By canning tomatoes, you can enjoy that garden-fresh tomato taste in sauces, soups and stews all year long! Here’s how to can tomatoes, step-by-step.
First, when it comes to canning tomatoes for the rest of the year, I like to let my tomatoes get super-ripe on the vine. Farmers really don’t have this luxury, as the fruit becomes too easy to bruise at this stage. However, tomatoes will continue to ripen in the box or on the counter, so it’s best to purchase your canning tomatoes a few days in advance of the processing.
A Word of Warning
Canning is a great way to preserve your harvest, but it must be done correctly. Improper canning techniques can lead to the growth of the bacteria that causes botulism—a potentially deadly illness. It’s very important that you only use water-bath canning on high-acid foods (high acidity kills the dangerous bacteria). Low-acid foods must be canned in a pressure canner or must have an acid, such as lemon juice or vinegar, added to the cans.
Tomatoes can be either high-acid or low-acid depending on variety. In this article, the author uses home-grown, high-acid tomatoes, which is why the water bath method is used and no supplemental acids are added.
Warning: If you do not know the acidity level of your tomatoes, DO NOT use the water bath method. It is unsafe. Instead, use Pressure Canning.
Canning Supplies for Canning Tomatoes
- Super-ripe tomatoes, fresh herbs, extra-virgin olive oil, onions, red peppers, salt
- Heavy cooking pot with boiling water, pan of cold water
- Slotted spoon
- Knife and cutting board
- Small chopper or food processor for garlic
- Canning jars and lids (as many as needed), screw band, cloth to wipe the jars, jar tongs
- Funnel and ladle
- Marker to label cans
Preparation for Canning Tomatoes
I place some extra-virgin (organic) olive oil to thoroughly cover the bottom of a heavy cooking pot. I then take a few onions and a red pepper and cut them into smallish pieces and drop them into the pot. Adding a dash of salt, I let these cook until they are soft.
While the onions and pepper are cooking, I set a pot of water to boil as I wash the tomatoes. Then, using a slotted spoon, I dip the tomatoes (maybe three or four at a time) into the boiling water until the skins slip or about 30 seconds. Removing them with the spoon, they immediately go into a pan of cold water. They are then placed on a clean countertop while I do the rest of them. Once all the skins are loose, I cut out the stem and tough part of the inside and pull off the skin. Placing the tomato on a cutting board, it gets cut into small pieces.
This, of course, is the “proper” way to cut up the tomatoes, but I often do the “Lucy” (more fun) version. Making sure that I have clean hands, I stand above the compost bucket, pull off the skins and mush the tomatoes into the pot with my hands and through my fingers (reserving the stem and tough interior). This tactile experience is quite exhilarating.
Stirring frequently, I slowly add all of the tomatoes to the pot. I then wash several bunches of basil, oregano and thyme and peel quite a few cloves of garlic. Using a garlic press, a small chopper or a food processor, the garlic gets diced into very small pieces and added to the mix. The other spices then get torn into small pieces and also tossed into the pot. The mix is now ready to cook for about an hour in order for all of the flavors to blend together.
It’s important to be sure that this blend remains mostly tomatoes. We want the mix to be acidic in order to be able to preserve it properly. Also—stay away from low-acid tomatoes (a few are fine, but not too many).
How to Can Tomatoes
Wash the canning jars and lids and place aside. Jars get used year after year, but lids can only be utilized once. Fill a canner ¾ full of water and set on the stove to boil. Line up the jars and put 1 teaspoon salt in the quarts or ½ teaspoon of salt in the pints (salt, like sugar, is a preservative).
Once the water is boiling, we are ready to continue. I use a funnel over the top of the jar when I ladle my special mixture into it. Be sure to leave 1 inch of head space at the top. Next comes a VERY IMPORTANT step—it’s absolutely critical to wipe off the top of the jar with a cloth before putting on the lid. Any tiny particle of food left on the rim will cause a jar to not properly seal. Pop on the lid, adjust the screw band (tightly) and place in the water bath with jar “tongs”.
Make sure that everything continues in a soft boil and that there is at least 1 inch of boiling water above the top of the jars. Put the cover on the pot and start timing the processing; 40 minutes for pints and 45 minutes for quarts. A small battery timer is handy for this. After cleaning up the accrued dishes, I take a break and read while my jars are dancing away.
Once the timer dings, I turn off the stove and very carefully take the top off of the pot so that the steam goes away from me. With a nice trivet on the table or counter nearby, I slowly take out each jar (again with the “tongs”) and place it to cool. Be sure that the trivet is not located in a draft as a cold breeze can crack the jars at this point. This is also why I move them slowly.
Once all of this has been accomplished, I generally call it a day. There will be a noticeable (and reassuring) “pop” as the individual jars seal. I look lovingly at my beautiful trivet of summertime bounty and I wait until the next day to finish the job.
The jars are cool by morning. I take off the screw bands (carefully) because they sometimes get food on them and leaving them on makes them rust. They get washed and put aside for next year. I label each and every lid (this way you won’t have to scrub any labels off of the jar because the lid gets tossed anyway) with the year and the contents. Into the pantry go the canned tomatoes to await use in canned tomato soup, stews, American chop suey (I cook the elbows right in the mix) or anything else I decide to make during the long winter months. Yum!
If you need more advice on how to can your vegetables, or are looking to can more than just tomatoes, try our vegetable canning guide. If you feel that you’d rather dry your tomatoes than can them, learn how here. Whatever you choose, good luck making the most of your tomato harvest!