Fall Garden: When to Plant Vegetables for the Fall

Succession Gardening: Planting Dates for Fall Crops

September 8, 2017
Lettuce and Broccoli
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Here’s a handy fall garden guide to help you decide what to plant in the fall garden and when to plant your fall crops! The succession gardening chart below shows the last fall planting dates, based on the first expected frost dates in the fall.

Extending your gardening season with a second harvest can dramatically increase your annual yield—and allow you to enjoy fresh vegetables into fall and winter. In addition, fall gardening is often easier since there are fewer pests and problems in cooler weather. Finally, a fall “cover” crop can organically protect and build your soil.

To calculate the best time to plant your fall vegetable garden, look at the first expected freeze dates. Choose the date that comes closest to the expected first killing frost in your area. If you do not know the date, use our Frost Dates Calculator.

When to Plant Your Fall Crops

Click here to expand the chart below (PDF).

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Advice on Your Fall Garden

See our Autumnal Equinox page for even more fall-themed advice, folklore, and facts!

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Reader Comments

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My husband and I recently

My husband and I recently bought our first home. However, I cannot get a thing to grow! At our old house, I had tons of veggies and herbs (peppers of varoius types, beefsteak tomatoes, broccoli, spinach, collards...the list goes on) and lots of ornamental color and other landscaping. I live in Texarkana, TX and am used to the variable weather here, and we are in the midst of a drought. Could this be my issue (although I keep things well watered) or could it be that the soil is of a different type and quality? Help!

Hi Rachel, Soil is

The Editors's picture

Hi Rachel, Soil is everything. For example, do you have hard, clay, compact soil? You'll want to get a soil test from your local county cooperative extension. It's usually free or low cost.
Whatever kind of soil you have, it always helps to add organic matter such as compost as it provides nourishment to the plants. Aim for one-third your soil mix to be organic material. Spread 2 to 4 inches over the garden surface and till it to a depth of at least 6 to 10 inches. Apply the recommended rate of fertilizer over the garden surface at the same time, and till it in along with the organic material. We hope you find this helpful.

I live in Copperopolis, Ca

I live in Copperopolis, Ca what can I plant from seed now. When is the first frost here as we are new to this area. Thanks

Your first frost date is

The Editors's picture

Your first frost date is historically October 17. Look at the seed packets in your garden center, find the "dates to maturity" and back out from your frost date. Here is a helpful video on fall vegetable gardening: http://www.almanac.com/video/f...

I live in San Angelo, TX and

I live in San Angelo, TX and want to plant a late garden. Do I still have options? Thanks

Your last frost date is

The Editors's picture

Your last frost date is traditionally October 29. Autumn is a good time to plant veggies, such as spinach, broccoli, carrots, cabbage, leaf lettuce, Swiss chard and kale, beets and radishes. Most cool-season crops can be planted in your area from September through February. Stagger your sowing every 2 weeks for a continuous harvest. All the best!

Could anybody tell me what

Could anybody tell me what zone I am in...where it doesn't freeze? I live in central Portugal, 2 miles from the ocean so the ground may freeze in January but that,s it. Thanks.

Zone 8...maybe 9 depending on

Zone 8...maybe 9 depending on hard and how often you freeze in January. Zone 8 will keep you safe though. Wish I had that kind of winter:)

I live in Selma, CA.I started

I live in Selma, CA.I started a vegetable garden last year.What can I plant in the month of september. I found some contradictory info on this website but I still love this website.

In southern California you

The Editors's picture

In southern California you can plant cool-season veggies. Try carrots, cauliflowers, broccoli, greens, lettuce, potatoes, peas, and radishes.

I live in New Orleans and I

I live in New Orleans and I looking to start a garden soon. At this time of year what vegetables and fruits can I plant?

For a fall garden you can

The Editors's picture

For a fall garden you can plant beets, lettuce, carrots, Swiss chard, collards, onions, and radishes. You can also plant squashes and melons, tomatoes and peppers.

I live in the Panhandle of

I live in the Panhandle of Florida, close to Pensacola. I grew up with gardening but I am new to it for myself. I just have a small backyard plot or two. Is it too late to plant some pumpkins and/or squash of any variety. I had some tomatoes, beans and cucumbers over the summer. Some of the tomatoes had the wilting disease and I got rid of those. I am now cleaning out those beds and wondering what I could put in them for the fall. I know I should have started last month but life got in the way. What can I plant now?
Thank you for any help.

You can plant onions,

The Editors's picture
  • You can plant onions, broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, and cauliflower. In Florida September is also great for setting out strawberry plants. And you can plant beets, carrots, greens, beans, radishes and cucumbers from seed. 
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I am a beginner planning to

I am a beginner planning to start my planting at the end of August. the first freeze charge here doesn't seem to apply for California. I don't think we will have a freeze until maybe December or January. Any suggestions on when to plant? Is it possible to plant too early?

Hi Barbie, We'd need to know

The Editors's picture

Hi Barbie, We'd need to know where you live as every region of California is a bit different. It's a big state! Many parts of California do have a 50% probability of frost--usually in November. You mentioned that your frost date is usually in December. That could range from the coast of Luis Obispo County to Sacramento in the interior valley. Thanks, OFA

I live in macon ga, when is

I live in macon ga, when is the best time to plant my fall garden?

In Georgia, you plant a fall

The Editors's picture

In Georgia, you plant a fall garden mid-July to September.  You may find this planting guide from your Georgia Cooperative Extension helpful: http://www.caes.uga.edu/public...

Hi I live near houston texas.

Hi I live near houston texas. When is the best time to plant wisteria seeds?

American Wisteria (Wisteria

The Editors's picture

American Wisteria (Wisteria frutescens) is native to your area and grows quite vigorously. Plant in the spring (April/May) in your area.

I don't believe there is any

I don't believe there is any part of the year near Houston that Wisteria won't take. Obviously in the hard summer you'll need a bit of water. I've thrown lower branches away only to have them root and grow.

What can be planted where

What can be planted where corn grew? this year? or what do I have todo to plant vegs again?

A popular crop to follow

The Editors's picture

A popular crop to follow sweet corn is potatoes. Research has shown corn to be one of the preceding crops that most benefit the yield of potatoes. You could also plant a cover crop for the winter and then lettuce in the spring. Here is a helpful video on crop rotation: http://www.almanac.com/video/how-rotate-your-vegetable-crops

Hi I live in Nebraska Need to

Hi I live in Nebraska Need to know what month should I plant second /3 rd plantings for fall and winter harvest like peas and kale and carrots and beets of all the cold crops and warm crops for possible second planting like Lima beans and Pole beans corn Thx medicine
P.S. e mail me ASAP because it is getting close to remove the summer plants and I want so much for theses cold crops to grow so I can make my home made soup and stews as we lost the springs crop.

This chart shows the dates of

The Editors's picture

This chart shows the dates of popular crops and the 2nd or 3rd plantings for each region of the U.S. that receives frost. We'll add more crops over time.

I live in Pac. NW, 45 mi N.

I live in Pac. NW, 45 mi N. of Prtld, OR. Two mentally challenged neighbor boys have their hearts set on growing Pumpkins; I have space & 3 different seed pkgs - with varied maturation dates of between 75 to 110 days. Do I dare help them sow seeds directly for Halloween yield, or would I be setting them up for certain disappointment? I grew up helping my dad garden, but only recently, 25 years later, have I returned to this wonderful "art" - so I'm no expert. However, what I lack in experience, I probably balance out with diligence & enthusiasm! All advice gratefully accepted!

Michelle, To figure out the

The Editors's picture

Michelle, To figure out the harvest dates for pumpkins, you use the maturation dates you referenced and back up from those dates to get to your planting dates. Add on 10 days for curing. This would bring you past Halloween. You may want to start earlier next year. Ask your local pumpkin patches when they seed! It's probably in June as pumpkins do store for a while.

i use black corrogated 8

i use black corrogated 8 inch pipe around my plants for watering purposes, since doing this my garden yeild has doubled and i have no water runoff, this year my tomatoes are 7 ft tall and still growing with approx. 20 toamtoes per plant averaging 1 to 2 lbs each, sounds impossible but true.

Hello, I am new to gardening.

Hello, I am new to gardening. I always wanted to grow my own fruit, veggies & plants/flowers. My question is, what would you recommended I start off planting & when should I start planting?

Congrats! Nothing excites us

The Editors's picture

Congrats! Nothing excites us more than beginner gardeners. Bush beans, carrots, peppers, and beets are easy ones. Here is an article we prepared to help beginning vegetable gardeners: http://www.almanac.com/vegetab...

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