The Sunlight You Don’t See, But Your Cat Does

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Karen Clarkson

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Have you ever noticed your cat intently watching nothing?

No matter how hard you look, there is nothing there. Scientists have recently discovered that there may really be something worth your cat’s attention. It’s that cats can see ultraviolet light and you can’t. He’s seeing into the invisible world.

Your cat really is seeing somethingin ultraviolet light. SOURCE: Koshki 13

Most people have seen the science experiment using a prism. When you hold a triangle of glass to sunlight, it breaks the white light into a rainbow of color. It separates the light into different wavelengths of energy. The reds are the longest waves, oranges, yellows are shorter, and so it goes. At the other end of the spectrum are purples and violets, the shortest visible waves.

The waves you see are not the only wavelengths of light. Beyond the reds are infrared waves, which are thermo-radiation, heat waves. When you wear goggles to see infrared, you can trace animals in the dark by their body heat. On the other side of the spectrum are the even shorter waves: ultraviolet (UV). These waves can give you a tan or even sunburn or (with slightly different waves) a useful disinfectant light. Too much exposure to some ultraviolet waves can damage your eyes and cause cataracts.

Sunlight contains not only light we can see but also infrared and ultraviolet which is invisible. SOURCE: American Society for Photobiology

Scientists studying eyes have discovered that a number of animals use ultraviolet to see. Your cat and dog have UV vision, so do rats, mice, moles and bats. The birds and the bees see ultraviolet light, as do all insects, fish as well as some amphibians and reptiles.

Seeing in ultraviolet has some advantages. If you are nocturnal like a cat, and wandering in the dark, seeing more of the light spectrum is useful. Bees see patterns on flowers that help them find pollen. Rodents use it to follow urine trails. Reindeer seem to use UV vision to see polar bears, which, in visible light, blend in with the snow.

A flower in visible light and what a bee sees. SOURCE: Wikipedia

So next time you notice your cat staring intently at something invisible, remember—he may be gazing at rat pee. Aren’t you glad you don’t see it?

 

About This Blog

Are you a weather watcher? Welcome to "Weather Whispers" by James Garriss and until recently, Evelyn Browning Garriss. With expertise and humor, this column covers everything weather--from weather forecasts to WHY extreme weather happens to ways that weather affects your life from farming to your grocery bill. Enjoy weather facts, folklore, and fun!

With heavy hearts, we share the news that historical climatologist and immensely entertaining Almanac contributor Evelyn Browning Garriss passed away in late June 2017. Evelyn shared her lifetime of weather knowledge with Almanac editors and readers, explaining weather phenomena in conversation and expounding on topics in articles for the print edition of The Old Farmer’s Almanac as well as in these blog posts. We were honored to know and work with her as her time allowed, which is to say when she was not giving lectures to, writing articles for, and consulting with scientists, academia, investors, and government agencies around the world. She will be greatly missed by the Almanac staff and readers.

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you listed moles as being

you listed moles as being able to see with ultra violet sight...mold don't have eyes! nothing there, not even sockets ! it is just fur..it's disconcerting really, we recognize where the eyes should be.

Many moles do have eyes, they

Many moles do have eyes, they are just very small and often covered by fur on their snouts.

"Moles have very small eyes that are functional, but in many species they are not discernable [sic] until one pushes aside the fur. Moles also have no external ears (enhancing the smooth, barrel-shaped form of the body). Through field and experimental observations, it's evident that neither sight nor hearing are its primary senses, which isn't terribly surprising for an animal that spends most of its life in the earth in dark tunnels." - Source natureinstitute.org

Thanks for the information,

Thanks for the information, Jay!

Like so many animals that live in the dark, moles see a wide spectrum of light, including ultraviolet. Their vision isn't precise, but it uses almost any type of light that reaches their tunnels.

See what Jay Gfeller has to

See what Jay Gfeller has to say. Thanks Jay!

I've always thought it was

I've always thought it was because their hearing was so much better than ours, they know what's happening in the walls, maybe outside the walls, and that's what they're staring at. Doesn't even have to be mice, just the occasional scratchy insect.

I agree with you. I think

I agree with you. I think part of the focus is what they are hearing. But its cool they can also see things that we can't as well.

That cat photo is a little

That cat photo is a little unnerving--as if cats can see even more than sunlight--maybe spirits?!

I love the picture and it

I love the picture and it looks a lot like my cat -- Blossom-raptor. Yes, my bi-polar kitty is unnerving. If any critter could see spirits, it would be her.

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