The Old Farmer's Almanac daily calendar gives you quick reference for the significant events on any day throughout the year.
St. Francis of Assisi (1182-1226) was the founder of the Franciscan Order. The son of a wealthy merchant named Pietro di Bernardone, he publicly denounced his father's wealth in 1206 and dedicated his life to prayer and serving the poor. Pope Innocent III eventually gave Francis and his followers permission to preach, and he ordained Francis a deacon. The followers of Francis were called Friars Minor, or "the lesser brethren." Francis died on October 3, 1226, and was canonized in 1228. Read the text from his Sermon to the Birds: "My little sisters, the birds, much bounden are ye unto God, your Creator, and always in every place ought ye to praise Him, for that He hath given you liberty to fly about everywhere, and hath also given you double and triple rainment; moreover He preserved your seed in the ark of Noah, that your race might not perish out of the world; still more are ye beholden to Him for the element of the air which He hath appointed for you; beyond all this, ye sow not, neither do you reap; and God feedeth you, and giveth you the streams and fountains for your drink; the mountains and valleys for your refuge and the high trees whereon to make your nests; and because ye know not how to spin or sow, God clotheth you, you and your children; wherefore your Creator loveth you much, seeing that He hath bestowed on you so many benefits; and therefore, my little sisters, beware of the sin of ingratitude, and study always to give praises unto God." -Saint Francis of Assisi (c.1220)
Died 2004: Gordon Cooper (astronaut who circled the globe 22 times in 34 hours and 20 minutes and became the first astronaut in a space flight of more than 24 hours. He was also the first astronaut to sleep in space, and he successfully carried out a beacon experiment that made him the first man to launch a satellite in space.)
2011: Astronomers Adam Riess, Saul Perlmutter and Brian Schmidt were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for their studies on the expansion of the Universe. By studying exploding stars, they found that the rate of expansion is accelerating due to a force known as "dark energy."