Gardening by the Moon: Region 4

Planting Dates for Central and Northern Canada

Seedlings
Sergii Kononenko/Shutterstock

The Gardening by the Moon 2018 calendar is a longtime Old Farmer’s Almanac tradition. According to this practice, cycles of the Moon affect plant growth.

These are dates for Region 4, which encompasses central and northern Canada, and Alaska. Which region are you in? Click here for the map.

Note: There are four broad regions across North America. If you prefer, we also offer a regular gardening calendar (not Moon-based) that customizes to zip code level. See the all-seasons gardening calendar.

How to Garden by the Moon

Gardening by the Moon is a great way to help plan your above and below ground crops. Here’s how it works:

  • Plant annual flowers and vegetables that bear crops above ground during the light, or waxing, of the Moon: from the day the Moon is new to the day it is full.
  • Plant flowering bulbs, biennial and perennial flowers, and vegetables that bear crops below ground during the dark, or waning, of the Moon: from the day after it is full to the day before it is new again.
  • The “Planting Dates” column gives the safe periods for planting in areas that receive frost. See our Frost Dates Calculator for first/last frost dates and the average length of the growing season in your area (U.S. only).
  • The “Moon Favorable” column gives the best planting dates based on the year’s Moon’s phases (Eastern Time). See our for the exact days of the new and full Moons.
  • Aboveground crops marked *
  • (E) means early planting; (L) means late
Gardening by the Moon Dates for Central and Northern Canada
Crop Planting Dates Moon Favorable
Barley * June 1–30 June 13–28
Beans (Early) * May 30–June 15 June 13–15
Beans (Late) *
Beets (Early) May 25–June 10 May 30–June 10
Beets (Late) June 15–July 8 June 29–July 8
Broccoli plants * June 1–25 June 13–25
Broccoli plants(Late) *
Brussels sprouts * June 1–25 June 13–25
Cabbage plants * June 1–25 June 13–25
Carrots (Early) May 25–June 10 May 30–June 10
Carrots (Late) June 15–July 8 June 29–July 8
Cauliflower plants (Early) * June 1–25 June 13–25
Cauliflower plants (Late) *
Celery plants * June 1–30 June 13–28
Celery plants(Late) *
Collards (Early) * June 1–25 June 13–25
Collards (Late) *
Corn, sweet (Early) * May 30–June 20 June 13–20
Corn, sweet (Late) *
Cucumbers * May 30–June 15 June 13–15
Eggplant plants * June 15–30 June 15–28
Endive (Early) * June 1–25 June 13–25
Endive (Late) *
Kale (Early) * June 1–15 June 13–15
Kale (Late) * June 25–July 15 June 25–28, July 12–15
Leek plants June 1–25 June 1–12
Lettuce * June 1–30 June 13–28
Muskmelons * June 1–30 June 13–28
Okra * June 25–July 7 June 25–28
Onion sets June 1–25 June 1–12
Parsley * June 1–15 June 13–15
Parsnips May 10–31 May 10–14, May 30–31
Peas (Early) * May 15–31 May 15–29
Peas (Late) * July 10–25 July 12–25
Pepper plants * June 1–30 June 13–28
Potatoes June 1–25 June 1–12
Pumpkins * June 1–30 June 13–28
Radishes (Early) May 15–June 5 May 30–June 5
Radishes (Late) July 10–31 July 10–11, July 28–31
Spinach (Early) * June 1–25 June 13–25
Spinach (Late) * July 20–August 5 July 20–27
Squashes * June 1–30 June 13–28
Sweet potatoes June 1–30 June 1–12, June 29–30
Swiss chard * May 15–31 May 15–29
Tomato plants * June 1–15 June 13–15
Turnips (Early) May 10–31 May 10–14, May 30–31
Turnips (Late)
Watermelons * June 1–30 June 13–28
Wheat, spring * May 15–June 10 May 15–29
Wheat, winter * August 5–30 August 11–26

Reader Comments

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Moon dates

My mum & dad planted by the moon. Sadly I missed those informative years as a young adult, I moved to Canada from New Zealand in the mid 70's.

How do I intererprate the dates - 6/1-30?

Dates

Wow, New Zealand! That was a big change, moving from Southern to Northern Hemisphere. (Interesting to note that the quarter Moon phases look different in the Northern Hemisphere–they are reversed. For example, first quarter in New Zealand would show the Moon lit on its left half, whereas in Canada, it would be on its right half.)

The dates 6/1-30 means June 1 through 30. The first number is the month, and after the slash are the days in the month. In another example, “7/10–11, 7/28–31” would mean July 10 and 11, and July 28 through 31. Hope this helps!

I was taught that you wait

I was taught that you wait until after the full moon. As we know it can be very frosty around that moon, and don't waste time by planting before.

is there any meaning to

is there any meaning to seeing catapillars right now 6/21

Although we are not familiar

Although we are not familiar with any folklore on caterpillars, June is the month that they typically build cocoons and emerge 10 days later as butterflies or moths!

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