Strawberries

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Botanical name: Fragaria

Plant type: Fruit

USDA Hardiness Zones: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Sun exposure: Full Sun

Soil type: Loamy

Soil pH: Slightly Acidic to Neutral

These sweet, juicy berries are treats when right off the plant. Supermarket berries tend to be tart with grainy texture; this is because the natural sugar in the berries begins converting to starch as soon as it is plucked from the plant. It’s definitely worth your while to try planting your own strawberries, and the good news is that they are relatively easy to grow if you have full sun.
Strawberry plants come in three types:

  • Day-Neutral: Insensitive to day length, these varieties produce buds, fruits and runners continuously if temperature remains between 35 and 85. Production is less than that of Junebearers.
  • Everbearer: These varieties form buds during the long days of summer and the short days of autumn. The summer-formed buds flower and fruit in autumn, and the autumn-formed buds fruit the following spring.
  • Junebearer: Length-of-day sensitive, these varieties produce buds in the autumn, flowers and fruits the following spring, and runners during the long days of summer.

For the home garden, we recommend Junebearers. Although you will have to wait a year for fruit harvesting, it will be well worth it.
 

Planting

  • Buy disease-resistant plants from a reputable nursery, of a variety recommended in your area.
  • Plan to plant as soon as the ground can be worked in the Spring.
  • Strawberries are sprawling plants. Seedlings will send out runners, or ‘daughter’ plants, which in turn will send out their own runners.
  • Make planting holes deep and wide enough to accommodate the entire root system without bending it. However, don’t plant too deep: The roots should be covered, but the crown should be right at the soil surface.
  • Provide adequate space for sprawling. Set plants out 20 inches apart, and leave 4 feet between rows.
  • Roots shouldn’t be longer than 8 inches when plants are set out. Trim them if necessary.
  • pH should be between 5.5 and 7. If necessary, amend your soil in advance.
  • Strawberries require 6-10 hours a day of direct sunlight, so choose your planting site accordingly.
  • Tolerant of different soil types, although prefer loam. Begin working in aged manure or compost a couple months before planting.
  • Planting site must be well-drained. Raised beds are a particularly good option for strawberries.
  • Practice crop rotation for the most success. Do not plant in a site that recently had strawberries, tomatoes, peppers, or eggplant.
  • Establish new plants each year to keep berry quality high each season.

Care

  • In the first year, pick off blossoms to discourage plants from fruiting. If not allowed to bear fruit, they will spend their food reserves on developing healthy roots. The yields will be much greater in the second year.
  • Eliminate daughter plants as needed. First and second generations produce higher yields. Try to space each plant about 10 inches apart.
  • Moisture is incredibly important due to shallow roots. Water adequately, about one inch per week. They need a lot of water when the runners and flowers are developing and again in the fall when the plants are mature.
  • Keep the beds mulched to reduce water needs and weed invasion.
  • Be diligent about weeding. Weed by hand, especially in the first months after planting.
  • When the growing season is over, mow or cut foliage down to one inch and mulch plants about 4 inches deep with straw, pine needles or other organic material. This can be done after the first couple of frosts, or when air temps reach 20 F.
  • Remove mulch in early spring, after danger of frost has passed.
  • Row covers are a good option for protecting blossoms and fruit from birds.

Pests

Harvest/Storage

  • Fruit is ready for harvesting 4–6 weeks after blossoming.
  • Harvest only fully red (ripe) berries, and pick every three days.
  • Cut by the stem; do not pull the berry.
  • Harvest will last up to 3 weeks. You should have an abundance of berries, depending on the variety.
  • Store unwashed berries in the refrigerator for 3–5 days.
  • Strawberries can be frozen whole for about 2 months.
  • Watch our video on How to Make Strawberry Preserves!

Recommended Varieties

Try planting more than one variety. Each will respond differently to conditions, and you will have a range of different fruits to enjoy.

  • ‘Northeaster’ is best suited for the northeastern US and southeastern Canada. Fruit has strong flavor and aroma.
  • ‘Sable’ is hardy to zone 3, early season, great flavor.
  • ‘Primetime’ is a mild-flavored, disease resistant variety, best adapted to the Mid-Atlantic.
  • ‘Cardinal’ is a good variety to try in the South.
  • ‘Camarosa’ is a good variety to try on the West Coast.
     

Recipes

Wit & Wisdom

Why are strawberries are called strawberries?

One theory is that woodland pickers strung them on pieces of straw to carry them to market. Others believe that the surface of the fruit looks as if it's embedded with bits of straw. Still others think that the name comes from the Old English word meaning to strew, because the plant's runners stray in all directions and look as if they are strewn on the ground.
 

Comments

I live in Florida. I

By Adele on August 21

I live in Florida. I purchased 2 hanging baskets of strawberries & got a few berries. They now have runners, no fruit & not looking so great. I keep watering. Should I cover with more soil and wait for more fruit to come later or cut way back? Can I replant the runners into the existing hanging plant?
Thanks, Adele

Hi, Adele, Any time someone

By Almanac Staff on August 22

Hi, Adele, Any time someone says that they "Keep watering," we become concerned. You may be watering too much. Even well-draining soil needs a pause, a brief dry time. Just as important, make sure the soil has slightly acidic pH (5.5 to 6.5) and provide 10-5-10 fertilizer once in a while. And, yes, remove the runners.
That said, apparently the best strawberry season in Florida is not summer but fall and spring. (Summer is probably typically too hot.) That, according to numerous Florida university gardening pages. Here are two:
https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/HS/HS40300.pdf
http://gardeningsolutions.ifas.ufl.edu/giam/plants_and_grasses/fruits_vegetables/strawberries.html
We hope this helps.

Have grown day neutral

By Luella on August 15

Have grown day neutral strawberries for years with bumper crops in fall. Since moving, the plants have bloomed in spring but not throughout the summer or fall. I have had them covered with netting since spring because of the rabbits & deer. What I could be causing the plants not to bloom? I water them adequately and they look healthy otherwise.

Hello - I am in Michigan and

By Jessicav on August 7

Hello - I am in Michigan and it is August. I just bought some junebearing and everbearing plants on clearance. They are a good size and have lots of runners. I am building raised beds. Any advice on how far apart they should be and what to do with the runners? Anything else to consider?

Traditionally, planting

By Almanac Staff on August 8

Traditionally, planting systems are matted row (June-bearing) or hill (everbearing/day-neutral). With raised beds and black plastic, the spacing can be different. You can search on the Web for the terms "plasticulture" and "strawberries" for more information about growing strawberries in raised beds.
 
About plasticulture:
 
http://extension.psu.edu/business/ag-alternatives/horticulture/fruits/strawberry-production#section-5
 
http://extension.psu.edu/plants/gardening/fphg/strawberries/plasticulture
 
http://extension.udel.edu/weeklycropupdate/?p=6300
 
Traditional spacing:
 
June-bearing strawberries: Usually planted in a matted row system. Plant about 18 to 24 inches apart in rows 3 to 4 feet apart. Runners are allowed to grow freely and form a thick mass of plants about 2 feet wide.
 
Everbearing: Usually planted in a hill system. Often planted 1 foot apart in 2 or 3 rows that are about 1 foot apart. Usually, a 2-foot-wide path is provided every 2 or 3 rows. Runners are removed.
 
For more information about growing strawberries, you might be interested in:
 
http://msue.anr.msu.edu/news/selecting_strawberry_varieties_for_your_garden
 
http://www.extension.umn.edu/garden/yard-garden/fruit/strawberries-for-the-home-garden/
 
http://extension.usu.edu/files/publications/publication/Horticulture_Fruit_2008-06pr.pdf
http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/garden/07000.pdf
 
 

I think fish poop, you can

By .patty on August 3

I think fish poop, you can buy would work great on these plants..thats what i am going to use, more organic..ty

strawberry plants: can i pull

By bob lapczynski

strawberry plants: can i pull plants,dry them, and plant them at a later date????

ADVISE

Hi, Bob: Uh, no. Dry = dead.

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Bob: Uh, no. Dry = dead. But if you keep the rootballs in a moist (but not too moist, as that will bring rot) medium (say, topsoil and sand) in a cool setting (say, cellar), you should be able to bring the plants out of dormancy once again.

Our strawberry plants are so

By Doug Norris

Our strawberry plants are so pale. We've put strawberry fertilizer on but no improvement. What are we doing wrong?

This could be related to

By Almanac Staff

This could be related to water: Strawberries should be watered with a drip system. Root rot—what this sounds like—is caused by overhead watering. A lab test through your local cooperative extensivenight reveal the exact problem.
Then again, pale leaves could indicate that your soil's pH is too high for the plants. The desirable range for strawberries is a slightly acidic 5.5 to 6.5. A simple soil test can reveal the soil's pH.

I LIVE IN UPSTATE NEW YORK

By Wesley

I LIVE IN UPSTATE NEW YORK AND HAVE A STRAWBERRY PYRAMID I WOULD LIKE TO REPLACE ALL THE PLANTS AT THE END OF SUMMER. WHAT VARITIES COULD I USE AND WHARE CAN I BUY THEM AT THAT TIME OF YEAR?

I planted about 75 strawberry

By terryB

I planted about 75 strawberry plants in the spring. They have been doing really well,but I noticed yesterday that something has been eating the leaves off about 7 plants. couple plants just have stemms sticking out of the ground .I dontt see any insects and I have never had any problems with animals in the past in my garden. what should I look for.

It's probably slugs. You

By Almanac Staff

It's probably slugs. You won't see them.  Go out late and night with a flashlight and you'll find these nocturnal pests. See our Pests library for tips: http://www.almanac.com/topics/gardening/pests-and-problems

Planted about 75 plants in

By terryB

Planted about 75 plants in the spring they have been doing really well but I noticed yesterday about 6 plant are missing leaves just stems sticking out of the ground. I dont see any bugs on any plants I never have had any problems with animals in my garden I am in upstate ny

I'm in Colorado 80526 and

By saschup

I'm in Colorado 80526 and have had great luck with the Laramie everbearing in a raised bed that has successfully included egglplants and tomatoes over the years. This 4th year I didn't do any spring maintenance and it was a sad crop indeed. I understand from your article I should dig them all up and start anew. However, the plants are so healthy, I hate to throw them out. Is it pointless to move them now? For crop rotation, what would you suggest now that it's almost July? I really want to grow strawberries there again. It's the perfect place. Thanks.

I personally would not give

By Kkerstens

I personally would not give up on them if the plants are good. It could be that you did not have enough water when the flowers were blooming and the berries were forming. Just care for them and over winter with pine straw (It really is the best). i am certain you will see a better crop next season. I have had a similar issue before, and they were fine for the next year's crop.

I live in Ohio, is it too

By Amanda Ash

I live in Ohio, is it too late to start a garden with strawberries for harvest this summer/fall?

For traditional strawberries,

By Almanac Staff

For traditional strawberries, early spring really is the best time to plant strawberry plants as long as soil is not too wet. Late-season varieties ripen in late May to mid-June.

great info, thank you.

By allen barta

great info, thank you.

I just purchase 100 plants in

By 3rd gen farmer

I just purchase 100 plants in KY. I was thinking of using old tractor tires for raised beds. Is this an okay idea, or will the rubber tire affect the plants? If the tires are a good idea, what would be the best soil mix to utilize?

Thanks

Planting your strawberries in

By Almanac Staff

Planting your strawberries in tires is a terrific idea! Use 3 parts soil to 1 part compost.

I had bought 100 strawberry

By Crochetedcupcake

I had bought 100 strawberry plants. I have 2 raised beds 10 ft x 4 ft x 6 in. They are filled with aged compost. They were doing really well for the first few weeks but now they don't look so hot!

What should I do? I was think about building up the sides on the raised beds by another 6 inches than replanting them. Do you think that would be wise or do you think it would shock them further?

Also I live in zone 3 wisconsin they get about 14 to 15 hours of sun light a day could that be affecting them? Everything I test my soil I do the finger test and all seems fine as far as watering them!

Thanks in advance!
Emily

Strawberries have shallow

By Almanac Staff

Strawberries have shallow roots so 6 inches should be fine. Make sure that your beds drain well and water when the soil feels dry. Strawberries require full sun for optimum fruit production so the location of your beds is perfect. Hopefully with warmer days your plants will perk up.

It's end of may in Oklahoma

By lahomap

It's end of may in Oklahoma and I live in zone 7a/7b. I'm wanting to start planting strawberries but don't know which ones will produce the best and how to start planting them. Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Please see our planting and

By Almanac Staff

Please see our planting and care advice at the top of this page. You can also read more about growing strawberries in Oklahoma at http://pods.dasnr.okstate.edu/docushare/dsweb/Get/Document-1031/HLA-6214web.pdf

I would like to send some of

By mary smith

I would like to send some of my strawberries home to my mom in philadelphia..I am in indiana....should I pick them early or just ship overnight...and what do you suggest putting them in

Hi Mary, Strawberries are a

By Almanac Staff

Hi Mary,
Strawberries are a perishable food and can't be shipped via regular mail. You need to use UPS or Fed Ex.
Pick the strawberries before they are fully ripe and pack them carefully in an insulated cooler (Styrofoam type) or a cooler bag. Add packs of dry ice and seal the cooler before putting it in a bigger cardboard box. Ship it 2-day delivery or overnight.

Have a new crop coming from

By Ray Barthuly

Have a new crop coming from mostly Honeye June bearers. Look very healthy with clusters or 12 blooms/berries. Loaded very heavy, my question is there a possibility that there are to many berries. My concern is getting only very small fruit. Past crops have been normal in size with very heavy crops with a fraction of the blooms that are there thius year. What do you think?

Hi Ray, Leave the flowers on

By Almanac Staff

Hi Ray,
Leave the flowers on the plants and make sure to water well as the berries grow. You should have a nice size harvest.

I planted strawberries a few

By Lynn Turner

I planted strawberries a few months ago. They are leafing out and have started to bloom and produce a few berries. The ants are hilling up in the middle of the plants. Is there anything that I can put out to halt this? I don't like to use chemicals. Would diatomeous earth work? If so how would I use it? Any help would be appreciated.

If you put grits or rice on

By memadaone

If you put grits or rice on the ant mound it will kill the colony. Best to apply this method 12pm-2pm that's when they gather food. They carry the rice or grits back to the queen when they eat it they die. Good luck

Hi Lynn, You can just

By Almanac Staff

Hi Lynn,
You can just sprinkle diatomaceous earth around your plants. Or, spread cedar chip mulch around the plants to repel the ants.

I built a raised bed to plant

By cayla

I built a raised bed to plant my strawberries. It is 4ft.L × 3ft.W × 1ft.H. How deep should the soil be to give adequate room for the roots?

For strawberries, which are

By Almanac Staff

For strawberries, which are shallow-rooting, a bed should be 12 to 18 inches deep. You are fine. Before planting, till the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches. 

I just bought a strawberry

By Andrew J

I just bought a strawberry plant and when I did some research I discovered that I forgot to ask them what type of strawberry plant it was. It has a redish stem that slowly turns to a light green as it nears the leaves, it has three leaves per stem, and the leaves are kinda jagged at the tips. The plant is still young so I'm not sure any of this info will help but i would love if you could try to identify it for me.

Thank you

Wanting to grow strawberries

By Jin

Wanting to grow strawberries in a place where there is alot of sun and few rain through out the year. Basically temperature will be between 27c○-45c○. Thats a guess. Hot but never cold enough that temperature went around 25c○. Any suggestions on which type I should pick?

Greetings. It would help us

By Almanac Staff

Greetings. It would help us all to understand which gardening zone you're in. Check out this page and let us know:
http://www.almanac.com/content/plant-hardiness-zones

I am from the maldives. I

By Jin

I am from the maldives. I don't really know what garden zone. But we have 2 hot seasons. Like rainy and sunny. And all we have is sand. No rocks. Also we do have methods to fertilize the ground.

Wanting to grow strawberries

By Kayla

Wanting to grow strawberries in hanging baskets what kind of plants should I get I Live in Ironton, ohio

Day-neutral strawberry

By Almanac Staff

Day-neutral strawberry varieties such as 'Evie,' 'Albion,' and 'Seascape' are well-suited to hanging baskets.

I have some old tin

By ripster

I have some old tin "trough-style" chicken feeders, interiors are a little rusty. I want to use them for planting strawberries as they can hang over the railing of my second-story deck and will be attractive while letting the plants cascade. Is it dangerous to ingest edibles planted in that particular material?

Risk of poisoning is slim but

By Almanac Staff

Risk of poisoning is slim but the zinc and cadmium are harmful to humans.  So, wash out the tub with soap and water and then line the container with durable plastic liner, such as the type used to line ponds. Cover sides and bottom of tub. Also, make sure you add drainage holes in the tub and also holes the size of nails in the plastic liner as strawberries can't get wet feet. 

thank you

By shobhana

thank you

Hi, I live in Zone 4-5..high

By Cathy W

Hi, I live in Zone 4-5..high desert plains. (80526) The birds planted strawberries near my fence - at least that must be what happened because they just appeared -robins! Its a culvert area at the end of the lawn which faces the street, and can get quite hot at mid summer. The strawberries took off! I do irrigate that area. They have covered all the open space, and send runners into the lawn. Harvest has been wonderful,but the berries are not very large. I pick all summer long. I do little to the bed, but wondering if I can improve it somehow this year. I noticed they like it better when I don't clean out the leaves, etc. and I am considering applying a 12-12-12 fertilizer. I haven't thinned them, and notice the older spots don't produce as well..they are very thick. I do weed it. Suggestions? As far as variety - who knows?

Thank you.

How exiting to have a

By Almanac Staff

How exiting to have a strawberry surprise!
Strawberries do grow in your zone, however, growth slows if the temperature isn't in between 50 and 80 degrees (F), so we wouldn't expect growth into the summer.
Strawberries to like a sandy texture that drains well and is high in organic matter. So you should just mix in some compost to give them the nutrients they need to grow bigger.
Yearly fertilization should not occur until after spring crop has been harvested. Afterwards, apply 10-10-10 fertilizer at 1 ½ pounds per 100 sq. feet.
Strawberries need lots of water so it's great they're in a place conveniently located near water. You can also run a soaker hose running through them at low pressure.
Periodically, you need to renovate a strawberry garden to thin out older crowds and reduce runner density. Contact your local cooperative extension for more information!

Thank you for all the

By Cathy W

Thank you for all the information! We have an extension service with the university here and I will be contacting them! I haven't been able to find a 10 10 10 fertilizer, only 14 14 14..maybe at a nursery instead of the local box store!

thank you again!

You can use 14-14-14

By Pogo333

You can use 14-14-14 fertilizer. Just reduce the amount applied from the suggested 1.5 pounds for 10-10-10 to a hair over a pound for the 14-14-14. The numbers refer to the percentage of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium in the fertilizer blend. As long as the ratios of the three are correct (in this case 1:1:1), you can adjust the amount applied to achieve your target.

How to germinate strawberry

By Ronnel

How to germinate strawberry seed in lowland such a Phillipines

I have just got a small plant

By shobhana

I have just got a small plant of strawberry. I have planted in a rectangular wooden box especially for my plant. It is growing quite well but I am confused whaat is the way forward

Do they have to sprawl? Or

By Charlie Webb

Do they have to sprawl? Or can I make them grow up onto a post like a grape vine?

Strawberries don't climb and

By Almanac Staff

Strawberries don't climb and their runners need to touch soil to produce new plants. There are some varieties that grow well in hanging baskets or pyramids.

Can I plant 2 different types

By R. Stewart

Can I plant 2 different types of strawberries in the same pyramid? If yes, what types. I live in Liverpool, NY 13090.
Please advise me

Thanks

Yes you can plant two

By Almanac Staff

Yes you can plant two different varieties. We suggest that you plant one june-bearing variety and one ever-bearing. This way you'll be harvesting strawberries for a longer time.

Hi I live in St Louis MO, I

By Charlene Henry

Hi I live in St Louis MO, I am planning to grow my strawberries in a 5 gallon bucket with an irrigation. I just bought the Loran strawberries today 03/22/14 when should I plant them? How long can they live in the carton I bought them in? I know they need 6 hours of sun but it is only 47 degree so can I put them in the window sill til it warms up to 68-77 degrees?

Loran strawberries are hardy

By Almanac Staff

Loran strawberries are hardy and it's best to plant the strawberries in the container as soon as possible. The plants need to be well-established before the temperatures get too warm.

have a new raised bed filled

By clouse

have a new raised bed filled with compost since last fall. Ready to plant strawberry plants and have been advised by a nursery store to put lime and a fertilizer 6-24-24 together & mix together, put in bed before planting. My zip is 42122. Is this what I should do?

If you have compost in your

By Almanac Staff

If you have compost in your raised beds additional fertilizers are unnecessary.

Dear friends, I need an

By Jeongsim Izadi

Dear friends,

I need an advice. I planted strawberry plant last April and I pinched off all the flowers. They grew very well and there is lots of flowers now but it is failed to develop(grow) into strawberry. Early spring, I added compost into the soil. I applied miracle grow solution mix with water 2 weeks ago but I don't see it is improving.
Please give me an advice.

Regards,

Jeongsim,
Union City, CA

Not enough sun or too much or

By Almanac Staff

Not enough sun or too much or too little water may be the problem. Depending on the variety of strawberries you have the flowers may not get pollinated. But most strawberries are self-pollinating so you don't need a second variety for pollination.
For more help contact your local cooperative extension.
http://ucanr.edu/
 

hi, i am from india i am

By Pratheepkumar

hi, i am from india i am working in private farm where the strwberriew (albioan) have been planted. it gave good size of fruits in winter (december to february) from march plants bearing flowers which is divided as branch and giving very small flowers, evntualy small sized fruits. i dont know what does it indicate? can you explain about branched small fruits and flowers ? if i do thining can i get big one ?

I am wanting to plant

By Andrew K.

I am wanting to plant strawberries. All I know about them are what I have read here. I am assuming strawberries return each year, but this says that new plants are recommended each year. How do you get rid of the old plants that come back in order to plant new?

Hi Andrew, We should clarify.

By Almanac Staff

Hi Andrew, We should clarify. Strawberries are productive for 3 or 4 years, however, you do need to maintain the patch to keep it productive. Right after harvest, you want to mow the old foliage down, cutting off the leaves about 1 inch above the crowns. Compost the leaves. Fertilize the patch with one pound of a 10-10-10 fertilizer per 100 square feet. Narrow the rows to 6 to 12 inches wide with a hoe or spade. Remove all weeds. Thin the plants in the narrowed row to 4 to 6 inches between plants. Water with 1 inch of water per week to promote growth and to make new runners for next year's crop.

I was reading the almanac for

By Lindsey B

I was reading the almanac for when to plant in my area, and I didn't see when to start strawberries indoors nor out. I live in area code 44035.
Thanks!

Early spring is the best time

By Almanac Staff

Early spring is the best time to plant strawberry plants as long as soil is not too wet. 

I want to raise our

By Sylvia Jones

I want to raise our strawberry bed about 2 foot high & put borders around it. Our June bearers are pretty well established & should do really well this summer, but my question is can I just add the soil over the strawberries(about 2 ft of soil over them, or do I have to dig them up, put the soil down, after we get the borders built up around the bed & then replant them??? Or will putting all that soil over them, kill them??

Hi Sylvia, It's not wise to

By Almanac Staff

Hi Sylvia,
It's not wise to cover the strawberries with 2 feet of soil. Dig them up and replant them after you have built your raised bed. Do this as soon as you can in the spring.
 

I'm considering planting my

By Bobbi W

I'm considering planting my strawberries with my grape vines. I saw a post on pintrest regarding sustainable gardens recommending this. What is your take. We are in new property so everything will be in its first year.

Sounds like a good idea.

By Almanac Staff

Sounds like a good idea. Strawberries have shallow roots and grow well with other plants. You may get a bit less yeild due to some of the shade from the grapes when they grow bigger. The strawberries will also keep the weeds down around the grapes.

I just bought a strawberry

By Priyanka

I just bought a strawberry plant in a pot.
there is no sunlight that i receive in any part of my house.
Is it possible for the plant to survive ???? If not then i would rather give it away to someone who has enough sunlight in their house

Give it away. Strawberries

By Almanac Staff

Give it away. Strawberries need a full-sun location with at least 8 hours of direct sunlight.

Hello I am from India

By Rajat Bhanti

Hello I am from India (northern plain) where usually temperature is hot. USDA Hardiness Region is between 10-11. So I want to know, are the strawberry plants feasible to grow here.

I also want to, if the plants can be grown here, then which variety of it should be grown.
1. Everbearer
2. Junebearer
3. Day Netural

During Winter season

By Rajat Bhanti

During Winter season (December - January) temperature is usually between 39 - 77 degree fahrenheit.

I think you can buy warm

By Driftless Winds

I think you can buy warm weather varieties like Camarosa. Those should work during your late fall-winter months - say from October - early Feb. Remember soil needs to be well drained so I would think a raised bed would be particularly good in India given the monsoon.

Thanks

By Rajat Bhanti

Thanks

I live in Minnesota where it

By Berry Blast

I live in Minnesota where it is very hot in the summer and very cold in the winter. this spring I want to plant a "fruit fence" with strawberries blueberries and raspberries around the fence in my backyard will that work? will winter take its toll?

Sounds wonderful! Look for

By Almanac Staff

Sounds wonderful! Look for hardy varieties that will tolerate your cold winters. There are many to choose from. Make sure the plants have plenty of room to grow into and also be aware of the different soil requirements. Blueberries for example need acid soil.

Hi, I live in Malta where the

By Emanuel Micallef

Hi, I live in Malta where the weather is almost sunny all year round.

I have just started planting strawberries. The batch I bought, are already growing little flowers.

My dilemma is this ; should I cut off the flowers as normally suggested in favor of having a better harvest next year ?

or,leave the flowers to get the fruit sooner ?

I feel guilty to take flowers out.

Can you plsease advise ?

thankyou

Emanuel

Pinching off the blossoms

By Almanac Staff

Pinching off the blossoms will promote root growth and healthier and stronger plants for next year. You can leave some flowers if you like but the plants may not grow as big.
Enjoy your strawberry garden!

Do I set out strawberry plugs

By Patricia Crowder

Do I set out strawberry plugs during the growth of the moon or on the decline. I've tried to use that type info for pruning plants and for taking cuttings.
Since strawberries produce above the ground, do I use the growth of the moon as stated above? Or, should I stick with the time to "transplant" even though I will be using just the root plug?
Thanks,
Patricia

When planting by the Moon,

By Almanac Staff

When planting by the Moon, this is our philosophy: Above-ground crops are planted during the light of the Moon (new to full); below-ground crops are planted during the dark of the Moon (from the day after it is full to the day before it is new again). Strawberries bear their fruit above ground.

It is mid October here in

By Ken in Mass

It is mid October here in Western Mass and I got a big bag of strawberry plants from a gardener cleaning his beds. Can I plant now, mulch with straw, and expect decent results?

From Zone 6 northward,

By Almanac Staff

From Zone 6 northward, strawberries are best planted in spring as they need to be well-rooted by the following winter. Most of western MA is zone 5: http://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov/PHZMWeb/#

From Zone 7 southward, strawberries are often planted in fall and grown as annuals that can be lifted every fall and replanted.

If you have the plants, you could always give it a try. Use lots of mulch for winter protection.

what variety of berries can i

By john morton

what variety of berries can i plant and they bear the same year.

Hi, John, To give advice on a

By Almanac Staff

Hi, John, To give advice on a variety, we'd really need to know where you live--in a northern climate, a southern climate? IN general, June-bearing strawberries, such as 'Shuksan', grow well in Zones 6-10. Check with your local extension office for the variety that grows best in your area.

Hi, I live in Asia and the

By Linzzie

Hi, I live in Asia and the weather here is hot and humid (about 30 degree celcius) and i found many in my country tried planting strawberries and failed. Will it help if i avoid direct sunlight and if i add ice instead of water to soil will it improve the chance of my plant's survivor? Lastly, will the type of water (mineral / distilled) affect my plant's health? I really hope to have sweet fresh harvest as the ones I got from supermarts are sour and tarty. Thanks.

Can I snip off the runners

By Cindy Kohl

Can I snip off the runners and root in water, or plant them in dirt before the roots are present? I have a deck container with tons of runners and would like additional plants. I didn't know if they still need to be connected to the mother plant before snipping them or before roots are showing. Thank you!

To grow strawberries from

By Almanac Staff

To grow strawberries from runners.   Peg down the runners during growth season, usually in June or July, keeping them attached to the mother plant. Eventually, they will form a separate plant. Don't allow more than five runners to develop from each plant. In August, when the runner plants are well established, cut them from the parent and transplant immediately.

Hi, what type of strawberries

By Amanda meister

Hi, what type of strawberries would grow best on cape cod? And when should we plant.Thank you!

For June Bearing varieties,

By Almanac Staff

For June Bearing varieties, try Annapolis or All-Star.
For Everbearing, try Seascape or Tribute.
There are many strawberry varieties that grow well on Cape Cod; visit some garden nurseries and explore.

A few years ago I

By Lorelie Miller

A few years ago I transplanted a strawberry plant from a friend who had the most delisous staawberries but after much checking around I had a strawberry weavil. I did the required spraying but I never got a strawberry so finally got rid of them. The plant looked very healthy otherwise. Its been about 5 years and now I would like to try a raised bed for strawberries, do I have to worry about those weavils still being in the soil?

We would advise planting the

By Almanac Staff

We would advise planting the strawberries in a different bed. If this is your only bed, a 5-year wait should be fine. In the future, plant cover crops in the old beds and crops that are not susceptible to strawberry root weevils, such as sweet corn or pumpkins. Crop rotation is mandatory with strawberries as well. Read more about crop rotations and cover crops for strawberries here: http://www.uvm.edu/vtvegandberry/factsheets/rotateberries.html
To avoid weevils, cover a new planting with row covers until the plants flower. There are also beneficial insects that eat weevils and other preventative measures you can take.

I would like to plant some

By Jeremy Remillard

I would like to plant some berries this unmet for next spring. I have an abundance of land and sun, I live in southern Manitoba. Wondering which variety I should seek out and if planting in the late summer is ok?

Transplant strawberries

By Almanac Staff

Transplant strawberries plants after the last spring frost, usually in early June. For June-bearing strawberries, Kent and Glooscap cultivars in hardy in your area. See more here: http://www.gov.mb.ca/ana/pdf/mafri-frcrops.pdf

I've seen some photos of

By A.Guillot

I've seen some photos of strawberry beds where people used wooden pallets. They were stood vertical or hanged and filled with dirt. The plants were growing out of the slats. With it being vertical like this would the gravity be too much strain on the plants?

Verticle growing works well

By Almanac Staff

Verticle growing works well for strawberries. We've read about a gardener who plants fall bearing strawberries in Styrofoam containers stacked one on top of another, supported by a metal pole. The weight of the berries cause them to naturally droop and hang down, but in the vertical growing system they don’t touch the ground as they might in the field.  The berries are clean and easy to see and you don’t have to bend over to pick them so it's easier picking, too!

I'm starting a garden and

By Katlin

I'm starting a garden and I've planned everything out, but one thing I can't find the answer to on the Internet. How deep do you plant strawberry seeds?

When you set your plant into

By Almanac Staff

When you set your plant into the ground, the soil is just covering the tops of the roots. Do not cover the crown. 

I have many kinds of

By Mary tennessee

I have many kinds of strawberries I had to move them this years because we got horse. but they didn't give us any berries none at all. I hope it is shook but what can I do? and it horse poop good for them?

There are several reasons why

By Almanac Staff

There are several reasons why your transplanted strawberries may not be fruiting. Did you plant so that the crown is properly exposed after the soil is closed around the transplants? Plants do not fare well if placed too deep and grow poorly if placed too shallow. Also, frequent irrigation is critical during the first 4 weeks after planting.
Adding organic amendments such as composted horse is a great idea, however, it must be sufficiently composted -- when it looks and smells like soil. See our manure guide: http://www.almanac.com/content/manure-guide

does all this mean that next

By Mary tennessee

does all this mean that next year i will have berrie? or will NOT?

I have a topsy turvy planter

By RhondaDelgado

I have a topsy turvy planter and the plants are growing and even runners. However, the strawberries either aren't forming when the pedals fall or the form slightly then dry up before getting very big. What am I doing wrong? I water daily and they have plenty of sun. Please help!

We don't have a lot of

By Almanac Staff

We don't have a lot of experience with topsy turvy planting.
The common reasons for poor fruit set are: no pollination due to weather (do you see pollinators?), bugs feeding on the flower (check for bugs), and poorly-draining soil (use sandy loam enriched with peat moss and well-rotted compost). Also, don't use too much nitrogen in your fertilizer. Fertilize in early spring before flowering and right after harvest with a 10-10-10 fertilizer. Tip: For your first harvest, pinch off the petals before they fall.

I planted a dozen plants last

By maddyrae2

I planted a dozen plants last year. One plant that had the most blooms this summer developed a grey mold looking film over all the berries. I did not seem to affect the other plants. HOwever, after 3 weeks, all plants now have the same grey film over the berries. Do I have to dig up all the plants? I bought them from a local farmer and all were healthy. Thank you.

This sounds like "grey mold"

By Almanac Staff

This sounds like "grey mold" which thrives when there are wet or humid conditions. This fungus starts on the part of the berry that is in contact with the soil; soon, the rot soon involves the entire fruit and inflects others. Unfortunately, you need to remove any infected strawberries. To control, the practice is to apply protective fungicides at bloom and continue until harvest if cool wet conditions prevail. At this point, you can try to spray and see how it goes. Ask your local cooperative extension about approved fungicides.
Prevention: To promote air circulation and rapid drying, 1. space plants properly , 2. keep thinned, 3. remove dead leaves, buds, and berries quickly, 4. remove weeds and debris, and 4. avoid high-nitrogen soil.

Thanks for the comments.

By maddyrae2

Thanks for the comments. Since cats were starting to "use" my soil, I placed black weed control fabric and then covered with bark. Should I not have done this? All my berries are affected. If I remove all the berries (leaves are great) will this stop it? The plants are about 1 foot apart.

Remove the berries and the

By Almanac Staff

Remove the berries and the bark. If the weed control fabric lets air through you can leave it on. It's important to improve air circulation around the plants. Prune some of the leaves if the plants are touching. Work with the plants when they are dry.

thank you for your advice we

By tracey kadada

thank you for your advice we are trying to start growing strawberries but in sacks,this is an organisation of youths in kenya,we will update you if we are successful

I planted strawberries about

By loosecannon62

I planted strawberries about 5 years ago. Although they produce a small amount of berries each year they have not grown bigger. They are the same size as when I bought them. This year they are producing small berries compared to other years. any advice would help to what is wrong.

Perhaps it's the soil? How do

By Almanac Staff

Perhaps it's the soil? How do you care for your strawberries? Be sure to fertilize with a 10-10-10 in early spring before flowering and right after harvest.

I just came back from France

By Wazamkc

I just came back from France and was able to experience their strawberries. They were smaller in size and much greater in flavor. I have done some research and found that they might be Gariguette strawberries. Can anyone tell me if these plants are available in the US? If not what available kind would come close that is available in the US?

I do not believe you can

By Almanac Staff

I do not believe you can purchase this prized variety in the U.S. A similar variety is ‘Mara des Bois’ -- introduced by French nurseries back in 1991. Google this variety and you'll see U.S. nurseries that sell it.

I planted strawberries and

By Gary Tull

I planted strawberries and tomatoes in close proximity to each other. Someone has now told me that strawberries should not be planted near tomatoes. Is there any truth o this comment?

Do not plant strawberries

By Almanac Staff

Do not plant strawberries where tomatoes have been grown in the past four years. Tomatoes--as well as potatoes, peppers, and eggplants--carry the root rot fungus Verticillium, which attacks strawberries.

I just bought a house last

By Joy Grady

I just bought a house last Sept. and recently found out that I have a ton of strawberry plants growing in the back corner of my yard. How can I figure out what type they are? What do I look for? Also, from what I can tell with all the runners this has been growing for awhile now. How should I cut it back at this point if needed?

To rejuvenate the

By Almanac Staff

To rejuvenate the strawberries leave some of the younger plants that grow from the runners and discard the mother plants. It's going to be hard to identify the variety. (You can go to farmer's markets and taste the strawberries sold to see if you can match the look and taste of your strawberries.)

First time in a strawberry pot

By Anonymous

Hi, so I bought a strawberry pot and 5 plants to go with it, I have lots of flowers and my first 3 berries are actually starting to grow. I noticed from above comments and a few "how to" websites that it says to cut the first flowers. I did not know that when I originally planted them. Should I remove them now or is it too late and I should just let nature take its course?-thanks nikki

how to?

By Anonymous

How to start from seeds -how to get seeds from fruit? I can go from there. Thanks for any and all help! :-)

The seeds on a strawberry are

By Almanac Staff

The seeds on a strawberry are on the outside and you can carefully pick them off and dry them. Most seeds need to be put into the freezer for 3 to 4 weeks before planted. Be aware that many strawberries are hybrids and will not grow true from seed. Seeds also take a long time to germinate.

Strawberry row covers

By Anonymous

I use Garden Commanders for my strawberries with great success. Great convenient protection! Raised beds are perfect for strawberries and the Garden Commanders fit perfectly! You can order them online and they last for many years. June bearers are best , very little disease and great size. Super sweet and freeze great too! Pine needles in fall are the best for mulching and soil conditioning.

Junebearers in Tx

By Anonymous

Bought a few plants from a chain retailer on impulse and then went home to prep the garden. Pulled up a tree and cleared as many tree roots as possible and put down some good gardening soil from the store to fill in the hole. My previous experience with strawberries was an unknown variety that we just let grow wild in the space we allotted and they lived and produced for YEARS!! Is cutting them back in the fall really necessary? Our temps don't consistently get to 20*F until more like December. Would we be warm enough to let them be or should I cut them in late November anyway? :-)

In Texas, strawberries are

By Almanac Staff

In Texas, strawberries are best planted in the fall but retailers seem to sell them in the spring. Just make sure that 1) the soil stays moist and well irrigated, 2) the plants are protected from any dry winds, and 3) the soil pH is not too high (6.5 to 7.0 is ideal and amend with compost or peat moss if needed). At planting and periodically, add a balanced fertilizer. In the fall/winter, after a couple frosts, go ahead and mow down the runners. Then throw super-phosphate over the patch. Next spring, spread some 10-10-10 over the area before new growth begins. If their production doesn’t improve, dig them out and replace with a new planting. In Texas, sometimes cultivated strawberries (not wild ones) are treated as annuals.

didn't cut back strawberries in fall

By Anonymous

So, I have my strawberries in raised beds. I have several varieties. I weed and cut off runners etc, but I have not ever cut back the the plant in the fall. Is it too late to do that now that it is Feb.? I live in Oregon zone 7b-8. What is the purpose of cutting the foliage back?

running strawberries

By Almanac Staff

You might want to reconsider your strategy. Removing the flowers when they first appear in the first growing season promotes root development and thus ensures a large crop the following year.
If that time has passed, you could try it in this growing season, or "renovate" the crop now. This means cutting the foliage with a mower (or perhaps scissors in your case), removing the foliage to about 1 inch above the crowns. This puts the energy of the plant back into the ground; it doesn't waste energy growing a "top." Clear away the clippings, then fertilize with 10-10-10, weed well, and water with an inch of water per week. Finally, leave the runners alone. Every resource we know if says that you want runners. Replant the beds with new plants every three or four years. We hope this helps.

Topsy Turvey Strawberries

By Anonymous

Just got a topsy turvy for strawberries. I've got some questions: 1) when to plant? 2) fertilizer? 3) best strawberry plants for illinois?

when to plant strawberry

By Anonymous

It says to plant as soon as the ground can be worked but in NC it can be 70 degrees today and 30 degrees tomorrow. Should I plant after our last possible frost dates?

Strawberries

By countrylady5651

I just got plants about a month ago. Are they hard to raise? Also can you cover runners with soil and root them? Thanks

topsy turvy strawberry planter

By gerch629

yes i got one this year also and have it set up and it's producing a good amount of berries.....i put 2 plants in each hole (fyi)...that was an option according to the instructions........the strawberries are delicious and really fun to grow and watch.....my teenager loves watering it......i like it so well bought another one for next year so will have two planters

After

By carolbrimm

This season got my first Topsy Turvy for tomatoes and strawberries well what do I do for my strawberries after the season is over? How do I save my plants?

AFTER SEASON

By Anonymous

YOU CAN KEEP YOUR TOPSY TURVY INSIDE NEAR A WINDOW THAT RECIEVES FULL SUN MOST OF THE DAY AND A ROOM THAT IS WARM. YOU MAY JUST BE ABLE TO GROW THEM ALL YEAR LONG!

TOPSY TURVY STRAWBERRIES

By Eleanor Powell

Has anyone tried to use the topsy turvy for planting strawberries? Was it successful?

I've used the Strawberry

By John Leon

I've used the Strawberry Topsy Turvy with great success for the past 3 years. My wife loves the fact that she can walk outside and pick strawberries for breakfast without digging through dirt. Make sure you plant your strawberries in potting medium mixed with good composted soil. After you're done planting , make sure you water, water, water everyday. I add miraclegrow for strawberries every 2 weeks. Check the soil to make sure that it hasn't run out from the watering. Top it up when necessary. In the fall, bring the Topsy-Turvy inside and hang in the cool basement and remember to water occasionally. In the spring the strawberry plants come right back.I now have 4 topsy turvys working along with the strawberry plants conventionally grown in the ground. The Topsy Turvy plants are healthier.

One more thing I'd like to

By John Leon

One more thing I'd like to add to the Topsy Turvy set up is to make sure you pinch off the runners from the strawberry plants to get more strawberries.

My first

By carolbrimm

This is my first season ever growing strawberries I got to freeze some so I think it is going just fine. I got a good amount of tomatoes too.

topsy turvy strawberry planter

By gerch629

eleanor buy a topsy turvy planter......you'll love it (see my comment above yours)....

planting herbs between strawberry plants

By c steiner

what herbs can I plant in between immature strawberry plants? I planted new starters this year and they are small, so
I have quite a bit of room between rows to plant something else. My preference is herbs, but I am open to suggestions.

Good herbal companions for strawberries ...

By JBL55

... are borage and thyme because they are allies. Borage helps strawberries resist insects and disease, and thyme deters worms, especially when planted as a border.

Some good vegetable companions for strawberries include beans, lettuce, onions, and spinach.

Do NOT plant broccoli, Brussel sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower or kohlrabi. They do not play well with strawberries.

Container Strawberries

By Nechole84

I have a topsy turvy strawberry planter. I have yet to use it, but can strawberries be grown in containers? I want to try growing, but don't have yard space. Can they be grown well in the topsy turvy? Or possible in a big planter pot?

topsy turvy strawberry planter

By gerch629

nechole84.........i have a topsy turvy as well as strawberries growing in a strawberry pot........both are producing berries with minimal effort......in fact like the topsy turvy thingy bought another so can have 2 for next year........

I'm not sure if strawberries

By Almanac Staff

I'm not sure if strawberries will grow well in a topsy turvy planter, but you can grow strawberries in a container.
Any small ever-bearing strawberry variety (like the alpine strawberry, or wild strawberry) is a good choice because you don't want the berries to get too big or heavy. When planting, start with small young plants. They are easier to fit into the plant pockets, and their root systems will quickly spread inside the container. Use a well-drained potting soil. Make sure you plant the strawberries outside after any danger of frost has passed. You also can start the plants indoors earlier if you like.
Hope this helps! Good luck.

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