Full Moon for January 2020

Howl At The Full Wolf Moon Eclipse on Friday, January 10!

January 10, 2020
Full Wolf Moon - OFA

The full Wolf Moon rises on Friday, January 10, 2020, the first of 13 full Moons this year. Some folks will see an eclipse! Learn more about when, where, and how to see the January full Moon!

The Full Moon in January 2020

Look skyward at nightfall of Friday, January 10, 2020, to spot the first full Moon of the year: the shining Full Wolf Moon.

January’s full Moon will reach peak fullness—meaning 100% of its face will be illuminated—at 2:21 P.M. EST on the 10th, but it will not appear in the sky until later that day.

For the best view, look for the full Moon rising from the horizon around sunset that day. See your local moonrise times for the best view.

The sunset embers smolder low,
The Moon climbs o’er the hill, 
The peaks have caught the alpenglow,
The robin’s song is still.

–John L. Stoddard (1850–1931)

Wolves and Moon

Penumbral Lunar Eclipse on Friday, January 10

On Friday evening, many viewers will see a penumbral lunar eclipse during the full Moon. Specifically, the eclipse will be visible to those in Asia, Australia, Europe and Africa. It will not be visible in most of North America because it starts at 12:06 p.m. ET and ends at 4:14 p.m. ET. But those in Alaska, eastern Maine, and parts of northern and eastern Canada have a shot.

Note: In eastern North America, the Moon will be below the horizon during most of the eclipse, so be sure to check when the Moon rises in your area prior to the eclipse.

A penumbral lunar eclipse is different from a total lunar eclipse; it occurs when the Moon enters into Earth’s penumbra (or outer shadow). This causes the moon to look darker than normal. Some people can see it; others might not even notice. It’s not a dramatic sight like a total lunar eclipse (when the entire Moon is obscured and turns a deep red color). 

See the next eclipse for 2020!

Moon Phases for January 2020

Below is a calendar of our Moon phases for January 2020. Note: The times are in Eastern Standard time. See our Moon Phase Calendar for times in your city/state.

First Quarter: January 2, 11:45 P.M.
Full Moon: January 10, 2:21 P.M.
Last Quarter: January 17, 7:58 A.M.
New Moon: January 24, 4:42 P.M.

When is the next full Moon? See our Full Moon Dates chart.

Why Is It Called the Full Wolf Moon?

The full Moon names we use in The Old Farmer’s Almanac come from a number of sources, including Native American groups, Colonial Americans, or other traditional North American names passed down through generations. (Note that each full Moon name was applied to the entire lunar month in which it occurred.)

The full Moon for January was called the Full Wolf Moon because wolves were more often heard at this time. It was traditionally thought that they howled due to hunger, but there is no evidence for this. However, wolves do tend to howl more often during winter months, and generally howl to define territory, locate pack members, and gather for hunting.

In addition, Native American cultures typically hold a lot of respect—not fear—for wolves, so this month’s Moon name should be viewed with that in mind, too.

Other traditional names for the January Moon include: the Cold Moon, the Old Moon, and the Great Spirit Moon. See more Full Moon names and their meanings.

A howling lone gray wolf in snow-covered landscape.

January Full Wolf Moon Video

Each month, we will explain the traditional names of the full Moon along with some fascinating Moon facts. In this video, learn about January’s Full Wolf Moon. Click below to watch the video.

Best Days in January 2020

For Planting

Aboveground crops: 5, 6, 9, 27, 28

Belowground crops: 18, 19

For Setting Eggs

6, 7, 16, 17

For Fishing

1–10, 24–31

See all our Best Days for various activities.

Moon Folklore

A bright first Moon promises rain and a bountiful harvest; a red-tinted Moon means a dry year.

A growing Moon and a flowing tide are lucky times to marry.

A halo around the Moon predicts wet or stormy weather. 

Share your thoughts about this month’s full Moons below. Tell us if we’re missing anything that you would like to know!


Reader Comments

Leave a Comment

Halo on Wolf moon

Jan Wolf moon (total lunar eclipse) did have a Halo around it and shortly after, the winds came. We had just had rain the week prior to the full moon, so no more rain was expected. However it brought winds and these winds are so icy cold, it's like walking around in the freezer and we live in California.

Full moon

When the wolf blood full moon came on January 21, 2019 my dad went into a full Alzheimer’s rage!!! I don’t know if the full moon has anything to do with this or not but believe me when it occurs the Alzheimer’s rage occurs also ...

Alzheimer’s rage

You mention your father went into an Alzheimer’s rage with the full moon. You might want to take your father to an alternative medicine doctor to check for parasites. Parasites act up during a full moon. Parasites associated with Lyme disease could also create Alzheimer-like symptoms. Odds are a traditional doctor will not be well informed about this.


Sooo...WHERE is it streaming?!

No eclipse

Well, it is 8:08 PM PST on January 20th and I see a full moon but no eclipse. A little research shows me that it happened yesterday?? January 19th.

eclipse times

Catherine Boeckmann's picture

If you live in North America, the full eclipse has not started yet. The Moon is up, yes, however the full lunar eclipse is at 11:41 pm EST/8:41 pm PST on Jan 20, 2019.  The partial eclipse begins at Jan 20 at 10:34 pm EST

Wolf Moon Eclipse

Being that it is snowing, there is a slim chance that I will see it, and Slim just left town. But thanks almanac for reminding me about it!


The Holy Bible reads of the moon turning to blood in the Old Testament, 488-477 BC first in the book of Joel.

Full Moon January 2018;

I ought to be able to see most of the Full Moon; some Eclipse looking NNW from a north window; I watched The Moon Set Tuesday night; the moon set behind the biggest White Pine tree around!; looking forward to the moon set tonight(am); I want to thank the Old Farmers Almanac; AnneConn.

Two "supermoons" in January

The weather is always worse after a full moon and the "supermoons" seem to exert an extra pull on the tides. The OFA prediction for the start of February is already bleak and if the start of January is any indication, this looks at least as bad.

DOUBLE Full Moon 01/01/2018

How come there isn't any mention of a Double Moon? That's what we can see here in Boston!

Blue Moon

Never knew where the phrase " once in a blue moon" came from. Very cool.

Farmer's Almanac

Always interesting and informative. Love this site.

Blue moon

A Blue Moon occurs when there are two full moons in one calendar month.

I love this it gives such

I love this it gives such great information.

January Full Moon

Why is it also called the "Old" Moon ?

An Old Moon usually refers to

The Editors's picture

An Old Moon usually refers to a waning crescent Moon. The Moon’s “age” each month never gets more than around 29.5 days old, but people often refer to it as “old” when it’s in the latter part of its phase.

Some Native American tribes called the January or February Moon the “Old Moon.”  By old, they are referencing that old fellow of winter. 


Moon Observing

Where would you suggest I go to find 1)date 2) time of recording 3)moon phase. I need this for a school project.... I need a full phase between Jan 5 and Feb 20 2016...I also need the pattern of moon during day light hours

Moon Phase Calendar

The Editors's picture

On this page, you’ll see the link to the Moon Phase Calendar. You can find more detailed information in The 2016 Old Farmer’s Almanac, available digitally in our store here.

daily moon status and zodiac status

please provide the daily moon and zodiac status

Full moons & lore

Full moon calendar

january full wolf moon

What is the date of the full wolf moon in January 2016?

Wolf moon 2016

I believe it is the 23/24 of January 2016.

The date of the Full Wolf

The Editors's picture

The date of the Full Wolf Moon is on this page in the chart above:

Full Moon: January 23, 8:46 P.M. (Eastern Time)

To see the Full Moon for your area, click here for our Moon Calendar.

This is so cool because I

This is so cool because I have to write a whole paragraph on the blood moon for school.

Wolf moon aquarius

Im not sure if this is on topic but I'm an Aquarius and I honestly love the moon so much. I have a telescope and digital camera and I look at the moon as much as I can & take pictures of it. Wolves are honestly my favorite animal,and it was a coincidence that was what my moon is called. I'm very independent,aloof,and I love nature. Such as the woods or lakes etc.. it kind of makes sense to me of why it is called the wolf moon. Correct me if I'm wrong?

I forgot to mention. Every

I forgot to mention. Every full moon I go out late at night by myself on the side of my house and look at the moon & see it so captivating & feel a good sensation in my eyes and my heart.

The full moon

I also do the same thing when the full moon crosses outside of my window I open up my blinds or go outside and sit and watch the beautiful moon pass,Wishing I could touch it!

I also LOVE the moon and the

I also LOVE the moon and the stars at night. It's the most peaceful time of the day for me!

Full moon wolf Aquarius

I am Aquarius also and have always loved the moon and thunderstorms. I want to say that God is amazing and I am so in love with his creation. As his child, I feel so thankful for eternal life through his son Jesus. One night after a prayer asking if he could hear me and if he could to show me a sign. I looked up and immediately saw a shooting star. What are the odds. Only God. Amazing the love I felt and will always feel.