronger stems. The further down the stem you cut, the longer it will take for the rose to rebloom.

Are roses affected by


Are roses affected by juglone ?

Wild roses are not

By Almanac Staff

Wild roses are not susceptible to juglone.

for how many days can roses

By angellos02

for how many days can roses stay in a vase??

Hi, The leaves on my roses

By Denise Hohimer

Hi, The leaves on my roses are turning brown around the edges and getting worse. They are watered twice a day via a drip line and I have given them rose food. (Our spring is warm and dry, and our summer is hot and dry.)

Can I save them?

Thank You!

It sounds like your roses are

By Almanac Staff

It sounds like your roses are either being attacked by insects, such as thrips, or the roses have a fungus. Check with your local garden nursery for a fungicide to use on the plants. To control thrips, combine 2 teaspoons of mild dish detergent with 1 gallon of water. Wipe down the leaves with this solution.




It sounds like your roses are

By Almanac Staff

It sounds like your roses are either being attacked by insects, such as thrips, or the roses have a fungus. Check with your local garden nursery for a fungicide to use on the plants. To control thrips, combine 2 teaspoons of mild dish detergent with 1 gallon of water. Wipe down the leaves with this solution.

Hello, How tall will my 4"

By Eva C. Isaacson

Hello, How tall will my 4" Mini Rose grow? Thank you, Eva

There are hundreds of

By Almanac Staff

There are hundreds of miniature rose varieties so it depends! Some are 12 inches, many are 18 to 24 inches.

TinyBabyKnockoutRoses: Surrou

By Erindrew

Surrounding my knockout rose bush are what appear to be new teeny tiny little baby rose bushes. They are scattered about and are not connected to any part of the existing rose bush. Can I transplant these to pots? If yes, is it better to put several of them together in one pot or one per pot? What do I need to do to ensure they mature?
*It is currently early May & I live in southern IN near Louisville...I am relocating to southern MI near Lansing.

Before cutting, make sure the

By Almanac Staff

Before cutting, make sure the stems have several leaves. Cut the bottom leaf at an angle. You can put a rooting agent on the cutting or we've even heard of dipping it in honey. Plant the cuttings in their own pots and keep the soil moist.

We have the same situation

By NCH Senior

We have the same situation (baby knockouts growing independently from their parent[s]). However, we planted the parents this spring and they gave rise to the babies that are now about 1 foot tall (it's now late October in southern Ohio). Do we follow the same procedure as described above if we want to plant them next spring separately in another bed?

I am interesting in growing

By Lauryn Watkins

I am interesting in growing knockout roses for use in my wedding next year. The wedding is May 2nd, is that too early for these flowers?

It depends on where you grow

By Almanac Staff

It depends on where you grow them. If you live in an area that has low winter temperatures, then May 2 will be too early for blooms.

I just bought 9 climbing

By jamey

I just bought 9 climbing roses at a big box store (not sure grade, or anything) they have the wraper around them..I planted them yesterday, and going to put the mulch around them today. I used an organic compost/ manure and top soil to backfill the holes mixed ever so slightly with some dirt from the holes I dug. I'm a newbie at growing anything, but I'm trying...okay my questions are :
Do I fertilize them with miricle grow, or wait to fertilize??
Some parts of the tips look to have wax or something on the end of the plants where it looked like they were cut to be packaged and the dripped this stuff on the end of the stems...do I cut some back, or just leave it on and let it grow for now??
I got one "love" 6 "chrysler imperal" and 2 "mr linicoln" I'm in zone 5 and the plants all look healthy and all had small red and greenish leaves with looks like new growth on some of the stems.
And with those varieties will I have to do anything "special" to over winter them??
I have some neghibors that have beautiful rose bushes or climbing roses and I've tried to as them what they do with theirs, and they said they just leave them alone, they don't water, mulch, cut them back, or anything and they grow like weeds...I'm not sure if the ones I got will be those that will take off and not need much care.
I bought a smooth touch thornless rose last year and thought I planted it right, mulched it etc and it died over this winter. So I made sure from reading through the comments here, these new babies, I sat the crown an inch or so and put soil over it and I'm adding mulch today because I am thinking with the rose bush I lost, I had the crown, if you will, level with ground level and just mulched it real good in the fall and I am thinking that's why it died because I didn't set the crown down into the soil since it gets cold here in zone 5
Any thoughts or advice would be VERY helpful as I don't want to kill all of these beautiful plants :)

Hi Jamey, Make sure your

By Almanac Staff

Hi Jamey,
Make sure your newly planted roses get plenty of sunshine and water. No need to fertilize yet. The mix of compost and manure will nurish the bushes as they get established. Only cut back any dead branches now. Add extra mulch or leaves around the bushes in the fall to protect them from severe cold. Good luck!

I live in MN and it is still

By Ann Grover

I live in MN and it is still pretty cold here..Highs in the 50's and lows in the high 30's. I have my rose bush covered, when is it a good temp to uncover it and leave it uncovered?

Hi Ann, Uncover your roses

By Almanac Staff

Hi Ann,
Uncover your roses when night temperatures are consistently over 32 degrees.

It is beginning of May in

By jen p.k.

It is beginning of May in Massachusetts and I have 7 roses all planted last year late spring early summer. My Therese bugnet is looking lively with leaves on purplish New cane growth. It did not do much last year. I have a cl pinita, a cl America and cl Don Juan, three hybrid tea touch of class, Angel face and kordes perfectica. My kordes perfectica is brown stems with some purple year old cane with small leaf buds. Don Juan purple, brown, green canes with leafbuds. Angel face some green light brown canes with year old canes with leaf buds. America leaf and green leaf with more leaf buds up brownish longer cane. Touch of class green canes and leaf buds. Cl pinita purplish green canes with leaf buds, some black on these canes. I guess I'm answering my own questions here about the plant vigor at this point. I am so excited for growth and have done some early removal of winter protection and fertilizing with compost, bone meal compound and Epsom salts in April. They are slower to grow than my neighbors roses I think, but maybe that is due the varieties or perhaps because they are newly establishing plants just as of last year. Any response will be most appreciated. These are by far my favorite hobby.

I live in ocala forest . fl

By elise bedsole

I live in ocala forest . fl the soil here is very sandy. I have just planted 8 bareroot roses,, floridia,s i believe... i put dried up cow manure ,mircle grow garden soil and some clay. to help the soil. well here,s the problem,, i then ordered a soil tester and it showed no nitorgen whats so ever in the soil.. so i bought some blood meal but im afraid it might be to much all at once for just planting them, what do u think. so i put down the nitorgen or wait?????? thanks so much . elise

It's best to hold off on

By Almanac Staff

It's best to hold off on fertilizing your newly planted bareroot roses until after they have finished blooming. At that time, test the soil again: the dried cow manure and miracle gro soil may have contributed to the nitrogen and other nutrients. If the soil is still low in nitrogen, you might add a little to the area if needed, according to manufacturer's directions.
Also, keep up with the watering to help the plants establish themselves.

I have purchased five rose

By Irene Crocker

I have purchased five rose bushes from a garden centre. They are wrapped in seem to be moist. They have budded out and leaves have started to form. I live in Nova Scotia and the temperature has not warmed up very well. I was wondering if I can plant the roses now or should I wait for warmer weather. The temperature this morning was 2C. These plants seem to be very healthy.


Do not plant until after the

By Almanac Staff

Do not plant until after the last frost is safely behind you and the ground has thawed so that you can dig a hole, but before the hot summer weather arrives. The roots grow well in cool weather.

PLEASE HELP...I have 14 rose

By Pat Rizzo

PLEASE HELP...I have 14 rose bushes and all seem to be dead. All stems are brown and some black and very brittle. I am just sick. Not one sign of a leaf or bud just brown canes. Should I accept they did not make it thru the bruttle winter and pull them? Shouldn't there at least be leaves appearing or something to show they are alive by now?

Thank You
Pat Rizzo

Before you pull them, look

By Almanac Staff

Before you pull them, look carefully:
• are there any buds (tiny raised reddish nubs) anywhere on the canes?
• are there green or deep red sems at the base of the plant?
• scratch the cane with a fingernail; is there green tissue under the surface? If not, the cane is dead.
• using clean pruning shears, cut the dead cane/s back to any green wood and remove any canes that crowd in the center
• in a week or two, check for nubs (beginning buds) or new shoots; allow more time, if the plant is old
• if all else fails, gently unearth the base of the plant and check to see if it has light-colored, strong roots. If it does not, it has not survived.

Hi, I live in Chicagoland

By Joy McCullough

Hi, I live in Chicagoland area, and we just had one of the worse winters on record, as far as snow and cold, we just had snow April 15th. I went out to prune my roses today. My Carefree Delight totally fine. But my Tiffany and Tropicana, the canes look totally black, some green toward ground, cut way back, are they dead? Also looks like rabbits may have been eatting green off bottom, kind of stripped, but still green and buds further up, can they survive? Or should I yank and pirchase new ones. Kinda sad because they survived a flood a few years ago.

It sounds like your Tiffany

By Almanac Staff

It sounds like your Tiffany and Tropicana roses suffered freeze damage, which can blacken the stems. Once the threat of frost/freeze/snow is over, then prune them back to healthy wood, just above an outward facing leaf bud. Pruning them too soon will encourage new growth that is more susceptible to cold temperatures.
If you haven't already, you might consider winter protection. Even after spring has arrived, but you are expecting temperatures around freezing, you might want to offer the more tender roses some cover. For winter protection ideas, you might be interested in: http://urbanext.illinois.edu/roses/winter.cfm
Hope this helps!

Thankyou, carefully pruned

By Joy McCullough

Thankyou, carefully pruned cut back all the dead yucky black thorny canes to green, and now with sun and warmer days seeing buds and leafing out. No wonder roses are such a symbol of making it through the hard times of life!

just plant 4 rose bushes and

By Larisa Boggs

just plant 4 rose bushes and 2 of them dying. what can i do to safe them?

Larisa, With roses, there are

By Almanac Staff

Larisa, With roses, there are many reasons why they could die from the quality of the rose you purchased to how you planted the roses to diseases. We suggest that you take some photos of the dying bushes, some leaves and stems, and a soil sample into your county agricultural extension agent.

I live n trinidad its mostly

By maltee gopaul

I live n trinidad its mostly hot here I have abt 14 rose plants 1climbing rose , its nt flowering an one other it looks like its die an I hav a bachac problem need help

I bought some red roses from

By Abel Rodriguez

I bought some red roses from lowes last week.. and I bin watering them twice a day... morning and aftrnoon... they look like they Wana die... is there any fertilizer that I need to buy? This my first time planting anything bc I just bought a house n San Patricio cnty...

It all depends on your

By Almanac Staff

It all depends on your variety of rose and whether this is a container rose or a rose bush set in the ground. However, it sounds as if you are overwatering. The general rule of thumb suggests that one inch of water be applied per week during the growing season. To know if you're getting an inch of rain, you can set out an empty tuna can and see how much water falls.

Yes, all roses need a fertilization program. Usually a general-purpose fertilizer will do (such as a 10-10-10 or 12-12-12). Apply about one-half to one cup per plant in the spring. Don't get too close to the base of the plant. Start 6 inches out and work it in lightly. Then water.

You could fertilize again in mid-June. Do not fertilize after mid-August. You could fertilize one more time AFTER the plant has gone dormant in the fall so it will be available when growth resumes in the spring.

I have my rose garden for

By Donrem62

I have my rose garden for about 3 years.
The leaves on my plant are very dry and scorched and crinkled looking.I live in Jamaica and it is very hot.

What is wrong with my roses? should I water the leaves.

If you live in a hot and

By Almanac Staff

If you live in a hot and sunny place, you want to avoid having the sun rays blast your rose plant.  Avoid planting in full sun or on the west side. Roses do best with afternoon filtered shade--perhaps from a tree. Or, consider making a shade cloth canopy for them for the hotter months.
Also, be sure to water at the base on the plant, not on the leaves. Use lots of organic matter. Keep those roots moist with 4 to 6 inches of mulch on top of the rose beds.
Are you over-fertilizing? Use rose food but do not use high nitrogen fertilizer; this burns your rose roots and foliage. Fertilizing should be done in the late afternoon when the sun is setting.
We hope that these tips help! 

I have 2 climbing roses, and

By Juliatester

I have 2 climbing roses, and 1 bush. I seem to have made a mistake with my pruning and pruned the roses in the fall. I feel like I butchered them. I cut them down about 3/4. A bunch of snow hit us, and I did not think much of it damaging my poor roses. But now, I looked at them and the canes fade from green to deep brown to black and on some brown black to a deep black. On very few canes there are some budding, but I do not know if it is to early in the year for this. My last frost date is the second week of may. I really have an urge to go out and prune them early because I do not know what else to do. I have not had this happen to me before. Is there anything you can suggest for me to do to make them beautiful again?
Thank You!

Don't prune more. Let the

By Almanac Staff

Don't prune more. Let the roses start growing and then cut out the dead branches.

I have many rose plants but

By A.Halder

I have many rose plants but they dont grow properly
I want to know what kind of fertilizer I have to give them.
for makeing them strong
and how they give me lots of flowers.

In the spring, apply a

By Almanac Staff

In the spring, apply a general-purpose fertilizer (such as 10-10-10 or 12-12-12) at about one-half to one cup per plant. Spread the fertilizer in a band starting six inches from the crown of the plant, going out to about 18 inches. Work it in lightly and water. Apply a second application at the end of the spring bloom period. For continuous-flowering or repeat-blooming roses, apply a third application in mid-July. No fertilizer should be applied after August 15 until the plants go dormant. Some gardeners apply a late fall fertilizer so that it is available as the plants start to grow in the spring.
Besides your fertilizer, watering very consistently is also an important part of a roses' wellness. Mulch to hold in moisture and avoid weed competition.

Beginning rose gardener.

By Debbie Hollister

Beginning rose gardener. Live in SE Texas. It's Feb. I've bought two bareroot roses that are beginning to put on very nice leaves. Should I plant them now? When is the best time? I'm worried that these roses will die since they are already putting out leaves if I don't plant them. We may have several more frosts and some freezing weather before winter is over. PLEASE advise.

If you've bought the bareroot

By Almanac Staff

If you've bought the bareroot roses from a mailorder company, contact them for the best advice--they normally ship at times that are best to plant in your area.
In general, bareroot roses should be planted as soon as possible, but can be kept in their packaging in a cool, frost-free area for a few days, making sure that the roots are moist (check them when they arrive, add water as necessary, and then reseal the package). Just before planting, soak them for several hours in water.
Because your plants have started to break dormancy, you might try planting them directly in the ground according to directions provided with your plants (soaking them for a few hours first), and then provide protection each time that frost is a threat. To do this, cover the base root area with about 5 or so inches of soil, compost, or mulch (being sure to cover the graft union at the base of the plant). Then place a cylinder of wire, or stakes wrapped in fleece or burlap, around the plant. Fill in loosely with shredded fall leaves, mulch, and/or straw, being sure to cover the stems, emerging leaves, etc.  Once the threat of frost is past, uncover the plant, but leave a few inches of mulch at the base of the plant (but make sure the graft union is uncovered). Water the area thoroughly, and as needed, so that the roots do not dry out.
Or, you could try planting them in large pots and setting them in a cool, sheltered area--either inside (make sure it has light), or outside with protection as needed during threats of frost, until such time as you can plant them in the ground. Keep up with the watering so that the roots don't dry out.

I have about 60 plant of

By khaled

I have about 60 plant of roses planted in pots.pls advice me how can i treat them better. Is it the time to cut the branches of the plant.

i bought a house this past

By leya daughabaugh

i bought a house this past summer with several different types of rose bushes, all flowered well into late fall. The vertical bushes were really leggy with about 3'+ of stem before any leaves began. I was told to cut them back to about 6" above the main root within 1/4" above a leaf. I did this a couple weeks ago and one has new leaves but the others do not. Is there anything I can do to help them survive?

You have different varieties

By Almanac Staff

You have different varieties of roses and some may start growing leaves earlier than others.
It's recommended that you feed your roses when you prune in the spring. You can add compost to the soil or use rose food or an all purpose fertilizer. You can also give the roses a handful of Epsom salts for an extra dose of magnesium.

My son bought me a GORGEOUS

By Joy in Texas

My son bought me a GORGEOUS bouquet of store-bought, de-thorned roses for my birthday in late
December. I added the powder/preservative/food that came in the package, and they have been just beautiful. Now that the flowers have dried, they are STLL so pretty...still pointing upward and looking like they were professionally dried when they were still alive and blooming. Now comes the weird part... The stems are still green and are sprouting new stems and very healthy-looking new leaves. There 'appears' to be the very primative beginnings of roots, under the water, on the end-tip of each stem. I would love to think that I can 'somehow' plant them and keep them alive as new rose bushes, because they are such a pretty variety/color. What is happening to my roses, and can I save them for bushes to plant in my garden? Thanks.

You can propagate roses from

By Almanac Staff

You can propagate roses from stem cuttings and sometimes roses in a bouquet will root. Cut off the dried tops and plant the rose in a pot with soilless potting mix. To speed things along you may also want to dip the bottom end in a rooting hormone (available at garden centers). Be aware that most roses are grafted onto the rootstock of a different kind of rose, for hardiness, strength and disease resistance, so your rooted rose may not resemble the parent rose at all.

Recently, I bought a few rose

By Karabi Talukdar

Recently, I bought a few rose plants, and I have noticed that they have hard roots. I planted them, but only two have started showing their leaves. Should I expect good results? If yes, please tell if buying plants with such roots grow well or not.

You bought a bareroot rose.

By Almanac Staff

You bought a bareroot rose. Many people have an unfortunate experience with a garden store in that they have bought a rose bush whose roots have dried out so the plant is essential dead from day one. You mentioned "hard" and that is what triggers our response. The bark should be soft and greenish in color. If it is hard and brown with wrinkly lines, then it is dead or dying. We hope this advice helps you spot a healthy plant and advise you return the dead sticks to the garden center.

Thank you for your valuable

By Karabi Talukdar

Thank you for your valuable advice. I will look forward to get more advice from your site. Keep up the good work!!

I moved into a house about 6

By Brittany_Andrews

I moved into a house about 6 months ago and it came with a rose bush. It seems like it's been in bloom forever. It's still blooming strong, I've done nothing to maintain them and they still look great. I'm wondering how to identify what 'type' of rose bush this is so I can research and plant more when it's time to do so. Any ideas how? I have many photos. They're red with a lot of blooms. Please respond or email, what have you, if you have any information. Thanks so much.

Hi Brittany, Visit a garden

By Almanac Staff

Hi Brittany,
Visit a garden center that sells roses and bring your photos. They may be able to help. Your local library may have rose books with color photos. Try to find a match to your rose. The internet is also a good research tool. Use the image search function in your browser or find a local rose society at http://www.ars.org/resources/local-societies/
Good luck!

I just bought 3 roses that


I just bought 3 roses that come wrapped up in a bag, how long can I keep them before planting them. The reason I ask is because I'm gonna be moving in a month .

It may be best to return them

By Almanac Staff

It may be best to return them if you've discovered you can't plant them right away. Otherwise, get them into a bucket of water and soak them (just the roots up to the graft) for a few days and then heel them in a temporary place in the ground, completely burying them uder damp soil and leaves until you can move them. As long as they don't freeze, they should be fine. Or, if you can't heel them in, they need to be in a cool dark place covered in burlap; you don't want the roots to dry out!

We live in southeast Texas

By KatieMarie

We live in southeast Texas and have inherited my husbands grandparents home. His grandmother has very established roses, in very firm soil. I have been trying to gently rake and add fresh soil to it and I want to make sure that is the right thing to do. Also, something is eating all the leaves off the smaller rose bushes. I mean, down to sticks. I have purchased some rose insect killer spray but I was wondering if there is a more natural way to keep whatever those nasty rose eating creatures are away?

Hi KatieMarie, Roses are

By Almanac Staff

Hi KatieMarie,
Roses are heavy feeders and need good drainage. Gently loosen the soil around the bush, without hurting the roots, and add compost or aged manure to the soil. Another option would be to dig a new hole and amend the soil and then replant the rose.
Try to find out what type of pest you have eating the leaves. If you can't identify the insect or critter try spraying with insecticidal soap.

I live in NJ zone 7-9 and

By Kathleen Noll

I live in NJ zone 7-9 and have 5 large pots of rosé bushes that I just planted this spring. I am interested in finding out the best way to keep them over the winter. Is wrapping them in burlap the best way?

If you have hardy varieties

By Almanac Staff

If you have hardy varieties you only need to put mulch or leaves around the base of the rose. If they are hybrids and more tender a burlap wrap is a good solution. You can also use rose cones. Prune as little as possible in the fall. Most of the pruning is best done in the spring.

Hello, just wondering...I

By Sylvie

Hello, just wondering...I transplanted 2 mini rose bushes into large pots this summer, I know that they don't do well in the house but I don't have a garden yet (that's coming in the spring)...Can I plant these roses in the ground while still in the pots for the winter so that I can easily move them in the spring when the new garden is there?

Absolutely. Make sure your

By Almanac Staff

Absolutely. Make sure your pot is no less than 15 inches in diameter. And don't forget to mulch it well in the fall.

I have two climbing roses

By mr j bird

I have two climbing roses growing against a trellis. These plants are about 15 years old, and now the only have growth at 6ft from the base of the plant, can i prune these back to produce more growth lower down?

There might be two things

By Almanac Staff

There might be two things going on with your roses. First, climbing roses produce a hormone at the tip of each cane that inhibits blooming further down the cane. The trick to getting blooms along much of the cane is to arch the cane so that it is mostly horizontal and the tip of the cane is lower than most of the rest of the cane. Check to see if the tips of the canes of your roses are higher than the rest of each cane, and adjust.
Also, older climbing roses often need rejevenative pruning, as over time the canes become woody and less and less flowers appear each year. For climbing roses that bloom once a year, prune just after blooming. For repeat-bloomers, prune when they are dormant, in late winter or early spring. To rejevenate climbing roses, select one or two of the oldest canes that are producing an unsatisfactory display, and cut them off near the base. This will encourage new canes to sprout in a few months. These new canes will not flower that same season, but next season, they should start to produce blooms. Keep up with the rejuvenative pruning every year (working on other old canes the following year, and rotating) to keep your overall display attractive.

hi i m intrested in rose

By dharaneedhar

hi i m intrested in rose garden want make it as buisiness , can u provide me the details ,,how many days it will take after planting of a rose plant in soil to produce flowers,,

It depends on many factors:

By Almanac Staff

It depends on many factors: your gardening zone, the rose variety, and how you will plant the rose bush. Many newly-rooted roses take 1 year to become a grown specimen. 

I Want To Plant A Rose In Pot

By Hope Evengeline

I Want To Plant A Rose In Pot So How Can I Prepare Soil Without pests

To avoid problems, make sure

By Almanac Staff

To avoid problems, make sure your roses are a) planted in a large enough container to start -- no less than 15 inches in diameter and b) drain really well. Use 50% Perlite added to lighten the mix and provide faster drainage. Have drainage holes and do not use a saucer which invites root rot. Give each container plenty of space and air circulation to avoid a fungus.

Can anyone advise I bought

By Mrs B

Can anyone advise I bought three similar roses to the two I have in my garden at the moment. I planted them two weeks ago, following all instruction, they have sun, I water them daily, I have fed them but they look like they are wilting. Can anyone help. Thank you

It's common for newly-planted

By Almanac Staff

It's common for newly-planted roses to wilt for a couple weeks until they adapt to their new place. Water at soil level to make sure the roots aren't thirsty. Keep the water off the foliage. We hope you didn't put fertilizer near the root zone. Mulch to hold in moisture and then fertilize next spring.

I just bought 3 roses that

By iris rivera

I just bought 3 roses that come wrapped up in a bag, how long can I keep them before planting them. The reason I ask is because I'm gonna be moving in a month .

Normally, you can keep

By Almanac Staff

Normally, you can keep bareroot roses for about 7 to 10 days if you store in a cool place and keep the top of the plastic wraps open and the roots moist. If you are not moving for a month, you could try this: Unpack them, put them in a bucket or box, and repack the roots and top third of the plant with moist (but not soggy) soil. Store in cool (35° to 40°F) place and check the packing often to make sure that it’s moist. Unpack very gently at planting time.

I have roses with yellow on

By 19rose53

I have roses with yellow on the leaves any help

Yellow leaves are caused by a

By Almanac Staff

Yellow leaves are caused by a variety of problems. Heat stress, too much water or rain, drought, and/or pests can cause yellow leaves. Please see our advice above for additional information.

Planted two bare root double

By Lynda Blue

Planted two bare root double knockout roses last spring. Both bloomed and grew well through the summer. This spring after forsythia bloomed pruned dead/brown stems back to green. Then came a very late heavy frost [NE Ohio]. Now only tiny clusters of green growth around thorns but no new stems or leaves. Plenty of water, sun and mulch. What can I do to save them?

Prune off any remaining dead

By Almanac Staff

Prune off any remaining dead stems so that the new growth has a better chance and dust with sulphur to help prevent diseases. Baby the roses this summer and you may be able to save them.

I have gotten a couple roses

By Quinton

I have gotten a couple roses from a funeral and would like to plant them so I can enjoy them and remember the person for years to come. How am I able to do this? Should I pot plant them inside until they root and start to grow? Any advice (including somewhere to look) would be greatly appreciated!

Here is a web site that has

By Almanac Staff

Here is a web site that has step by step instructions on how to root hardwood rose cuttings.

My Rose's

By Anonymous

Help lol i have purchased two rose bushe's from a department store and both went from five leaves to seven leaves i was told to prune the new suckers with the seven leaves off as they wont flower ! could you please help as i live in Australia my hotmail is allisond54@hotmail.com

Naked stems?

By Anonymous

Roses are prevalent in our southern CA neighborhood, and, as a new homeowner here, I'm trying to ensure my dozen or so bushes are healthy and beautiful. I noticed a neighbor has stripped all growth off of each of their rose canes, and cut the height back a bit (to about 4 feet -- they seem to be mature roses, as the canes are thick). What is the reason for this? Does it promote blooms (rather than just pruning and leaving the leaf growth on each cane)?

When roses are producing

By Almanac Staff

When roses are producing leaves and flowers cut stems back to just above a set of mature leaves and remove all dead brown stems. Deadhead the faded flowers for more blooms. Stripping all the leaves off is not a good practice.

I just purchased and planted

By Anonymous

I just purchased and planted bare root roses for the first time. The ends of the branches all seem to be covered over and dormant. Do I need to trim these until I see green or do I just leave them alone? Thanks

Bare root roses are dormant

By Almanac Staff

Bare root roses are dormant when you buy them and it's going to take a little time before they show signs of growth. Don't prune now. Let the rose start growing and then prune any dead branches.


By Anonymous

We just bought a home and there is a 6 foot 5 stem rose bush. Should I cut it back for more flowers this year or wait till next year because I really need all the flower I can get for out wedding in August. What I'm asking is ( will I get more roses if I cut it back or leave it as it is? )

roses for August

By Almanac Staff

Some roses bloom only once a year in the spring, but flowers can cover plants for more than a month. Others bloom several times in a season, usually re-blooming 50 to 60 days after the first flush of flowers. If your rose is a repeat-bloomer, or a late-summer bloomer, then you may have a good floral display in August; those types that bloom mainly in spring, however, will be a disappointment in late summer. However, here are some guidelines to pruning different types:

Hybrids and Floribundas: Repeat-flowering roses generally bloom on new wood. In very early spring, about the time forsythias bloom, take out all the dead wood, crossing canes, and spindly growth. Then shape and prune back to the desired size and style. Always cut to a live bud pointing away from the center of the shrub to encourage outward growth. Start deadheading after the first flush of flowers, and continue throughout the summer to encourage more blooms.

Species, Old Roses, and Once-blooming shrub roses: These bloom first on old wood in June; re-bloomers repeat on the current season’s growth. Remove diseased, broken, or dead branches in early spring. After flowering, prune lightly and selectively to shape the bushes and control growth.

My old rosé bush flowers bolt

By Anonymous

I have 70 year old climbing roses. The flowers used to last for a week. Now they open and die in one day. Is there anything I can do to change the life of the flower?

When to transplant roses

By Anonymous

When is the best time to transplant roses?

See above. Roses can be cut

By Almanac Staff

See above. Roses can be cut back and moved in either spring or fall, but not in midsummer, as they might suffer and die in the heat.


By Anonymous

please advice the best fertilisers and manure for rose plant in pots i am in india and planting it nowin winter please advice some suitable methods for deep red and pink ones-gouravpatrirkl@gmail.com

Organic fertilizers will help

By Almanac Staff

Organic fertilizers will help improve your soil. A fish/kelp liquid fertilizer provides nitrogen and adds the necessary trace minerals roses need. If you have aged manure and composted yard debris or lawn clippings you can add that to the potting soil. It will improve the soil texture and feed your roses.
Nitrogen promotes healthy green leaf growth. Phosphorus helps to build strong roots and aids flower production. Potassium encourages vigorous growth.
Water your roses well the night before you are going to add any fertilizer.

new to roses

By Anonymous

I cant seem to get them to grow. I fertiliczed, watered regularly, they get about 5 hours of sunlight each day. I even play music for them in the morning ,. What else can i do?

Sometimes it just takes a

By Almanac Staff

Sometimes it just takes a while for the root system to develop.

Make sure they are getting TONS of sunlight and lots of water.

Other than that, keep patiently waiting! They'll come around.

Thank you for your interest in the Old Farmer's Almanac and our Web site.

Help With Identifying Roses In My Garden

By Anonymous

I love your info, pics & articles, I would like to get your help on identifying the names of the roses in my garden in Bethlehem, Palestine. I have taken pics and would love to share them with you, if you have an interest? Thank you,Marie

Hi Marie, Thank you. We're

By Almanac Staff

Hi Marie, Thank you. We're willing to try. You can upload the photos to our free ecard gallery:
Then, respond to this post with the titles. Better yet, take a real live sample to your local garden nursery or contact your county cooperative extension.

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